Existing and Design Profiles

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1 NOTES Module 09 Existing and Design Profiles In this module, you learn how to work with profiles in AutoCAD Civil 3D. You create and modify profiles and profile views, edit profile geometry, and use styles and labels to customize the display of the data. You also create profile reports using the Toolbox. Objectives After completing this module, you will be able to: Create a profile using an existing terrain surface. Create a design profile using layout tools. Edit profile geometry. Create and modify profile and profile view styles. Use labels and label styles for profiles and profile views. Create external profile reports in a web browser.

2 AutoCAD Civil 3D 2009 Education Curriculum NOTES Notes In this module, you learn about profiles. Existing and design profiles are created, modified, and labeled. It is important to understand how to create and edit profiles using Layout tools. Layout tools are used to insert tangents, curves, PVI s (Points of Vertical Intersection), and to adjust the final vertical design of a road. After completing the design, you use profile and profile view styles to customize the display of the profile data. You also use profile and profile view label styles, label sets, and band sets to add the necessary labeling. Data for this module resides in the \AutoCAD Civil 3D 2009 Education Curriculum\Module 09 - Existing and Design Profiles\ folder. Student Exercises The following exercises are provided in step-by-step format. Open the Civil 3D program prior to beginning each exercise by double-clicking the Civil 3D icon on your desktop. You working in the Imperial system should use the drawing files beginning with the letter I, while those working in the metric system should use the drawing files beginning with the letter M. You are provided with a drawing for each exercise. The exercises in this module are as follows: 1. Create a Profile Using an Existing Terrain Surface 2. Create a Design Profile Using Layout Tools 3. Edit Profile Geometry 4. Create and Modify Profile and Profile View Styles 5. Use Labels and Label Styles for Profiles and Profile Views 6. Create Profile Reports 09-2

3 Module 09 - Existing and Design Profiles NOTES Existing and Design Profiles An existing ground profile is the intersection of a horizontal alignment and an existing surface. Essentially, it is a perpendicular view of the terrain surface sliced along an alignment. An existing ground profile provides excellent visual information for the design engineer developing the proposed vertical alignment of a road. While an existing ground profile shows a perpendicular view of the horizontal alignment cut through the existing surface, a design profile represents the perpendicular view of a horizontal alignment cut through the finished vertical surface following grading and road construction. Where possible, the designer tries to create the proposed vertical alignment as close as possible to the existing ground profile. This process minimizes the amount of earth that needs to be moved. In Civil 3D, an existing profile is referred to as a surface profile, and a design profile is referred to as a layout profile. Profiles can help you visualize the terrain along a route of interest, such as a proposed road, or simply show how the elevation changes across a particular section. These are required components of any road or highway design project and are often useful in reviewing site designs. Profiles are intelligent objects in AutoCAD Civil 3D. Surface profiles and profile views are dynamically linked to horizontal alignments and surfaces. When the horizontal alignment is edited, associated surface profiles update dynamically. If the surface is modified, the surface data and label styles are also updated dynamically. Profile and profile view styles are created to control the display of profile data. Label styles, label sets, and band sets display associated annotation and a descriptive framework for the profile view. Styles that represent the organization or client standards are stored and managed in the drawing template. 09-3

4 AutoCAD Civil 3D 2009 Education Curriculum NOTES Key Terms Existing Profile Design Profile Surface Profile Layout Profile Profile View Tangent Vertical Curve Station Station Elevation PVI BVC An existing profile is the intersection of a horizontal alignment and an existing surface. It is a perpendicular view of the terrain surface sliced along the alignment. In Civil 3D, the existing profile is referred to as a surface profile. A design profile is the finished vertical alignment that contains the final vertical tangents and vertical curves for the road. The designer creates the vertical tangents and vertical curves in accordance with standard design criteria for sight and stopping distance and slope. In Civil 3D, the design profile is referred to as the layout profile. Also known as an existing ground profile. Surface profiles are dynamic and react to changes made to the horizontal alignment and the surface. Also known as a design profile. Layout profiles represent the finished design and are nonreactive, or static. The profile view is the grid object, or plot, that contains the profile data. Surface profiles and layout profiles are displayed in a profile view. For a profile, a tangent is a straight section of roadway that has a constant slope, or grade. A positive tangent moves upward while a negative tangent moves downward. A vertical curve connects to tangents. A vertical curve with an incoming tangent grade greater than the outgoing tangent grade is called a crest. A vertical curve with an incoming tangent grade less than the outgoing tangent grade is called a sag. Vertical curves are most often represented with parabolas. Stationing is a form of linear referencing of distance along an alignment. A station is a value of distance from the start point added to the starting station value. The base value for imperial stationing is 100 feet, designated as The base value for metric stationing is 1000 meters, designated Along a profile, station-elevation is a method for identifying the location of a point based on the alignment station and the elevation. Point of Vertical Intersection is the intersection point of two profile tangents, typically marking the center of a symmetrical parabolic vertical curve. Beginning of a Vertical Curve is the transition point from a constant grade line (tangent) to a vertical curve. 09-4

