Optical Fibers p. 1 Basic Concepts p. 1 Step-Index Fibers p. 2 Graded-Index Fibers p. 4 Design and Fabrication p. 6 Silica Fibers p.

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Optical Fibers p. 1 Basic Concepts p. 1 Step-Index Fibers p. 2 Graded-Index Fibers p. 4 Design and Fabrication p. 6 Silica Fibers p."

Transcription

1 Preface p. xiii Optical Fibers p. 1 Basic Concepts p. 1 Step-Index Fibers p. 2 Graded-Index Fibers p. 4 Design and Fabrication p. 6 Silica Fibers p. 6 Plastic Optical Fibers p. 9 Microstructure Optical Fibers p. 11 Cables and Connectors p. 12 Fiber Modes p. 13 Maxwell's Equations p. 13 Modes of Step-Index Fibers p. 15 Properties of Single-Mode Fibers p. 18 Fiber Losses p. 22 Loss Spectra of Silica Fibers p. 23 Loss Spectra of Plastic Fibers p. 24 Rayleigh Scattering p. 25 Waveguide Imperfections p. 26 Fiber Dispersion p. 27 Group-Velocity Dispersion p. 27 Material Dispersion p. 28 Waveguide Dispersion p. 30 Polarization-Mode Dispersion p. 32 Pulse-Propagation Equation p. 34 Fiber Nonlinearities p. 36 Self-Phase Modulation p. 36 Cross-Phase Modulation p. 38 Four-Wave Mixing p. 39 Stimulated Brillouin Scattering p. 40 Stimulated Raman Scattering p. 42 Problems p. 44 References p. 46 Passive Fiber Components p. 49 Directional Couplers p. 49 Coupled-Mode Equations p. 50 Power-Transfer Characteristics p. 52 Transfer Matrix of a Coupler p. 53 Supermodes of a Coupler p. 54 Effects of Fiber Dispersion p. 55 Fiber Gratings p. 56

2 Bragg Diffraction p. 57 Photosensitivity p. 58 Fabrication Techniques p. 59 Grating Characteristics p. 62 Grating as an Optical Filter p. 67 Nonuniform Gratings p. 69 Fiber Interferometers p. 71 Fiber-Ring Resonators p. 72 Fabry-Perot Resonators p. 74 Sagnac Interferometers p. 76 Mach-Zehnder Interferometers p. 81 Michelson Interferometers p. 84 Isolators and Circulators p. 85 Faraday Effect p. 85 Optical Isolators p. 86 Optical Circulators p. 87 Problems p. 88 References p. 89 Active Fiber Components p. 93 Doped-Fiber Amplifiers p. 93 Pumping and Amplifier Gain p. 94 Gain Spectrum p. 96 Simple Theory p. 97 Amplifier Noise p. 100 Amplifier Design p. 102 Raman Amplifiers p. 105 Raman Gain and Bandwidth p. 105 Single-Pump Raman Amplification p. 107 Multiple-Pump Raman Amplification p. 109 Performance Limiting Factors p. 112 Parametric Amplifiers p. 118 FWM Interaction p. 118 Single-Pump Parametric Amplifiers p. 120 Dual-Pump Parametric Amplifiers p. 123 Performance Limiting Factors p. 125 Fiber Lasers p. 128 Cavity Design p. 128 Continuously Operating Fiber Lasers p. 130 Mode-Locked Fiber Lasers p. 132 Problems p. 136 References p. 137

3 Planar Waveguides p. 142 Basic Concepts p. 142 Modes of Planar Waveguides p. 143 TE and TM Modes of Symmetric Waveguides p. 145 TE and TM Modes of Asymmetric Waveguides p. 147 Rectangular Waveguides p. 149 Modes of Rectangular Waveguides p. 149 Design of Rectangular Waveguides p. 150 Materials and Waveguide Fabrication p. 152 Semiconductor Waveguides p. 152 Electro-Optic Waveguides p. 156 Silica Waveguides p. 158 Silicon-on-Insulator Technology p. 162 Polymer Waveguides p. 164 Simple Passive Components p. 165 Y Junctions p. 165 Four-Port Couplers p. 166 Grating-Assisted Directional Couplers p. 167 Advanced Passive Components p. 168 Mach-Zehnder Switches and Filters p. 168 Multimode Interference Couplers p. 170 Star Couplers p. 171 Arrayed-Waveguide Gratings p. 173 Problems p. 175 References p. 177 Semiconductor Lasers and Amplifiers p. 179 Basic Concepts p. 179 Optical Gain p. 180 Feedback and Laser Threshold p. 182 Longitudinal Modes p. 183 Laser Structures p. 184 Control of Longitudinal Modes p. 186 Distributed Feedback Lasers p. 186 Coupled-Cavity Semiconductor Lasers p. 188 Tunable Semiconductor Lasers p. 190 Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers p. 191 Laser Characteristics p. 192 CW Characteristics p. 193 Small-Signal Modulation p. 196 Large-Signal Modulation p. 198 Relative Intensity Noise p. 200

4 Spectral Linewidth p. 202 Light-Emitting Diodes p. 204 CW Characteristics p. 204 Modulation Response p. 207 LED Structures p. 208 Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers p. 209 Amplifier Design p. 210 Amplifier Characteristics p. 212 Practical Issues p. 213 SOA as a Nonlinear Device p. 215 Problems p. 218 References p. 219 Optical Modulators p. 223 Physics Behind Modulators p. 223 Modulation Schemes p. 224 Electroabsorption p. 225 Electrorefraction p. 227 Photoelastic Effect p. 229 Lithium Niobate Modulators p. 231 Phase and Amplitude Modulation p. 231 Temporal Response p. 233 Modulator Design p. 235 Polymer-Based Modulators p. 237 Device Fabrication p. 238 Device Performance p. 241 Electroabsorption Modulators p. 242 Temporal Response p. 242 Design and Performance p. 244 Integration with Lasers p. 246 Problems p. 250 References p. 251 Photodetectors p. 253 Basic Concepts p. 253 Responsivity and Quantum Efficiency p. 253 Rise Time and Bandwidth p. 256 Reverse-Biased p-n Junctions p. 257 p-n Photodiodes p. 257 p-i-n Photodiodes p. 259 Advanced Designs p. 260 Avalanche Photodiodes p. 262 Impact Ionization p. 262

