# To do this, the lens itself had to be set to viewing mode so light passed through just as it does when making the

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "To do this, the lens itself had to be set to viewing mode so light passed through just as it does when making the"

Transcription

4 THE LENS RELATIVE APERTURE F/STOPSS Now that we ve seen how the camera uses shutter speed to control how long light is allowed to f/1 enter our light bucket, the next step is see how the camera controls how much light enters this f/1.4 f/2 bucket. This job is left to the camera s lens. As you will soon see, a camera lens is more complicated f/2.8 than the shutter. A table of aperture values would look like this: f/4 f/5.6 Every lens or camera has a diaphragm, which is a small mechanical device whose opening can be f/8 made large or small. The opening is the aperture. In older cameras, the diaphragm could often be f/11 seen simply buy looking into the lens. In modern cameras the diaphragm is always open, except f/16 f/22 when the image is being made, so is generally not visible. If your camera has interchangeable lenses, each lens has a diaphragm. A fixed lens camera may have the diaphragm built into the body. In either case, the diaphragm controls the amount of light entering the camera by controlling the areaa of the lens that that light can pass through. Try this experiment: Set your camera to manual with a slow shutter speed, say 1 second at f/8. (Doesn t matter if the exposure is correct..) Turn it around and look into the lens and depress the shutter button. You should see the diaphragm close down for 1 second, the return to wide open. The relative aperture is usually written like a fraction; the relative aperture f/4 literally means that the relative aperture is the focal length of the lens (the letter f ) divided by 4. It is the area of the opening that controls the amount of light passing through the lens. Remember the formula for the area of a circle? Area = πr 2. To change the area of the circle by a factor of 2, or 1 stop, we have to change the radius by the square root of 2. The square root of 2 is very close to 1.4. A manual lens will have aperture symbols on it that look like this: Camera: Actual: f/1 f/1.4 f/2 f/2.8 f/4 f/5.6 f/8 f/11 f/16 f/222 f/32 More Light Less Light Each number is 1.4 times the previous number. As we move from left to right, the amount of light get smaller by a factor of 2. These symbols, the letter f followed by a /, means that these numbers are fractions! The letter f represents the focal length of the lens. So f/2 means an aperture opening that is ½ of the focal length l of the lens. f/4 is an aperture that is ¼ of the focal length. The secret is that for all lenses, the same f-stop lets in the same amount of light. So even if you switch lenses, the same f-stop and shutter speed are still correct. These are call 'stops' because most interchangeable lenses have an aperture setting ring that clicks into these positions. These were called click stops, and made it easy to set the exact value. Some lenses also have click stops at positions ½ or ⅓ stop. Here s the vocabulary: if we go from f/4 to f/16, we are stopping down 4 stops. Just count the number of steps in the list above. 4 steps = 4 stops. Going from f/8 to f/2.8 is opening up 3 stops. To make it even more confusing, many digital camera lenses don't have aperture rings anymore; you have to set the aperture using a dial on the cameraa while watching the digital display. The numbers are the same though.

