Total. STAT/MATH 394 A  Autumn Quarter Midterm. Name: Student ID Number: Directions. Complete all questions.


 Hollie Burke
 2 years ago
 Views:
Transcription
1 STAT/MATH 9 A  Autumn Quarter Midterm Name: Student ID Number: Problem 1 5 Total Points Directions. Complete all questions. You may use a scientific calculator during this examination; graphing calculators and other electronic devices are not allowed and should be turned off for the duration of the exam. If you use trialanderror, a guessandcheck method, or numerical approximation except when asked for when an exact method is available, you will not receive full credit. When you are asked to compute probabilities, provide the exact numerical solution, unless otherwise stated. Show and explain all work and write in complete sentences to receive credit. clearly the events you are considering. Particularly, specify You have 50 minutes to complete the exam. 1
2 Problem 1. 5 pts Let E, F, G and H be four mutually independent events, with PE PF PG 1/ and PH /. a Compute PE F H 1 pt Answer. Since events are mutually independent, we have : PE F H PEPF PH b What is the probability that at least one of the events occur? pts Answer. It is easier to compute the probability of the complement of the requested event, that is that none of the events occur. Thus, the desired probability is : 1 PE c F c G c H c 1 PE c PF c PG c PH c c What is the probability that exactly three of the four events occur? pts Answer. The event A that exactly three of the four events occur can be written as the union of mutually exclusive events as follows : A E c F G H E F c G H E F G c H E F G H c. Hence, we have : PA PE c F G H + PE F c G H + PE F G c H +PE F G H c PE c PF PGPH + PEPF c PGPH + PEPF PG c PH +PEPF PGPH c Problem. 5 pts 5% of the population have video game console X, 15% have console Y and 5% own both consoles. According to a study related to video game addiction, 10% of possessors of console X exhibit symptoms of addiction, this rate is 0% for owners of console Y and 0% for possessors of both consoles. If a randomly selected person owns at least one of the two consoles, what is the probability that this person is an addict? Answer. Let us denote the following events: A: the person is an addict X: the person owns console X Y : the person owns console Y We want to find PA X Y :
3 PA X Y PA X Y PX Y PA X A Y PX + PY PX Y PA X + PA Y PA X Y PX + PY PX Y PA XPX + PA Y PY PA X Y PX Y PX + PY PX Y Problem. 5 pts In a city, there are three tennis clubs A, B and C that are composed of 55, 8 and 6 players, respectively. A player can only be member of one tennis club., 5 and 7 players of clubs A, B and C respectively are sponsored. One player from each club is selected to play a tournament. What is the probability that the player chosen from club B is sponsored given that exactly two selected players are sponsored? Answer. Let us define the following events : S A : The player selected from club A is sponsored S B : The player selected from club B is sponsored S C : The player selected from club C is sponsored The event that exactly two selected players are sponsored, denoted S, can be expressed as the union of three mutually exclusive events : S S A S B S c C S A S c B S C S c A S B S C. Therefore, the desired probability is : PS B S PS B S PS PS A S B SC c + PSc A S B S C PS A S B SC c + PS A SB c S C + PSA c S B S C The fact that a player can only be a member of one tennis club implies that the selection from each tennis club is independent from each other. Therefore the probabilities appearing in the fraction above can easily be computed as follows : PS A S B S c C PS A PS B PS c C PS A S c B S C PS A PS c BPS C PS c A S B S C PS c APS B PS C Plugging in the numbers and simplifying gives the final solution : PS B S 80/
4 Problem. 7 pts On a game show you play the following game. First you flip a fair coin. Based on the result of that flip you play another game. If the coin comes up heads then you roll ten dice. In this case you win if at least two of the ten dice are sixes. If the coin comes up tails then you pick two cards from a standard deck of fiftytwo cards. In this case you win if both of the cards are of the same suit. You do not need to give numerical solutions for this problem. a When you roll ten dice, what is the probability that exactly k dice are sixes, with 0 k 10? pts Answer. For a given k , let E k be the event that exactly k of the ten dice land on six. In that case, the remaining 10 k dice do not show six. The probability that a die lands on 6 is 1/6, the probability that a die does not land on 6 is thus 1 1/6. Therefore, by independence of the 10 throws, we have that : PE k 10 k 1 6 k k 10 k 5 10 k 6 10 b If you pick two cards from a standard deck of fiftytwo cards, what is the probability that both of the cards are of the same suit? pts Answer. Let S be the event that both cards drawn from a standard