# Common Core State Standards Pacing Guide 1 st Edition. Math

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1 Common Core State Standards Pacing Guide 1 st Edition Math Fifth Grade 3 rd Nine Week Period 1 st Edition Developed by: Jennifer Trantham, Laura Michalik, Mari Rincon `````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````````` Mr. Stan Rounds, Superintendent Dr. Steven Sanchez, Deputy Superintendent Prepared By: Lydia Polanco, Coordinator of Elementary Instruction Fifth Grade 3 rd Nine Week Period 1

3 STANDARDS-BASED, STANDARDS-DRIVEN LCPS Pacing Guides Other Resources Common Core State Standards Core Program envision Math Supplemental Technology Based program to prepare for PARCC (First in Math, FASTT Math, etc.) Fifth Grade 3 rd Nine Week Period 3

4 Grade Level: 5 Quarter: 3 rd Nine Weeks Domain: Operations and Algebraic Thinking Standard Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 5.OA.1 I I P R 5.OA.2 I I P R Cluster: Write and Interpret numerical expressions Critical Areas: #1: #2: Strong Connection #3: Grade Level Content Standard Mathematical Practice Standard 5.OA.1 Use parentheses, brackets, or braces in numerical expressions, and evaluate expression with these symbols. 5.OA.2 Write simple expressions that record calculation with numbers, and interpret numerical expression without evaluating them. 1. Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them. 2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively. 5. Use appropriate tools strategically. 7. Look for and make use of structure. 8. Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning. Unpacked Content Standard: 5.OA.1 calls for students to evaluate expressions with parentheses ( ), brackets [ ] and braces { }. In upper levels of mathematics, evaluate means to substitute for a variable and simplify the expression. However at this level students are to only simplify the expressions because there are no variables. Example: Evaluate the expression 2{ 5[12 + 5( ) + 399]}. Students should have experiences working with the order of first evaluating terms in parentheses, then brackets, and then braces. The first step would be to subtract = 400. Then multiply 400 by 5 = 2,000. Inside the bracket, there is now [12 + 2, ]. That equals 2,411. Next multiply by the 5 outside of the bracket. 2,411 x 5 = 12,055. Next multiply by the 2 outside of the braces. 12,055 x 2= 24,110. Mathematically, there cannot be brackets or braces in a problem that does not have parentheses. Likewise, there cannot be braces in a problem that does not have both parentheses and brackets. 5.OA.2 refers to expressions. Expressions are a series of numbers and symbols (+,, x, ) without an equals sign. Equations result when two expressions are set equal to each other (2 + 3 = 4 + 1). Example: 4(5 + 3) is an expression. When we compute 4(5 + 3) we are evaluating the expression. The expression equals 32. 4(5 + 3) = 32 is an equation. Fifth Grade 3 rd Nine Week Period 4

5 This standard calls for students to verbally describe the relationship between expressions without actually calculating them. This standard calls for students to apply their reasoning of the four operations as well as place value while describing the relationship between numbers. The standard does not include the use of variables, only numbers and signs for operations. Example: Write an expression for the steps double five and then add 26. Student - (2 x 5) Describe how the expression 5(10 x 10) relates to 10 x 10. Student - The expression 5(10 x 10) is 5 times larger than the expression 10 x 10 since I know that 5(10 x 10) means that I have 5 groups of (10 x 10). Vocabulary: parentheses, brackets, braces, numerical expression, evaluate, algebraic expression, variable, order of operations, corresponding, sequence, term, pattern Resources: DOK Depth of Knowledge envision 5OA.1 5.OA.1: 3-5, 8-2, 8-3, 8-4 DOK1 5.OA.2: 3-9, 4-7, 8-1, 8-8, 8-9 Solve. {[(24 + 6) 5] 4} + 1 = 1. Solution: DOK2 Insert parentheses to make the following expression equal Solution: 4 (16 8) + (4 4) 2 5OA.2 DOK 1 What is the correct algebraic expression for subtract 6 from 10, then multiply by? 1. Solution: (10 6) 2. DOK 2 Pam went shopping for school clothes. She bought 2 pairs of jeans for \$35.00 each and 2 shirts for \$12.50 each. Write an expression that shows how much Pam spent? 1. Solution: (2 \$35.00) + (2 \$12.50) Fifth Grade 3rd Nine Week Period 5