5 Point-and-shoot cameras will work similarly; all the settings are shown and adjusted using a dial and the LCD display. More about this later. Sometimes a lens is said to be a fast lens. A lens that gathers a lot of light is called a 'fast' lens because more light means faster shutter speeds can be used, and there is less motion blur. For news photographers who might work indoors, or relatively dark places, a fast lens that gathers a lot of light is required. So the light gathering power of a lens is the lens' relative aperture when the diaphragm is wide-open, and is often a factor in determining what lens you will purchase. Camera lenses usually have their widest aperture written on the lens, usually on the barrel or on the front. This gives the photographer a measure of the lens' light gathering power. A zoom lens may have two f/stops, one for each end of the zoom range. My normal zoom is the Nikon 18mm-70mm, f/3.5-f/4.5. The aperture at the 18mm wide angle setting is f/3.5, and at the 70mm setting f/4.5. (This could be written 18mm, f/3.5 70mm, f/4.5.) You will hear the word stop used to indicate every setting change that results in the amount of light changing by a factor of 2. So in our example when the shutter was changed from 1/125 to 1/500, we might say the shutter was 2 stops faster, and we compensated by making the aperture 2 stops wider (or opening up 2 stops). THE IMPORTANCE OF F/STOPS: DEPTH OF FIELD The important aspect of f/stops is how the f/stop setting affects the image. Smaller apertures yield image with greater depth of field. Depth of field, DOF, is how far behind and in front of the intended focus point the image appears to be sharp. Small apertures, e.g. f/22, yield deep DOF. Large apertures, f/2, yield a shallow DOF. The photographer gets to choose. << sample images here>> PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER UNDERSTANDING EXPOSURE So finally, we are in a position to understand exposure. Since this book is about nature photography, we begin by setting the camera to its lowest ISO setting, say ISO 100. This minimizes and noise that might appear in the image. We then select our shutter speed and f/stop. If you are using your camera in an automatic mode, the shutter speed, aperture, and perhaps the ISO and white balance, are selected for you. On a sunny day, your camera might make a choice of 1/125 sec, f/16. This is a realistic value for ISO 100 film, or a digital camera set to ISO 100. If you are photographing a track meet, you might want a faster shutter speed, say 1/500 second. Changing the shutter speed from 1/125 to 1/500 decreases the amount of light reaching the film by a factor 4. (1/125 to 1/250 decreases by 2, 1/250 to 1/500 is another decrease by 2.) To get the correct amount of light, you need to change the aperture to admit more light by a factor of 4. So, f/16 to f/11 increases by 2, f/11 to f/8 is another increase by 2. Our final and also correct exposure is 1/500 sec, f/8.

6 In fact, there s a whole set of possible, correct exposure settings. Here they are: Shutter F/stop Effect on image 1/30 1/60 Camera s choice - -> 1/125 f/16 Hard to hand hold well, more DOF than needed. 1/250 f/11 Our choice - -> 1/5000 f/8 Good action stopping, good DOF. 1/1000 f/5.6 1/2000 f/4 f/32 Slow shutter; Large DOF. A landscape! f/22 1/4000 f/2.8 Great action stopping; Very shallow DOF. Sports! Here s the most important thing to note: Each of these exposures is correct! So while your camera can only select one pair, you are free to choose a different pair. How you do this may involve changing scene modes or using your camera s manual mode, but each of these pairs of settings results in exactly the same amount of light. There s a name for this: exposure value or EV. Each EV represents a specific amount of light. The whole set of exposure pairs above would correspond to EV 15. If you look back at our mental model, you will see the same relationship in this table. As we choose a faster shutter speed, we need to let in more light using a larger aperture. This interdependence of shutter speed and aperture is called the Law of Reciprocity. A good working knowledge of the law of reciprocity is important to the nature photographer. Most, if not all, of your images will be interpreted according to the law of reciprocity. You choose whether to emphasize depth-offield or action-stopping shutter speeds. There are also in-between possibilities you might like. The correct one in the one you want! Note that while a slow shutter speed does result in the softening of moving objects, such as a water fall, we are not choosing sharpness vs. blur. Even if we want the water to look smooth and silky we usually also want the surrounds to be tack sharp. So we always use a tripod, and let the movement of the subject be the source of the blur, not the movement of the photographer! f/4.5 1/60 sec. f/5.6 1/30 sec.

7 f/8 1/15 sec. f/11 1/8 sec. f/16 1/4 sec. f/22 1/2 sec. In a later chapter, we ll look at how setting your camera to Programmed Mode will let you quickly take a sequence of images at each possible exposure pair. This is only one of many ways to accomplish this, and we ll explore these in a later chapter. Of the images above, bove, I like the one at f/16, ¼ sec. The silky smooth water implies motion in the water and retains quite a bit of texture as well. That s my artistic decision; yours may be different. Of course, you are able, and encouraged, to make all the above images aand nd make your decision after reviewing them on your computer. What should I do if I like the depth of field of f/16, but wanted a faster shutter speed? The answer is to increase film speed. If I change ISO form 100 to 400, I could change the shutter speed from ¼ to 1/15. How to get a longer shutter speed? If ISO 100 is the lowest ISO setting, you can use a neutral density (ND) filter over the lens to decrease the amount of light entering the lens. A 2 stop ND filter would let me use f/16, 1 sec. While the image display on your camera is not fully suitable to make a detailed review of an image, it does allow you to verify composition, and preview the effect of the changes in ISO, aperture and shutter speed. You may be able to zoom in on the image to check sharpness, as well.

