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1 211 Works Consulted Primary Sources Rowling, J(oanne) K(athleen).Harry Potter and the Philosopher s Stone. London: Bloomsbury, Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets. London: Bloomsbury, Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban. London: Bloomsbury, Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire. London: Bloomsbury, Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix. London: Bloomsbury, Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince. London: Bloomsbury, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows. London: Bloomsbury, Tolkien, J(ohn) R(onald) R(euel). The Lord of the Rings. London: Harper Collins Publishers, Secondary Sources Books Abanes, Richard. Harry Potter and the Bible: The Menace Behind the Magick. Camp Hill, Penn: Horizon Books, Apter, T.E. Fantasy Literature: An Approach to Reality. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, Atterbery, Brian. Strategies of Fantasy. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, Baker, Robert K and Sandra J. Ball. Mass Media and Violence. A Report to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence. Vol.ix Washington: US Government Printing Office, Nov Barrie, J.M. Peter Pan. New York: Henry Holt, Baudrillard, J. Simulations. Trans. N. Dufresne. New York: Semio text(e), 1983.

2 212 Becker, Alida ed. The Tolkien Scrapbook. Philadelphia: Running Press, 1978 Bennet, E.A. What Jung Really Said. New York: Schocken Books, Bettelheim, Bruno. The Uses of Enchantment. The Meaning and Importance of Fairy Tales. London: Penguin Books, Blake, Andrew. The Irresistible Rise of Harry Potter. London: Verso, Bok, Sissela. Mayhem: Violence as Public Entertainment. A MerLoyd Lawrence Book. Mass: Addison Wesley, Bridger, Francis. A Charmed Life: The Spirituality of Potterworld. New York: Image Books, Brooke-Rose, Christine. A Rhetoric of the Unreal: Studies in Narrative and Structure Especially of the Fantastic. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, Byatt, A.S. On Histories and Stories. Cambridge, Mass: Harward University Press, Campbell, Joseph. The Hero with a Thousand Faces. Princeton : Princeton University Press, Camus, Albert; The Myth of Sisyphus and Other Essays. Trans. Gustin O Brien. New York: Vintage Books, Cantor, J. Mummy, I m scared : How TV and Movies Frighten Children and What We Can Do to Protect Them. San Diego: Harcourt Brace, Carpenter, Humphery. J.R.R. Tolkien: A Biography. Great Britain: Grafton (an imprint of Harper Collins), Secret Gardens: A Study of the Golden Age of Children s Literature. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, Carter, Lin. Tolkien: A Look Behind The Lord of the Rings. New York: Ballantine Books, 1969.

3 213 Colbert, David. The Magical Worlds of Harry Potter: A Treasury of Myths, Legends, and Fascinating Facts. New York: Berkley Books, The Magical Worlds of the Lord of the Rings. London: Puffin Books, Colby, Jean Poindexter. Writing, Illustrating and Editing Children s Books. New York: Hastings House, Constantine, Georgiou. Children and Their Literature New Jersey: Prentice Hall Inc., Coren, Michael. J.R.R. Tolkien: The Man Who Created the Lord of the Rings. London: Boxtree, Cott, J. Pipers at the Gates of Dawn: The Wisdom of Children s Literature. London: Viking, Coyle, William. Aspects of Fantasy: Selected Essays from the Second International Conference on the Fantastic in Literature and Film. Westport, Connecticut: Green Wood Press, Culler, Jonathan. Literary Theory: A Very Short Introduction. New York: Oxford University Press, Curry, Patrick. Defending Middle-earth: Tolkien Myth and Modernity. New York: St:Martins, Day, David. A Guide to Tolkien. London: Chancellor Press, Dozois, Gardners, et al. ed. Writing Science Fiction and Fantasy. New York: St.Martin s Griffin, Eaglestone, Robert. Ed. Reading the Lord of the Rings: New Writings on Tolkien s Classic. London: Continnum, Eagleton, Terry. The English Novel: An Introduction. Malden, MA, USA: Blackwell Publishing, 2005

4 214 Eccleshare, Julia. A Guide to the Harry Potter Novels. New York: Continuum, Beatrix Potter to Harry Potter: Portraits of Children s Writers. n.p. National Portrait Gallery, Eliade, Mircea. Myth and Reality Trans. Willard R. Trask. New York: Harper & Row, Evans, Robley. J.R.R. Tolkien. New York: Thomas Y.Crowell Company, Forster, E.M. Aspects of the Novel. New York: Harcourt, Foucault, Michel. Discipline And Punishment. Trans. Alan Sheridan. New York: Pantheon, Fraser, Lindsey. Conversations with J.K. Rowling. New York: Scholastic, Fredericks, Casey. The Future of Eternity: Mythologies of Science Fiction and Fantasy. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, Frye, Northrop. Anatomy of Criticism: Four Essays. Princeton: Princeton University Press, Fuller, Edmund. Books With Men Behind Them. Random House, Garland, Sherry. Writing for Young Adults. Cincinnati, Ohio: Writer s Digest Books, Georgiou, Constantine. Children and Their Literature. New Jersey: Prentice-hall, Inc. Englewood cliffs, Gibaldi, Joseph. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 6 th ed. New Delhi: Affiliated East West Press Pvt. Ltd., Gohlam, Susan Ashley. Starting Over: The Task of the Protagonist in the Contemporary Bildungsroman. New York : Garland, Granger, John. The Hidden Key to Harry Potter. Port Hadlock, Wash: Zossima Press, 2002.

