# Simulation and Analysis of Space Vector PWM Inverter Fed Three Phase Induction Motor Drive

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2 III. COMPONENT USED IN MODEL A.SVPWM Fig. 2 Circuit of SVPWM The Principle of SVPWM using a 3 -phase inverter is presented on the mainly of space vector technique in Fig 1. S1 to S6 are the six power switches that from the output, which are controlled by mean the switching variables a,a', b, b' and c, c'. When an top transistor is switched on, i.e., the corresponding a', b' or c' is zero. Consequently, the on and off states of the upper switches S1, S3, S5 may be used to determine the SPACE VECTOR PWM refers to a special switching sequence of the upper power switches of a 3-phase power inverter. It has been shown to generate low harmonic distortion within the output voltages and /or currents carried out to the phases of a power system and to provide more efficient use of supply voltage comparison with other modulation technique. To implement Space vector PWM, the voltage equations within the abc reference frame may be transformed into the stationary reference frame that include the horizontal (d) and vertical (q) axes as depicted in Fig. The SVPWM technique is more popular than conventional technique because of its exceptional features. More efficient use of DC supply voltage more output voltage then traditional modulation Lower Total Harmonic Distortion (THD) less commutation losses Fig 3 Eight Switching States of voltage source inverter B. SVPWM IPLEMENTATION The space vector PWM can be implemented by the following steps: Step1. Determine Vd, Vq, Vref, and angle (á) Step2. Determine time duration T1, T2, T0 Step3. Determine the switching time of each switches IJSDR International Journal of Scientific Development and Research (IJSDR) 300

3 Fig 4 Voltage Space Vector and its d, q axis Fig 5 SVPWM switching patterns at each sector. C. PI Controller Correction factor is also used in pi controller for improving accuracy of the system. Stability of PI Controller is done by Ziegler Nichols method. It is used to increase the speed response & also remove steady state error.other advantage of the PI Controller is that the organize of the system is increases, damping improved, reduced maximum overshoot, decrease bandwidth and increased the rise time. IJSDR International Journal of Scientific Development and Research (IJSDR) 301

4 Fig. 6 Circuit of PI Controller III. Simulation and Result Discussion The SIMULINK Models has been developed for SVPWM in MATLAB.13/SIMULINK. The Block Diagram of SVPWM inverter fed Induction Motor is shown in Figure The simulation parameters used: Fundamental frequency =50 Hz Switching frequency =1 khz DC voltage =450Volt Modulation Index (MI) = 0.8 Asynchronous Machine = 3HP, 220V, 50Hz A. Simulation Model Fig 7 Simulation model of Open loop IJSDR International Journal of Scientific Development and Research (IJSDR) 302

5 B. Simulation result Fig.8 Open loop speed versus time Fig 9 Open loop electromagnetic torque versus time Fig 10 Open loop phase voltages versus time graph IJSDR International Journal of Scientific Development and Research (IJSDR) 303

6 Fig 11 Open loop phase currents versus time graph Fig 12 Open loop load voltage versus time graph time MODULATION INDEX THD OF CURRENT (%) THE OF VOLTAGE (%) Table 1 modulation index affects THD of current and voltage in open loop IJSDR International Journal of Scientific Development and Research (IJSDR) 304

7 C. Simulation model of close loop Fig 13 Simulation Model of close loop D. Simulation Results Of Close loop Fig 14 Scope showing rotor speed versus time graph IJSDR International Journal of Scientific Development and Research (IJSDR) 305

8 Fig 15 Close loop electromagnetic torque versus time graph Fig 16 Close loop phase voltages versus time graph Fig 17 Close loop phase current versus time graph IJSDR International Journal of Scientific Development and Research (IJSDR) 306

9 Fig 18 Close loop load voltage versus time graph MODULATION INDEX THD OF CURRENT (%) THD OF VOLTAGE (%) Table 2 modulation index affects THD of current and voltage in close loop system IV. Conclusion In this paper work Simulation and analysis of Space Vector PWM inverter fed three phase induction motor drive has been done in open loop and colse loop system.this work is carried out in MATLAB/SIMULINK invironment. The switching devices used are the power IBGTs. For generation of switching pulse the SVPWM technique has been used which produced three phase balanced output. Three phase balanced output is then used to operate an induction motor. The total harmonic distortion (THD) has been calculated for phase current and phase voltage of open loop and close loop. The modulation index varies between 0.1 to 1.0. I have fulfilled my aim to great extend. Means it has been evidently shown through results that by varying modulation index from low to high value we can reduce the THD of phase currents and phase voltages. The variations in modulation index also effect the speed of induction motor drive. There are fluctuations in the preliminary of rotor currents, electromagnetic torque but this is absent the speed. This is because of machine s inertia. This is evidently observable in scope. In open loop system steady state situation is reached at time t= 5 but in close loop system steady state situation is reached at time t=0.15. This is clearly visible in respective scopes. References [1] Bimal K. Bose, Modern Power Electronics and AC Drives, 3rd impression, India: Pearson Education, Third Edition, Prentice Hall [2] Dr. P. S. Bimbhra, Power Electronics, Khanna Publishers. Delhi 2012.Khanchandani, [3] Power Electronics Converters, Application and Design by Ned Mohan. [4] G. K. Dubey, Fundamentals of electrical drives second edition Narosa Publishing House IJSDR International Journal of Scientific Development and Research (IJSDR) 307

10 [5] Muhammad H. Rashid,"Power Electronics; Circuit's Devices and Applications, Third Edition, Prentice Hall [6] K.V. Kumar, P.A Michael, J.P. John and S.S. Kumar, Simulation and Comparison of SPWM and SVPWM Control for three-phase Inverter, Asian Research Publishing Network, VOL.5, NO.7,July2010 [7] Ankur Bhardwaj1, Er.Abhishek Jain2, Bhuvnesh Meena3 Improvement in Performance of Induction Motor fed by Three Phase PWM VSI Using Variable Modulation,3 rd International Conference on recent trends in Engineering Science and Management. [8] K. Vinoth Kumar, Prawin Angel Michael, Joseph P. John, Dr. S. Suresh Kumar Simulation and comparison of SPWM and SVPWM control for three phase inverter, ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences. Vol 5, No 7, July [9] Nitin Goel, P.R.Sharma, Suman Bala, Performance Analysis Of SPWM Inverter Fed 3-Phase Induction Motor Drive Using MATLAB/SIMULINK, International Journal of Advanced Technology Engineering and Science vol.2,issue No [10] Carrier Pulse width Modulation for Three Phase Multilevel Inverter to Minimize THD and enhance the Performance of Induction motor. National Conference on Innovative Paradigms in Engineering & Technology (NCIPET- 2012) Proceedings published by International Journal of Computer Applications (IJCA). [2] Simulation and comparison of spwm and svpwm control for three-phase RL load. IJREAS Volume 2, Issue 2 (February 2012) ISSN: IJSDR International Journal of Scientific Development and Research (IJSDR) 308

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