### Moving Beyond Automatic Mode

Moving Beyond Automatic Mode When most people start digital photography, they almost always leave the camera on Automatic Mode This makes all the decisions for them and they believe this will give the

### Mastering Y our Your Digital Camera

Mastering Your Digital Camera The Exposure Triangle The ISO setting on your camera defines how sensitive it is to light. Normally ISO 100 is the least sensitive setting on your camera and as the ISO numbers

### Aperture & ƒ/stop Worksheet

Tools and Program Needed: Digital C. Computer USB Drive Bridge PhotoShop Name: Manipulating Depth-of-Field Aperture & stop Worksheet The aperture setting (AV on the dial) is a setting to control the amount

### A BEGINNER S GUIDE TO PHOTOGRAPHY CHEATSHEET

A BEGINNER S GUIDE TO PHOTOGRAPHY Cameras are complicated. It took me a ton of trial and error before I started to capture some pretty spectacular images. This cheatsheet is the reference guide I wish

### To start there are three key properties that you need to understand: ISO (sensitivity)

Some Photo Fundamentals Photography is at once relatively simple and technically confusing at the same time. The camera is basically a black box with a hole in its side camera comes from camera obscura,

### TAKING BETTER PHOTOS ON ANY DEVICE

TAKING BETTER PHOTOS ON ANY DEVICE Sarah Dudik Public Information & Marketing HOW TO TAKE BETTER PHOTOGRAPHS The device you use isn t as important as how you are looking through it Any device can be used

### Introduction to camera usage. The universal manual controls of most cameras

Introduction to camera usage A camera in its barest form is simply a light tight container that utilizes a lens with iris, a shutter that has variable speeds, and contains a sensitive piece of media, either

### Aperture, Shutter Speed and ISO

Aperture, Shutter Speed and ISO Before you start your journey to becoming a Rockstar Concert Photographer, you need to master the basics of photography. In this lecture I ll explain the 3 parameters aperture,

### As can be seen in the example pictures below showing over exposure (too much light) to under exposure (too little light):

Hopefully after we are done with this you will resist any temptations you may have to use the automatic settings provided by your camera. Once you understand exposure, especially f-stops and shutter speeds,

### Elements of Exposure

Elements of Exposure Exposure refers to the amount of light and the duration of time that light is allowed to expose film or a digital-imaging sensor. Exposure is controlled by f-stop, shutter speed, and

### PTC School of Photography. Beginning Course Class 2 - Exposure

PTC School of Photography Beginning Course Class 2 - Exposure Today s Topics: What is Exposure Shutter Speed for Exposure Shutter Speed for Motion Aperture for Exposure Aperture for Depth of Field Exposure

### How This Works: Aperture size is counted in f- stops. i.e. those little numbers engraved on the lens barrel like:

Aperture Aperture is the lens opening inside a lens. The size of the diaphragm opening in a camera lens REGULATES amount of light passes through onto the sensor inside the camera. Aperture size is counted

### Digital camera modes explained: choose the best shooting mode for your subject

Digital camera modes explained: choose the best shooting mode for your subject On most DSLRs, the Mode dial is split into three sections: Scene modes (for doing point-and-shoot photography in specific

### PHOTOGRAPHY Mohamed Nuzrath [MBCS]

PHOTOGRAPHY Mohamed Nuzrath [MBCS] Coordinator HND IT / Senior Lecturer IT BCAS Kandy Campus Freelance Photographer Freelance Web/Software Developer PHOTOGRAPHY PHOTO - Light GRAPHY Drawing PHOTOGRAPHY

### Shutter Speed. Introduction. Lesson Four. A quick refresher:

Introduction Last week we introduced the concept of the Exposure Triangle and the goal to achieve correct exposure in our images, in other words...the image has enough light to best show off our subject

### Study guide for Photography / Understanding the SLR Camera

Study guide for Photography / Understanding the SLR Camera The most important technical step to a good print is a good negative. The key to a good negative is correct film exposure. Three variables control

