The Renaissance Outcome: The Renaissance in Italy

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1 The Renaissance Outcome: The Renaissance in Italy

2 Constructive Response Question 1.Summarize the Renaissance and identify why it started in Italy.

3 What will we learn? 1. What is the Renaissance? 2. Why Italy (3 reasons) 3. Classical and Worldly Views 4. Renaissance Men/Women

4 1. The Middle Ages Ends The Renaissance a. Europe is starting to take shape with England, France, and regions in Italy all evolving b. Revival of culture c. Return to cities d. The Church was still powerful e. Writers and artists began to express new ideas and styles

5 The Renaissance 2. What is the Renaissance? a. Renaissance: Rebirth in art, writing, architecture, learning, and culture. b. The educated hoped to bring back to life the culture of classical Greece and Rome c. In doing so, they created something entirely new: innovative styles of art and literature d. The Renaissance eventually spread from northern Italy to the rest of Europe e. Occurred roughly

6 The Renaissance 3. Why Italy? a. Italy had 3 distinct advantages i. City-States 1. Overseas trade, spurred by the Crusades had led to growth of large city-states 2. Thus, northern Italy was urban while the rest of Europe was still rural 3. Cities were the place where people exchanged ideas and the site of an intellectual revolution 4. Survivors of plague could demand higher wages 5. Merchants had few opportunities to expand business so they pursued art

7 City States Florence was the epicenter of the Italian Renaissance.

8 The Renaissance ii. Merchants and the Medici 1. A wealthy merchant developed in each Italian city-state 2. Merchants dominated politics 3. Merchants did not inherit social rank- used their wits to survive 4. This lead to the rise of importance of individual merit 5. The Medici banking family came to dominate Florence a. Had branch offices all throughout Italy and Europe b. Cosimo de Medici was the wealthiest European of his time c. Grandson Lorenzo de Medici became great patron of the arts d. Patron: someone who financially supports an artist or the arts

9 Cosimo de Medici & Lorenzo de Medici

10 The Renaissance iii. Classical heritage of Greece and Rome 1. Renaissance artists looked down on the art and literature of the Middle Ages 2. Instead they wanted to revive the learning of the Greeks and Romans 3. Ruins of Rome were nearby 4. Many Greek manuscripts made their way to Rome via Christian scholars

11 The Renaissance 4. Classical and Worldly Views a. As scholars studied manuscripts, they became more influenced by classical ideas. This lead to: b. Humanism: an intellectual movement that focused more on human potential and achievements i. Popularized the study of history, literature, and philosophy (all are known as humanities) c. Worldly pleasure: Humanists suggested that a person could enjoy life without offending God i. Ex. Wealthy could enjoy material luxuries, good music, and fine foods

12 The Renaissance 5. The Renaissance Man and Woman a. Renaissance Man: One strove to be a master in every area of study i. Expected to be charming, witty, and well educated in the classics ii. Also should be a skilled rider, wrestler, and swordsman b. Renaissance Woman: Upper-class women should know the classics and be charming i. Not expected to seek fame ii. Inspire art but not create it iii. Little influence in politics

13 Constructive Response Question 1.Summarize the Renaissance and identify why it started in Italy.

14

15 Constructive Response Question 2. Evaluate the accuracy of the following statement using specific examples: Michelangelo was a Renaissance Man.

16 What Will We Learn? 1. Michelangelo and his works 2. Donatello and his works 3. Leonardo da Vinci and his works 4. Raphael and his works

17 The Renaissance 1. Renaissance Art a. Artists were supported by patrons like Isabella d Este and the Medici b. Medieval artists used religious subjects to convey a spiritual ideal c. Renaissance artists will portray religious subjects but will use realistic styles copied from classical models & Greece and Rome d. Renaissance painters used perspective which showed three dimensions on a flat surface with a vanishing point in the middle e. Often times fresco was used: painting on wet plaster

18 Fresco

19

20 Michelangelo

21 Famous Artists a. Michelangelo i. Renaissance man: sculptor, painter, architect, and poet ii. Famous for way he portrayed the human body iii. Famous works: 1. Statue of David, 2. Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, 3. Dome of St. Peter s

22 David

23 Sistine Chapel Ceiling

24

25

26

27 Donatello

28 Famous Artists b. Donatello i. Made sculpture more realistic by carving natural postures and expression that revealed personality. ii. iii. Equestrian Statue of Gattamelata Also sculpted a David- favorite subject of Renaissance sculptors

29 Donatello s David

30 Equestrian Statue of Gattamelata

31 Leonardo da Vinci

32 Famous Artists c. Leonardo da Vinci i. Painter, sculptor, inventor, and scientist ii. Interested in how things work (veins in a leaf and muscle work) iii. Famous works: 1. The Mona Lisa 2. The Last Supper 3. Virgin on the Rocks iv. The Da Vinci Code featured many of his paintings

33 The Mona Lisa

34

35 The Last Supper

36

37

38 Da Vinci Sketches

39 Raphael

40 Famous Artists d. Raphael i. Learned from studying Leonardo and Michelangelo ii. One of favorite subjects was Madonna and Child (Virgin mary) iii. Famous works: i. School of Athens ii. Marriage of the Virgin

41 School of Athens

42 Marriage of the Virgin

43 Others: Botticelli s Birth of Venus

44 Constructive Response Question 2. Evaluate the accuracy of the following statement using specific examples: Michelangelo was a Renaissance Man.

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