5 APD Gain p. 263 APD Bandwidth p. 265 Advanced APD Designs p. 269 MSM Photodetectors p. 271 Integrated Optical Receivers p. 274 Front End p. 274 Linear Channel p. 275 Decision Circuit p. 277 Optoelectronic Integration p. 278 Problems p. 282 References p. 282 WDM Components p. 287 Optical Filters p. 287 Fabry-Perot Filters p. 289 Mach-Zehnder Filters p. 293 Bragg-Grating Filters p. 296 Acousto-Optic Filters p. 300 Multiplexers and Demultiplexers p. 303 Grating-Based Demultiplexers p. 303 Filter-Based Demultiplexers p. 305 Waveguide-Grating Demultiplexers p. 307 Optical Add-Drop Multiplexers p. 309 Directional Couplers with Gratings p. 309 Mach-Zehnder Interferometer with Gratings p. 311 Optical Circulator with Gratings p. 312 Microring Resonators p. 314 Tunable Add-Drop Multiplexers p. 316 WDM Transmitters and Receivers p. 317 Optoelectronic Integrated Circuits p. 318 Fiber-Laser Transmitters p. 321 Spectrally Sliced WDM Transmitters p. 322 Problems p. 325 References p. 326 Optical Switching p. 334 Switching Technologies p. 334 Electro-Optic Switches p. 335 Thermo-Optic Switches p. 338 Micro-Mechanical Switches p. 340 Liquid-Crystal Switches p. 342 Bubble Switches p. 343 Wavelength-Domain Routers p. 344

6 Wavelength Converters p. 346 Semiconductor-Based Devices p. 347 Fiber-Based Devices p. 351 Optical Cross-Connects p. 354 Wavelength-Selective Cross-Connect p. 355 Wavelength-Interchanging Cross-Connect p. 358 Problems p. 361 References p. 362 Time-Domain Switching p. 366 Nonlinear Switching Schemes p. 366 Optical Bistability p. 367 Cross-Phase Modulation p. 370 Four-Wave Mixing p. 373 Optical Flip-Flops p. 375 Semiconductor Lasers and Amplifiers p. 375 Passive Semiconductor Waveguides p. 378 Ultrafast Interferometric Switches p. 380 Sagnac-Loop Switches p. 381 Mach-Zehnder Switches p. 383 Polarization-Discriminating Switches p. 386 Lithium-Niobate Switches p. 388 Applications p. 389 Time-Domain Demultiplexing p. 390 Optical-Clock Recovery p. 396 Packet-Switched Networks p. 397 Problems p. 400 References p. 401 System of Units p. 406 Software Package p. 408 Acronyms p. 410 Index p. 413 Table of Contents provided by Blackwell's Book Services and R.R. Bowker. Used with permission.

Fiber-Optic Communication Systems

Fiber-Optic Communication Systems Fiber-Optic Communication Systems Second Edition GOVIND P. AGRAWAL The Institute of Optics University of Rochester Rochester, NY A WILEY-iNTERSCIENCE PUBLICATION JOHN WILEY & SONS, INC. NEW YORK / CHICHESTER

More information

Elements of Optical Networking

Elements of Optical Networking Bruckner Elements of Optical Networking Basics and practice of optical data communication With 217 Figures, 13 Tables and 93 Exercises Translated by Patricia Joliet VIEWEG+ TEUBNER VII Content Preface

More information

Optical Communication and Networks M.N. Bandyopadhyay

Optical Communication and Networks M.N. Bandyopadhyay Optical Communication and Networks M.N. Bandyopadhyay Director National Institute of Technology (NIT) Calicut Delhi-110092 2014 OPTICAL COMMUNICATION AND NETWORKS M.N. Bandyopadhyay 2014 by PHI Learning

More information

Optical Communications and Networking 朱祖勍. Sept. 25, 2017

Optical Communications and Networking 朱祖勍. Sept. 25, 2017 Optical Communications and Networking Sept. 25, 2017 Lecture 4: Signal Propagation in Fiber 1 Nonlinear Effects The assumption of linearity may not always be valid. Nonlinear effects are all related to

More information

CONTENTS. Chapter 1 Wave Nature of Light 19

CONTENTS. Chapter 1 Wave Nature of Light 19 CONTENTS Chapter 1 Wave Nature of Light 19 1.1 Light Waves in a Homogeneous Medium 19 A. Plane Electromagnetic Wave 19 B. Maxwell's Wave Equation and Diverging Waves 22 Example 1.1.1 A diverging laser

More information

Passive Optical Components for Optical Fiber Transmission

Passive Optical Components for Optical Fiber Transmission Passive Optical Components for Optical Fiber Transmission Norio Kashima Artech House Boston London Contents Preface Part I Basic Technologies 1 Chapter 1 Introduction to Passive Optical Components 3 1.1

More information

Introduction and concepts Types of devices

Introduction and concepts Types of devices ECE 6323 Introduction and concepts Types of devices Passive splitters, combiners, couplers Wavelength-based devices for DWDM Modulator/demodulator (amplitude and phase), compensator (dispersion) Others:

More information

OPTICAL COMMUNICATIONS S

OPTICAL COMMUNICATIONS S OPTICAL COMMUNICATIONS S-108.3110 1 Course program 1. Introduction and Optical Fibers 2. Nonlinear Effects in Optical Fibers 3. Fiber-Optic Components 4. Transmitters and Receivers 5. Fiber-Optic Measurements

More information

Fiber Amplifiers. Fiber Lasers. 1*5 World Scientific. Niloy K nulla. University ofconnecticut, USA HONG KONG NEW JERSEY LONDON