### A Beginner s Guide To Exposure

A Beginner s Guide To Exposure What is exposure? A Beginner s Guide to Exposure What is exposure? According to Wikipedia: In photography, exposure is the amount of light per unit area (the image plane

### Basic Camera Concepts. How to properly utilize your camera

Basic Camera Concepts How to properly utilize your camera Basic Concepts Shutter speed One stop Aperture, f/stop Depth of field and focal length / focus distance Shutter Speed When the shutter is closed

### 6.098 Digital and Computational Photography Advanced Computational Photography. Bill Freeman Frédo Durand MIT - EECS

6.098 Digital and Computational Photography 6.882 Advanced Computational Photography Bill Freeman Frédo Durand MIT - EECS Administrivia PSet 1 is out Due Thursday February 23 Digital SLR initiation? During

### CAMERA BASICS. Stops of light

CAMERA BASICS Stops of light A stop of light isn t a quantifiable measurement it s a relative measurement. A stop of light is defined as a doubling or halving of any quantity of light. The word stop is

### Lens Aperture. South Pasadena High School Final Exam Study Guide- 1 st Semester Photo ½. Study Guide Topics that will be on the Final Exam

South Pasadena High School Final Exam Study Guide- 1 st Semester Photo ½ Study Guide Topics that will be on the Final Exam The Rule of Thirds Depth of Field Lens and its properties Aperture and F-Stop

### Beyond the Basic Camera Settings

Beyond the Basic Camera Settings ISO: the measure of a digital camera s sensitivity to light APERTURE: the size of the opening in the lens when a picture is taken SHUTTER SPEED: the amount of time that

### EXPOSURE Light and the Camera

EXPOSURE Light and the Camera EXPOSURE OVER EXPOSURE = TOO MUCH LIGHT is hitting the sensor UNDER EXPOSURE = NOT ENOUGH LIGHT is hitting the sensor Exposure (the amount of light hitting the sensor)

### An Introduction to. Photographic Exposure: Aperture, ISO and Shutter Speed

An Introduction to Photographic Exposure: Aperture, ISO and Shutter Speed EXPOSURE Exposure relates to light and how it enters and interacts with the camera. Too much light Too little light EXPOSURE The

### Photography Help Sheets

Photography Help Sheets Phone: 01233 771915 Web: www.bigcatsanctuary.org Using your Digital SLR What is Exposure? Exposure is basically the process of recording light onto your digital sensor (or film).

### Lens Openings & Shutter Speeds

Illustrations courtesy Life Magazine Encyclopedia of Photography Lens Openings & Shutter Speeds Controlling Exposure & the Rendering of Space and Time Equal Lens Openings/ Double Exposure Time Here is

### Get the Shot! Photography + Instagram Workshop September 21, 2013 BlogPodium. Saturday, 21 September, 13

Get the Shot! Photography + Instagram Workshop September 21, 2013 BlogPodium Part One: Taking your camera off manual Technical details Common problems and how to fix them Practice Ways to make your photos

### ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT SETTINGS ON YOUR CAMERA!

Chapter 4-Exposure ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT SETTINGS ON YOUR CAMERA! Exposure Basics The amount of light reaching the film or digital sensor. Each digital image requires a specific amount of light to

### DSLR Cameras have a wide variety of lenses that can be used.

Chapter 8-Lenses DSLR Cameras have a wide variety of lenses that can be used. The camera lens is very important in making great photographs. It controls what the sensor sees, how much of the scene is included,

### Name Digital Imaging I Chapters 9 12 Review Material

Name Digital Imaging I Chapters 9 12 Review Material Chapter 9 Filters A filter is a glass or plastic lens attachment that you put on the front of your lens to protect the lens or alter the image as you

### Camera controls. Aperture Priority, Shutter Priority & Manual

Camera controls Aperture Priority, Shutter Priority & Manual Aperture Priority In aperture priority mode, the camera automatically selects the shutter speed while you select the f-stop, f remember the

### DSLR FOCUS MODES. Single/ One shot Area Continuous/ AI Servo Manual

DSLR FOCUS MODES Single/ One shot Area Continuous/ AI Servo Manual Single Area Focus Mode The Single Area AF, also known as AF-S for Nikon or One shot AF for Canon. A pretty straightforward way to acquire

