VDES: Next Generation AIS in the Review & Modernization of the GMDSS

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1 JCG GMDSS Symposium VDES: Next Generation AIS in the Review & Modernization of the GMDSS 19 November 2013

2 VDES: Next Generation AIS Contents 1. Present situation & Problems GMDSS & AIS 2. Future: from now on 3. Wrap up Review and modernization of the GMDSS & VDES : Next Generation AIS 1

3 1. Present situation & Problems GMDSS & AIS

4 1. Present situation & Problems GMDSS

5 GMDSS:Function, Carriage requirements Automatic/Manual Distress Alerting and Locating DISTRESS Button SOLAS Chapter IV Carriage requirements All cargo ships of 300GT or upwards engaged on international voyages All passenger ships engaged on international voyages 4

6 GMDSS: Components MF/HF/VHF Radio with DSC Handheld VHF/UHF Radio Inmarsat system with EGC NBDP terminal NAVTEX SART EPIRB, etc 5

7 GMDSS: History 1912 Titanic 1914 SOLAS Convention 1974 SOLAS Amendments Introduction of the GMDSS 1999 GMDSS fully enforced Abolished Morse Keying 6

8 GMDSS: Problems Old fashioned (70 s) Many components Complicated Cost for running shore base stations Poor coverage in Polar Region Non-SOLAS ships 7

9 1. Present situation & Problems AIS

10 AIS:Function 1 Automatic Exchange of Ships information Ships ID/Type/Position/Course/ Speed (SOG, ROT, ), Navigational Status, etc. 9

11 AIS:Function 2 Exchange of ASM: Application Specific Messages VTS related data, Meteorological and Hydrographic data, Short text message, etc. 10

12 AIS: Mechanism VDL (VHF Data Link) on CH AIS1, AIS2 TDMA, 2250slot/sec Coverage: NM 11

13 AIS:Carriage requirements SOLAS Chapter V Carriage requirements All ships of 300GT and upwards engaged on international voyages All cargo ships of 500GT and upwards not engaged on international voyages All passenger ships irrespective of size 12

14 AIS:Carriage requirements SOLAS Chapter V Carriage requirements All ships of 300GT and upwards engaged on international voyages All cargo ships of 500GT and upwards not engaged on international voyages All passenger ships irrespective of size 13

15 AIS: History 1998 Adoption PS for AIS 2002 SOLAS Amendments (MSC 73) Introduction of the AIS 2008 AIS fully enforced (July 1st) 14

16 AIS:Station Types Class A AIS Class B AIS AIS-SART AtoN (Aids to Navigation) AIS AIS-MOB EPIRB-AIS Base Station Repeater Station 15

17 AIS: Problems Non-SOLAS Ships Variety of devices Needs to exchange more ASM Needs for extension of coverage Congestion of AIS Channel (AIS1, AIS2) IMO concentration only on Class A 16

18 AIS and GMDSS AIS is NOT a part of GMDSS Coverage of the carriage requirements are NOT same 17

19 2. Future: from now on Review and Modernization of the GMDSS & VDES: Next Generation AIS

20 2. Future: from now on Review & Modernization of the GMDSS

21 IMO Review and modernization of the GMDSS Review and modernization plan (2013 COMSAR17) Review period 2014 Detailed review 2015 Outline of the modernization plan 2017 Approve the modernization plan 2017 Implementation period of the modernized GMDSS 20

22 IMO Review and Modernization of the GMDSS 12 NEW ITEM might be included (candidate list) 2013 IMO COMSAR17 1. AIS (Traditional AIS) 2. HF and data systems 3. VHF data systems 4. ASM (Application Specific Messages) over AIS or VHF data systems 5. NAVDAT 6. Modern satellite communication technologies 21

23 IMO Review and Modernization of the GMDSS 12 NEW ITEM might be included (candidate list) 2013 IMO COMSAR17 7. Additional GMDSS satellite service providers 8. Hand-held satellite telephones in survival craft 9. Hand-held VHF with DSC and GNSS for survival craft 10. Man Overboard Devices 11. Cospas-Sarsat MEOSAR system; and 12. AIS and GNSS-equipped EPIRB. 22

24 2. Future: from now on VDES: Next generation AIS

25 VDES: Next generation AIS (IALA e-nav WG3+4) VDES formula AIS (Traditional AIS) + ASM(Application Specific Messages) + VDL (VHF Data Link) + SAT (Satellite Link) = VDES :VHF Data Exchange System 24

26 VDES: : Figure TOKYO of WORKSHOP VDES (IALA e-nav 2012/12/3-7 WG3+4) 25

27 VDES: Development plan (IALA e-nav WG3+4) 2012 WRC-12 VDES testing frequency allocation 2013 Development of draft ITU-R Rec. M.[VDES] 2014 Development of prototype and testing 2015 WRC-15 VDES exclusive frequency allocation 2015 VDES Sat launch 2016 VDES Sat running & testing 2017 Start implementation of the Modernized GMDSS 26

28 3. Wrap up

29 VDES: Next Generation AIS in the Review & Modernization of the GMDSS Might be a part of the Modernized GMDSS Milestone: 2017 Just started studying in detail 28

30 JCG GMDSS Symposium NAVDAT 19 November 2013

31 NAVDAT Contents 1. NAVTEX overview 2. NAVDAT overview 3. Wrap up 30

32 NAVTEX: A part of GMDSS (SOLAS Chapter IV/7) MSI/WWNWS Broadcasting/Receiving Text information broadcasting Low throughput: 100 Baud (50 bps) Frequency: 490 khz/518 khz/ khz 31

33 NAVDAT: Developed by KENTA(France) ITU-R Recommendation M.2010 (2012/03) MSI/WWNWS Broadcasting/Receiving Digital data broadcasting High throughput: kbps Frequency: 500 khz (WRC-12) T.B.D. SOLAS requirements, IMO PS, IEC PS/TS, etc. 32

34 NAVDAT v.s. NAVTEX NAVTEX NAVDAT Function MSI/WWNWS Broadcasting/Receiving MSI/WWNWS Broadcasting/Receiving and more... Modulation 100 Baud FSK (50 bit/sec) 15 to 25 kbit/sec FDM (x 300 or more!) Occupied BW 3 khz 10 khz Exchange Data Type Text Text, Picture, photo, etc Display Small terminal or Printer ECDIS, INS, PLOTTER, etc. Frequency 490 khz (National) 518 khz/ khz (International) 500 khz (ITU WRC-12) SOLAS CR Chapter IV (GMDSS) N.A. (T.B.D. after 2017? ) IMO PS A.694(17) MSC.148(77) ITU PS ITU-R Rec. M (1995), ITU-R Rec. M (1990), ITU-R Rec. M (1995) N.A. (T.B.D. after 2017? ) ITU-R Rec. M.2010 (2012) IEC PS/TS IEC N.A. (T.B.D. after 2017? ) 33

35 JCG GMDSS Symposium Thank you! 19 November 2013

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