5 215 Grollman, E.A. Talking About Death: A Dialogue Between Parent and Child. Boston: Beacon, Gupta, Suman. Re-Reading Harry Potter. Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan, Haines, Helen E. What s in a Novel. Columbia University Press, Harvey, David. The Song of Middle Earth. London: George Allen and Unuin, Hazard, Paul. Books, Children and Men. Trans. Marguerite Mitchell. Boston: The Horn Book, inc Highfield, Roger. The Science of Harry Potter How Magic Really Works. London: Headline Book Publishing, Hollindale, Peter. Signs of Childness in Children s Books. Stroud: Thimble Press, Houghton, John. A Closer Look at Harry Potter : Bending and Shaping the Minds of Our Children. Eastbourne : Kingsway Publications, Huck, Charlotte S. Children s Literature in the Elementary School. USA: Holt, Rinchart and Wington, Hughes, Thomas. Tom Brown s Schooldays. London: Thomas Nelson & Sons, Hume, Kathyrn. Fantasy and Mimesis: Responses to Reality in Western Literature. New York. Methuen Inc., Hunter, Lynette. Modern Allegory and Fantasy. Rhetorical Stances of Contemporary Writing. New York: St.Martins Press, Hurlock, Elizabeth B. Child Development. 4 th ed. Mcgraw Hill Book Company, Inc, Tokyo: Kogokusho Company Ltd, Jackson, Rosemary. Fantasy: The Literature of Subversion. London: Methuen, Jones, Gerard. Killing Monsters: Why Children Need Superheroes and Make-Believe Violence. New York: Basic Books, 2002.

6 216 Jung, Carl Gustav. The Basic Writings of C.G. Jung. Trans. R.F.C Hall. Ed. V.S. de Laszlo. New Jersey: Princeton, Karl, Jean. From Childhood to Childhood: Children s Books and Their Creators. New York: The John Day company, Inc., Kern, Edmund M. The Wisdom of Harry Potter: What Our Favorite Hero Teaches us About Moral Choices. New York: Prometheus Books, Kilby, Clyde. S. Tolkien and the Silmarillion. Berhamsted: Lion Publishing, Killinger, John. God, the Devil, and Harry Potter: A Christian Minister s Defense of the Beloved Novels. New York: St. Martin s Press, Klass D., P.R. Silverman and S.L. Nickman. Continuing Bonds: New Understanding of Grief. Philadelphia: Taylor and Francis, Klein, Melanie. Love, Guilt and Reparation. New York: Delacorte, Kohlberg, Lawrence: The Psychology of Moral Development: The Nature and Validity of Moral Stages. Essays on Moral Development. Vol. 2. San Francisco: Harper and Row, Lacan, Jacques. Feminine Sexuality Trans. Jaqueline Rose Ed. Juliet Mitchell and Jacqueline Rose. New York: Norton, Lenz, Millicent. Alternative Worlds in Fantasy Fiction. Ed. Peter Hunt and Millicent Lenz. London: Continuum, Lewis, Alex and Elizabeth Currie. The Forsaken Realm of Tolkein: Tolkein and the Medieval Tradition. Great Britian: Medea Publishing, Lewis, C.S. An Experiment in Criticism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, Miracles: A Preliminary Study. Glasgow: Collins Fount, Of This and Other worlds. London: Fount, 1982.

7 The Chronicles of Narnia. New York: Macmillan, The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe New York: Harper Collins, Lurie, Alison. Boys and Girls Forever: Children s Classics from Cinderella to Harry Potter. London: Chatto and Windus, Lyons, Mathew. There and Back Again: In the Footsteps of J.R.R. Tolkien. London: Calogan Guides, Manlove, C.N. Modern Fantasy: Five Studies. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, Meigs, Cornelia et al ed. A Critical History of Children s Literature. London: The Macmillan Company, Collier-Macmillan Ltd., Miller, Donald. Searching for God Knows What. Nashville: Nelson Books, Neal, Connie. The Gospel According to Harry Potter: Spirituality in the Stories of the World s Most Famous Seeker. Louiwille, Kywestminister: John Knox Press, What s a Christian to Do with Harry Potter? Colarado Springs: Waterbrook, Nikolajeva, Maria. The Magic Code: The Use of Magical Patterns in Fantasy for Children. Stockholm: Almquit and Wicksell International, O.Connor, Flannery. Mystery and Manners: Occasional Prose. Ed. Sally and Robert Fitzgerald. New York: Noon day, Oslen, Lance. Ellipse of Uncertainty: An Introduction to Postmodern Fantasy. New York and London: Green Wood Press, Pearce, Joseph (ed). Tolkien: A Celebration: Collected Writings on a Literary Legacy. Great Britain: Fount (an imprint of Harper Collins publishers) Tolkein: Man and Myth. Great Britain: Harper Collins Publishers, 1999.