6 Fifth Grade 3 rd Nine Week Period 6

7 Grade Level: 4 Quarter: 3 rd Nine Weeks Domain: Operations and Algebraic Thinking Standard Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 5.OA.3 I I P R Cluster: Analyze patterns and relationships Critical Areas: #1: #2: Strong Connection #3: Grade Level Content Standard Mathematical Practice Standard 5.OA.3 Generate two numerical patterns using two given rules. Identify apparent relationships between corresponding terms. Form order pairs consisting of corresponding terms from the two patterns and graph the ordered pairs on a coordinate plane. 5. Use appropriate tools strategically. 7. Look for and make use of structure. 8. Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning. Unpacked Content Standard: 5.OA.3 extends the work from Fourth Grade, where students generate numerical patterns when they are given one rule. In Fifth Grade, students are given two rules and generate two numerical patterns. The graphs that are created should be line graphs to represent the pattern. This is a linear function which is why we get the straight lines. The Days are the independent variable, Fish are the dependent variables, and the constant rate is what the rule identifies in the table. Student describes the pattern: Since Terri catches 4 fish each day, and Sam catches 2 fish, the amount of Terri s fish is always greater. Terri s fish is also always twice as much as Sam s fish. Today, both Sam and Terri have no fish. They both go fishing each day. Sam catches 2 fish each day. Terri catches 4 fish each day. How many fish do they have after each of the five days? Make a graph of the number of fish. Fifth Grade 3 rd Nine Week Period 7

8 Student-Plot the points on a coordinate plane and make a line graph, and then interpret the graph. My graph shows that Terri always has more fish than Sam. Terri s fish increases at a higher rate since he catches 4 fish every day. Sam only catches 2 fish every day, so his number of fish increases at a smaller rate than Terri. Important to note as well that the lines become increasingly further apart. Identify apparent relationships between corresponding terms. Additional relationships: The two lines will never intersect; there will not be a day in which boys have the same total of fish, explain the relationship between the number of days that has passed and the number of fish a boy has (2n or 4n, n being the number of days). Vocabulary: ordered pair, coordinate grid, graph, x-axis, y-axis, coordinate plane, expression, sequence, corresponding terms Resources: envision 8-5, 8-6, 8-7 DOK Depth of Knowledge DOK 1 Thomas created two patterns of numbers. He plotted the corresponding numbers as ordered pairs on the coordinate grid below. Fifth Grade 3 rd Nine Week Period 8

9 Grade Level: 4 Standard Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 Which table below shows the points that are displayed on the coordinate grid? A. B. C. D. Solution: A DOK 2 Give students the following rule: The number of pink rubber bands is 9 fewer than 14 times the number of brown rubber bands. Complete a table to show how the number of pink rubber bands P depends on the number of brown rubber bands b. Expression is P=14b-9 Graph on a coordinate grid. Fifth Grade 3 rd Nine Week Period 9

10 5.MD.1 X X I/P R Domain: Measurement and Data Cluster: Convert like measurement units within a given measurement system Critical Areas: #1: #2: #3: Strong Connection Grade Level Content Standard Mathematical Practice Standard 5.MD.1 Convert among different sized standard measurement units within a given measurement system (e.g., convert 5 cm to.05m) and use these conversions in solving multi-step real world problems. 1. Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them. 2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively. 5. Use appropriate tools strategically. 6. Attend to precision. Unpacked Content Standard: 5.MD.1 calls for students to convert measurements within the same system of measurement in the context of multi step, real world problems. Both customary and standard measurement systems are included; students worked with both metric and customary units of length in Second Grade. In Third Grade, students work with metric units of mass and liquid volume. In Fourth Grade, students work with both systems and begin conversions within systems in length, mass and volume. Students should explore how the base ten system supports conversions within the metric system. Example: 100 cm = 1 meter. Vocabulary: convert, standard measurement, unit, length, inches, feet, yards, miles, capacity, cup, pint, quart, gallon, weight, ounces, pounds, tons, metric measurement, millimeters, centimeters, meters, kilometers, milliliters, liters, milligrams, grams, kilograms, mass, dimension, perimeter Resources: DOK Depth of Knowledge envision: Topic 13 (All Lessons) DOK 1 Cathy is 5 feet 3 inches tall. Billy is 4 feet 8 inches tall. How much taller than Billy is Cathy? 1 foot = 12 inches Solution: 7 inches DOK 1 Fifth Grade 3 rd Nine Week Period 10