5 Module 09 - Existing and Design Profiles NOTES EVC Label Sets Band Sets End of a Vertical Curve is the transition point from a vertical curve to a constant grade line (tangent). A label set is a collection of profile label styles for a profile. When you create a profile, you apply a label set as opposed to selecting individual label styles. A band set is a collection of label style settings for a profile view, specifically for the band of labels marking the x axis. 09-5

6 AutoCAD Civil 3D 2009 Education Curriculum NOTES EXERCISE 1: CREATE A PROFILE USING AN EXISTING TERRAIN SURFACE In this exercise, you create a surface profile using an alignment and an existing surface. You also create a profile view. When you complete this exercise, your screen should display the illustration as shown. For this exercise, open \Module 09 Existing and Design Profiles\I_Profiles-EX1.dwg (M_Profiles-EX1.dwg). First, display the existing ground surface. 1. In Toolspace, click Prospector. 2. Expand the Surfaces tree. 3. Right-click Existing Ground and click Surface Properties. 4. For Surface style, select Contours 1 and 5 (Background) (Contours 1 m and 5 m (Background)). 5. Click OK. 09-6

7 Module 09 - Existing and Design Profiles NOTES 6. Click Profiles menu > Create Profile from Surface. The Create Profile from Surface dialog box displays. You select the alignment, surface, and station range to create the surface profile. 7. For Alignment, select Orchard Road. The entire alignment will be used when creating the existing ground profile. 8. For Select Surfaces, Existing Ground is already selected because it is the only surface in the drawing. 9. Click Add. 10. Stretch the Name column to the right to see the profile name. The surface profile is assigned a name that references the alignment name for a prefix and the surface name as a suffix. At this point, you can add more profiles by changing the alignment or adding offset alignments to Orchard Road by selecting the Sample Offsets check box. You can also create surface profiles without creating a profile view in the drawing. A profile and a profile view are separate objects as shown in the Prospector tab. In this case, you create the profile view. 09-7

8 AutoCAD Civil 3D 2009 Education Curriculum NOTES 11. Click Draw in Profile View. The Create Profile View Wizard opens. Note the various settings in the steps as you move through the wizard. 12. Select the Orchard Road alignment. 13. Click Next. You can change the range of the alignment to view. 14. In the Station Range screen, click Next. The profile view height can be modified. 15. In the Profile View Height screen, click Next. 16. In the Profile Display Options screen, click Next. The Data Bands refer to the information plotted on the view at each station. You can create your own Band Set style. You can choose to locate the data bands at the top or the bottom of the view. 17. Click Create Profile View. 18. Click to the right of the plan view of the site to locate the profile view origin. The profile view is created in the drawing. 19. Zoom into the profile view to review the information. The view shows the existing elevation change from west to east along the centerline of Orchard Road. The Data Band shows the station and the existing and finish elevations, which are the same for this view. You can show multiple profiles in the same view, so this information can be very helpful when comparing the existing and the design profile elevations. Examine the Profiles and Profile Views in the Prospector tab. 20. In Toolspace, click the Prospector tab. 09-8

9 Module 09 - Existing and Design Profiles NOTES 21. Expand the Alignments and Orchard Road trees. 22. Expand both the Profiles and Profile Views trees. Remember that the alignment and the profile are dynamically linked. 23. Enter VPORTS. Press ENTER. 24. Click the Named Viewports tab. 25. Select Plan & Profile. Click OK. 26. If necessary, adjust the zoom and pan so that the Orchard Road plan view is in the top viewport and the profile view is in the bottom viewport. 27. In the top viewport, click the Orchard Road alignment to select it. 28. Click a cyan grip, move the cursor slightly to the north and click to move the alignment. Notice the profile change in the lower viewport. 29. Enter UNDO. Press ENTER twice to undo the alignment change. 30. Enter VPORTS. Press ENTER. 31. Click the New Viewports tab. Select Single and click OK. 32. Close the drawing and do not save the changes. 09-9