### Presented to you today by the Fort Collins Digital Camera Club

Presented to you today by the Fort Collins Digital Camera Club www.fcdcc.com Photography: February 19, 2011 Fort Collins Digital Camera Club 2 Film Photography: Photography using light sensitive chemicals

### Each of the three aspects of the triangle relate to light and how it enters and interacts with the camera.

Learning about Exposure - The Exposure Triangle Bryan Peterson has written a book titled Understanding Exposure which is worth a read if you re wanting to venture out of the Auto mode on your digital camera

### Basic principles of photography. David Capel 346B IST

Basic principles of photography David Capel 346B IST Latin Camera Obscura = Dark Room Light passing through a small hole produces an inverted image on the opposite wall Safely observing the solar eclipse

### Quick Tips for Taking Better Portraits

JANUARY 5, 2019 BEGINNER Quick Tips for Taking Better Portraits Suggested Lens choices, exposure settings and focus modes Featuring GARY SMALL D300, AF-S NIKKOR 24-85mm f/2.8-4d IF lens, 1/30 sec., f/2.8,

### Topic 1 - A Closer Look At Exposure Shutter Speeds

Getting more from your Camera Topic 1 - A Closer Look At Exposure Shutter Speeds Learning Outcomes In this lesson, we will look at exposure in more detail: ISO, Shutter speed and aperture. We will be reviewing

### PLANT + SHOOT GARDENER S PHOTOGRAPHY SERIES (GPS) GET GREAT GARDEN PHOTOS ON A CLOUDY DAY

PLANT + SHOOT GARDENER S PHOTOGRAPHY SERIES (GPS) GET GREAT GARDEN PHOTOS ON A CLOUDY DAY GARDENER S PHOTOGRAPHY SERIES (GPS) GET GREAT GARDEN PHOTOS ON A CLOUDY DAY Copyright 2017 Tonya Peele. All rights

### So far, I have discussed setting up the camera for

Chapter 3: The Shooting Modes So far, I have discussed setting up the camera for quick shots, relying on features such as Auto mode for taking pictures with settings controlled mostly by the camera s automation.

### capture the tree Capture Your Holidays with Katrina Kennedy

Capture Your Holidays with Katrina Kennedy LESSON 2 capture the tree LESSON 2 OBJECTIVES: At the end of this lesson you will be able to: Create a photo of your Christmas tree using a slow shutter speed.

### Camera. Why: The most important way to be successful in your photo course is to have access to a functional camera

Camera Why: The most important way to be successful in your photo course is to have access to a functional camera What: You will need a camera that is a: - 35 mm SLR (single lens reflex) - with all manual

### or, How do I get this thing to do what I want? Copyright 2016 Paul Fisher

or, How do I get this thing to do what I want? Copyright 2016 Paul Fisher So just what are the basic camera operations we re going to discuss? Set up. How do you have your camera configured ISO setting

### All About Aperture by Barry Baker

All About Aperture by Barry Baker Aperture Selection and Creative Control There is a pleasing and more creative alternative to taking your photographs in the automatic or program mode, and that is to use

### DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY CAMERA MANUAL

DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY CAMERA MANUAL TABLE OF CONTENTS KNOW YOUR CAMERA...1 SETTINGS SHUTTER SPEED...2 WHITE BALANCE...3 ISO SPEED...4 APERTURE...5 DEPTH OF FIELD...6 WORKING WITH LIGHT CAMERA SETUP...7 LIGHTING

### This has given you a good introduction to the world of photography, however there are other important and fundamental camera functions and skills

THE DSLR CAMERA Before we Begin For those of you who have studied photography the chances are that in most cases you have been using a digital compact camera. This has probably involved you turning the

### Tips for Digital Photographers

Choosing and Introduction to and (f-stop) Two basic controls change how much light hits the sensor in your camera: shutter speed and f-stop. Shutter speed affects how long light is allowed into the camera

### Chapter 11-Shooting Action

Chapter 11-Shooting Action Interpreting Action There are three basic ways of interpreting action in a still photograph: Stopping action (42) Blurring movement Combining both in the same image Any

### Seniors Photography Workshop

Seniors Photography Workshop Some images stand out from the crowd & make viewers say WOW! Today we will look at how you can give your images that WOW Factor.. So let s think about what makes an