11 Jim had 1 gallon of milk. He used 2 cups to make rice pudding. How much milk does he have left over? 2 cups = 1 pint, 2 pints = 1 quart, 4 quarts = 1 gallon Solution: 3 quarts and 1 cups DOK 1 Emma spent 175 minutes working on her art project. Carisssa spent 3 hours working on her project. Zoe spent 69 minutes, and Bethany spent 190 minutes. Who spent the most time working on the project? 1. Solution: Bethany 2. DOK 1 Solve. 5 km = m 1. Solution: 5, DOK 2 Kumi spent 1/5 of her money on lunch. She then spent ½ of what remained. She bought a card game for \$3, a book for \$8.50, and a candy for 90 cents. How much money did she have at first? Fifth Grade 3rd Nine Week Period 11

12 Grade Level: 4 Quarter: 3 rd Nine Weeks Domain: Measurement and Data Standard Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 5.MD.2 X X I/P R Cluster: Represent and Interpret Data Critical Areas: #1: #2: #3: Strong Connection Grade Level Content Standard Mathematical Practice Standard 5.MD.2 Make a line plot to display a data set of measurements in fractions of a unit (1/2,1/4,1/8). Use operations on fractions for this grade to solve problems involving information presented in line plots. For example, given different measurements of liquid in identical beakers, find the amount of liquid each beaker would contain if the total amount in all the beakers were redistributed equally. 1. Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them. 2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively. 3. Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others. 4. Model with mathematics. 5. Use appropriate tools strategically. 6. Attend to precision. 7. Look for and make use of structure. Unpacked Content Standard: Fifth Grade 3 rd Nine Week Period 12

13 5.MD.2 This standard provides a context for students to work with fractions by measuring objects to one eighth of a unit. This includes length, mass, and liquid volume. Students are making a line plot of this data and then adding and subtracting fractions based on data in the line plot.example: Students measured objects in their desk to the nearest 1 2, 1 4, or 1/8 of an inch then displayed data collected on a line plot. How many object measured 1 4? 1 2? If you put all the objects together end to end what would be the total length of all the objects? Vocabulary: line plot, data set, outlier, survey, data sample, frequency table, redistributing equally Resources: envision Topic 14 (All Lessons) DOK 1 DOK Depth of Knowledge The following line plot shows the heights of 10 students in a class. What is the mean (average) height of these students? Solution: 5 feet Fifth Grade 3 rd Nine Week Period 13

14 DOK 2 Students measure a series of objects to the nearest 1/8 inch. Students display the results on a line plot. Students find the sum of the measurements to arrive at a total length. Teacher note: Use variations in student measurements to discuss accuracy of measuring process and possible variance of the data. Fifth Grade 3 rd Nine Week Period 14

15 Grade Level: 4 Quarter: 3 rd Nine Weeks Domain: Measurement and Data Standard Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 5.MD.3a X X I/P R 5.MD.3b X X I/P R 5.MD.4 X X I/P R 5.MD.5a X X I/P R 5.MD.5b X X I/P R 5.MD.5c X X I/P R Cluster: Geometric measurement: understand concepts of area to multiplication and to addition Critical Areas: #1: #2: #3: Strong Connection Grade Level Content Standard Mathematical Practice Standard 5. MD.3 Recognize volume as an attribute of solid figures and understand concepts of volume measurement. a. A cube with side length 1 unit, called unit cube, is said to have one cubic unit of volume, and can be used to measure volume. b. A solid figure which can be packed without gaps or overlaps using n unit cubes is said to have a volume of n cubic units. 5.MD.4 Measure volumes by counting unit cubes, using cubic cm, cubic in, cubic ft., and improvised units. 1. Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them. 2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively. 3. Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others. 4. Model with mathematics. 5. Use appropriate tools strategically. 6. Attend to precision. 7. Look for and make use of structure. 8. Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning. 5.MD.5 Relate volume to the operation of multiplication and addition and solve real world and mathematical problems involving volume. a. Find the volume of a right rectangular prism with wholenumber side lengths by packing it with unit cubes, and show that the volume is the same as would be found by multiplying the edge lengths, equivalent by multiplying the height by the area of the base. Represent threefold whole-numbers products as volumes, e.g., to represent the associative property of multiplication. Fifth Grade 3 rd Nine Week Period 15