deck of fiftytwo cards are of the same suit. For a fixed suit for instance, hearts, there are 1 ways to select two cards from that given suit. Since there are four suits, the desired probability is : PS 1 5 Note that we obtain the same result if we compute the probability of drawing a first card of a given suit and that the second card is of the same suit. PS c What is the probability of winning the game described above? pts Answer. Let us denote W the event that one wins the game. The outcomes of the coin s toss are denoted H and T for heads and tails, respectively. According to the law of total probability, we have : PW PW {H} + PW {T } PW {H}P{H} + PW {T }P{T } When the coin comes up heads, the event of winning occurs if at least two of the ten dice are sixes, 10 which is the union of the following mutually exclusive events : k E k, where E k is defined in question a. When the coin comes up tails, the event of winning occurs if both of the drawn cards are of the same suit, which is exactly event S defined in question b. Hence, we have : PW PW {H}P{H} + PW {T }P{T } k { 10 k PE k + 1 PS } 5 10 k 5 10 k
5 Problem 5. 8 pts The 10 students of a school have to take one language class and can choose among three languages, namely French, Japanese and Spanish. 0 students took a French class, chose Japanese and 57 Spanish. At the end of the year, 9, 19 and 8 students of the French, Japanese and Spanish classes respectively passed their exams. a If we know that a randomly selected student passed his or her exam, what is the probability that he or she took the French class? pts Answer. Let F, J and S be the events that a student studies French, Japanese and Spanish, respectively and let us denote P the event that the student passes his or her exam. We are given the following information : PP F 9/10, PP J 19/10 and PP S 8/10 /5. We want to find PF P. This is a direct application of the definition of conditional probability: PF P PF P PP PF P PP F + PP J + PP S 9/10 9/ / /10 + /5 b The 1 members of a student board are randomly selected from the 10 students of the school. What is the probability that the board is composed of French learners, Spanish learners and Japanese learners? pts Answer. The set of all possible boards consists of all 10 1 possible combinations of 1 people selected from the 10 students of the school. Let E be the event that consists of selecting French learners, Spanish learners and Japanese learners, this can be done in 0 57 ways. Hence, we have PE 0 c Alain took the French class. Is the event that Alain is a member of the board independent of the event that the board has exactly French learners? Justify your answer. pts 10 1 Answer. Let us denote A the event that Alain is a member of the board and let B be the event that the board has exactly French learners. We need to determine whether the identity PA B PAPB holds. If Alain is a member of the board, there only remains to pick 11 people from the 119 remaining people to complete the board. Therefore, PA Event B occurs when exactly French learners are chosen among 0 and 8 nonfrench learners men are selected among PB 10 1 A B is the event that Alain is a member of the board and that the board has exactly French learners, meaning that other French learners are to be selected among 9 and 8 nonfrench learners among 80 to complete the board. PA B By noticing that , one can see that the identity PA B PAPB holds, entailing that the event that Alain is a member of the board is thus independent of the event that the board has exactly French learners. 5
Independent and Mutually Exclusive Events
Independent and Mutually Exclusive Events By: OpenStaxCollege Independent and mutually exclusive do not mean the same thing. Independent Events Two events are independent if the following are true: P(A
More informationMath 1313 Section 6.2 Definition of Probability
Math 1313 Section 6.2 Definition of Probability Probability is a measure of the likelihood that an event occurs. For example, if there is a 20% chance of rain tomorrow, that means that the probability
More informationModule 4 Project Maths Development Team Draft (Version 2)
5 Week Modular Course in Statistics & Probability Strand 1 Module 4 Set Theory and Probability It is often said that the three basic rules of probability are: 1. Draw a picture 2. Draw a picture 3. Draw
More informationSTAT Statistics I Midterm Exam One. Good Luck!
STAT 515  Statistics I Midterm Exam One Name: Instruction: You can use a calculator that has no connection to the Internet. Books, notes, cellphones, and computers are NOT allowed in the test. There are
More information7.1 Experiments, Sample Spaces, and Events
7.1 Experiments, Sample Spaces, and Events An experiment is an activity that has observable results. Examples: Tossing a coin, rolling dice, picking marbles out of a jar, etc. The result of an experiment
More informationProbability. Dr. Zhang Fordham Univ.