Fiber Amplifiers. Fiber Lasers. 1*5 World Scientific. Niloy K nulla. University ofconnecticut, USA HONG KONG NEW JERSEY LONDON LONDON Fiber Amplifiers Fiber Lasers Niloy K nulla University ofconnecticut, USA 1*5 World Scientific NEW JERSEY SINGAPORE BEIJING SHANGHAI HONG KONG TAIPEI CHENNAI Contents Preface v 1. Introduction 1

More information

21. (i) Briefly explain the evolution of fiber optic system (ii) Compare the configuration of different types of fibers. or 22. (b)(i) Derive modal eq

21. (i) Briefly explain the evolution of fiber optic system (ii) Compare the configuration of different types of fibers. or 22. (b)(i) Derive modal eq Unit-1 Part-A FATIMA MICHAEL COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY Senkottai Village, Madurai Sivagangai Main Road, Madurai - 625 020. [An ISO 9001:2008 Certified Institution] DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRONICS AND

More information

Optics and Lasers. Matt Young. Including Fibers and Optical Waveguides

Optics and Lasers. Matt Young. Including Fibers and Optical Waveguides Matt Young Optics and Lasers Including Fibers and Optical Waveguides Fourth Revised Edition With 188 Figures Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York London Paris Tokyo Hong Kong Barcelona Budapest Contents

More information

UNIT - 7 WDM CONCEPTS AND COMPONENTS

UNIT - 7 WDM CONCEPTS AND COMPONENTS UNIT - 7 WDM CONCEPTS AND COMPONENTS WDM concepts, overview of WDM operation principles, WDM standards, Mach-Zehender interferometer, multiplexer, Isolators and circulators, direct thin film filters, active

More information

NEW APPROACH TO DESIGN DIGITALLY TUNABLE OPTICAL FILTER SYSTEM FOR WAVELENGTH SELEC- TIVE SWITCHING BASED OPTICAL NETWORKS

NEW APPROACH TO DESIGN DIGITALLY TUNABLE OPTICAL FILTER SYSTEM FOR WAVELENGTH SELEC- TIVE SWITCHING BASED OPTICAL NETWORKS Progress In Electromagnetics Research Letters, Vol. 9, 93 100, 2009 NEW APPROACH TO DESIGN DIGITALLY TUNABLE OPTICAL FILTER SYSTEM FOR WAVELENGTH SELEC- TIVE SWITCHING BASED OPTICAL NETWORKS A. Banerjee

More information

OPTICAL NETWORKS. Building Blocks. A. Gençata İTÜ, Dept. Computer Engineering 2005

OPTICAL NETWORKS. Building Blocks. A. Gençata İTÜ, Dept. Computer Engineering 2005 OPTICAL NETWORKS Building Blocks A. Gençata İTÜ, Dept. Computer Engineering 2005 Introduction An introduction to WDM devices. optical fiber optical couplers optical receivers optical filters optical amplifiers

More information

Robert G. Hunsperger. Integrated Optics. Theory and Technology. Sixth Edition. 4ü Spri rineer g<

Robert G. Hunsperger. Integrated Optics. Theory and Technology. Sixth Edition. 4ü Spri rineer g< Robert G. Hunsperger Integrated Optics Theory and Technology Sixth Edition 4ü Spri rineer g< 1 Introduction 1 1.1 Advantages of Integrated Optics 2 1.1.1 Comparison of Optical Fibers with Other Interconnectors

More information

The Fiber-Optic Gyroscope

The Fiber-Optic Gyroscope The Fiber-Optic Gyroscope Second Edition Herve C. Lefevre ARTECH HOUSE BOSTON LONDON artechhouse.com Contents Preface to the First Edition Preface to the Second Edition xvii xix Introduction 1 References

More information

Index. Cambridge University Press Silicon Photonics Design Lukas Chrostowski and Michael Hochberg. Index.

Index. Cambridge University Press Silicon Photonics Design Lukas Chrostowski and Michael Hochberg. Index. absorption, 69 active tuning, 234 alignment, 394 396 apodization, 164 applications, 7 automated optical probe station, 389 397 avalanche detector, 268 back reflection, 164 band structures, 30 bandwidth

More information

Optical communications

Optical communications Optical communications Components and enabling technologies Optical networking Evolution of optical networking: road map SDH = Synchronous Digital Hierarchy SONET = Synchronous Optical Network SDH SONET

More information

S Optical Networks Course Lecture 2: Essential Building Blocks

S Optical Networks Course Lecture 2: Essential Building Blocks S-72.3340 Optical Networks Course Lecture 2: Essential Building Blocks Edward Mutafungwa Communications Laboratory, Helsinki University of Technology, P. O. Box 2300, FIN-02015 TKK, Finland Tel: +358 9

More information

! Couplers. ! Isolators/Circulators. ! Multiplexers/Filters. ! Optical Amplifiers. ! Transmitters (lasers,leds) ! Detectors (receivers) !

! Couplers. ! Isolators/Circulators. ! Multiplexers/Filters. ! Optical Amplifiers. ! Transmitters (lasers,leds) ! Detectors (receivers) ! Components of Optical Networks Based on: Rajiv Ramaswami, Kumar N. Sivarajan, Optical Networks A Practical Perspective 2 nd Edition, 2001 October, Morgan Kaufman Publishers Optical Components! Couplers!