16 b. Apply the formulas V=l x w x h and V=b x h for rectangular prisms to find the volumes of right rectangular prism with whole-number edge lengths in the context of solving real world and mathematical problems. c. Recognize volume as additive. Find volumes of solid figures composed of two non-overlapping parts, applying this technique to solve real world problems. Unpacked Content Standard: 5. MD.3, 5.MD.4, and 5. MD.5 represents the first time that students begin exploring the concept of volume. In Third Grade, students begin working with area and covering spaces. The concept of volume should be extended from area with the idea that students are covering an area (the bottom of cube) with a layer of unit cubes and then adding layers of unit cubes on top of bottom layer (see picture below). Students should have ample experiences with concrete manipulatives before moving to pictorial representations. 5. MD.5a & b involves finding the volume of right rectangular prisms (see picture above). Students should have experiences to describe and reason about why the formula is true. Specifically, that they are covering the bottom of a right rectangular prism (length x width) with multiple layers (height). Therefore, the formula (length x width x height) is an extension of the formula for the area of a rectangle. 5.MD.5c calls for students to extend their work with the area of composite figures into the context of volume. Students should be given concrete experiences of breaking apart (decomposing) 3 dimensional figures into right rectangular prisms in order to find the volume of the entire 3 dimensional figure. Fifth Grade 3 rd Nine Week Period 16

17 Fifth Grade 3 rd Nine Week Period 17

18 Vocabulary: three-dimensional shape, solid, faces, cube, edges, vertices/vertex, parallel, base, parallelogram, prism, cylinder, cone, pyramid, polygon, volume, cubic unit, rectangular prism, formula, length, width, height, dimensions Resources: envision 5.MD.3a: 12-2, MD.3b: 12-2, MD.4: 12-2, 12-4, MD.5a: 12-4, MD.5b: 12-5, MD.5c: 12-6 DOK Depth of Knowledge MD3 DOK1 Which of the following are units of volume? A. cubic feet B. centimeters C. square inches D. degrees Solution: cubic feet MD 4 DOK1 Tommy is filling a small cube-shaped box with blocks. The box can hold exactly 5 layers of blocks. Each layer can hold 5 rows of blocks with 5 blocks in each row. If each block is 1 cubic inch, what is the volume of the box? Solution: 125 cubic inches Fifth Grade 3 rd Nine Week Period 18

19 MD5 DOK1 Look at the rectangular prism below. What is the volume of this prism? Volume = length width height Solution: 1,600 cubic feet DOK2 Look at the box below. This box can hold 2 layers of cubes. Each layer can hold 3 rows of cubes with 4 cubes in each row. If the volume of each cube is 4 cubic centimeters, what is the volume of the box? Solution: 1536 cm 3 DOK 2 The volume of the square prism is 729 cubic inches. What is the volume of the square pyramid, if the formula for a square pyramid is one-third that of a square prism? Fifth Grade 3 rd Nine Week Period 19

20 Solution: 243 cubic inches MD.5c DOK 1 A homeowner is building a swimming pool and needs to calculate the volume of water needed to fill the pool. The design of the pool is shown below. What is the volume of the pool? Solution: 850 ft 3 Fifth Grade 3 rd Nine Week Period 20

21 Grade Level: 5 Quarter: 43 th rd Nine Weeks Domain: Geometry Critical Areas: Grade Level Content Standard #1: No Connection Standard Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 5.G.1 X X P R 5.G.2 X X P R Cluster: Graph points on the coordinate plane to solve real-world and mathematical problems #2: Strong Connection #3: No Connection Mathematical Practice Standard See Next Page Fifth Grade 3 rd Nine Week Period 21

22 5.G.1 Use a pair of perpendicular number lines, called axes, to define a coordinate system, with the intersection of the lines (the origin) arranged to coincide with the 0 on each line and a given point in the plane located using an ordered pair of numbers, called its coordinates. Understand that the first number indicates how far to travel from the origin in the direction of one axis, and the second number indicates how far to travel in the direction of the second axis, with the convention that the names of the two axes and the coordinates correspond (e.g., x-axis and x-coordinate, y-axis and y-coordinate) 1. Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them. 4. Model with mathematics. 5. Use appropriate tools strategically. 6. Attend to precision. 7. Look for and make use of structure. 5.G.2 Represent real world and mathematical problems by graphing points in the first quadrant of the coordinate plane, and interpret coordinate values of points in the context of the situation. Unpacked Content Standard: Fifth Grade 3 rd Nine Week Period 22

23 5.G.1 and 5.G.2 deal with only the first quadrant (positive numbers) in the coordinate plane. 5.G.2 references real world and mathematical problems, including the traveling from one point to another and identifying the coordinates of missing points in geometric figures, such as squares, rectangles, and parallelograms. Fifth Grade 3 rd Nine Week Period 23