Probability! Dr. Zhang Fordham Univ. 1 Probability: outline Introduction! Experiment, event, sample space! Probability of events! Calculate Probability! Through counting! Sum rule and general sum rule!
More information, x {1, 2, k}, where k > 0. (a) Write down P(X = 2). (1) (b) Show that k = 3. (4) Find E(X). (2) (Total 7 marks)
1. The probability distribution of a discrete random variable X is given by 2 x P(X = x) = 14, x {1, 2, k}, where k > 0. Write down P(X = 2). (1) Show that k = 3. Find E(X). (Total 7 marks) 2. In a game
More informationThe probability setup
CHAPTER 2 The probability setup 2.1. Introduction and basic theory We will have a sample space, denoted S (sometimes Ω) that consists of all possible outcomes. For example, if we roll two dice, the sample
More informationGrade 6 Math Circles Fall Oct 14/15 Probability
1 Faculty of Mathematics Waterloo, Ontario Centre for Education in Mathematics and Computing Grade 6 Math Circles Fall 2014  Oct 14/15 Probability Probability is the likelihood of an event occurring.
More informationGrade 7/8 Math Circles February 25/26, Probability
Faculty of Mathematics Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 Probability Grade 7/8 Math Circles February 25/26, 2014 Probability Centre for Education in Mathematics and Computing Probability is the study of how likely
More information3 The multiplication rule/miscellaneous counting problems
Practice for Exam 1 1 Axioms of probability, disjoint and independent events 1. Suppose P (A) = 0.4, P (B) = 0.5. (a) If A and B are independent, what is P (A B)? What is P (A B)? (b) If A and B are disjoint,
More informationProbability and Statistics. Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.
Probability and Statistics Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. 14.2 Probability Copyright Cengage Learning. All rights reserved. Objectives What Is Probability? Calculating Probability by
More informationMathematical Foundations HW 5 By 11:59pm, 12 Dec, 2015
1 Probability Axioms Let A,B,C be three arbitrary events. Find the probability of exactly one of these events occuring. Sample space S: {ABC, AB, AC, BC, A, B, C, }, and S = 8. P(A or B or C) = 3 8. note:
More information4.1 Sample Spaces and Events
4.1 Sample Spaces and Events An experiment is an activity that has observable results. Examples: Tossing a coin, rolling dice, picking marbles out of a jar, etc. The result of an experiment is called an
More information4.3 Rules of Probability
4.3 Rules of Probability If a probability distribution is not uniform, to find the probability of a given event, add up the probabilities of all the individual outcomes that make up the event. Example:
More informationProbability Rules. 2) The probability, P, of any event ranges from which of the following?
Name: WORKSHEET : Date: Answer the following questions. 1) Probability of event E occurring is... P(E) = Number of ways to get E/Total number of outcomes possible in S, the sample space....if. 2) The probability,
More informationThe probability setup
CHAPTER The probability setup.1. Introduction and basic theory We will have a sample space, denoted S sometimes Ω that consists of all possible outcomes. For example, if we roll two dice, the sample space
More informationSection 6.5 Conditional Probability
Section 6.5 Conditional Probability Example 1: An urn contains 5 green marbles and 7 black marbles. Two marbles are drawn in succession and without replacement from the urn. a) What is the probability
More informationA Probability Work Sheet
A Probability Work Sheet October 19, 2006 Introduction: Rolling a Die Suppose Geoff is given a fair sixsided die, which he rolls. What are the chances he rolls a six? In order to solve this problem, we
More informationChapter 4: Probability and Counting Rules
Chapter 4: Probability and Counting Rules Before we can move from descriptive statistics to inferential statistics, we need to have some understanding of probability: Ch4: Probability and Counting Rules
More informationRaise your hand if you rode a bus within the past month. Record the number of raised hands.