10 AutoCAD Civil 3D 2009 Education Curriculum NOTES EXERCISE 2: CREATE A DESIGN PROFILE USING LAYOUT TOOLS In this exercise, you create a design profile using the Profile Layout tools. Design profiles represent the finished vertical alignment that final road construction and grading is based on. In Civil 3D, design profiles are called layout profiles. A design profile includes the following elements: Straight line tangents with specified grade or slope. Points of vertical intersection (PVI) where tangents meet. Vertical curves, usually parabolic in shape. Vertical curves can also be circular or asymmetrical parabolic. Vertical curves can be one of two types: crest curves or sag curves. A crest curve exists at a hilltop, or wherever the incoming tangent has a higher grade than the outgoing tangent. A sag curve exists at the bottom of a valley, or wherever the incoming tangent has a lower grade than the outgoing tangent. The vertical curves on a layout profile can be designed in relation to engineering speed tables for safe vehicular travel at a particular maximum speed. Other tables can be used to design vertical curves so that the distance illuminated by the headlights of a vehicle at night is always greater than the stopping distance at the maximum design speed. When you complete this exercise, your screen should display the illustration as shown. For this exercise, open \Module 09 Existing and Design Profiles\I_Profiles-EX2.dwg (M_Profiles-EX2.dwg). You use layout commands for creating a design profile. 1. Click Profiles menu > Create Profile by Layout. 2. When prompted to Select a Profile View, click the Orchard Road profile view. The Create Profile Draw New dialog box displays

11 Module 09 - Existing and Design Profiles NOTES 3. In the Create Profile Draw New dialog box, for Name, enter Orchard Road - Design Profile. Notice the Profile Style is set to Design Profile and the Profile Label Set is set to Complete Label Set. 4. Click OK. The Profile Layout Tools toolbar is displayed. The following steps use these tools to create the design profile directly in the profile view. You specify curve settings and place tangents to create the proposed vertical layout for Orchard Road. If you make a mistake as you design the profile, you can use the Undo or Redo buttons on the right side of the toolbar. First, inspect the vertical curve settings. 5. Click the down arrow on the left of the toolbar and select Curve Settings

12 AutoCAD Civil 3D 2009 Education Curriculum NOTES Parabolic curves are most commonly used for vertical road curves, but you can modify this setting. Both crest and sag curves can either be designed using a specified length or a K value. Review the options for the vertical curves. 6. For crest and sag curve length, enter 100 (30 m). 7. Click OK. There are multiple methods for creating layout profiles. The Draw Tangents with Curves method is very easy. You click in locations where you would like a PVI (Point of Vertical Intersection). 8. Click the down arrow on the left of the toolbar and select Draw Tangents With Curves. 9. Use the Endpoint object snap and click the western end of the Existing Ground profile. As you move the cursor away from the starting point, the profile stretches, awaiting the position of the next point. Each point that you click will be a PVI, the end of one tangent section and beginning of the next. Civil 3D automatically designs the curve to transition between these two tangents. Normally, the goal is to position these points so that the areas of cut and fill nearly balance, although the site grading near the alignment may influence the final balance. The profile now being designed is the first 09-12

13 Module 09 - Existing and Design Profiles NOTES attempt at the finished vertical grade. Be careful when using object snaps during this procedure. 10. Zoom out to give a better view of the profile. 11. Using your best judgment, click locations for PVI s along the profile. End with a click at the endpoint of the profile. Be sure not to select PVI locations too close together. Remember that the specified vertical curve length is 100 (30 m). This means that you need a minimum distance of 100 (30 m) between PVI s. Civil 3D shows a preview of the vertical curve before you select the next PVI. 12. Press ENTER when finished. The design profile is created with curves and labels. 13. Zoom into a section of the design profile. Notice the tangent slopes are labeled as percent slope and the important vertical curve points and data are labeled