### Until now, I have discussed the basics of setting

Chapter 3: Shooting Modes for Still Images Until now, I have discussed the basics of setting up the camera for quick shots, using Intelligent Auto mode to take pictures with settings controlled mostly

### Shooting Manual. Set your shooting mode to M

Shooting Manual WHY Shooting Manual Set your shooting mode to M Shooting Manual 3 variables that determine your exposure: 1. ISO 2. Aperture 3. Shutter Speed Shooting Manual 1. ISO The camera s general

### FOCUS, EXPOSURE (& METERING) BVCC May 2018

FOCUS, EXPOSURE (& METERING) BVCC May 2018 SUMMARY Metering in digital cameras. Metering modes. Exposure, quick recap. Exposure settings and modes. Focus system(s) and camera controls. Challenges & Experiments.

### THE PHOTOGRAPHER S GUIDE TO DEPTH OF FIELD

THE PHOTOGRAPHER S GUIDE TO DEPTH OF FIELD A Light Stalking Short Guide Cover Image Credit: Thomas Rey WHAT IS DEPTH OF FIELD? P hotography can be a simple form of art but at the core is a complex set

### ISO 200 1/500 sec. f/11 82mm lens

4 ISO 200 1/500 sec. f/11 82mm lens The Creative Zone Taking Your Photography to the Next Level The Creative zone is the name given by Canon to the shooting modes that offer you the greatest amount of

### Intro to Digital SLR and ILC Photography Week 1 The Camera Body

Intro to Digital SLR and ILC Photography Week 1 The Camera Body Instructor: Roger Buchanan Class notes are available at www.thenerdworks.com Course Outline: Week 1 Camera Body; Week 2 Lenses; Week 3 Accessories,

### Love Your Camera (Introduction to D-SLR)

Love Your Camera (Introduction to D-SLR) Photography Workshops and Tours in New York City Phone: (646) 736-3231 Email: info@rememberforever.co Web: www.rememberforever.co Copyright 2009-2013 - Remember

### silent seat ecourse & ebook

silent seat ecourse & ebook Heyyyy!!! Welcome to learn manual mode, a momtographer crash course. I am seriously so excited to help you take your camera out of auto and into manual and start getting those

Topic 5 Introduction to Shutter, Aperture and ISO Learning Outcomes In this topic, you will learn about the three main functions on a DSLR: Shutter, Aperture and ISO. We must also consider white balance

### The Basic SLR

The Basic SLR ISO Aperture Shutter Speed Aperture The lens lets in light. The aperture is located in the lens and is a set of leaf like piece of metal that can change the size of the hole that lets in

### Digital Photography for Rail Fans By David King

Digital Photography for Rail Fans By David King A Little History The world of digital has affected almost everything thing that we use in today s world and that is very true in photography. Over a hundred

### Failure is a crucial part of the creative process. Authentic success arrives only after we have mastered failing better. George Bernard Shaw

PHOTOGRAPHY 101 All photographers have their own vision, their own artistic sense of the world. Unless you re trying to satisfy a client in a work for hire situation, the pictures you make should please

### Communication Graphics Basic Vocabulary

Communication Graphics Basic Vocabulary Aperture: The size of the lens opening through which light passes, commonly known as f-stop. The aperture controls the volume of light that is allowed to reach the

### Chapter 6-Existing Light Photography

Chapter 6-Existing Light Photography All of these images were taken with available light. Painting with light-using available light Photography that includes artificial light which naturally exists in

### Abstract & Creative Landscapes Using Intentional Camera Movement. with Stephanie Johnson

Abstract & Creative Landscapes Using Intentional Camera Movement with Stephanie Johnson Seeing Things Differently Beyond Form Abstract photographic images, created through the applied use of ICM, show

### The goal of this weekly challenge is to get comfortable with adjusting the shutter speed and ISO.

The goal of this weekly challenge is to get comfortable with adjusting the shutter speed and ISO. ISO is really just a setting to determine how quickly an image will be captured, the higher the ISO the

### These aren t just cameras

Roger Easley 2016 These aren t just cameras These are computers. Your camera is a specialized computer Creates files of data Has memory Has a screen display Has menus of options for you to navigate Your