8 218 Plyming, Philip. Harry Potter and the Meaning of Life: Engaging with Spirituality in Christian Mission. Cambridge: Grove Books Limited, Polakow, Valerie. The Erosion of Childhood. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press, Postman, Neil. The Disappearance of Childhood. Delacorte Press, New York, Rabkin, Eric S. The Fantastic in Literature. Princeton: Princeton University Press, Reynolds, Kimberley. Children s Literature in the 1890s and the 1990s.Plymonth, UK: Northcote House Publishers Ltd., Reynolds, Patricia & Glen H. Good-Knight eds. Proceedings of the J.R.R. Tolkien Centenary Conference. Milton Keynes; The Tolkien Society and Altadena: The Mythopoeic Press, Rose, Jacqueline. The Case of Peter Pan or the Impossibility of Children s Fiction. London: Macmillan, Rosebury, Brian. Tolkien: A Critical Assessment. England: Macmillan, Rowiling, J.K. Quidditch Though the Ages. By Kenilworthy Whisp. London: Bloomsbury, Russ, J. Introduction Ed. A. Williams and R. Jones. The Penguin Book of Modern Fantasy by Women. Harmondswith: Penguin, Ryan, J.S. Tolkien: Cult or Culture? Armidale, University of New England, Sarland, Charles. Young People Reading: Culture and Response. Milton Keynes: Open University Press, Schaefer, D. and C. Lyons. How Do We Tell the Children? New York: Newmarket P, Schafer, Elizabeth D. Exploring Harry Potter. London: Edbury Press, 2001.

9 219 Scott, Wilber S. Five Approaches of Literary Criticism. London: Collier-Macmillan Ltd., Shapiro, Marc. J.K. Rowling: The Wizard Behind Harry Potter. India: Penguin Books, Shippey, Tom. The Road to Middle Earth. London: Harper Collins, J.R.R. Tolkien: Author of the Century. Great Britain: Harper Collins Publishers, Smith, Lillian H. The Unreluctant Years. A Critical Approach to Children s Literature. USA: Penguin Books, Smith, Sean. J.K. Rowling: A Biography, United Kingdom: Michael O Mara Books Ltd., Spock, Benjamin. Baby and Child Care. 175 th ed. New York: Pocket Books, Swinfen, Ann. In Defence of Fantasy. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, Timmerman, John. Other Worlds: The Fantasy Genre. Ohio: Green University Popular Press, Todorov, Tzvetan. The Fantastic: A Structural Approach to a Literary Genre. Trans. Richard Howard. (f.p. 1975). New York: Cornell University Press, Tolkien, J.R.R. Leaf by Niggle. Tree and Leaf. London: Unwin Paperbacks, The Hobbit or There Back Again. Harper Collins Publishers, The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien Ed. Humphrey Carpenter with Christopher Tolkien. London: George Allen & Unwin, The Silmarillion. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, Townsend, John Rowe: Written for Children: An Outline of English-Language Children s Literature th ed. London: Bodley Head, 1990.

10 220 Whitehead, W. Old Lies Revisited: Young Readers and the Literature of War and Violence. London: Pluto Pr, Wolf, Gregory and Suzanne and William Kilpatrick. Books that Build Character: A Guide to Teaching Your Child Moral Values. New York: Simon and Schuster, Worden, James William. Children and Grief: When a Parent Dies. New York: Guilford P, Wrigley, Christopher. Return of the Hero. Sussex, England: Book Guild Publishing, Wyndham, Lee. Writing for Children and Teen-Agers. Ohio: Writer s Digest, Yolen, Jane. Writing Books for Children. Boston, The Writer Inc., Zipes, Jack. Sticks and Stones: The Troublesome Success of Children s Literature from Slovenly Peter to Harry Potter. New York: Routledge, Anthology/Compilation Brgfonski, Dedria ed. Contemporary Literary Criticism: Young Adult Literature. Vol.125. Detorit, Michigan: Gale Research Company, Bryfonski, Dedria and Phyllis Carmel Mendelson, ed. Contemporary Literary Criticism: Vol.8. Detroit, Michigan: Gale Research Company, Contemporary Literary Criticism. Vol.2. Detroit, Michigan: Gale Research Company, Giddings, Robert. ed. J.R.R. Tolkien: This Far Land. London: Vision Press, Heilman, Elizabeth E. Harry Potter s World: Multidisciplinary Critical Perspectives. New York: Routledge Falmer, Heins, Paul ed. Crosscurrents of Criticism: Horn Book Essays Boston: The Horn Book, Inc., 1977.

11 221 Hunt, Peter. Children s Literature: The Development of Criticism. London: Routledge, ed. Literature for Children: Contemporary Criticism. London: Routledge, ed. International Companion Encyclopedia of Children s Literature. 2 nd ed. London & New York: Routledge, ed. Understanding Children s Literature. London & New York: Routledge, Hunter, Jeffrey W. Contemporary Literary Criticism. Vol.137. USA: Gale group, Inc., Lesnik-Obsertein, Karin ed. Children s Literature. New Approaches. Hampshire and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, Marowski, Daniel ed. Contemporary Literary Criticism Vol.38. Detroit, Michigan: Gale Research Company, Reynolds, Kimberley ed. Modern Children s Literature: An Introduction. Palgrave Macmillan, Riley, Carolyn. Contemporary Literary Criticism, Vol.1 Detroit, Michigan:Gale Research Company, Book Tower, Contemporary Literary Criticism. Vol.3 Detroit Michigan: Gale Research Company, Riley, Carolyn and Barbara Harte. ed. Contemporary Literary Criticism. Vol.2. Detroit Michigan: Gale Research Company, Salu, Mary and Robert T. Farrel. ed. J.R.R. Tolkien, Scholar and Storyteller: Essays in Memoriam. Ithaca and London: Cornell University Press, Tucker, Nicholas ed. Suitable for Children? Controversies in Children s Literature. Berkeley and Los Angeles; University of California Press, 1978.