166 CHAPTER 3 PROBABILITY TOPICS Raise your hand if you rode a bus within the past month. Record the number of raised hands. Raise your hand if you answered "yes" to BOTH of the first two questions. Record
More informationSimple Probability. Arthur White. 28th September 2016
Simple Probability Arthur White 28th September 2016 Probabilities are a mathematical way to describe an uncertain outcome. For eample, suppose a physicist disintegrates 10,000 atoms of an element A, and
More information3 The multiplication rule/miscellaneous counting problems
Practice for Exam 1 1 Axioms of probability, disjoint and independent events 1 Suppose P (A 0, P (B 05 (a If A and B are independent, what is P (A B? What is P (A B? (b If A and B are disjoint, what is
More informationUnit 6: Probability. Marius Ionescu 10/06/2011. Marius Ionescu () Unit 6: Probability 10/06/ / 22
Unit 6: Probability Marius Ionescu 10/06/2011 Marius Ionescu () Unit 6: Probability 10/06/2011 1 / 22 Chapter 13: What is a probability Denition The probability that an event happens is the percentage
More informationIndependent Events B R Y
. Independent Events Lesson Objectives Understand independent events. Use the multiplication rule and the addition rule of probability to solve problems with independent events. Vocabulary independent
More informationProbability. Ms. Weinstein Probability & Statistics
Probability Ms. Weinstein Probability & Statistics Definitions Sample Space The sample space, S, of a random phenomenon is the set of all possible outcomes. Event An event is a set of outcomes of a random
More informationStat210 WorkSheet#2 Chapter#2
1. When rolling a die 5 times, the number of elements of the sample space equals.(ans.=7,776) 2. If an experiment consists of throwing a die and then drawing a letter at random from the English alphabet,
More informationDefine and Diagram Outcomes (Subsets) of the Sample Space (Universal Set)
12.3 and 12.4 Notes Geometry 1 Diagramming the Sample Space using Venn Diagrams A sample space represents all things that could occur for a given event. In set theory language this would be known as the
More informationUnit 6: Probability. Marius Ionescu 10/06/2011. Marius Ionescu () Unit 6: Probability 10/06/ / 22
Unit 6: Probability Marius Ionescu 10/06/2011 Marius Ionescu () Unit 6: Probability 10/06/2011 1 / 22 Chapter 13: What is a probability Denition The probability that an event happens is the percentage
More informationNorth Seattle Community College Winter ELEMENTARY STATISTICS 2617 MATH Section 05, Practice Questions for Test 2 Chapter 3 and 4
North Seattle Community College Winter 2012 ELEMENTARY STATISTICS 2617 MATH 109  Section 05, Practice Questions for Test 2 Chapter 3 and 4 1. Classify each statement as an example of empirical probability,
More informationTextbook: pp Chapter 2: Probability Concepts and Applications
1 Textbook: pp. 3980 Chapter 2: Probability Concepts and Applications 2 Learning Objectives After completing this chapter, students will be able to: Understand the basic foundations of probability analysis.
More informationExam III Review Problems
c Kathryn Bollinger and Benjamin Aurispa, November 10, 2011 1 Exam III Review Problems Fall 2011 Note: Not every topic is covered in this review. Please also take a look at the previous WeekinReviews
More informationProbability: Terminology and Examples Spring January 1, / 22
Probability: Terminology and Examples 18.05 Spring 2014 January 1, 2017 1 / 22 Board Question Deck of 52 cards 13 ranks: 2, 3,..., 9, 10, J, Q, K, A 4 suits:,,,, Poker hands Consists of 5 cards A onepair
More information1. A factory makes calculators. Over a long period, 2 % of them are found to be faulty. A random sample of 100 calculators is tested.
1. A factory makes calculators. Over a long period, 2 % of them are found to be faulty. A random sample of 0 calculators is tested. Write down the expected number of faulty calculators in the sample. Find
More informationApplications of Probability
Applications of Probability CK12 Kaitlyn Spong Say Thanks to the Authors Click http://www.ck12.org/saythanks (No sign in required) To access a customizable version of this book, as well as other interactive
More information05 Adding Probabilities. 1. CARNIVAL GAMES A spinner has sections of equal size. The table shows the results of several spins.
1. CARNIVAL GAMES A spinner has sections of equal size. The table shows the results of several spins. d. a. Copy the table and add a column to show the experimental probability of the spinner landing on
More informationINDEPENDENT AND DEPENDENT EVENTS UNIT 6: PROBABILITY DAY 2
INDEPENDENT AND DEPENDENT EVENTS UNIT 6: PROBABILITY DAY 2 WARM UP Students in a mathematics class pick a card from a standard deck of 52 cards, record the suit, and return the card to the deck. The results
More informationSection 6.1 #16. Question: What is the probability that a fivecard poker hand contains a flush, that is, five cards of the same suit?
