1 WORKING DX WITH JOE TAYLOR By Pete Rimmel N8PR Presented at the Miami Hamfest DX Forum January 31, 2015
4 SOME OF JOE S PROGRAMS WSJT, MAP65, WSPR, and WSJT-X are all open-source programs designed for weak-signal digital communication by amateur radio. Normal usage requires a standard SSB transceiver and a personal computer with soundcard. (More on this later) SDR-style hardware including the SDR-IQ, Perseus, SoftRock, and FUNcube Dongle are supported by MAP65 (Wideband receive) and WSPR (Weak Signal Propagation Reporter). SimJT is a utility program that generates simulated signals for test purposes. Ready-to-run Windows versions of all programs are available for free download, and the programs (except SimJT) can also be compiled and used under Linux, OS X, and FreeBSD.
5 WSJT ("Weak Signal Communication, by K1JT") offers specific digital protocols optimized for: VHF/UHF HF EME (moonbounce) Skywave Propagation Meteor Scatter Ionospheric Scatter, The program can decode fraction-of-a-second signals reflected from ionized meteor trails and steady signals 10 db below the audible threshold. Check the WSJT pages and links at Joe s website for details about the many modes the program can produce:
6 WSJT for VHF can do many different modes. We will concentrate on JT65B for EME (Moonbounce) in this presentation. Later we will talk about WSJT-X for HF communication.
8 FOR HF and LF QSOs
9 WEAK SIGNAL S/N LIMITS MODE B/W=2500 Hz SSB ~ +3 db # FSK # CW (ear and brain) -15 # ISCAT -17 * JT4-22 * JT65A -24 * JT9-26 * WSPR -28 * # These signals are just detectable NOT armchair copy! * These signal levels are NOT detectable by ear, only by a computer!
10 What is JT65-A, B or C? A form of digital communications originally developed by Joe Taylor, K1JT, for Moonbounce applications where signals are extremely weak. Uses sophisticated digital signal processing Also relies on a 5:1 redundancy it sends the encoded information with the powerful Reed Solomon code. The same sequence of tones never repeat, but the data is sent many times to allow for various types of QSB
11 Many Different Tones A synchronizing tone is sent a fixed spacing above the carrier frequency of your transmitter on JT65 A-B-C (or varies on WSJT-X). You may see it anywhere in your receiver passband due to doppler shift. Those varied tones carry the information On the air it sounds like someone playing music
12 Timing is Everything Each JT65 transmission lasts precisely 46.8 seconds. During transmission only a small amount of information is sent about 13 characters Station clocks must agree within about 2 seconds As much as 80% of the transmission can be lost and still be decoded
13 Taking Turns Stations take turns transmitting Stations transmit on even or odd minutes, and then listen on the following minutes First Period = Even Minutes Second Period = Odd Minutes
14 Just the Facts! A JT65 contact is designed to exchange the bare minimum information needed to qualify as a QSO Call signs Signal Reports Grid Squares
15 Transmitting and Receiving Sequence (VHF/EME): CQ N8PR EL95 I CALL CQ N8PR K1JT FN20 JOE CALLS ME K1JT N8PR EL96 OOO RO I GIVE HIM A REPORT OOO HE GOT MY OOO RRR 73 I GOT HIS RO WE SAY 73
16 Typical JT65B EME screen setup Upper Left is a chat room window to talk to others on EME Below it is the waterfall showing a QSO. Upper Right is the data and QSO window CHAT ROOM ANTENNA CONTROL PROGRAM
17 These are the standard messages that are sent on JT65B for EME Simple but containing all the data needed for a valid QSO
19 This is what I see on the waterfall during an EME QSO
20 With JT65 A,B,C Modes you can visually a message because of the simple tone spacing for reports.
21 Not considering Faraday shifts and other signal effects, a horizontally polarized signal leaving Europe looks like a vertically polarized signal in the USA.
22 So, can I work DX on the VHF Bands With JT65 modes? 4x20 XP at N8PR Yes. Many stations have DXCC on 2 Meters using JT65B on Moonbounce! But, you do need a good antenna. 24 Yagi Array at KB8RQ Original 2x9 array at N8PR
23 JT65 on HF The JT65 revolution on the HF bands is primarily due to Joe Large, W6CQZ. Joe wrote a piece of software called JT65-HF that makes it much easier to operate JT65 and make successful contacts. Since Oct, 2014, a newer program - WSJT-X has been used. WSJT-X is currently available for Windows, Mac and Linux. Excellent mode for low power or antenna restricted stations.
24 WSJT-X implements JT9, a new mode optimized for weak-signal communication on the LF, MF, and HF bands, as well as the popular mode JT65. JT9 is about 2 db more sensitive than JT65 and uses less than 10% of the bandwidth. As many as 100 JT9 signals can fit into the space of 10 JT65 signals, without overlap! Both modes were designed for making reliable, confirmed QSOs under extreme weak-signal conditions. They use nearly identical message structure and source encoding.
25 With either mode, world-wide QSOs are possible with power levels of a few watts and compromise antennas. NOTE: That does not mean you MUST use QRP or small antennas on this mode, it only means that it is effective at low signal levels. You still have to put out a signal that will be heard somewhere AND hear the other guy.