12 222 Whited, Lana A. ed. The Ivory Tower and Harry Potter: Perspectives on a Literary Phenomenon. Columbia and London: University of Missouri Press, Articles Aldrich, Kevin. The Sense of Time in Tolkien s The Lord of the Rings. Pearce, Tolkien: A Celebration Alexander, Lloyd. High Fantasy and Heroic Romance. Heins, Cross Currents of Criticism 175. Alton, Anne Hiebert. Generic Fusion and the Mosaic of Harry Potter. Heilman, Harry Potter s World Anderson, Hollie. Reading Harry Potter with Navajo Eyes. Heilman, Harry Potter s World Appelbaum, Peter. Harry Potter s World: Magic, Technoculture and Becoming Human. Heilman, Harry Potter s World Auden, W.H. The Quest Hero. Tolkien and Critics. Ed. N.D. Isaacs and R.A. Zimbardo. South Bend: Notre Dame University Press, Bond, Ernie and Nancy Michelson. Writing Harry s World: Children Coauthoring Hogwarts. Heilman, Harry Potter s World Borah, Rebecca Sutherland. Apprentice Wizards Welcome: Fan Communities and the Culture of Harry Potter. Whited, Ivory Tower Bosmajian, Hamida. Psychoanalytical Criticism Hunt, International Companion Encyclopedia Bramwell, Peter. Fantasy, Psychoanalysis and Adolescence: Magic and Maturation in Fantasy. Reynolds, Modern Children s Literature Brewer, Derek S. The Lord of the Rings as Romance. Salu and Farrell, J.R.R. Tolkien

13 223 Brooks, Peter. Towards Supreme Fiction. Yale French Studies: The Child s Part. Ed. Peter Brooks. Connectient: New Haven, Burger, Douglas A. The Shire: A Tolkienian Version of Pastoral. Aspects of Fantasy Ed. William Coyle. West Port, Connecticut: Greenwood Press, Caldecott, Stratford. Over the Chasm of Fire: Christian Heroism in the Silmarillion and the Lord of the Rings. Pearce, Tolkien: A Celebration Cargo, Hugh. Can Stories Heal?. Hunt, Understanding Children s Literature Tolkien in Miniature. Ryan, Tolkien: Cult or Culture? Caselli, Daniela. Reading Intertextuality. The Natural and the Legitimate: Intertextuality in Harry Potter. Children s Literature New Approaches. Ed. Karin Lesnik-Oberstien. Hampshire and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004: Chesterton, G.K. The Ethics of Elfland. Ed, Peter Hunt, Children s Literature: The Development of Criticism Cockrell, Amanda. Harry Potter and the Secret Password: Finding Our Way in the Magical Genre. Whited, Ivory Tower Coulombe, Charles A. The Lord of the Rings: A Catholic View. Pearce, Tolkien: A Celebration Curry, Patrick. Modernity in Middle-earth. Pearce, Tolkien: A Celebration De Rose, Deborah. Wizardly Challenges to and Affirmations of the Initiation Paradigm in Harry Potter. Heilman, Harry Potter s World Dickinson, Peter. Children s Literature in Education. London, reprint G. Fox etal ed. Writers, Critics and Children. London 1976 in Reynolds, Children s Literature, 1994.

14 224 Doughty, Terri. Locating Harry Potter in the Boys Book Market, Whited, Ivory Tower Dowie, William. The Gospel of Middle-Earth according to J.R.R. Tolkien. Salu and Farrell, J.R.R. Tolkien, Dresang, Eliza T. Hermione Granger and the Heritage of Gender, Whited, Ivory Tower Drury, Roger W. Realism Plus Fantasy Equals Magic. Heins, Cross Currents of Criticism, Horn Book Inc, Elster, Charles. The Seeker of Secrets: Images of Learning, Knowing, and Schooling. Heilman: Harry Potter s World Evil, Human and The Problem of Evil. The Oxford Companion to Philosophy. Ed. Ted Honderich. New York: Oxford University Press, FairBurn, Elwin. J.R.R. Tolkien: A Mythology for England. Pearce, Tolkien: A Celebration Gardener, Martin. A Child s Garden of Bewilderment. Only Connect. Readings on Children s Literature. Ed. Sheila Egoff, G.T. Stubbs and L.F. Ashley. Toronto: Oxford University Press, (1980): Godek, Sarah. Fantasy-Postwar, Postmodern, Postcolonial: Houses in Postwar Fantasy. Reynolds, Modern Children s Literature Grimes, Kathaerine M. Harry Potter: Fairy Tale Prince, Real Boy, and Archetypal Hero, Whited, Ivory Tower Gunton, Colin. A Far-off Gleam of the Gospel: Salvation in Tolkien s. The Lord of the Rings. Pearce, Tolkien: A Celebration Heilman, Elizabeth E. Blue Wizards and Pink Witches: Representations of Gender Identity and Power. Heilman, Harry Potter s World

15 225 Heilman, Elizabeth E. and Anne E.Gregory. Images of the Privileged Insider and Outcast Outsider. Heilman, Harry Potter s World Kornfield, John and Laurie Prothro. Comedy, Conflict, and Community: Home and Family in Harry Potter. Heilman, Harry Potter s World Kratz, Dennis. Teaching Fantasy and Horror Literature. Fantasy and Horror. Ed. Neil Barson. London, MD: Scarecrow, (1999): Lacoss, Jann. Of Magicals and Muggles: Reversals and Revulsions at Hogwarts. Whited, The Ivory Tower Langton, Jane. The Weak Place in the Cloth: A Study of Fantasy for Children Heins, Crosscurrents of Criticism Lawhead, Stephen R. J.R.R. Tolkien: Master of Middle-Earth. Pearce, Tolkien: A Celebration Le Guin, Ursula K. From Elfland to Poughkeepsie. The Language of the Night. Ed. S.Wood. New York: Berkely Books New York: Harper-Collins, Lewis, C.S. On Three Ways of Writing for Children. Of This and Other Worlds. London: Fount, Lobdell, Jared. ed. The Fairy tale Mobility of The Lord of the Rings. A Tolkien Compass. La Salle: Open Court (1975): Malu, Kathleen F. Ways of Reading Harry Potter: Multiple Stories for Multiple Reader Identities. Heilman, Harry Potter s World McGrath, Sean. The Passion According to Tolkien. Pearce, Tolkien: A Celebration Mendlesohn, Farah. Crowning the King: Harry Potter and the Construction of Authority. Whited, The Ivory Tower