14 AutoCAD Civil 3D 2009 Education Curriculum NOTES Next, you use a different method to layout the design profile. 14. Click the profile to select it and press Delete. The profile is deleted from the profile view. 15. Click Profiles menu > Create Profile by Layout. 16. Click the Orchard Road profile view. The Create Profile Draw New dialog box appears. 17. In the Create Profile Draw New dialog box, for Name, enter Orchard Road - Design Profile. 18. Click OK. 19. Click the down arrow to left of the toolbar and select Draw Tangents. 20. Use the Endpoint object snap and click the western end of the Existing Ground profile. Use your best judgment to select points where the grade should change

15 Module 09 - Existing and Design Profiles NOTES 21. Click the remaining grade break points along the profile. End with a click at the endpoint of the profile. 22. Press ENTER. 23. Click the down arrow next to the Curves button and select Free Vertical Curve (Parameter). Using this procedure, you click the tangent before the curve and then click the tangent after the curve. 24. Click the tangent and enter a grade break. Click the tangent to exit the same break. Civil 3D prompts for curve length, radius, or K value. 25. Enter 100 (30 m) as the curve length. 26. Continue to add curves by clicking both tangents for each grade break and entering curve lengths. 27. Press ENTER. The curve points and parameter labels are added to the profile view. 28. Close the Profile Layout Tools toolbar. 29. Close the drawing and do not save the changes

16 AutoCAD Civil 3D 2009 Education Curriculum NOTES EXERCISE 3: EDIT PROFILE GEOMETRY In this exercise, you edit a design profile using several methods. Both graphical editing and tabular editing are very powerful. No visible changes are made to the drawing in this exercise. For this exercise, open \Module 09 Existing and Design Profiles\I_Profiles-EX3.dwg (M_Profiles-EX3.dwg). Graphical editing is done using Profile grips. 1. Zoom into a section of the profile view. 2. Click to select the design profile and review the different grips.. There are seven basic kinds of grips on a profile. A round grip at the beginning and end of the vertical curve is used to change the station of these points and modify the curve geometry to fit. An arrowhead grip to the left and right of the PVI is used to move the PVI location directly along either the entering or exiting tangent direction. A red vertical arrowhead grip on the PVI point is used to move the PVI to any location. A round grip on the center of the vertical curve is used to modify the curve length and radius. A square grip at the midpoint of the tangent sections is used to move the tangent and the two attached curves. 3. Click the red arrowhead grip on any PVI. 4. Move the cursor and click to move the PVI. Notice the behavior of the associated tangents. 5. Enter UNDO. Press ENTER. 6. Click the profile to select it. Click the left or right arrowhead grip, move the cursor, and click. The PVI position is moved directly along one of the tangents. 7. Click UNDO on the toolbar

17 Module 09 - Existing and Design Profiles NOTES 8. Click the profile to select it. Right-click the profile and click Edit Profile Geometry. The Profile Layout Tools toolbar opens. 9. Click Profile Grid View. The Panorama window displays the Profile Entities tab which shows all of the geometric information about the profile. Notice the PVI Station and PVI Elevation values. 10. Again, click the red arrowhead grip on the PVI. Move the cursor, and click. In the Panorama window, notice the change in the value for the station and elevation of the PVI that was moved. 11. In the Panorama window, click the row of the moved PVI, and then click the PVI Elevation value. 12. Enter a slightly different value. 13. Press ENTER. The PVI elevation is edited and the PVI is moved in the drawing

18 AutoCAD Civil 3D 2009 Education Curriculum NOTES 14. Click UNDO and close the Panorama window. The black entries in the Panorama window can be edited directly. Use the scroll bar to view the entire set of parameters. 15. Click the profile to select it. Click the round grip on the vertical curve. Move the cursor, and click to modify the curve length and radius. 16. Click UNDO. 17. Click the profile to select it. Click the square grip at the tangent midpoint. 18. Move the cursor and click to reposition the tangent and the two curves. 19. Click UNDO. The PVI position can be modified using grips or by entering a station of elevation value in the Panorama window. In addition, there are several tools on the toolbar that can help. To insert a PVI, you can use the mouse to click a point on the profile or use a tabular method to enter the new PVI station, elevation, and curve length. 20. Click Insert PVI 21. Click a location on the profile view for a new PVI. Press ENTER. Notice that a curve is not automatically positioned, but a grade break label is inserted. 22. Click Delete PVI. 23. Click near the new PVI. Press ENTER. Notice that the PVI and label are removed. 24. Click Insert PVI s Tabular. An Insert PVI s dialog box displays