### Photographer... and you can too.

Izzy Learned to be a Photographer... and you can too. A story about photography basics by Bruce Philpott My granddaughter, Izzy, was visiting us when she was eleven years old and she looked at a photo

### Autofocus Problems The Camera Lens

NEWHorenstein.04.Lens.32-55 3/11/05 11:53 AM Page 36 36 4 The Camera Lens Autofocus Problems Autofocus can be a powerful aid when it works, but frustrating when it doesn t. And there are some situations

### SHAW ACADEMY. Lesson 8 Course Notes. Diploma in Photography

SHAW ACADEMY Lesson 8 Course Notes Diploma in Photography Manual Mode Stops of light: A stop in photography refers to a measure of light A stop is a doubling or halving of the amount of light in your scene

### TAKING GREAT PICTURES. A Modest Introduction

TAKING GREAT PICTURES A Modest Introduction HOW TO CHOOSE THE RIGHT CAMERA EQUIPMENT WE ARE NOW LIVING THROUGH THE GOLDEN AGE OF PHOTOGRAPHY Rapid innovation gives us much better cameras and photo software...

### Introductory Photography

Introductory Photography Basic concepts + Tips & Tricks Ken Goldman Apple Pi General Meeting 26 June 2010 Kenneth R. Goldman 1 The Flow General Thoughts Cameras Composition Miscellaneous Tips & Tricks

### Capturing Realistic HDR Images. Dave Curtin Nassau County Camera Club February 24 th, 2016

Capturing Realistic HDR Images Dave Curtin Nassau County Camera Club February 24 th, 2016 Capturing Realistic HDR Images Topics: What is HDR? In Camera. Post-Processing. Sample Workflow. Q & A. Capturing

### Objective: to give you some understanding of why you might push more than just the big shiny silver button...

Objective: to give you some understanding of why you might push more than just the big shiny silver button... Why am I making this presentation? Simply put: to share understanding What will we cover? Aperture

### Aperture Explained. helping you to better understand your digital SLR camera SLR PHOTOGRAPHY GUIDE

Aperture Explained helping you to better understand your digital SLR camera SLR PHOTOGRAPHY GUIDE WELCOME 1 helping you to better understand your digital SLR camera. This 4 part series will cover Aperture,

### Photomanual TGJ-3MI. By: Madi Glew

Photomanual TGJ-3MI By: Madi Glew i Table of Contents Getting to know Your Camera... 1 Shutter Speed... 3 White Balance... 4 Depth of Field... 5 Aperture Settings... 7 ISO (Film Speed)... 9 3-Point Portrait

### Capturing God s Creation Through The Lens An Adult Discipleship Course at Grace January 2013

Capturing God s Creation Through The Lens An Adult Discipleship Course at Grace January 2013 Donald Jin donjin@comcast.net Course Overview Jan 6 Setting The Foundation Introduction and overview Understanding

### Topic 2 - A Closer Look At Exposure: ISO

Getting more from your Camera Topic 2 - A Closer Look At Exposure: ISO Learning Outcomes In this lesson, we will revisit the concept of ISO and the role it plays in your photography and by the end of this

### Photography for the Lighting Designer

Photography for the Lighting Designer Lighting designers not only have the challenge of creating emotion, space, motion, and a pretty image but we also have the challenge of selling our services to the

### High Dynamic Range Photography

JUNE 13, 2018 ADVANCED High Dynamic Range Photography Featuring TONY SWEET Tony Sweet D3, AF-S NIKKOR 14-24mm f/2.8g ED. f/22, ISO 200, aperture priority, Matrix metering. Basically there are two reasons

### Buxton & District U3A Digital Photography Beginners Group

U3A Group Lesson 7: Controlling exposure / focal length / perspective / composition for a better picture & Taking Pictures of people 3 December 2013 Programme Buxton & District 19 September Exploring your

### Film exposure speaks to the amount of light that strikes the film when you press the shutter button to make a picture. Correct exposure depends on

Film Exposure Film exposure speaks to the amount of light that strikes the film when you press the shutter button to make a picture. Correct exposure depends on letting just enough light to enter the camera

### About Me. Randolph Community College Two year degree in Portrait and Studio Management Portraits, Wedding, Events Landscapes with boats - favorite