16 226 Menzies, Janet. Middle Earth and the Adolescent Giddings, J.R.R. Tolkien: This Far Land Murray, Robert. J.R.R. Tolkien and the Art of the Parable. Pearce, Tolkien: A Celebration Natov, Roni. Harry Potter and the Extra ordinariness of the Ordinary. Whited, Ivory Tower Nel, Philip You Say Jelly, I Say Jell-O?: Harry Potter and the Transfiguration of Language. Whited, Ivory Tower Nikolajeva, Maria. Harry Potter A Return to the Romantic Hero. Heilman, Harry Potter s World Nimon, Maureen. Violence in Children s Literature Today. Dreams and Dynamics. Selected papers from the Annual conference of the International Association of School Librarian ship, Adelaide, Australia, Sept , (1993): 6p. Paul, Lissa. From Sex Role Stereotyping to Subjectivity: Feminist Criticism. Hunt, Understanding Children s Literature, Pearce, Joseph. Tolkien and the Catholic Literary Revival. Pearce Tolkien: A Celebration, Pharr, Mary. In Media Res: Harry Potter as Hero in Progress. Whited, Ivory Tower Pinsent, Pan. Theories of Genre and Gender: Change and Continuity in the School Story. Reynolds, Modern Children s Literature The Education of a Wizard: Harry Potter and His Predecessors. Whited, The Ivory Tower Raboteau, Albert J. Re-Enchanting the World: Education, Wisdom and Imagination. Cross Currents 45(1995):

17 227 Reynolds, Kimberley. Sociology, Politics, the Family: Children and Families in Anglo-American Children s Fiction, Reynolds, Modern Children s Literature, Rogers, Deborah C. Everyclod and Every hero: The Image of Man in Tolkien. A Tolkien Compass. Ed.Jared Lobdell. Illinois: Open Court Publishing Company, Sachafsma, Karen. Wonderous Vision: Transformation of the Hero in Fantasy through Encounter with the Other. Aspects of Fantasy. Ed.William Coyle. Westport, Connecticut: Green Wood Press, Sale, Roger. Tolkien and Frodo Baggins. Tolkien and the Critics. Ed. Neil D. Isaacs and Rose a. Zimbardo. University of Notre/Dame Press, (1968): Schall, James V. On the Reality of Fantasy. Pearce, Tolkien: A Celebration Skulnick, Rebecca and Jesse Goodman. The Civic Leadership of Harry Potter: Agency, Ritual, and Schooling. Heilman, Harry Potter s World Steege, David K. Harry Potter, Tom Brown, and the British School Story, Whited, Ivory Tower Storr, Catherine. Why Folk Tales and Fairy Stories Live Forever. Tucker, Suitable for Children?, Sullivan, C.W. III. Fantasy. Stories and Society: Children s Literature in its Social Context. Ed. Dennis Butts. London: Macmillan, (1992): Taub, Deborah J and Heather L Servaty. Controversial Content in Children s Literature: Is Harry Potter Harmful to Children? Heilman, Harry Potter s World Teare, Elizabeth. Harry Potter and the Technology of Magic, Whited, Ivory Tower

18 228 The Times. London 13 Sept Professor J.R.R Tolkien; Creator of Hobbits and Inventor of a New Mythology in J.R.R. Tolkien. Salu and Farell Tolkien, J.R.R. On Fairy Stories. The Monsters and the Critics and Other Essays. Ed. Christopher Tolkien. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, Townsend, John Rowe. Standards of Criticism for Children s Literature. The Signal Approach to Children s Books. Ed. N. Chambers. London: Kestrel Books, Tucker, Nicholas. Good Friends or Just Acquaintances: The Relationship between Child Psychology and Children s Literature. Hunt, Literature for Children Turner-Vorbeck, Tammy. Pottermania: Good, Clean Fun or Cultural Hegemony? Heilman, Harry Potters World Walmsley, Nigel. Tolkien and the Sixties. Giddings, J.R.R. Tolkien: This Far Land Westman, Karin L. Specters of Thatcherism: Contemporary British Culture in J.K. Rowling s Harry Potter Series. Whited, The Irony Tower Webb, J. The Monster as Hero Contrary Modes: Proceedings of the World Science Fiction Conference. Melbourne, Australia: Ebony Books, Whited, Lana A. with M. Katherine Grimes. What Would Harry Do? J.K. Rowling and Laurence Kohlberg s Theories of Moral Development. Whited, Ivory Tower Wilson, Edmund. Oo, Those Awful Orcs (1956). In The Tolkien Scrapbook. Ed. Alida Becker. Philedelphia: Running Press, (1978): Wood, Michael. Tolkien s Fictions. Suitable for Children? Ed. Nicholas Tucker. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1976.