More information

A NEW APPROACH TO DESIGN DIGITALLY TUNABLE OPTICAL FILTER SYSTEM FOR DWDM OPTICAL NETWORKS

A NEW APPROACH TO DESIGN DIGITALLY TUNABLE OPTICAL FILTER SYSTEM FOR DWDM OPTICAL NETWORKS Progress In Electromagnetics Research M, Vol. 11, 213 223, 2010 A NEW APPROACH TO DESIGN DIGITALLY TUNABLE OPTICAL FILTER SYSTEM FOR DWDM OPTICAL NETWORKS A. Banerjee Department of Electronics and Communication

More information

The Optics Revolution

The Optics Revolution The Optics Revolution 1960 The beginning of the 20 th century optics renaissance... 1998 Dawn of the optics revolution... Source: Han Le & Assoc Photonics Component Development Detector Source Circuit,

More information

Photonics (OPTI 510R 2017) - Final exam. (May 8, 10:30am-12:30pm, R307)

Photonics (OPTI 510R 2017) - Final exam. (May 8, 10:30am-12:30pm, R307) Photonics (OPTI 510R 2017) - Final exam (May 8, 10:30am-12:30pm, R307) Problem 1: (30pts) You are tasked with building a high speed fiber communication link between San Francisco and Tokyo (Japan) which

More information

Principles of Optics for Engineers

Principles of Optics for Engineers Principles of Optics for Engineers Uniting historically different approaches by presenting optical analyses as solutions of Maxwell s equations, this unique book enables students and practicing engineers

More information

Table of Contents. Abbrevation Glossary... xvii

Table of Contents. Abbrevation Glossary... xvii Table of Contents Preface... xiii Abbrevation Glossary... xvii Chapter 1 General Points... 1 1.1. Microwave photonic links... 1 1.2. Link description... 4 1.3. Signal to transmit... 5 1.3.1. Microwave

More information

Optical switches. Switching Technology S Optical switches

Optical switches. Switching Technology S Optical switches Optical switches Switching Technology S38.165 http://www.netlab.hut.fi/opetus/s38165 13-1 Optical switches Components and enabling technologies Contention resolution Optical switching schemes 13-2 1 Components

More information

All-Optical Signal Processing and Optical Regeneration

All-Optical Signal Processing and Optical Regeneration 1/36 All-Optical Signal Processing and Optical Regeneration Govind P. Agrawal Institute of Optics University of Rochester Rochester, NY 14627 c 2007 G. P. Agrawal Outline Introduction Major Nonlinear Effects

More information

Introduction Fundamentals of laser Types of lasers Semiconductor lasers

Introduction Fundamentals of laser Types of lasers Semiconductor lasers ECE 5368 Introduction Fundamentals of laser Types of lasers Semiconductor lasers Introduction Fundamentals of laser Types of lasers Semiconductor lasers How many types of lasers? Many many depending on

More information

2 in the multipath dispersion of the optical fibre. (b) Discuss the merits and drawbacks of cut bouls method of measurement of alternation.

2 in the multipath dispersion of the optical fibre. (b) Discuss the merits and drawbacks of cut bouls method of measurement of alternation. B.TECH IV Year I Semester (R09) Regular Examinations, November 2012 1 (a) Derive an expression for multiple time difference tt 2 in the multipath dispersion of the optical fibre. (b) Discuss the merits

More information

LASER DIODE MODULATION AND NOISE

LASER DIODE MODULATION AND NOISE > 5' O ft I o Vi LASER DIODE MODULATION AND NOISE K. Petermann lnstitutfiir Hochfrequenztechnik, Technische Universitdt Berlin Kluwer Academic Publishers i Dordrecht / Boston / London KTK Scientific Publishers

More information

Optical Amplifiers Photonics and Integrated Optics (ELEC-E3240) Zhipei Sun Photonics Group Department of Micro- and Nanosciences Aalto University

Optical Amplifiers Photonics and Integrated Optics (ELEC-E3240) Zhipei Sun Photonics Group Department of Micro- and Nanosciences Aalto University Photonics Group Department of Micro- and Nanosciences Aalto University Optical Amplifiers Photonics and Integrated Optics (ELEC-E3240) Zhipei Sun Last Lecture Topics Course introduction Ray optics & optical

More information

LW Technology. Passive Components. LW Technology (Passive Components).PPT - 1 Copyright 1999, Agilent Technologies

LW Technology. Passive Components. LW Technology (Passive Components).PPT - 1 Copyright 1999, Agilent Technologies LW Technology Passive Components LW Technology (Passive Components).PPT - 1 Patchcords Jumper cables to connect devices and instruments Adapter cables to connect interfaces using different connector styles

More information

Electronically switchable Bragg gratings provide versatility

Electronically switchable Bragg gratings provide versatility Page 1 of 5 Electronically switchable Bragg gratings provide versatility Recent advances in ESBGs make them an optimal technological fabric for WDM components. ALLAN ASHMEAD, DigiLens Inc. The migration

More information

Index. Cambridge University Press Computational Photonics: An Introduction with MATLAB Marek S. Wartak. Index.

Index. Cambridge University Press Computational Photonics: An Introduction with MATLAB Marek S. Wartak. Index. 448 absorption coefficient, 181 in a two-level system, 168, 169 infrared, 109 of power in photodetectors, 242 spectrum, 243 ultraviolet, 109 acceptance angle, see critical angle active region, 173, 176

More information

Module 16 : Integrated Optics I

Module 16 : Integrated Optics I Module 16 : Integrated Optics I Lecture : Integrated Optics I Objectives In this lecture you will learn the following Introduction Electro-Optic Effect Optical Phase Modulator Optical Amplitude Modulator

More information

Index. Fiber-Optic Communication Systems, Fourth Edition by Govind P. Agrawal Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Index. Fiber-Optic Communication Systems, Fourth Edition by Govind P. Agrawal Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Fiber-Optic Communication Systems, Fourth Edition by Govind P. Agrawal Copyright 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Index absorption free-carrier, 85 material, 72 two-photon, 98, 521, 540, 555 accelerated aging,

More information

Introduction Fundamental of optical amplifiers Types of optical amplifiers

Introduction Fundamental of optical amplifiers Types of optical amplifiers ECE 6323 Introduction Fundamental of optical amplifiers Types of optical amplifiers Erbium-doped fiber amplifiers Semiconductor optical amplifier Others: stimulated Raman, optical parametric Advanced application:

More information

OPTI510R: Photonics. Khanh Kieu College of Optical Sciences, University of Arizona Meinel building R.626

OPTI510R: Photonics. Khanh Kieu College of Optical Sciences, University of Arizona Meinel building R.626 OPTI510R: Photonics Khanh Kieu College of Optical Sciences, University of Arizona kkieu@optics.arizona.edu Meinel building R.626 Announcements Homework #4 is due today, HW #5 is assigned (due April 8)

More information

- no emitters/amplifiers available. - complex process - no CMOS-compatible

- no emitters/amplifiers available. - complex process - no CMOS-compatible Advantages of photonic integrated circuits (PICs) in Microwave Photonics (MWP): compactness low-power consumption, stability flexibility possibility of aggregating optics and electronics functionalities

More information

A new picosecond Laser pulse generation method.

