Space Science and Communication for Sustainability

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1 Space Science and Communication for Sustainability

2 Wayan Suparta Mardina Abdullah Mahamod Ismail Editors Space Science and Communication for Sustainability 123

3 Editors Wayan Suparta Department of Electrical Engineering Sanata Dharma University Yogyakarta Indonesia Mardina Abdullah Institute of Climate Change, Space Science Centre Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Bangi Malaysia Mahamod Ismail Department of Electrical, Electronic and Systems Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Built Environment Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Bangi Malaysia ISBN ISBN (ebook) / Library of Congress Control Number: Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd This work is subject to copyright. All rights are reserved by the Publisher, whether the whole or part of the material is concerned, specifically the rights of translation, reprinting, reuse of illustrations, recitation, broadcasting, reproduction on microfilms or in any other physical way, and transmission or information storage and retrieval, electronic adaptation, computer software, or by similar or dissimilar methodology now known or hereafter developed. The use of general descriptive names, registered names, trademarks, service marks, etc. in this publication does not imply, even in the absence of a specific statement, that such names are exempt from the relevant protective laws and regulations and therefore free for general use. The publisher, the authors and the editors are safe to assume that the advice and information in this book are believed to be true and accurate at the date of publication. Neither the publisher nor the authors or the editors give a warranty, express or implied, with respect to the material contained herein or for any errors or omissions that may have been made. The publisher remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. Printed on acid-free paper This Springer imprint is published by Springer Nature The registered company is Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. The registered company address is: 152 Beach Road, #21-01/04 Gateway East, Singapore , Singapore

4 Preface This book highlights the field of space science and communications. This field is one of the pillars of sustainable development from the study of Earth Sciences to the form of space science. Research and development (R & D) in this field plays a crucial role in sustainability development. The space issue is always relevant. Obtaining essential data from the physical world to interpret the universe and to predict what will happen in the future is very challenging. Valid information to understand trends, evaluate needs, and create sustainable development policies and programs in the best interest of all people is indispensable. This book discusses in detail the latest application of space science and space technology as summarized in the working group of space science and communication. In this working group, some modern systems with high accuracy have been explored to enhance their capability to work in the vast atmosphere from the Earth s surface to the development of antennas for the study of space science. This contributed volume presents 28 selected papers from the 2017 International Conference on Space Science and Communication (IconSpace2017). The book is divided into three scientific sections: (i) Atmospheric Physics, (ii) Environmental Sciences and Remote Sensing, and (iii) Communication Systems and Space Technology. It is addressed to professors, postgraduate students, scientists and engineers who are taking part in R & D in areas such as meteorological applications, environmental monitoring, space weather, and materials for antenna systems based on wide applications in various fields of science and technology. Yogyakarta, Indonesia Wayan Suparta v

5 Contents Characterization of Lightning Energy During Summer and Winter of Over the Antarctic Peninsula... 1 Wayan Suparta and Siti Khalijah Zainudin Parametric Studies of ANFIS Family Capability for Thunderstorm Prediction Wayan Suparta and Wahyu Sasongko Putro Performance and Evaluation of Eight Cloud Models on Earth Space Path for a Tropical Station Temidayo Victor Omotosho, Oladimeji Mustapha Adewusi, Marvel Lola Akinyemi, Sayo Akinloye Akinwunmi, Oluwafumilayo Oluwayemisi Ometan and Williams A. Ayara Comparison of In situ Observation, NOAA-AIRS Satellite and MACC Model on Surface Ozone Over the Ushuaia, Southern Ocean and Antarctic Peninsula Region M.S.M. Nadzir, M.F. Khan, W. Suparta and S.K. Zainudin A Brief Review: Response of the Ionosphere to Solar Activity Over Malaysia Siti Aminah Bahari and Mardina Abdullah The Time Derivative of the Horizontal Geomagnetic Field for the Low Latitude MAGDAS Langkawi Station for the Estimation of Geomagnetically Induced Current Farah Adilah Mohd Kasran, Mohamad Huzaimy Jusoh, Akimasa Yoshikawa, Zahira Mohd. Radzi and MAGDAS/CPMN Group Comparison of Measured and Predicted HF Operating Frequencies During Low Solar Activity Rafidah Abd Malik, Mardina Abdullah, Sabirin Abdullah and Mariyam Jamilah Homam vii