19 229 Yonge, Charlotte. Book of Golden Deeds. qtd. in Nimon, Violence in Children s Literature Today Zlosnik, Sue. Gothie Echoes. Eaglestone, Reading The Lord of the Rings Journals Allen, Brooke. A World of Wizards. New Leader 82:13, (1999): Battis, Jes. Gazing Upon Sauron: Hobbits, Elves and the Queering of the Post Colonial Optic. Modern Fiction Studies Behr, Kate. Same as Difference : Narrative Transformations and Intersecting Cultures in Harry Potter. Journal of Narrative Theory 35:1 Winter (2005): Binnendy K., Lauren & Kimberly A. Schonert Reichl. Harry Potter and Moral Development in Pre-adolescent Children. Journal of Moral Education 31:2, (2002): Black, Sharon The Magic of Harry Potter: Symbols and Heroes of Fantasy. Children s Literature in Education 34:3 (2003): Harry Potter: A Magical Prescription for Just About Anyone. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy. 46:7 Apr (2003): 5p. Cameron, E. High Fantasy: A Wizard of Earth Sea. The Horn Book 47(1971): Cart, M. Fantasy is Flourishing. Booklist 97:16 (2001): Carter B. Literature in the Information Age. The New Advocate. 13:1, (2000): Chevalier, Noel. The Liberty Tree and the Whomping Willow: Political Justice, Magical Science and Harry Potter. The Lion and the Unicorn. 29 (2005): Deavel, Catherine Jack and David Paul Deavel. Character Choice and Harry Potter. Logos 5: 4 (2002).

20 230 DeLint, Charles. "A Review of Harry Potter and the Sorcerer s Stone and Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets. Cornwall 98:1 Jan 2000: Feldman, Roxanne. Interview The Truth About Harry. School Library Journal. 45:9 September (1999): Flieger, Verlyn. Fantasy and Reality: J.R.R. Tolkien s World and the Fairy Story Essay. Mythlore 22:3 (1999): Garth, John. Tolkien and the Great War: The Threshold of Middle-earth. qtd. in The Lion and the Unicorn. Baltimore 29: Jan Goodenough, Elizabeth. Introduction. The Lion and the Unicorn 24 (2000):V-ix. Hiley, Margaret. Stolen Language, Cosmic Models: Myth and Mythology in Tolkien. Modern Fiction Studies Hughes, Shaun F.D. Tolkien World Wide. Modern Fiction Studies Introduction: Post Modern Tolkien. Modern Fiction Studies, ed. Modern Fiction Studies: J.R.R. Tolkien Special Issue. 50:4 Winter The John Hopkins, University Press, Hunt, Peter. Futures for Children s Literature: Evolution or Radical break? Cambridge Journal of Education 30:1 (2000): Jacobs, Alan. Harry Potters Magic. First Things: The Journal of Religion and Public Life 99 (2000): Jenkyns, Richard. Potter in the Past. Prospect 56 Oct. (2000) Kim, Sue. Beyond Black and White: Race and Postmodernism in The Lord of the Rings Fims. Modern Fiction Studies Miller, Karl. Magic in the Air. Changing English. 8:1 (2001) Morrow, Jeffery L. J.R.R. Tolkien as a Christian for Our Times. Evangelical Review of Theology. 29:2. n.d

21 231 Northurup, Clyde B. The Qualities of a Tolkienian Fairy Story. Modern Fiction Studies O connor, Gerald. Why Tolkien s The Lord of the Rings Should not be Popular Culture. Extrapolation Dec. (1971): Ostling, Michael. Harry Potter and the Disenchantment of the World. Journal of Contemporary Religion 18:1 (2003): Pennington, John. From Elfland to Hogwarts, or the Aesthetic Trouble with Harry Potter. The Lion and the Unicorn 26.1.(2002): Pierce, Tamora. Fantasy: Why Kids Read it, Why Kids Need it. School Library Journal 39(1993): Rearick III, Anderson. Why is the Only Good Orc a Dead Orc? The Dark Face of Racism Examined in Tolkien s World. Modern Fiction Studies Robinson, Tim. Listening to the Landscape. Irish Review.14 Autumn, (1993): Rogers, Michael. Harry Potter Most Challenged. Library Journal 125:4 (2000):19. Rohy, Valerie. On Fairy Stories. Modern Fiction Studies Smol, Anna. OH.OH Frodo! : Readings of Male Intimacy in The Lord of the Rings. Modern Fiction Studies Stevenson, D. Frightening the Children?: Kids, Grown-ups and Scary Picture Books. The Horn Book Magazine. May/June (1996): Strimel, Courtney B. The Politics of Terror: Rereading Harry Potter. Children s Literature in Education. 35:1. March (2004): Templeton A. Human Races: A Genetic and Evolutionary Perspective. American Anthropologist (1998): Tucker, Nicholas. The Rise and Rise of Harry Potter. Children s Literature in Education.30:4. (1999):

