Photography PreTest Boyer Valley Mallory

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1 Photography PreTest Boyer Valley Mallory Matching- Elements of Design 1) three-dimensional shapes, expressing length, width, and depth. Balls, cylinders, boxes and triangles are forms. 2) a mark with greater length than width. Lines can be horizontal, vertical or diagonal, straight or curved, thick or thin. 3) the area between and around objects. Around objects is often called negative. It can also refer to the feeling of depth. Three-dimensional; in visual art when we can also create the feeling or illusion of depth. a. Line b. Shape c. Form d. Space e. Color f. Texture 4) light reflected off objects. It has three main characteristics: hue or its name (red, green, blue, etc.), value (how light or dark it is), and intensity (how bright or dull it is). 5) a closed line. Shapes can be geometric, like squares and circles; or organic, like free formed shapes or natural shapes. Shapes are flat and can express length and width. 6) the surface quality that can be seen and felt. Can be rough or smooth, soft or hard. This dose not always feel the way they look; for example, a drawing of a porcupine may look prickly, but if you touch the drawing, the paper is still smooth.

2 Matching- Principles of Design 7) the feeling of harmony between all parts of the artwork creating a sense of completeness. 8) the distribution of the visual weight of objects, colors, texture, and space- makes a design feel stable. 9) created when one or more elements of design are used repeatedly to create a feeling of organized movement. 10) A part of balance between art elements were key components of the composition are distributed along lines spaced at one third intervals vertically and horizontally. a. Variety b. Rule of thirds c. Balance d. Proportion e. Rhythm f. Emphasis/Dominance g. Unity h. Pattern i. Movement 11) the repeating of an object or symbol all over the artwork. 12) the path the viewer2019s eye takes through the artwork, often to focal areas. Such movement can be directed along lines edges, shape and color within the artwork. 13) the part of the design that catches the viewer2019s attention. Usually the artist will make one area stand out by contrasting it with other areas. The area will be different in size, color, texture, shape, etc. 14) the feeling of unity created when all parts (sizes, amounts, or number) relate well with each other. When drawing the human figure, proportion can refer to the size of the head compared to the rest of the body. 15) the use of several elements of design to hold the viewer2019s attention and to guide the viewer2019s eye through the artwork.

3 Matching- Digital Photography 16) A dark shape with little or no detail appearing against a light background 17) Tagged Image Format File; low compression, high quality format for saving digital images 18) A type of camera with one lens that is used both for viewing and for taking pictures. A mirror inside reflects the image up to the viewfinder, the mirror moves out of the way when the picture is snapped. 19) to remove small imperfections in an image like specks and scratches. a. Speed b. Soft c. To Spot d. Rule of Thirds e. TIFF f. Single Lens Reflex (SLR) g. Vignette h. Silhouette 20) The relative ability of a lens to transmit light. Measured by the largest apeture at which the lens can be used. Also the relative sensitivity of film to light. 21) a compositional rule of thumb in photography and other visual arts such as painting. The rule states that an image can be divided into nine equal parts by two equally-spaced horizontal lines and two equally-spaced vertical lines. 22) Describes an image that is blurred or out of focus or an image with low contrast 23) To shade the edges of an image so they are underxposed.

4 Fill-in-the-Blank- Aesthetics Word Bank aesthetics Compositional design elements of design Expressive Realistic The principles of design Utilitarian 24) A [design] is an arrangement, a way of organizing something. 25) In arts and crafts, even though we use many different materials, the visual appearance (that is what our eye sees and our brain decodes) can be reduced to six [elements of design]. They are line, shape, form, space, color, and texture. They are what we organize. They are the tools. You could compare them to building blocks, the parts of speech in English, or the periodic table of elements in Science. 26) [The principles of design] are how we organize or use the tools. The principles of design are balance, emphasis, movement, pattern, proportion, repetition, rhythm, variety, and unity. 27) The Greeks considered [aesthetics] a branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of beauty, and art. You might think of it as the study of why things look the way they look. This includes examining the elements and principles of design. 28) [Expressive] art shows meaning or feeling. 29) [Utilitarian] art is designed or adapted for use almost like a tool; to warn, communicate, or give directions or instructions. It can serve a purpose that is commercial (selling something) or ceremonial (like religious services). 30) [Realistic] art is objective, representative or naturalistic- in other words, it looks as much like the real thing as possible. To create this kind of artwork, artists need to be very skilled at drawing. 31) [Compositional] art does not represent any natural or actual object, figure, or scene- instead, artists who make this kind of art are concentrating on how they can arrange the pure elements of design by using the principles of design.