6 viii Contents Ionospheric TEC Response to the Partial Solar Eclipse Over the Malaysian Region Rohaida Mat Akir, Mardina Abdullah, Kalaivani Chellappan and Siti Aminah Bahari Effect of Geomagnetic Storms on Fluctuations of Total Electron Content at an Equatorial Station Siti Zainab Hamzah and Mariyam Jamilah Homam Analysis of Critical Frequency Measured from Ionosonde System During Low Solar Activity in Malaysia Region Sabirin Abdullah and Ahmad Faizal Mohd Zain Comparison Between UKMtrapcast and SPENVIS in Forecasting Distribution of High Energy Protons in the SAA Region Gusrizal, Wayan Suparta and Karel Kudela Space Weather Monitoring System Competition for Secondary School Students in Malaysia Mardina Abdullah, Rosadah Abd Majid, Badariah Bais, Nor Syaidah Bahri and Mohd Hezri Mokhtar Current Status of Radio Astronomy in University of Malaya Zamri Zainal Abidin and Zainol Abidin Ibrahim GPS PWV and Its Response to ENSO Activities in the Western Pacific Region During Wayan Suparta, Ahmad Iskandar and Ford Lumban Gaol Impact of Sea Level Rise on the Coastal Ecosystem Khairul Nizam Abdul Maulud, Fazly Amri Mohd, Wan Hanna Melini Wan Mohtar, Othman Jaafar and Yannie Anak Benson Manifestation of SVM-Based Rectified Linear Unit (ReLU) Kernel Function in Landslide Modelling Biswajeet Pradhan and Maher Ibrahim Sameen Subsurface Structural Pattern Distributions of the Magnetic Anomalies in Part of the Nigerian South-Western Precambrian Basement Complex for Sustainability John Stephen Kayode, Mohd Nawawi Mohd Nordin and Khiruddin Abdullah The Measurement of Solar Ultraviolet Ambient Dose Using EBT3 Film Intan Nadia Mohammad Saleh, Ummi Shuhada Osman and Ahmad Fairuz Omar

7 Contents ix Open Platform Orbit Determination Systems Using a Mixture of Orbit Estimator and Orbit Propagator Hilmi Sanusi and Wayan Suparta Deployment Challenges and Co-tier Interference Management Techniques for Ultra-dense Femtocell Networks Ibrahim Shgluof, Mahamod Ismail, Rosdiadee Nordin, Nor Fadzilah Abdullah and Azizul Azizan Design and Analysis of an Optimized S-shaped Resonator Based Triple Band Microstrip Antenna for Satellite Applications Md. Naimur Rahman, Gan Kok Beng, Md. Samsuzzaman, Touhidul Alam Negative-µ Metamaterial-Based Stacked Antenna for 1U CubeSat Communication Farhad Bin Ashraf, Touhidul Alam, Mengu Cho, Norbahiah Misran Performance Analysis of an X-Band Circular Polarized Antenna for Nanosatellite Communication Touhidul Alam, Mandeep Singh Jit Singh, Mengu Cho AReflector Type 3D Triband Directional Antenna for CubeSat Applications Md. Amanath Ullah, Farhad Bin Ashraf, Touhidul Alam, Mohd Tarmizi Ali An Effective Medium Ratio Obeying Wideband Left-Handed Meta- Atom for Multiband Applications Mohammad Jakir Hossain, Mohammad Rashed Iqbal Faruque A Terahertz Meta-Surface with Left-Handed Characteristics for Absorbing Applications Md. Mehedi Hasan, Mohammad Rashed Iqbal Faruque Microstrip Feed Slotted Ground Antenna with Parasitic Element for UWB Applications Girish Awadhwal and Ali Bostani Bee-Comb-Shape Left-Handed Metamaterial for Terahertz Application Md. Mehedi Hasan, Mohammad Rashed Iqbal Faruque, Mohammad Tariqul Islam and Sikder Sunbeam Islam