# Multiplying Whole Numbers. Dividing Whole Numbers. ex: 3, ex: 6,

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1 Multiplying Whole Numbers. Write the problem vertically. Multiply the ones digit of the bottom number by each of the digits in the top number, right to left 3. Bring down a zero and then multiply the tens digit of the bottom number by each digit in the top number, right to left 4. Bring down two zeros and repeat with the hundreds digit of the bottom number 5. Add up all of the products ex: 3, , ,30 Dividing Whole Numbers. Write out the long division problem with the first number (dividend) underneath the division symbol and the second number (divisor) to the left of the division symbol. Divide the divisor into the smallest part of the dividend it can go into and write the number of times it can go in on top of the division symbol 3. Multiply the number on top by the divisor and write the product under the number you divided into in step 4. Subtract your product from the number above it 5. Bring down the next digit of the dividend 6. Repeat steps 5 until there is nothing left to bring down. 7. If your last subtraction answer is not zero, write the remainder on top ex: 6, R 0

2 Find each product. Show your work.. 38 x x ,899 x x x x ,49 x x 840 Find each quotient. Show your work , , , , ,56 Solve each problem, showing all work. 7. Mrs. Kleim bought 5 boxes of 5 pencils to give to her students. If she has 6 students in her class, how many pencils can she give each student? How many pencils will she have left over? 8. Sarah and her 3 friends split a bag of candy evenly. They each ate 3 pieces of candy and there were pieces leftover. How many pieces of candy were originally in the bag?

3 tenthousands thousands Rounding with Whole Numbers & Decimals hundreds tens ones tenths hundredths thousandths. Keep all digits to the left of the place you are rounding the same. If the digit to the right of the rounding digit is less than 5, keep the rounding digit the same. If it s 5 or greater, increase the rounding digit by. 3. Change all places to the right of the digit you are rounding to 0. (Trailing zeros after the decimal are unnecessary) ex: round to the nearest tenth less than 5, so the 9 stays the same don t need trailing zeros after the decimal 5.9 Word Form & Expanded Form. Word Form: write the whole number in word form, translate the decimal to and, & write the decimal as if it were a whole number, followed by the name of the place of the last digit. Expanded Form: write the value of each nonzero digit separately, with addition signs between them ex: two hundred nine and three hundred fifteen thousandths Comparing & Ordering Decimals. Compare the whole number portions of the numbers. If they are different write > for greater than or < for less than.. If the whole numbers are the same, compare each digit to the right of the decimal point, one at a time until you find digits that are different. (If necessary, add zeros at the end of a decimal.) ex: = = < 3.74 So, 3.70 < 3.74

4 Round the number, to the nearest indicated place. 9. tenth 0. hundred. thousandth. one 3. thousand 4. hundredth 5. ten 6. tenthousand Complete the chart below. Standard Form Expanded Form Word Form Five thousand six hundred eightyfive and twelve hundredths 8, Two thousand nine and thirtyfive thousandths Compare each pair of numbers by writing <, >, or = in the provided circle Order the numbers from least to greatest , 6.8, 7, 6.9, ,.,.3,.03,.30

5 Adding & Subtracting Decimals. Write the problem vertically, lining up the decimal points. Add zeros, if necessary 3. Add or subtract the numbers as if they were whole numbers 4. Bring the decimal point straight down ex: / Multiplying Decimals. Write the problem vertically with the numbers lined up to the right (decimals do NOT need to be lined up). Ignore the decimal points and multiply the numbers as if they were whole numbers 3. Count the total number of decimal places in the two factors and put a decimal point in the product so that it has that same number of decimal places ex: decimal places decimal place 3 decimal places 59 Dividing Decimals. Write the dividend under the division symbol and the divisor in front of the division symbol. Move the decimal in the divisor after the number and then move the decimal in the dividend the same number of places and bring it up 3. Ignore the decimal point and divide as if whole numbers 4. If there is a remainder, add a zero to the end of the dividend, bring it down, and then continue dividing until there is no remainder ex:

6 9.8 Find each sum or difference. Show your work Find each product or quotient. Show your work x x x x Solve each problem, showing all work. 65. Ryan spent \$3.5 on lunch every day, Monday through Friday. If he had \$0 at the start of the week, how much money did he have left after Friday? 66. Three friends went out to lunch. The bill came to \$47.3. If they split the bill evenly, how much money does each friend owe?

7 Adding & Subtracting Fractions. Rename the fractions to equivalent fractions with common denominators ex: Add or subtract the numerators and keep the denominator the same 3. If mixed numbers, add or subtract the whole numbers X X X 3 X If possible, simplify the answer & change improper fractions to mixed numbers Multiplying Fractions. Turn a whole number into a fraction by giving it a denominator of ex: 6 x 3. Crosssimplify the fractions if possible 3. Multiply the numerators and the denominators 6 x If possible, simplify the answer & change improper fractions to mixed numbers = 4 Dividing Fractions. Turn a whole number into a fraction by giving it a denominator of ex:. Keep the st fraction the same, change the division symbol to multiplication, and flip the nd fraction to its reciprocal 3. Multiply the fractions 4. If possible, simplify the answer & change improper fractions to mixed numbers x 4 = 4

8 9 Find each sum or difference. Show your work Find each product or quotient. Show your work x x x x Solve each problem, showing all work. 83. Jacqui ran / miles on Monday, Wednesday, and Friday and 3 / 4 mile on Tuesday and Thursday. How far did she run in all? 84. Tyrell gave 3 packs of baseball cards to his friends. He gave each friend / 3 of a pack. How many friends got baseball cards?

9 The Metric System Kilo Base Units Hecto Decameters/ liters/ grams Deci Centi Milli ex: 3 m = cm going from base unit step to centi step, so need to move the decimal places right Determine the direction and count the number of steps it takes to get from the starting unit to the unit you are converting to and move the decimal point the same number of places in that direction =,300 cm The Customary System Length ft = in yd = 3 ft mi = 5,80 ft Weight lb = 6 oz T =,000 lb Capacity c = 8 fl oz pt = c qt = pt gal = 4 qt ex: 8 c = pt cups are smaller units of measure than pints, so need to divide To convert from a larger unit to a smaller unit, multiply. To convert from a smaller unit to a larger unit, divide. 8 = 9 pints Volume Volume is the number of cubic units inside a figure. Volume of Rectangular Prism = length x width x height Volume of Irregular Figure: count cubic units ex: find the volume 4 cm 5 cm 0 cm V = 4 x 0 x 5 = 00 cm 3

10 Convert each Metric measurement. Show your work km = m g = mg ml = kl kg = cg cm = m ml = l Convert each Customary measurement. Show your work in = ft 9. 6 pt = c T = lb mi = ft pt = gal oz = lb Find the volume of each figure. Show your work in 4 in 4 in 5 cm 8 cm 4 cm

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