5 Multiple Choice- Photography 32) An automatic exposure system in which the photographer sets the shutter speed and the camera selects the aparature (f-stop) for normal exposure a) Shutter Speed Control b) Shutter c) Shutter Priority Mode d) Shoe 33) Divice that optically reads a conventional negative, slide, or print, converting it to digital form for use in digital imaging. a) Safelight b) Scanner c) Sharp d) Short-focal-length lens 34) Describes an image or part of an image that shows crisp, precise texture and detail. a) Shoe b) Soft c) Sharp d) Shutter 35) Any surface- a ceiling, a card, an umbrella, for example- useed to bounce light onto a subject a) Reflector b) Replenisher c) Reel d) Reciprocity effect 36) A test print made for the purpose of evaluating contrast, color balance, subject composition and the like. Sometimes printed in a sheet of as many as 36 on a page a) Safelight b) Reflected light meter c) Proof d) Polarizing 37) Short for picture element. The smallest unit of a digital image that can be displayed or changed. Represents a tiny area of digital information. a) Photoflood b) polarizing screen c) pixel d) plane of critical focus 38) A device in the camera that opens and closes the to expose the film or sensors to light for a measured length of time a) Shutter Speed-Control b) Shutter

6 c) Shutter Priority Mode d) Shoe

7 Matching- Photography 39) A standard average gray tone of 18% reflectance. 40) to move the camera during exposure in the same direction as a moving subject. the effect is that the subject stays relatively in focus and the background becomes blurred 41) The primary source of illumination, casting the dominant shadows a. ISO b. Megabyte c. Megapixel d. Middle Gray e. Main Light f. Pan g. JPEG 42) A numerical rating system that indicates the speed of a film. The rating doubles each time the sensitivity of the film doubles 43) one million pixels. Used to measure the resolution of digital cameras and camera phones 44) Approximately one million bytes. A measure of computer file size. Abbreviated M or MB 45) A format for saving digital images that compresses data to preserve space in the computer's memory- best for ing and posting on the web

8 Multiple Choice- Art Criticism 46) Mentally separate the parts or elements, thinking in terms of textures, shapes/forms, light/dark or bright/dull colors, types of lines, and sensory qualities. In this step consider the most significant art principles that were used in the artwork. a) Describe b) Analyze c) Interpret d) Judgement 47) Seeks to explain the meaning of the work based on what you have learned so far about the artwork, what do you think the artist was trying to say? a) Describe b) Analyze c) Interpret d) Judgement 48) After careful observation, analysis, and interpretation of an artwork, you are ready to make your own assessment. This is your personal evaluation based on the understandings of the work and standards or criteria which you use to evaluate the artwork. a) Describe b) Analyze c) Interpret d) Judgement 49) To simply explain what it is you see in an artwork. Generally this is objective, not personal and will usually have to do with which elements of design appear in the artwork, or what the subject matter is. a) Describe b) Analyze c) Interpret d) Judgement

9 Matching- Photography 50) light that has been scattered by reflection or by passing through a translucent material. An even, often shadowless, light. 51) to lighten an area by shading it 52) To trim the edges of an image, often to improve composition. Can be done by moving the camera position while viewing a scene, in the image editing software, or by cutting the actual print 53) The type of camera operation that determines which controls you set and which ones the camera sets automatically. a. Dodge b. Burn in c. Depth of field d. Exposure mode e. F-Stop f. Apeerture g. Crop h. Bracketing i. Diffused light 54) The lens opening formed by the iris diaphragm inside the lens. The size is variable and adjusted by the aperture control. 55) The distance between the nearest and farthest points that appear in acceptably sharp focus in a photograph. Varies with lens aperture, focal length, and camera-to-subject distance 56) To darken a specific area of an image 57) A numerical designation indicating the size of the aperture (lens opening) 58) Taking several pictures of the same scene at different exposure settings, some greater than and some less than the setting indicated by the meter, to ensure a well-exposed photograph

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