19 Module 09 - Existing and Design Profiles NOTES 25. Select Parabolic. Notice the Curve Length column is added. You can add the PVI and curve parameters directly in this column. 26. Click Cancel. 27. Click Raise/Lower PVI s. The Raise/Lower PVI Elevation dialog box displays. 28. Enter 0.5 (0.2 m) for Elevation change. You can raise or lower the entire profile or just a station range. 29. Click OK. The entire profile is raised 0.5 ft (or 0.2 m). 30. Click UNDO. 31. Close the toolbar. 32. Close the drawing and do not save the changes

20 AutoCAD Civil 3D 2009 Education Curriculum NOTES EXERCISE 4: CREATE AND MODIFY PROFILE AND PROFILE VIEW STYLES In this exercise, you create and modify both Profile and Profile View styles. No visible changes are made to the drawing in this exercise. For this exercise, open \Module 09 Existing and Design Profiles\I_Profiles-EX4.dwg (M_Profiles-EX4.dwg). A profile view can display and annotate surface profiles, layout profiles, superimposed profiles, and pipe network profiles. Profile and profile view styles can help with the visual organization of the data. 1. In the profile view for Orchard Road, click the design profile. 2. Right-click and click Edit Profile Style. In the Profile Style dialog box, the Markers and Display tabs hold the important settings that show which point styles and components are visible. 3. Click the Markers tab. Notice that the Point of Vertical Intersection Marker style is PI point. 4. Click in the row for the Point of Vertical Intersection. 5. Click Pick Marker Style on the right. 6. In the Pick Marker Style dialog box, select <none>. Click OK twice. 7. In the drawing area, zoom into a PVI

21 Module 09 - Existing and Design Profiles NOTES Notice that the marker is not shown. 8. Click the design profile again. Right-click and select Edit Profile Style. 9. Repeat the previous process to use the PI Point Marker Style for the PVI. 10. Click the Display tab. You can control which components are visible or which colors are used. For example, you can turn off the vertical parabolic curves or the lines. 11. Click the lightbulb off for Symmetrical Parabola. 12. Click the Color cell for the Line component. 13. In the Select Color dialog box, select red (color 1). Click OK. 14. Click OK in the Profile Style dialog box. The curves are not visible and the tangents are red. Experiment with other settings until you are able to make the profile appear to your specifications. You can create your own style using the Settings tab. For example, you may want a design profile style set for a particular color. 15. In Toolspace, click the Settings tab. 16. Expand the Profile and Profile Styles trees. 17. Right-click Design Profile and click Copy. 18. On the Information tab, enter Design Profile [blue] for the name

22 AutoCAD Civil 3D 2009 Education Curriculum NOTES 19. Click the Display tab. 20. Change the color to blue (color 5) for the Line, Symmetrical Parabola, and Arrow components. 21. Make the Arrow component visible. 22. Click OK. You need to assign this style. 23. In the drawing area, click the profile. Right-click and click Profile Properties. 24. For Object Style, select Design Profile [blue]. Click OK. Review the profile to see the changes. Profile Views also have properties that can be modified. 25. In the drawing area, click the profile view. Right-click and click Profile View Properties. 26. Click the Information tab. 27. For Object Style, select Full Grid. Click Apply. Notice the grid change on the profile view. 28. Change the Object Style back to Profile View. Click Apply. 29. In the Profile View properties dialog box, click the Profiles tab and expand the Name Column

23 Module 09 - Existing and Design Profiles NOTES 30. Clear Orchard Road Existing Ground. Click Apply. The Existing Ground profile is no longer visible in the profile view. 31. Select the Draw check box to turn it on. Click Apply. Use the slider bar to view the data for each profile in the profile view. Most of this data is viewable only. You can control which data is viewable. 32. Right-click the gray Name column heading for a list of data types. You can turn these on and off as desired. 33. Click OK. You now edit the profile view style. 34. In the drawing area, click the profile view. Right-click and click Edit Profile View Style. There are many settings to alter the style of the profile view. 35. Click the Graph tab. 36. Change the Vertical Exaggeration to Click the Grid tab. 38. Select Clip Vertical Grid and the Clip Horizontal Grid. 39. Select Clip to Highest Profile(s) for both. 40. Click OK. The profile view is modified. The style settings can improve the appearance of the profiles. 41. Use the Undo command to reverse the style changes made. 42. Close the drawing and do not save the changes