Section 6.1 #16 What is the probability that a fivecard poker hand contains a flush, that is, five cards of the same suit? page 1 Section 6.1 #38 Two events E 1 and E 2 are called independent if p(e 1
More informationChapter 1. Probability
Chapter 1. Probability 1.1 Basic Concepts Scientific method a. For a given problem, we define measures that explains the problem well. b. Data is collected with observation and the measures are calculated.
More informationPROBABILITY. 1. Introduction. Candidates should able to:
PROBABILITY Candidates should able to: evaluate probabilities in simple cases by means of enumeration of equiprobable elementary events (e.g for the total score when two fair dice are thrown), or by calculation
More informationSection Introduction to Sets
Section 1.1  Introduction to Sets Definition: A set is a welldefined collection of objects usually denoted by uppercase letters. Definition: The elements, or members, of a set are denoted by lowercase
More informationSuch a description is the basis for a probability model. Here is the basic vocabulary we use.
5.2.1 Probability Models When we toss a coin, we can t know the outcome in advance. What do we know? We are willing to say that the outcome will be either heads or tails. We believe that each of these
More informationChapter 1: Sets and Probability
Chapter 1: Sets and Probability Section 1.31.5 Recap: Sample Spaces and Events An is an activity that has observable results. An is the result of an experiment. Example 1 Examples of experiments: Flipping
More informationLenarz Math 102 Practice Exam # 3 Name: 1. A 10sided die is rolled 100 times with the following results:
Lenarz Math 102 Practice Exam # 3 Name: 1. A 10sided die is rolled 100 times with the following results: Outcome Frequency 1 8 2 8 3 12 4 7 5 15 8 7 8 8 13 9 9 10 12 (a) What is the experimental probability
More informationChapter 1. Probability
Chapter 1. Probability 1.1 Basic Concepts Scientific method a. For a given problem, we define measures that explains the problem well. b. Data is collected with observation and the measures are calculated.
More informationEmpirical (or statistical) probability) is based on. The empirical probability of an event E is the frequency of event E.
Probability and Statistics Chapter 3 Notes Section 31 I. Probability Experiments. A. When weather forecasters say There is a 90% chance of rain tomorrow, or a doctor says There is a 35% chance of a successful
More information3 PROBABILITY TOPICS
CHAPTER 3 PROBABILITY TOPICS 165 3 PROBABILITY TOPICS Figure 3.1 Meteor showers are rare, but the probability of them occurring can be calculated. (credit: Navicore/flickr) Introduction By the end of this
More informationJunior Circle Meeting 5 Probability. May 2, ii. In an actual experiment, can one get a different number of heads when flipping a coin 100 times?
Junior Circle Meeting 5 Probability May 2, 2010 1. We have a standard coin with one side that we call heads (H) and one side that we call tails (T). a. Let s say that we flip this coin 100 times. i. How
More informationIntermediate Math Circles November 1, 2017 Probability I
Intermediate Math Circles November 1, 2017 Probability I Probability is the study of uncertain events or outcomes. Games of chance that involve rolling dice or dealing cards are one obvious area of application.
More informationCHAPTER 2 PROBABILITY. 2.1 Sample Space. 2.2 Events
CHAPTER 2 PROBABILITY 2.1 Sample Space A probability model consists of the sample space and the way to assign probabilities. Sample space & sample point The sample space S, is the set of all possible outcomes
More informationThe study of probability is concerned with the likelihood of events occurring. Many situations can be analyzed using a simplified model of probability
The study of probability is concerned with the likelihood of events occurring Like combinatorics, the origins of probability theory can be traced back to the study of gambling games Still a popular branch
More informationMTH 103 H Final Exam. 1. I study and I pass the course is an example of a. (a) conjunction (b) disjunction. (c) conditional (d) connective
MTH 103 H Final Exam Name: 1. I study and I pass the course is an example of a (a) conjunction (b) disjunction (c) conditional (d) connective 2. Which of the following is equivalent to (p q)? (a) p q (b)
More informationKey Concepts. Theoretical Probability. Terminology. Lesson 111
Key Concepts Theoretical Probability Lesson  Objective Teach students the terminology used in probability theory, and how to make calculations pertaining to experiments where all outcomes are equally
More informationProbability. The MEnTe Program Math Enrichment through Technology. Title V East Los Angeles College
Probability The MEnTe Program Math Enrichment through Technology Title V East Los Angeles College 2003 East Los Angeles College. All rights reserved. Topics Introduction Empirical Probability Theoretical
More informationContemporary Mathematics Math 1030 Sample Exam I Chapters Time Limit: 90 Minutes No Scratch Paper Calculator Allowed: Scientific
Contemporary Mathematics Math 1030 Sample Exam I Chapters 1315 Time Limit: 90 Minutes No Scratch Paper Calculator Allowed: Scientific Name: The point value of each problem is in the lefthand margin.