A new picosecond Laser pulse generation method. PULSE GATING : A new picosecond Laser pulse generation method. Picosecond lasers can be found in many fields of applications from research to industry. These lasers are very common in bio-photonics, non-linear

More information

Optical Communications and Networks - Review and Evolution (OPTI 500) Massoud Karbassian

Optical Communications and Networks - Review and Evolution (OPTI 500) Massoud Karbassian Optical Communications and Networks - Review and Evolution (OPTI 500) Massoud Karbassian m.karbassian@arizona.edu Contents Optical Communications: Review Optical Communications and Photonics Why Photonics?

More information

Lecture 6 Fiber Optical Communication Lecture 6, Slide 1

Lecture 6 Fiber Optical Communication Lecture 6, Slide 1 Lecture 6 Optical transmitters Photon processes in light matter interaction Lasers Lasing conditions The rate equations CW operation Modulation response Noise Light emitting diodes (LED) Power Modulation

More information

MICROWAVE photonics is an interdisciplinary area

MICROWAVE photonics is an interdisciplinary area 314 JOURNAL OF LIGHTWAVE TECHNOLOGY, VOL. 27, NO. 3, FEBRUARY 1, 2009 Microwave Photonics Jianping Yao, Senior Member, IEEE, Member, OSA (Invited Tutorial) Abstract Broadband and low loss capability of

More information

Solid-State Laser Engineering

Solid-State Laser Engineering Walter Koechner Solid-State Laser Engineering Fourth Extensively Revised and Updated Edition With 449 Figures Springer Contents 1. Introduction 1 1.1 Optical Amplification 1 1.2 Interaction of Radiation

More information

All-Optical Clock Division Using Period-one Oscillation of Optically Injected Semiconductor Laser

All-Optical Clock Division Using Period-one Oscillation of Optically Injected Semiconductor Laser International Conference on Logistics Engineering, Management and Computer Science (LEMCS 2014) All-Optical Clock Division Using Period-one Oscillation of Optically Injected Semiconductor Laser Shengxiao

More information

Contents for this Presentation. Multi-Service Transport

Contents for this Presentation. Multi-Service Transport Contents for this Presentation SDH/DWDM based Multi-Service Transport Platform by Khurram Shahzad ad Brief Contents Description for this of Presentation the Project Development of a Unified Transport Platform

More information

CHAPTER 4 RESULTS. 4.1 Introduction

CHAPTER 4 RESULTS. 4.1 Introduction CHAPTER 4 RESULTS 4.1 Introduction In this chapter focus are given more on WDM system. The results which are obtained mainly from the simulation work are presented. In simulation analysis, the study will

More information

WDM Concept and Components. EE 8114 Course Notes

WDM Concept and Components. EE 8114 Course Notes WDM Concept and Components EE 8114 Course Notes Part 1: WDM Concept Evolution of the Technology Why WDM? Capacity upgrade of existing fiber networks (without adding fibers) Transparency:Each optical channel

More information

Fiber-based components. by: Khanh Kieu

Fiber-based components. by: Khanh Kieu Fiber-based components by: Khanh Kieu Projects 1. Handling optical fibers, numerical aperture 2. Measurement of fiber attenuation 3. Connectors and splices 4. Free space coupling of laser into fibers 5.

More information

Elimination of Self-Pulsations in Dual-Clad, Ytterbium-Doped Fiber Lasers

Elimination of Self-Pulsations in Dual-Clad, Ytterbium-Doped Fiber Lasers Elimination of Self-Pulsations in Dual-Clad, Ytterbium-Doped Fiber Lasers 1.0 Modulation depth 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0.0 Laser 3 Laser 2 Laser 4 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Absorbed pump power (W) Laser 1 W. Guan and J. R.

More information

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO FACULTY OF APPLIED SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING. FINAL EXAMINATION, April 2017 DURATION: 2.5 hours

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO FACULTY OF APPLIED SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING. FINAL EXAMINATION, April 2017 DURATION: 2.5 hours UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO FACULTY OF APPLIED SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING ECE4691-111 S - FINAL EXAMINATION, April 2017 DURATION: 2.5 hours Optical Communication and Networks Calculator Type: 2 Exam Type: X Examiner:

More information

CWDM self-referencing sensor network based on ring resonators in reflective configuration

CWDM self-referencing sensor network based on ring resonators in reflective configuration CWDM self-referencing sensor network based on ring resonators in reflective configuration J. Montalvo, C. Vázquez, D. S. Montero Displays and Photonics Applications Group, Electronics Technology Department,

More information

Basic concepts. Optical Sources (b) Optical Sources (a) Requirements for light sources (b) Requirements for light sources (a)

Basic concepts. Optical Sources (b) Optical Sources (a) Requirements for light sources (b) Requirements for light sources (a) Optical Sources (a) Optical Sources (b) The main light sources used with fibre optic systems are: Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) Semiconductor lasers (diode lasers) Fibre laser and other compact solid-state

More information

High-Speed Quasi-Distributed Optical Fiber Sensing Based on Ultra-Weak Fiber Bragg Gratings