24 AutoCAD Civil 3D 2009 Education Curriculum NOTES EXERCISE 5: LABELS AND LABEL STYLES FOR PROFILES AND PROFILE VIEWS In this exercise, you add labels to profiles and profile views. You also modify label styles for both objects. When you complete this exercise, your screen should display the illustration as shown. For this exercise, open \Module 09 Existing and Design Profiles\I_Profiles-EX5.dwg (M_Profiles-EX5.dwg). 1. In Toolspace, click the Settings tab. 2. Expand the Profile and Label Styles trees. Label Sets are collections of label styles for the various components in a profile. 3. Expand the Label Sets tree. Two Label Set styles exist, _No Labels and a Complete Label Set. 4. Right-click Complete Label Set and click Edit. 5. Click the Labels tab. Review the four types of labels included in this label set: Lines, Grade Breaks, Sag Curves, and Crest Curves. Each of these has an associated 09-24

25 Module 09 - Existing and Design Profiles NOTES style and anchor point and value for positioning the label. The styles associated with the label type can be modified in the Settings tab. This dialog box works in a similar way to the Label Set dialog box for Alignment label sets. You can delete or add different types of labels and modify the associated style. 6. Click in the Lines row. Click Label Style. 7. In the Pick Label Style dialog box, change the Label Style to Slope 1 in X. 8. Click OK. 9. Click OK in the Profile Label Set Complete Label Set dialog box. This change affects the Complete Label Set only. To see changes in the profile labels, you need to import the label set for that profile. Another option is to modify the profile labels in use directly. 10. In the drawing area, click the design profile. Right-click and click Edit Labels. 11. In the Profile Labels dialog box, click Import Label Set. 12. In the Select Style Set dialog box, select Complete Label Set. Click OK. 13. Click OK. 14. Zoom into a tangent on the profile and view the change in the label style

26 AutoCAD Civil 3D 2009 Education Curriculum NOTES Each profile style can be modified independently of the label set. 15. Click the design profile. Right-click and click Edit Labels. 16. Click in the Lines row. Click Label Style. 17. Change the Label Style to Percent Grade. Click OK twice to close both dialog boxes. 18. Zoom into a tangent grade label to view the different style. Label Sets are a collection of the available styles. 19. In the drawing area, review the labeling for the vertical curves. BVCS is the Beginning Vertical Curve Station. BVCE is the Beginning Vertical Curve Elevation. Similarly, EVCS and EVCE are the same values for the end of the curve. Low point and PVI station and elevation are included, as well as K value and the LVC (Length of Vertical Curve). 20. Click the Settings tab. 21. Under the Label Sets tree, right-click the Complete Label Set and click Edit. 22. In the Profile Label Sets dialog box, Labels tab, click in the Crest Curves 09-26

27 Module 09 - Existing and Design Profiles NOTES row. Click Label Style. In the Pick Label Style dialog box, notice there are only two types of styles available: Sag Only and Crest Only. 23. Click Cancel twice. 24. Under the Profile tree, expand the Curve, Crest, and Sag trees. 25. Right-click Crest Only and click Edit. 26. In the Label Style Composer dialog box, click the Layout tab. 27. Click the down arrow for Component name and inspect the components in this label. 28. Select the PVI Sta and Elev component. Change the color to red. 29. Click in the Text Color cell. Click Color Palette. 30. In the Select Color dialog box, select red (color 1). Click OK. Notice the change in the Preview box to the right. 31. Click OK. 32. Zoom into a crest curve. Other components and label styles can be modified as desired using the same method

28 AutoCAD Civil 3D 2009 Education Curriculum NOTES Profile Views have Label Styles and Band Styles. Band styles apply to the band of labels for station and elevation normally found at the bottom of a profile view. 33. In the Settings tab, expand the Profile View, Band Styles, and Band Sets trees. The label styles for profile views are used only for additional labels for Station Elevation or Depth added to a profile view. In a similar method to Label Sets, Band Sets are a collection of styles for labeling. 34. Right-click EG-FG Elevations and Stations and click Edit. 35. Click the Bands tab. Notice that only the Profile Data Band type is used in this Band Set. More band types can be added if desired. The Location drop-down list enables the band to be placed at the bottom or top of the profile view. 36. Click the Profile Data row. Click Band Style. 37. In the Pick Band Style dialog box, click the drop-down list and review the Band Styles. 38. Click Cancel twice to close both dialog boxes. 39. Zoom into the profile data band on the bottom of the profile view. 40. Under the Band Styles tree, expand the Profile Data tree. Right-click Elevations and Stations and click Edit