22 232 Watson, Victor. Has Children s Literature Come of Age? New Review of Children s Literature and Librarianship. 11:2 (2005): Werber, Niels. Geo-and bio-politics of Middle-earth: A German Reading of Tolkien s The Lord of the Rings. New Literary History 36 (2005): West, Richard C. A Tolkein Checklist: Selected Criticism Modern Fiction Studies Magazines Awaiting the Witching Hour. The Week 10 July Alleva, Richard. Peter Jackson s Sorcercy: The Lord of the Rings Trilogy. Common-weal, 30 Jan 2004: Beagle, Peter S. Tolkien s Magic Ring. Travel Magazine, Inc in Holiday Magazine, Biswas, Soutik. Harry is Hipnotic. Outlook 7 July Dasgupta, Uma Mahadevan. The Magic of Love. Frontline 13 Aug Doctor, Geeta. Potteer Mania. The Week, 23 July Doval, Nikita On a Flight of Fantasy. The Week 29 July Fordham, Alice. The Times 21 July Gibbs, Nancy. The Real Magic of Harry Potter. Time 23 July Person of the Year Runner Up-J.K. Rowling. Time 31 Dec Jan Grossman,Lev. J.K.Rowling: Hogwarts and All. Time. Aug Hannabuss, C. Stuart. Deep Down. Signal Sept.(1971): Hodgart, Mathew. Kicking the Hobbit. The New York Review of Books. 4 May Kanfer, Stefan. Popular Harry Potter Book Series Offers a Lesson in Business. Tribune Business News 19 July 2000.

23 233 Lewis, C.S. The Gods Return to Earth. Time and Tide. 1083/I. 14 Aug Lurie, Alison. Not for Muggles. New York Review of Books. 46:20 16 Dec1999. Maughan, Shannon. Keeping Up with Harry. Publisher s Weekly. 1 Nov 1999: 246:44. Munsch, Robert. This is More Than Hype: Harry Feels like Me. Globe and Mail 10 July Perren, Susan. Yarn Unfolds as It Should in Mystical Fashion. Globe and Mail 10 July Real Magic of Harry Potter. Time. 23 June Rothstein, Edward. The Back Story. The Week 18 Nov Why Harry s Hot. Newsweek, 17 July 2000: Wild About Harry Time 20 September Wizards and Muggles. Christian Century. 116:33, 1 Dec. 1999: Newspaper Articles Bettelheim, Bruno. Who s Afraid of Mother Goose? The Cincinnati Post 17 march Beyond Harry Potter. The Hindu 30 Dec Bloom, Harold. Can 35 Million Book Buyers be Wrong? Yes. Wall Street Journal. 11 July (2000): A 26. Choudhury, Sonya Datta. The Enticement of the Esoteric. The Hindu 7 Sept Dumbledore is Gay! The New Indian Express 22 Oct Merryman, Kathleen. An Essay on the Harry Potter Books. Tacoma News Tribune 10 July No Muggle Existence This Yes Magazine. The New Indian Express 14 July Padmanabha, Geeta. Mugglemania. The Hindu 22 July 2000.

24 234 Padmanabhan, Mukund. Growing up with Harry. The Hindu 23 July Potter Fans Go Potty on the Web. The New Indian Express.18 July Ramnarayan, Gowri. The World According to Harry Potter. Young World. The Hindu 5 Aug Rowling and the HP Phenomenon. The Hindu 16 June Sklar, Robert. The Nation (copyright 1967 by the National Associates, Inc) 8 May Stuttaford, Andrew. It s witchcraft. National Review 51:19, 11 Oct Subramanian, Samanth. End of Innocence. The New Indian Express 20 Nov Harry Potter and the Half-Baked Plot. The New Indian Express 24 July Varma, Sreekumar. A Potter s Craft. The New Sunday Express 29 June Vatican Slams Harry Potter. The New Indian Express 17 Jan Interviews John, Philip. (Child Psychiatrist). Personal Interview. Peejays Child Guidance Clinic, Kochi 14 Jan Rowling, J.K. Barnes and Noble Chat with J.K. Rowling. Barnes and Noble 20 Oct <http/// chat.hyml> Chat with J.K. Rowling Yahoo! 20 Oct < yahooligans/> Interview with Roxanne Feldman. The Truth About Harry. School Library Journal 45:9, Sept. (1999): Radio Interview with Stephen Fry. 30 Nov Harry Potter automatic news aggregator. 4 June < The Surprising Success of Harry Potter. Interview by Larry King. Larry King Live! Cable News Net work. 20 Oct

25 Interview < Electronic Publications Alexander, A. Potter War. 21 Nov < index. html>. Barbieri, Richard. Wizardry at Work: The Fiction of J.R.R. Tolkien and J.K. Rowling. Independent School. 61:4 Summer 2002: Ebsco 29 Jan < com/>. Barger, T Knox. Harry s on the Hot Seat. School Library Journal Nov. (1999). Proquest. 14 June 2005 < Beach, Sara Ann, and Elizabeth Harden Willner. The Power of Harry World Literature-Today.76:1Winter2002. Proquest 4 July2005< Blake, Andrew, Margarita Carretero-Gonzalez and Carlos F. Marquez-Linares. And Then Came the Fall: On the Nature of Evil in J.R.R. Tolkien s and J.K. Rowling s Arch-villians. Perspectives on Evil and Human Wickedness 1:3 (2003): Jan 2007 < >. Caldcott, Stratford. The Lord and Lady of the Rings: The Hidden Presence of Tolkien s Catholicism in The Lord of the Rings. Touchstone A Journal of Mere Christianity. P July 2005 < Capture their minds and their hearts and souls will follow. Psychological Operations. 9 Nov URL. < Colson, Chuck. Break Point Radio Broadcast Online Nov Feb 2000 < >. Comic relief. Live Webchat 21 March 2001 < books/ pages/ transcript.shtml>.