24 Vocabulary: coordinate grid, x-axis, y-axis, origin, ordered pair, x coordinate, y coordinate, point, plane, plot, x value, y value, vertical, horizontal, grid, distance, patterns, graph/graphing, interval, table, starting position, ending position Resources: envision 5.G.1: 16-1, 16-2, 16-3, 16-4, G.2: 14-5, 16-4, 16-5, 16-6 DOK Depth of Knowledge 5G.1 DOK 1 Sun Lee and his family went to Water Valley Camp Resort for vacation. Below shows a map of the camp. Fifth Grade 3 rd Nine Week Period 24

25 The camp is adding new restrooms near the campsites. Which location is closest to the campsites? What is the ordered pair for this location? Solution: (1,3) DOK 1 If this path continues, where will point E be located? Solution: (9,5) 5G.2 DOK1 Barb has saved \$20. She earns \$8 for each hour she works. If Barb saves all of her money, how much will she have after working 3 hours? 5 Fifth Grade 3 rd Nine Week Period 25

26 hours? 10 hours? Create a graph that shows the relationship between the hours Barb worked and the amount of money she has saved. What other information do you know from analyzing the graph? Create a graph on a coordinate grid showing how much money Barb makes. Fifth Grade 3 rd Nine Week Period 26

27 Grade Level: 4 Quarter: 3 rd Nine Weeks Domain: Geometry Critical Areas: Grade Level Content Standard #1: No Connection Standard Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4 5.G.3 X X P R 5.G.4 X X P R Cluster: Classify two-dimensional figures into categories based on their properties. #2: Strong Connection #3: No Connection Mathematical Practice Standard 5.G.3 Understand that attributes belonging to a category of two-dimensional figures also belong to all subcategories of that category. For example, all rectangles have four right angles and squares are rectangles, so all squares have for right angles. 2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively. 3. Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others. 5. Use appropriate tools strategically. 6. Attend to precision. 7. Look for and make use of structure. 5.G.4 Classify two dimensional figures in a hierarchy based on properties. Unpacked Content Standard: 5.G.3 calls for students to reason about the attributes (properties) of shapes. Student should have experiences discussing the property of shapes and reasoning. Example: Examine whether all quadrilaterals have right angles. Give examples and non examples. 5.G.4 this stand build on what was done in 4th grade. Figures from previous grades: polygon, rhombus/rhombi, rectangle, square, triangle, quadrilateral, pentagon, hexagon, cube, trapezoid, half/quarter circle, circle Example: Create a Hierarchy Diagram using the following terms Fifth Grade 3 rd Nine Week Period 27

28 Vocabulary: polygon, regular polygon, triangle, quadrilateral, pentagon, hexagon, octagon, closed figure, line segments, vertices, vertex, angle, perimeter, equilateral triangle, isosceles triangle, scalene triangle, right triangle, acute triangle, obtuse triangle, attributes, parallelogram, trapezoid, rectangle, rhombus, square, consecutive equal angles, opposite equal angles, classify, parallel, right angle, acute angle, obtuse angle, congruent, generalization, diagonal, intersect Resources: DOK Depth of Knowledge Fifth Grade 3 rd Nine Week Period 28

29 envision 5.G.3: Topic 15 (all lessons), G.4: 15-3, 15-4, 15-5, G.3 DOK1 If a quadrilateral has at least two sides that are both parallel and congruent, then the quadrilateral is a parallelogram. Which shape is not a parallelogram? A. B. C. D. Solution: A DOK 1 What type of triangle can have angle measures of 130º, 20º, and 30º? Solution: obtuse triangle DOK 2 Circle the quadrilaterals. Provide at least one additional name for each shape that you circled. Use the attributes of the shape to explain why it follows the rules for that shape. Teacher note: For example, students should use the attributes of rectangles (4 sides, 4 right angles) to explain why a shape is called a rectangle. 5G.4 DOK 2 Create a hierarchy diagram using the following terms: Polygons Fifth Grade 3 rd Nine Week Period 29

30 Quadrilaterals Rectangle Rhombus Square Trapezoid Kite Triangle Scalene Isosceles Equilateral Teacher Note: Students should be able to reason about the attributes of shapes by examining: What are ways to classify triangles? Why can t trapezoids and kites be classified as parallelograms? Which quadrilaterals have opposite angles congruent and why is this true of certain quadrilaterals?, and How many lines of symmetry does a regular polygon have? Fifth Grade 3 rd Nine Week Period 30

### Common Core State Standards 1 st Edition. Math Pacing Guide

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