29 Module 09 - Existing and Design Profiles NOTES This is the location to edit the Elevation and Stations band style that is used in the EG-FG Elevations and Stations Band Set. 41. Click the Display tab. 42. Turn on the Visible property for the Minor Ticks. Click Apply. Notice the minor ticks in the profile view. 43. Turn off the Minor Ticks Visible property. Click OK. You can add station-elevation and depth labels for particular points on the profile view. 44. Click Profiles menu > Add Profile View Labels > Add Profile View Labels. For the Profile View feature, you can add two types of labels. 45. Ensure that the Label type is set to Station Elevation. Click Add. 46. Click the profile view grid. 47. Move the cursor left or right, and click to set the desired station for the label. 48. Move the cursor up and down, and click to set the elevation for the desired point to be labeled. 49. Press ESC. 50. In the Add Labels dialog box, change the Label type to Depth

30 AutoCAD Civil 3D 2009 Education Curriculum NOTES The depth label determines and labels the difference between two points. 51. Click Add. 52. Click the profile view grid. 53. Click the first point. Move the cursor and click the second point. 54. Press ESC. The depth label is added. 55. Click Close. 56. Close the drawing and do not save the changes

31 Module 09 - Existing and Design Profiles NOTES EXERCISE 6: CREATE PROFILE REPORTS In this exercise, you create external reports for a profile. You use the different reports formats in the Toolbox. For this exercise, open \Module 09 Existing and Design Profiles\I_Profiles-EX6.dwg (M_Profiles-EX6.dwg). 1. Click General > Toolbox. A new tab for Toolbox is attached to the Toolspace window. 2. Expand the Reports Manager and Profile trees. 3. Double-click the PVI Station and Curve Report. The Create Reports PVI Station & Curve Report dialog box opens

32 AutoCAD Civil 3D 2009 Education Curriculum NOTES 4. Click the Orchard Road row. 5. Click to navigate to your working directory. 6. Click Create Report. The HTML file is saved to your folder and opened in a browser. 7. Close the browser window. 8. Click Done. 9. Experiment with other profile report types in the Reports Manger

33 Module 09 - Existing and Design Profiles NOTES 10. Click General menu > Toolbox to close the Toolbox

34 AutoCAD Civil 3D 2009 Education Curriculum NOTES Questions Answers 1. What is the difference between an existing profile and a design profile? 2. If the design profile needs to be raised by 0.5 feet (0 2 m) along its entire length, what method should you use? 3. Which grip should you use to move a PVI laterally, along the incoming tangent grade? 4. How do you change the color of the design profile line? 5. Are the grid lines part of the profile style or the profile view style? 6. What is a band set? 1. An existing profile is the current elevation of the terrain along the alignment. A design profile is the proposed road finished surface using tangents of constant grade connected by vertical curves. Differences in grade between the existing and design profile represent areas of cut or fill. 2. In the Profile Layout Tools toolbar, use the Raise/Lower PVI button to enter the elevation change. 3. Use the arrowhead grip to the right of the red PVI arrowhead grip. Click the grip and move the PVI to the right along the incoming tangent grade. 4. Click the profile, right-click, and click Edit Profile Style. On the Display tab, click the Color property for the line component and change the color in the Select Color dialog box. 5. The grid lines are part of the profile view style. 6. A band set is a collection of label style settings for a profile view, specifically for the band of labels marking the x axis

35 Module 09 - Existing and Design Profiles NOTES Module Summary This module introduced you to creating and modifying profiles and profile views. First, an existing profile was created using the existing surface and an alignment. A profile view was created in the drawing area. The Layout tools were used to add a design profile to the profile view. Several methods were used to edit the design profile, including profile grips, the Grid View Panorama window, and powerful tools on the Layout toolbar. Following, the fine tuning of the design profile parameters, the profile and profile view styles were modified. These styles control the appearance of the data and the view itself. Labels and label styles were modified to conform to desired standards. You completed the module by creating external reports using the Toolbox

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