# An Improved Bernsen Algorithm Approaches For License Plate Recognition

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2 Fig.1.Flowchart of license plate detection algorithm A. BERNSEN ALGORITHM This is the preprocessing step in license plate detection. Bernsen algorithm is proposed for uneven illumination, particularly for shadow removal. Let f(x, y) denotes a gray value of point (x, y).consider a block whose center is a point (x, y) and size is (w +1) (w +1). The threshold T(x, y) of f(x, y) is computed by max f x l, y k min f x l, y k T1 Bernsen algorithm is sensitive to noise, which disturbs the characters extraction. Suppose that f(x, y) denotes the gray value obtained with the Gaussian filter, σ is the scale of the Gaussian filter, and k and l are the parameters of the window. An improved Bernsen algorithm is depicted here. Step 1) Compute the threshold T 1 (x, y) of f(x, y) max f x l, y k min f x l, y k T1 Step ) Create the Gaussian filter for the window s =(w + 1) (w + 1) of f(x, y). Step 3) Compute the threshold T (x, y) of f ^(x, y) as max fˆ x l, y k min fˆ x l, y k T Step 4) To remove noise applying median Filter. Page

4 Fig.. Original Image Fig.3. Histogram Fig.4. Improved Bernsen Algorithm Fig.5. Plate Extraction Fig.6. Segmentation 4 Page

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