More informationCHAPTERS 14 & 15 PROBABILITY STAT 203
CHAPTERS 14 & 15 PROBABILITY STAT 203 Where this fits in 2 Up to now, we ve mostly discussed how to handle data (descriptive statistics) and how to collect data. Regression has been the only form of statistical
More informationECON 214 Elements of Statistics for Economists
ECON 214 Elements of Statistics for Economists Session 4 Probability Lecturer: Dr. Bernardin Senadza, Dept. of Economics Contact Information: bsenadza@ug.edu.gh College of Education School of Continuing
More informationMULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
Study Guide for Test III (MATH 1630) Name MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Find the number of subsets of the set. 1) {x x is an even
More informationStatistics Intermediate Probability
Session 6 oscardavid.barrerarodriguez@sciencespo.fr April 3, 2018 and Sampling from a Population Outline 1 The Monty Hall Paradox Some Concepts: Event Algebra Axioms and Things About that are True Counting
More information2.5 Sample Spaces Having Equally Likely Outcomes
Sample Spaces Having Equally Likely Outcomes 3 Sample Spaces Having Equally Likely Outcomes Recall that we had a simple example (fair dice) before on equallylikely sample spaces Since they will appear
More informationStatistics 1040 Summer 2009 Exam III
Statistics 1040 Summer 2009 Exam III 1. For the following basic probability questions. Give the RULE used in the appropriate blank (BEFORE the question), for each of the following situations, using one
More informationContents 2.1 Basic Concepts of Probability Methods of Assigning Probabilities Principle of Counting  Permutation and Combination 39
CHAPTER 2 PROBABILITY Contents 2.1 Basic Concepts of Probability 38 2.2 Probability of an Event 39 2.3 Methods of Assigning Probabilities 39 2.4 Principle of Counting  Permutation and Combination 39 2.5
More informationTopic : ADDITION OF PROBABILITIES (MUTUALLY EXCLUSIVE EVENTS) TIME : 4 X 45 minutes
Worksheet 6 th Topic : ADDITION OF PROBABILITIES (MUTUALLY EXCLUSIVE EVENTS) TIME : 4 X 45 minutes STANDARD COMPETENCY : 1. To use the statistics rules, the rules of counting, and the characteristic of
More informationProbability 1. Joseph Spring School of Computer Science. SSP and Probability
Probability 1 Joseph Spring School of Computer Science SSP and Probability Areas for Discussion Experimental v Theoretical Probability Looking Back v Looking Forward Theoretical Probability Sample Space,
More informationMathematics 'A' level Module MS1: Statistics 1. Probability. The aims of this lesson are to enable you to. calculate and understand probability
Mathematics 'A' level Module MS1: Statistics 1 Lesson Three Aims The aims of this lesson are to enable you to calculate and understand probability apply the laws of probability in a variety of situations
More informationMath 14 Lecture Notes Ch. 3.3
3.3 Two Basic Rules of Probability If we want to know the probability of drawing a 2 on the first card and a 3 on the 2 nd card from a standard 52card deck, the diagram would be very large and tedious
More informationProbability Models. Section 6.2
Probability Models Section 6.2 The Language of Probability What is random? Empirical means that it is based on observation rather than theorizing. Probability describes what happens in MANY trials. Example
More information8.2 Union, Intersection, and Complement of Events; Odds
8.2 Union, Intersection, and Complement of Events; Odds Since we defined an event as a subset of a sample space it is natural to consider set operations like union, intersection or complement in the context
More informationProbability. March 06, J. Boulton MDM 4U1. P(A) = n(a) n(s) Introductory Probability
Most people think they understand odds and probability. Do you? Decision 1: Pick a card Decision 2: Switch or don't Outcomes: Make a tree diagram Do you think you understand probability? Probability Write
More informationProbability. Probabilty Impossibe Unlikely Equally Likely Likely Certain
PROBABILITY Probability The likelihood or chance of an event occurring If an event is IMPOSSIBLE its probability is ZERO If an event is CERTAIN its probability is ONE So all probabilities lie between 0
More informationWeek 3 Classical Probability, Part I