High-Speed Quasi-Distributed Optical Fiber Sensing Based on Ultra-Weak Fiber Bragg Gratings High-Speed Quasi-Distributed Optical Fiber Sensing Based on Ultra-Weak Fiber Bragg Gratings Lingmei Ma Dissertation submitted to the faculty of the Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University in

More information

Lecture 5 Fiber Optical Communication Lecture 5, Slide 1

Lecture 5 Fiber Optical Communication Lecture 5, Slide 1 Lecture 5 Bit error rate The Q value Receiver sensitivity Sensitivity degradation Extinction ratio RIN Timing jitter Chirp Forward error correction Fiber Optical Communication Lecture 5, Slide 1 Bit error

More information

University of Arizona ECE 430/530: Optical Communication Systems Spring 2010, Ivan B. Djordjevic Introduction to Fiber-Optics Communications

University of Arizona ECE 430/530: Optical Communication Systems Spring 2010, Ivan B. Djordjevic Introduction to Fiber-Optics Communications University of Arizona : Optical Communication Systems Spring 2010, Ivan B. Djordjevic Introduction to Fiber-Optics Communications 1 INTRODUCTION TO FIBER-OPTICS COMMUNICATIONS Optical communication systems

More information

Multi-wavelength laser generation with Bismuthbased Erbium-doped fiber

Multi-wavelength laser generation with Bismuthbased Erbium-doped fiber Multi-wavelength laser generation with Bismuthbased Erbium-doped fiber H. Ahmad 1, S. Shahi 1 and S. W. Harun 1,2* 1 Photonics Research Center, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 2 Department

More information

Dr. Rüdiger Paschotta RP Photonics Consulting GmbH. Competence Area: Fiber Devices

Dr. Rüdiger Paschotta RP Photonics Consulting GmbH. Competence Area: Fiber Devices Dr. Rüdiger Paschotta RP Photonics Consulting GmbH Competence Area: Fiber Devices Topics in this Area Fiber lasers, including exotic types Fiber amplifiers, including telecom-type devices and high power

More information

Optical Waveguides (OPT568)

Optical Waveguides (OPT568) 1/455 Optical Waveguides (OPT568) Govind P. Agrawal Institute of Optics University of Rochester Rochester, NY 14627 c 2008 G. P. Agrawal Optical Modulators Semiconductor waveguides useful for making amplitude

More information

Convergence Challenges of Photonics with Electronics

Convergence Challenges of Photonics with Electronics Convergence Challenges of Photonics with Electronics Edward Palen, Ph.D., P.E. PalenSolutions - Optoelectronic Packaging Consulting www.palensolutions.com palensolutions@earthlink.net 415-850-8166 October

More information

Optical Communications and Networks - Review and Evolution (OPTI 500) Massoud Karbassian

Optical Communications and Networks - Review and Evolution (OPTI 500) Massoud Karbassian Optical Communications and Networks - Review and Evolution (OPTI 500) Massoud Karbassian m.karbassian@arizona.edu Contents Optical Communications: Review Optical Communications and Photonics Why Photonics?

More information

White Paper Laser Sources For Optical Transceivers. Giacomo Losio ProLabs Head of Technology

White Paper Laser Sources For Optical Transceivers. Giacomo Losio ProLabs Head of Technology White Paper Laser Sources For Optical Transceivers Giacomo Losio ProLabs Head of Technology September 2014 Laser Sources For Optical Transceivers Optical transceivers use different semiconductor laser

More information

Ph.D. Course Spring Wireless Communications. Wirebound Communications

Ph.D. Course Spring Wireless Communications. Wirebound Communications Ph.D. Course Spring 2005 Danyo Danev associate professor Div. Data Transmission, Dept. Electrical Engineering Linköping University SWEDEN Wireless Communications Radio transmissions Mobile telephony Satellite

More information

Optical Transport Tutorial

Optical Transport Tutorial Optical Transport Tutorial 4 February 2015 2015 OpticalCloudInfra Proprietary 1 Content Optical Transport Basics Assessment of Optical Communication Quality Bit Error Rate and Q Factor Wavelength Division

More information

Absorption: in an OF, the loss of Optical power, resulting from conversion of that power into heat.

Absorption: in an OF, the loss of Optical power, resulting from conversion of that power into heat. Absorption: in an OF, the loss of Optical power, resulting from conversion of that power into heat. Scattering: The changes in direction of light confined within an OF, occurring due to imperfection in

More information

Frequency Noise Reduction of Integrated Laser Source with On-Chip Optical Feedback

Frequency Noise Reduction of Integrated Laser Source with On-Chip Optical Feedback MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC RESEARCH LABORATORIES http://www.merl.com Frequency Noise Reduction of Integrated Laser Source with On-Chip Optical Feedback Song, B.; Kojima, K.; Pina, S.; Koike-Akino, T.; Wang, B.;

More information

ECEN689: Special Topics in Optical Interconnects Circuits and Systems Spring 2016

ECEN689: Special Topics in Optical Interconnects Circuits and Systems Spring 2016 ECEN689: Special Topics in Optical Interconnects Circuits and Systems Spring 016 Lecture 7: Transmitter Analysis Sam Palermo Analog & Mixed-Signal Center Texas A&M University Optical Modulation Techniques

More information

DBR based passively mode-locked 1.5m semiconductor laser with 9 nm tuning range Moskalenko, V.; Williams, K.A.; Bente, E.A.J.M.