About Me Randolph Community College Two year degree in Portrait and Studio Management Portraits, Wedding, Events Landscapes with boats - favorite Things Forgotten Check camera settings before each session

### So how will this help us with camera exposures? Keep this law in mind as we move forward.

Exposure Basics When a person starts to really get serious about photography, they inevitably want to understand the use of the camera controls more fully. Besides lenses, filters and flash, which will

### Illustrated Lecture Series;

Presents Illustrated Lecture Series; Understanding Photography Photo Basics: Exposure Modes, DOF and using Shutter Speed Exposure; the basics We have seen that film and digital CCD sensors both react to

1.Choosing your Camera 1.3. Which Camera...7 1.4. DSLR vs Compact...8 1.5. Best entry level DSLR's...9 1.6. Best Compact Cameras...10 1.7.Best Hybrid Camera...11 2. Understanding your Camera 2.1 Introducing

### Presented by Craig Stocks Arts by Craig Stocks Arts

Presented by Craig Stocks Arts www.craigstocksarts.com 2010 by Craig Stocks Arts Basic camera settings for point and shoot cameras (resolution, quality) Resolution - how much can you enlarge a picture?

### Camera Triage. Portrait Mode

Camera Triage So, you have a fancy new DSLR camera? You re really excited! It probably cost a small fortune. It s gotta be good, right? It better be good, right? Maybe you re having a ton of fun with your

### Understanding Your Camera 2: UUU200

Understanding Your Camera 2: UUU200 Your 2 Understanding Camera Your Understanding Camera 2 Exposure & Metering Metering & Exposure Objective Objective After completing this class, the student will have

### 21 Go-to Shooting Settings

21 Go-to Shooting Settings JOSHUA DUNLOP Train Your Photography Instinct The purpose of this guide is to hand you the settings you need to start taking the control back from your camera. If you can memorise

### Camera Modes Worksheet

Tools and Program Needed: Digital C. Computer USB Drive Bridge PhotoShop Camera Modes Worksheet Targets 1. Students will create images demonstrating an understanding of Auto Scene Modes and Creative Zone

### Aperture & Shutter Speed Review

Aperture & Shutter Speed Review Light Meters Your camera s light meter measures the available light in a scene. It does so by averaging all of the reflected light in the image to find 18% gray. By metering

### Photographing Waterfalls

Photographing Waterfalls Developed and presented by Harry O Connor oconnorhj@yahoo.com July 26, 2017* All photos by Harry O Connor * Based on May 2012 topic Introduction Waterfall photographs are landscapes

### !"#\$%&'!( The exposure is achieved by the proper combination of light intensity (aperture) and duration of light (shutter speed) entering the camera.!

The term exposure refers to the amount of light required to properly expose an image to achieve the desired amount of detail in all areas of the image.! The exposure is achieved by the proper combination

### Understanding f-stopsf

Understanding f-stopsf When you buy a new DSLR there is a mass of technical information for you to get your head around. Here I will explain what you need to know in order to get an understanding of f-stops.

### Comparison of the diameter of different f/stops.

LESSON 2 HANDOUT INTRODUCTION TO PHOTOGRAPHY Summer Session 2009 SHUTTER SPEED, ISO, APERTURE What is exposure? Exposure is a combination of 3 factors which determine the amount of light which enters your

### JULY 6, Creating A Long Exposure Look Without The Wait or ND Filter

JULY 6, 2018 INTERMEDIATE Creating A Long Exposure Look Without The Wait or ND Filter Featuring NIKON AMBASSADOR MOOSE PETERSON Water has a life, rhythm and romance which, when trying to capture it in

### Digital 1! Course Notes.

Digital 1 Course Notes Anatomy of a DSLR Light' Enters' Camera 1. Lenshood: Used to control additional light entering the lens. 2. UV filter that is purchased separately from the lens. Screws onto the

### FUNDAMENTALS OF DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY FOR FIRE INVESTIGATORS

FUNDAMENTALS OF DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY FOR FIRE INVESTIGATORS Ryan M Cox, B.Sc. FPET, CFEI, CFI, CFPS Kodiak Fire & Safety Consulting, USA ABSTRACT A photograph is worth 1000 words is a saying that is believed