Week 3 Classical Probability, Part I Week 3 Objectives Proper understanding of common statistical practices such as confidence intervals and hypothesis testing requires some familiarity with probability
More informationSection 7.2 Definition of Probability
Section 7.2 Definition of Probability Question: Suppose we have an experiment that consists of flipping a fair 2sided coin and observing if the coin lands on heads or tails? From section 7.1 weshouldknowthatthereare
More informationNAME : Math 20. Midterm 1 July 14, Prof. Pantone
NAME : Math 20 Midterm 1 July 14, 2017 Prof. Pantone Instructions: This is a closed book exam and no notes are allowed. You are not to provide or receive help from any outside source during the exam except
More informationCSC/MTH 231 Discrete Structures II Spring, Homework 5
CSC/MTH 231 Discrete Structures II Spring, 2010 Homework 5 Name 1. A six sided die D (with sides numbered 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6) is thrown once. a. What is the probability that a 3 is thrown? b. What is the
More informationNovember 6, Chapter 8: Probability: The Mathematics of Chance
Chapter 8: Probability: The Mathematics of Chance November 6, 2013 Last Time Crystallographic notation Groups Crystallographic notation The first symbol is always a p, which indicates that the pattern
More informationProbability MAT230. Fall Discrete Mathematics. MAT230 (Discrete Math) Probability Fall / 37
Probability MAT230 Discrete Mathematics Fall 2018 MAT230 (Discrete Math) Probability Fall 2018 1 / 37 Outline 1 Discrete Probability 2 Sum and Product Rules for Probability 3 Expected Value MAT230 (Discrete
More informationCombinatorics: The Fine Art of Counting
Combinatorics: The Fine Art of Counting Week 6 Lecture Notes Discrete Probability Note Binomial coefficients are written horizontally. The symbol ~ is used to mean approximately equal. Introduction and
More informationMath 141 Exam 3 Review with Key. 1. P(E)=0.5, P(F)=0.6 P(E F)=0.9 Find ) b) P( E F ) c) P( E F )
Math 141 Exam 3 Review with Key 1. P(E)=0.5, P(F)=0.6 P(E F)=0.9 Find C C C a) P( E F) ) b) P( E F ) c) P( E F ) 2. A fair coin is tossed times and the sequence of heads and tails is recorded. Find a)
More informationFall (b) Find the event, E, that a number less than 3 is rolled. (c) Find the event, F, that a green marble is selected.
Fall 2018 Math 140 WeekinReview #6 Exam 2 Review courtesy: Kendra Kilmer (covering Sections 3.13.4, 4.14.4) (Please note that this review is not all inclusive) 1. An experiment consists of rolling
More informationClass XII Chapter 13 Probability Maths. Exercise 13.1
Exercise 13.1 Question 1: Given that E and F are events such that P(E) = 0.6, P(F) = 0.3 and P(E F) = 0.2, find P (E F) and P(F E). It is given that P(E) = 0.6, P(F) = 0.3, and P(E F) = 0.2 Question 2:
More informationProbability Concepts and Counting Rules
Probability Concepts and Counting Rules Chapter 4 McGrawHill/Irwin Dr. Ateq Ahmed AlGhamedi Department of Statistics P O Box 80203 King Abdulaziz University Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia ateq@kau.edu.sa
More informationElementary Statistics. Basic Probability & Odds
Basic Probability & Odds What is a Probability? Probability is a branch of mathematics that deals with calculating the likelihood of a given event to happen or not, which is expressed as a number between
More informationToday s Topics. Next week: Conditional Probability
Today s Topics 2 Last time: Combinations Permutations Group Assignment TODAY: Probability! Sample Spaces and Event Spaces Axioms of Probability Lots of Examples Next week: Conditional Probability Sets
More informationIntroduction to probability
Introduction to probability Suppose an experiment has a finite set X = {x 1,x 2,...,x n } of n possible outcomes. Each time the experiment is performed exactly one on the n outcomes happens. Assign each
More informationProbability I Sample spaces, outcomes, and events.
Probability I Sample spaces, outcomes, and events. When we perform an experiment, the result is called the outcome. The set of possible outcomes is the sample space and any subset of the sample space is
More informationThe point value of each problem is in the lefthand margin. You must show your work to receive any credit, except on problems 1 & 2. Work neatly.