DBR based passively mode-locked 1.5m semiconductor laser with 9 nm tuning range Moskalenko, V.; Williams, K.A.; Bente, E.A.J.M. DBR based passively mode-locked 1.5m semiconductor laser with 9 nm tuning range Moskalenko, V.; Williams, K.A.; Bente, E.A.J.M. Published in: Proceedings of the 20th Annual Symposium of the IEEE Photonics

More information

A broadband fiber ring laser technique with stable and tunable signal-frequency operation

A broadband fiber ring laser technique with stable and tunable signal-frequency operation A broadband fiber ring laser technique with stable and tunable signal-frequency operation Chien-Hung Yeh 1 and Sien Chi 2, 3 1 Transmission System Department, Computer & Communications Research Laboratories,

More information

10 Optical Multi-Channel Systems (OTDM / OWDM) (24/05/2004 korr.)

10 Optical Multi-Channel Systems (OTDM / OWDM) (24/05/2004 korr.) 10 Optical Multi-Channel Systems (OTDM / OWDM) (24/05/2004 korr.) 10-1 WDM Tb/s-Link (20Gb/s x2x80=3.6tb/s) 0 10cm Array Waveguide 1:100 Wavelength Demultiplexor 10-2 Goals of the chapter: In order to

More information

Generation of gigantic nanosecond pulses through Raman-Brillouin- Rayleigh cooperative process in single-mode optical fiber

Generation of gigantic nanosecond pulses through Raman-Brillouin- Rayleigh cooperative process in single-mode optical fiber Generation of gigantic nanosecond pulses through Raman-Brillouin- Rayleigh cooperative process in single-mode optical fiber Gautier Ravet a, Andrei A. Fotiadi a, b, Patrice Mégret a, Michel Blondel a a

More information

Chapter 12: Optical Amplifiers: Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifiers (EDFAs)

Chapter 12: Optical Amplifiers: Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifiers (EDFAs) Chapter 12: Optical Amplifiers: Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifiers (EDFAs) Prof. Dr. Yaocheng SHI ( 时尧成 ) yaocheng@zju.edu.cn http://mypage.zju.edu.cn/yaocheng 1 Traditional Optical Communication System Loss

More information

Review of Semiconductor Physics

Review of Semiconductor Physics Review of Semiconductor Physics k B 1.38 u 10 23 JK -1 a) Energy level diagrams showing the excitation of an electron from the valence band to the conduction band. The resultant free electron can freely

More information

Fiber Optics Engineering

Fiber Optics Engineering Fiber Optics Engineering For further volumes: http://www.springer.com/series/6976 Optical Networks Series Editor: Biswanath Mukherjee University of California, Davis Davis, CA Mohammad Azadeh Fiber Optics

More information

A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser

A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser Haisheng Rong, Richard Jones,.. - Intel Corporation Ultrafast Terahertz nanoelectronics Lab Jae-seok Kim 1 Contents 1. Abstract 2. Background I. Raman scattering II.

More information

Fiber Optic Communications Communication Systems

Fiber Optic Communications Communication Systems INTRODUCTION TO FIBER-OPTIC COMMUNICATIONS A fiber-optic system is similar to the copper wire system in many respects. The difference is that fiber-optics use light pulses to transmit information down

More information

Faculty of Science, Art and Heritage, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia.

Faculty of Science, Art and Heritage, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia. An All-Optical Frequency Up/Down-Converter Utilizing Stimulated Brillouin Scattering In A Trf And Dcf For Rof Application N. A. Awang 1,2, H. Ahmad 2, S. F. Norizan 2, M.Z. Zulkifli 2, Z.A.Ghani 4 and

More information

Performance Analysis Of An Ultra High Capacity 1 Tbps DWDM-RoF System For Very Narrow Channel Spacing

Performance Analysis Of An Ultra High Capacity 1 Tbps DWDM-RoF System For Very Narrow Channel Spacing Performance Analysis Of An Ultra High Capacity 1 Tbps DWDM-RoF System For Very Narrow Channel Spacing Viyoma Sarup* and Amit Gupta Chandigarh University Punjab, India *viyoma123@gmail.com Abstract A RoF

More information

Optical generation of frequency stable mm-wave radiation using diode laser pumped Nd:YAG lasers

Optical generation of frequency stable mm-wave radiation using diode laser pumped Nd:YAG lasers Optical generation of frequency stable mm-wave radiation using diode laser pumped Nd:YAG lasers T. Day and R. A. Marsland New Focus Inc. 340 Pioneer Way Mountain View CA 94041 (415) 961-2108 R. L. Byer

More information

32-Channel DWDM System Design and Simulation by Using EDFA with DCF and Raman Amplifiers

32-Channel DWDM System Design and Simulation by Using EDFA with DCF and Raman Amplifiers 2012 International Conference on Information and Computer Networks (ICICN 2012) IPCSIT vol. 27 (2012) (2012) IACSIT Press, Singapore 32-Channel DWDM System Design and Simulation by Using EDFA with DCF

More information

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1 CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 OVERVIEW OF OPTICAL COMMUNICATION Optical fiber completely replaces coaxial cable and other low attenuation, free from electromagnetic interferences, comparatively less cost

More information

rd IEEE International Semiconductor Laser Conference (ISLC 2012) San Diego, California, USA 7 10 October IEEE Catalog Number: ISBN:

rd IEEE International Semiconductor Laser Conference (ISLC 2012) San Diego, California, USA 7 10 October IEEE Catalog Number: ISBN: 2012 23rd IEEE International Semiconductor Laser Conference (ISLC 2012) San Diego, California, USA 7 10 October 2012 IEEE Catalog Number: ISBN: CFP12SLC-PRT 978-1-4577-0828-2 Monday, October 8, 2012 PLE

More information

Visible to infrared high-speed WDM transmission over PCF

Visible to infrared high-speed WDM transmission over PCF Visible to infrared high-speed WDM transmission over PCF Koji Ieda a), Kenji Kurokawa, Katsusuke Tajima, and Kazuhide Nakajima NTT Access Network Service Systems Laboratories, NTT Corporation, 1 7 1 Hanabatake,

More information

M.Tech.(Photonics) Electronics Electrical and Instrumentation Physics and Applied Optics

M.Tech.(Photonics) Electronics Electrical and Instrumentation Physics and Applied Optics M.Tech.(Photonics) Photonics is the technology of creation, transmission, detection, control and application of light. Fibre optic communication is an important part of photonics. It uses photons to carry