26 236 Cooper, Susan. There and Back Again: Tolkien Reconsidered. The Horn Book MagazineBoston.78: p.Proquest. 4 June 2005 < com>. Curry Patrick. Why Tolkien is for the Real Grown Ups. New Statesman. London 10:438 Proquest 31 Jan June 2005 < Engbers, Chad. Tolkien and the Great War: The Threshold of Middle-earth. The Lion and the Unicorn 29:1 Jan 2005 Proquest 4 June 2005 < umi. com/>. Fitzpatrick, T. Biological Differences among Races Do Not Exist. WU Research Shows: 11 Dec 2000 < artilces/races.html>. Fuller, Renee. Understanding Good and Evil in Children s Literature. New Horizons for Learning. (1999), 6p. 18 Dec < Giblin, James Cross. Violence, Children and Children s Books. School Library Journal. 41:11 Nov.1995 p March 2004 < web >. Gilead, Sarah. Magic Abjured: Closure in Children s Fantasy Fiction. JSTOR. 31 Jan < Goh, Robbie B.H. Consuming Spaces: Clive Barker, William Gibson and the Cultural Poetics of Postmodern Fantasy. Social Semiotics 10:1 (2000) online/19 Feb 2000 Taylor & Francis. Griesinger, Emily. Why Read Harry Potter? J.K. Rowling and the Christian Debate. Christian Scholar s Review.32:3 Spring 2003Proquest. 4 July 2005 < Harry Potter Fanficiton. 21 Nov 2001 <

27 237 Hawkins, Emma B. Chalk Figures and Scouring in Tolkienland. Extrapolation. 41:4 Winter p. Proquest 4 July 2005 < Hunt, Peter. Alternative Worlds in Fantasy Revisited. New Review of Children s Literature and Librarian ship. 11:2, (2005): online/ 12 Dec 2005 Taylor & Francis. Johansen, K.V. Children s Fantasy: What and Why. Resource Links 7: Oct Galenet. 3 Dec Justice, F. Steering her Craft: An Interview with Ursula Le Guin. Writing 22 Sept <http// Lentini, Alison. Harry Potter: Occult Cosmology and the Corrupted Imagination - an excerpt. SCP Journal. 23:4-24:1 p8 6 Nov.2003 < publications/journals/ J2304/ PotterArticle.htm>. Lodge, Sally. Beyond the Wizard s Wand: A Look at the Growing Field of Fantasy Books for Children. Publisher s Weekly 30 June p. Galenet. 16 Aug 2004 < Mallinson, Jeffrey. A Potion too Strong?: Challenges in Translating the Religious Significance of Tolkien s The Lord of the Rings to film. Journal of Religion and Popular Culture, vol.1: Spring 2002.<file://c:\WINNT\profiles\Administrator\ Desktop\ t...\journal of Religion and popular culture.>. Maudlin, Michael G. Virtue on a Broom Stick. Christianity Today. 44:10 Sept (2000): Proquest. 14 June 2005 < http //proquest>. McVeigh, Dan. Is Harry Potter Christian?. Renascence. Milwaukee: 54:3, Spring 2002 Proquest. 4 June URL: < proquest.>. Miller, John J. The Truth Beyond Memory National Review. New York: 53:25, (2001), Proquest 4 June 2005 <>.

28 238 Miller, Karl. Harry and the Pot of Gold. 20:3 Winter p. Ebsco. 29 Jan < Monk, John. Harry Potter books are best thing(sic) to happen for kids in years 6 Dec 2003 < Myers-Walls, Judith. Parenting in the Wake of Terrorism. 11 Aug URL. < Nel, Philip. Bewitched, Bothered, and Bored: Harry Potter, the Movie. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literary. 46:2 Oct p. Ebsco. 31 Jan 2007 <>. Needlman, Robert. Reading to Children in Times of Stress. Dr. Spock online 25 June 2002 URL.< Noel-Smith, Kelly. Harry Potter s Oedipal Issues. Psychoanalytic Studies; 3:2, (2001): online/01/02/ June 2005 Taylor & Francis. Owen, Lucia. Dragons in the Classroom. The English Journal. 73:7 Nov. (1984): JSTOR. 13 Sept Potter Breaks UK Box Office Records. Guardian Unlimited Online. 18 Nov <>. Rochelle, Larry. Quest: The Search for Meaning Through Fantasy. The English Journal 66:7 Oct. (1977): JSTOR. 13 Sept < Rockman, Connie. Give them Wings. School Library Journal. Dec 2001 Galenet16 July 2004 < Rowling, J.K. Harry Potter Lexicon, 2000 Steve Vander Ark < suderark/lexicon/w_spells.html>. Siegel, Lee. Harry Potter and the Spririt of the Age: Fear of Not Flying. New Republic. 22 Nov 1999.<

29 239 Styles, Morag. Fiction for Children Comes of Age. New Review of Children s Literature and Librarianship.11:2, 2005 online/ 5 Feb 2005 Taylor & Francis Trites, Roberta Seelinger. The Harry Potter Novels as a Test Case for Adolescent Literature. Style 35:3 Fall (2001): 15p Proquest. 4 July <>. Wendorf, Thomas A. Greene, Tolkein, and the Mysterious Relations of Realism and Fantasy. Renascence: Milwakee: 55:1 Fall (2002), 23p, Proquest. 4 July 2005 < Wittman, Elizabeth A. Occult Trends in Children s Literature. Catholicnet. 6 Nov 2003 < rcc/ periodicals/ Homiletic / / wittman.html>. Wood, Ralph C. Frodo s Faith. The Christian Century. Chicago. 120: Proquest. 4 June 2005 < Wood, Ralph. Frodo Lives!. The Christian Century. 118:32.24 Chicago: 28 Nov Proquest. 4. June 2005 <http //>.