Introduction to Statistics Math 1040 Sample Exam II Chapters 57 4 Problem Pages 4 Formula/Table Pages Time Limit: 90 Minutes 1 No Scratch Paper Calculator Allowed: Scientific Name: The point value of
More informationDiscrete Structures for Computer Science
Discrete Structures for Computer Science William Garrison bill@cs.pitt.edu 6311 Sennott Square Lecture #23: Discrete Probability Based on materials developed by Dr. Adam Lee The study of probability is
More informationThe Teachers Circle Mar. 20, 2012 HOW TO GAMBLE IF YOU MUST (I ll bet you $5 that if you give me $10, I ll give you $20.)
The Teachers Circle Mar. 2, 22 HOW TO GAMBLE IF YOU MUST (I ll bet you $ that if you give me $, I ll give you $2.) Instructor: Paul Zeitz (zeitzp@usfca.edu) Basic Laws and Definitions of Probability If
More informationMULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.
Statistics Homework Ch 5 Name MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Provide an appropriate response. 1) A coin is tossed. Find the probability
More information5.6. Independent Events. INVESTIGATE the Math. Reflecting
5.6 Independent Events YOU WILL NEED calculator EXPLORE The Fortin family has two children. Cam determines the probability that the family has two girls. Rushanna determines the probability that the family
More informationSTAT 155 Introductory Statistics. Lecture 11: Randomness and Probability Model
The UNIVERSITY of NORTH CAROLINA at CHAPEL HILL STAT 155 Introductory Statistics Lecture 11: Randomness and Probability Model 10/5/06 Lecture 11 1 The Monty Hall Problem Let s Make A Deal: a game show
More informationMath Exam 2 Review. NOTE: For reviews of the other sections on Exam 2, refer to the first page of WIR #4 and #5.
Math 166 Spring 2007 c Heather Ramsey Page 1 Math 166  Exam 2 Review NOTE: For reviews of the other sections on Exam 2, refer to the first page of WIR #4 and #5. Section 7.1  Experiments, Sample Spaces,
More informationMath Exam 2 Review. NOTE: For reviews of the other sections on Exam 2, refer to the first page of WIR #4 and #5.
Math 166 Spring 2007 c Heather Ramsey Page 1 Math 166  Exam 2 Review NOTE: For reviews of the other sections on Exam 2, refer to the first page of WIR #4 and #5. Section 7.1  Experiments, Sample Spaces,
More informationProbability and Randomness. Day 1
Probability and Randomness Day 1 Randomness and Probability The mathematics of chance is called. The probability of any outcome of a chance process is a number between that describes the proportion of
More information104 Theoretical Probability
Problem of the Day A spinner is divided into 4 different colored sections. It is designed so that the probability of spinning red is twice the probability of spinning green, the probability of spinning
More informationSection 7.1 Experiments, Sample Spaces, and Events
Section 7.1 Experiments, Sample Spaces, and Events Experiments An experiment is an activity with observable results. 1. Which of the follow are experiments? (a) Going into a room and turning on a light.
More informationPart 1: I can express probability as a fraction, decimal, and percent
Name: Pattern: Part 1: I can express probability as a fraction, decimal, and percent For #1 to #4, state the probability of each outcome. Write each answer as a) a fraction b) a decimal c) a percent Example:
More informationPan (7:30am) Juan (8:30am) Juan (9:30am) Allison (10:30am) Allison (11:30am) Mike L. (12:30pm) Mike C. (1:30pm) Grant (2:30pm)
STAT 225 FALL 2012 EXAM ONE NAME Your Section (circle one): Pan (7:30am) Juan (8:30am) Juan (9:30am) Allison (10:30am) Allison (11:30am) Mike L. (12:30pm) Mike C. (1:30pm) Grant (2:30pm) Grant (3:30pm)
More information#2. A coin is tossed 40 times and lands on heads 21 times. What is the experimental probability of the coin landing on tails?
1 PreAP Geometry Chapter 14 Test Review Standards/Goals: A.1.f.: I can find the probability of a simple event. F.1.c.: I can use area to solve problems involving geometric probability. S.CP.1: I can define
More informationMost of the time we deal with theoretical probability. Experimental probability uses actual data that has been collected.
AFM Unit 7 Day 3 Notes Theoretical vs. Experimental Probability Name Date Definitions: Experiment: process that gives a definite result Outcomes: results Sample space: set of all possible outcomes Event:
More information