More information

The absorption of the light may be intrinsic or extrinsic

The absorption of the light may be intrinsic or extrinsic Attenuation Fiber Attenuation Types 1- Material Absorption losses 2- Intrinsic Absorption 3- Extrinsic Absorption 4- Scattering losses (Linear and nonlinear) 5- Bending Losses (Micro & Macro) Material

More information

Investigation of the impact of fiber Bragg grating bandwidth on the efficiency of a fiber Raman laser

Investigation of the impact of fiber Bragg grating bandwidth on the efficiency of a fiber Raman laser Investigation of the impact of fiber Bragg grating bandwidth on the efficiency of a fiber Raman laser US-Australia meeting May12, 2015 Leanne J. Henry, Michael Klopfer (1), and Ravi Jain (1) (1) University

More information

Waveguide-based single-pixel up-conversion infrared spectrometer

Waveguide-based single-pixel up-conversion infrared spectrometer Waveguide-based single-pixel up-conversion infrared spectrometer Qiang Zhang 1,2, Carsten Langrock 1, M. M. Fejer 1, Yoshihisa Yamamoto 1,2 1. Edward L. Ginzton Laboratory, Stanford University, Stanford,

More information

Silicon Light Machines Patents

Silicon Light Machines Patents 820 Kifer Road, Sunnyvale, CA 94086 Tel. 408-240-4700 Fax 408-456-0708 www.siliconlight.com Silicon Light Machines Patents USPTO No. US 5,808,797 US 5,841,579 US 5,798,743 US 5,661,592 US 5,629,801 US

More information

GoToWebinar Housekeeping: attendee screen Lumerical Solutions, Inc.

GoToWebinar Housekeeping: attendee screen Lumerical Solutions, Inc. GoToWebinar Housekeeping: attendee screen 2012 Lumerical Solutions, Inc. GoToWebinar Housekeeping: your participation Open and hide your control panel Join audio: Choose Mic & Speakers to use VoIP Choose

More information

Mode-locking and frequency beating in. compact semiconductor lasers. Michael J. Strain

Mode-locking and frequency beating in. compact semiconductor lasers. Michael J. Strain Mode-locking and frequency beating in Michael J. Strain Institute of Photonics Dept. of Physics University of Strathclyde compact semiconductor lasers Outline Pulsed lasers Mode-locking basics Semiconductor

More information

Development of Nano Second Pulsed Lasers Using Polarization Maintaining Fibers

Development of Nano Second Pulsed Lasers Using Polarization Maintaining Fibers Development of Nano Second Pulsed Lasers Using Polarization Maintaining Fibers Shun-ichi Matsushita*, * 2, Taizo Miyato*, * 2, Hiroshi Hashimoto*, * 2, Eisuke Otani* 2, Tatsuji Uchino* 2, Akira Fujisaki*,

More information

UNIT I INTRODUCTION TO OPTICAL FIBERS

UNIT I INTRODUCTION TO OPTICAL FIBERS UNIT I INTRODUCTION TO OPTICAL FIBERS 9 Evolution of fiber optic system Element of an Optical Fiber Transmission link Total internal reflection Acceptance angle Numerical aperture Skew rays Ray Optics

More information

HFTA-08.0: Receivers and Transmitters in DWDM Systems

HFTA-08.0: Receivers and Transmitters in DWDM Systems HFTA-08.0: Receivers and Transmitters in DWDM Systems The rapidly growing internet traffic demands a near-continuous expansion of data-transmission capacity. To avoid traffic jams on the data highways,

More information

Fundamentals of DWDM Technology

Fundamentals of DWDM Technology CHAPTER 2 The emergence of DWDM is one of the most recent and important phenomena in the development of fiber optic transmission technology. In the following discussion we briefly trace the stages of fiber

More information

Cost-effective wavelength-tunable fiber laser using self-seeding Fabry-Perot laser diode

Cost-effective wavelength-tunable fiber laser using self-seeding Fabry-Perot laser diode Cost-effective wavelength-tunable fiber laser using self-seeding Fabry-Perot laser diode Chien Hung Yeh, 1* Fu Yuan Shih, 2 Chia Hsuan Wang, 3 Chi Wai Chow, 3 and Sien Chi 2, 3 1 Information and Communications

More information

Chapter 1 Introduction

Chapter 1 Introduction Chapter 1 Introduction 1-1 Preface Telecommunication lasers have evolved substantially since the introduction of the early AlGaAs-based semiconductor lasers in the late 1970s suitable for transmitting

More information

Chapter 8. Wavelength-Division Multiplexing (WDM) Part II: Amplifiers

Chapter 8. Wavelength-Division Multiplexing (WDM) Part II: Amplifiers Chapter 8 Wavelength-Division Multiplexing (WDM) Part II: Amplifiers Introduction Traditionally, when setting up an optical link, one formulates a power budget and adds repeaters when the path loss exceeds

More information

Lecture 9 External Modulators and Detectors

Lecture 9 External Modulators and Detectors Optical Fibres and Telecommunications Lecture 9 External Modulators and Detectors Introduction Where are we? A look at some real laser diodes. External modulators Mach-Zender Electro-absorption modulators

More information

APPLIED ELECTROMAGNETICS: EARLY TRANSMISSION LINES APPROACH

APPLIED ELECTROMAGNETICS: EARLY TRANSMISSION LINES APPROACH APPLIED ELECTROMAGNETICS: EARLY TRANSMISSION LINES APPROACH STUART M. WENTWORTH Auburn University IICENTBN Nlfll 1807; WILEY 2 OO 7 ; Ttt^TlLtftiTTu CONTENTS CHAPTER1 Introduction 1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5

More information

Fiberoptic and Waveguide Sensors

Fiberoptic and Waveguide Sensors Fiberoptic and Waveguide Sensors Wei-Chih Wang Department of Mecahnical Engineering University of Washington Optical sensors Advantages: -immune from electromagnetic field interference (EMI) - extreme

More information