26 WSJT-X offers a "bi-lingual" operating mode in which you can transmit and receive JT65 and JT9 signals, switching between modes automatically as needed. If your receiver has as upper-sideband filter at least 4 khz wide, you can have all the typical JT65 and JT9 activity on screen at once, available for making QSOs with a click of the mouse.
27 Contacts by the Colors WSJT-X (and JT65-HF) uses color highlighting to indicate which stations are calling CQ, which stations are in contact with each other, and which stations are transmitting to you. The program also has preformatted responses that you can send by simply double clicking on the appropriate line.
29 This is an earlier version of JT65-HF It will still work, but the latest Version, WSJT-X is easier to use.
30 WHEN WSJT-X IS RUNNING YOU WILL SEE TWO WINDOWS: THE DATA WINDOW WHICH HAS ALL THE QSO INFORMATION AND THE WATERFALL WHICH SHOWS ALL THE STATIONS IN YOUR RECEIVER PASSBAND. WSJT-X WILL DECODE BOTH JT65 AND JT9 SIMULTANEOUSLY.
31 DATA AND QSO WINDOW
32 WATERFALL WINDOW
33 Understanding the WSJT-X and JT65-HF Decoding Screen UTC When the signal was received. Sync A measure of how well the synchronizing tone is being received. Higher is better. db The signal to noise ratio of the received signal in db. Higher is better. 0 is the upper limit. DT The calculated offset of the received signal from your local clock. Values of.3 to 1.9 are typical. DF Offset in Hz from the center point (0).
34 Here is a 3 minute recording on the WSJT-X waterfall. Notice how many signals there are. Some are very strong and others weak. If you are TOO STRONG you may distort and not decode The following was taken at 8:30 AM on a Saturday Morning on 10 meters using a 3 element tri-bander 40 feet high pointed at 045 degrees (at Europe).
36 Let s Follow an Actual Contact, Step by Step This contact was made from WB8IMY while running just 5W on 20 meters using two Hamstick mobile antennas connected together as a dipole.
37 WB8IMY is Calling CQ
38 W0RSB Has Answered. WB8IMY Is Replying with a Signal Report Note the top line with the RED background -----
39 W0RSB Confirms My Report and Gives a Report of -13 db. WB8IMY Replies RRR Signal report REPLY Previously Received Transmission
40 W0RSB sends 73 and WB8IMY does the same REPLY
41 You Can Also Send Short Text Messages. The White Text is UR3CTB Telling that he is Running 30W to a Dipole Antenna (top gray line)
42 JT65 Contacts Are Valid For Most Awards DXCC (Digital or Mixed mode) Worked All States (Digital, Mixed or JT65) Worked All Continents (Digital or Mixed) CQ WPX and other awards Also supported by ARRL s Logbook of The World
43 What Do You Need to Try JT65 on HF? SSB Transceiver and antenna Computer with sound card (in and out) Sound Card Interface between the two
44 Typical Installation This installation will work the same as for other soundcard based digital modes like AFSK or PSK31 (MMTTY) Your interface can key the rig through a COM/USB port or you can use VOX to key the rig. or USB port Rigblaster Or Signallink USB NOTE: if you have a digital or data input on Your rig, use it and not the microphone jack.
45 Configure the Software First
46 Tell JT65-HF Which COM Port is Used for T/R Switching
47 Accurate Time is Important If you have an Internet connection, update your time in Windows Control Panel before you start operating. Some say the Windows time synchronization isn t adequate for JT65-HF, but that hasn t been my experience. If you are running Windows XP, try Dimension4. This program will sync your clock automatically.
48 What s Your Grid Square? Use K2DSL s Web page to determine your grid square from your street address.
49 JT65 HF Frequencies (All USB) 1838 khz 3576 khz 7076 khz (European stations often use 7039 khz) khz khz khz khz khz khz These are shown and can be selected on the JT65-X screen
50 But I am only a Tech Class Licensee -- Can I work DX with JT65-X? YES! You can get DXCC on 2, 6 or 10 Meters! Joe Taylor s programs will allow you to get on the digital modes on all of these: 6 & 2 Meters and above Tropo Meteor Scatter Moonbounce (EME) Aurora Satellite Novice and Technician classes: MHz: CW, RTTY/Data-- Maximum power 200 watts PEP
51 JT-65 Operators Spotted at 5 PM on Dec. 4, 2014 on 10 meters
52 A typical afternoon on 10 meter Digital modes JT65 and JT9 Saturday - December
53 Here are a few of the stations I have in my log at N8PR Notice VK6 on 80 Meters, Japan on 40 Meters. I was heard in Namibia on 160, But I did not hear him. I was Running 1000 watts on JT65-X!
55 N8PR Pete K1JT Joe Taylor W4AS Sebastian We met Joe at the ARRL Centennial Convention in Hartford, CT this past summer (2014)
56 In case you think that this is a Fast operating mode, it is not! Tim N4UM took this photo while operating as C6ARU in the Bahamas.
57 See You on JT65! Thank you for your attention. This presentation will be posted on the SFDXA web pages at: OR- look for Presentatons on the SFDXA Home Page at Any Questions?
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