TETRA in North America

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1 TETRA in North America IWCE Workshop February 21, 2012 Peter Clemons Director of Communications, Teltronic S.A.U.

2 Agenda Brief introduction to PowerTrunk Brief introduction to TETRA TETRA regulatory issues in North America TETRA for transit (including comments on US pilots) TETRA for utilities (including comments on first North American network deployment for BC Hydro)

3 About PowerTrunk Inc. Focus Experience Technology Flexibility Subsidiary of Teltronic S.A.U., one of the five major global TETRA vendors. Reliable Ethernet/IP-based multi-technology TETRA/P25 and LTE/WiMax platforms. Technological independence from third parties; we develop and own 100 % of the technology. Readiness to customize.

4 PowerTrunk TETRA footprint Mexico City New York Bogota Lima Salvador Rio Sao Paulo Zaragoza Rabat Warsaw Kiev Istanbul Cairo Dubai Delhi Kuala Lumpur Singapore Jakarta Seoul Buenos Aires Johannesburg Melbourne Countries where PowerTrunk/Teltronic has been awarded with TETRA contracts to date Headquarters Subsidiary Commercial office Local Customer Service

5 What is TETRA A standard defined by ETSI in the 90 s with contributions from Motorola, Nokia, Thomson, Alcatel and Marconi. 4-slot TDMA architecture over 25 KHz channels (narrowband compliant). π/4-dqpsk, 2-bit symbol modulation for a raw bit stream of 36 Kbps multiplexed in four channels. Designed for use in 300 MHz 1 GHz. Actions underway at ETSI to extend the range down to 130 MHz. Commercially available at global level in , , and MHz plus some special bands. TETRA systems deployed in at least 125 countries to date.

6 What TETRA can offer Excellent cellular-like speech quality. Full-duplex and half-duplex voice calls. Private, group, broadcast and emergency calls. Status and short data messages (text, GPS, ). IP packet data (4.8, 9.6 and 19.2 Kbps). Circuit data (7.2, 14.4 and 28.8 Kbps). Fast call setup (< 0.5 sec) Direct mode operation (DMO). Peripheral equipment interface (PEI).

7 Why TETRA was not available in North America Default RF TETRA signal does not meet two mandatory FCC 47 CFR 90 requirements: Mask B (equipment with audio low pass filter). As defined by FCC 47 CFR Occupied bandwidth < 20 KHz. As defined by FCC 47 CFR & Therefore no TETRA equipment received type acceptance from the FCC or Industry Canada in the past decade.

8 How TETRA was made available PowerTrunk research showed that a minor change in one of the parameters of the square raised cosine filter of the TETRA modulation (alpha) made it compliant with Part 90 rules while full interoperability was retained as the bit stream remains unchanged. The operational impact is inconsequential (1 db of RF power loss) as inter-symbol interference (receiver) and peak-to-average ratio (amplifier) stay well within the requirements of the TETRA standard. The default value of alpha is 0.35, an implementation which has been defined by the FCC as full power TETRA while alpha = 0.2 is Part-90-compliant and is defined by the FCC as reduced power TETRA.

9 Occupied bandwidth vs. roll-off value Roll-off factor (α) RRC Modulation Filter Occupied Bandwidth (KHz) (as defined FCC 47 CFR ) with Square Windowed version RRC filter 1 Occupied Bandwidth (KHz) (as defined FCC 47 CFR ) with Hamming Windowed version RRC filter (default value) Practical implementation of square windowed RRC filter is contemplated by ETSI EN

10 TETRA 0.35 and 0.2 vs. Mask B

11 Reduced power TETRA performance issues Field tests have shown no operational loss of performance Source: PowerTrunk (BC Hydro trials in Vancouver area)

12 TETRA 0.35 and TETRA 0.2 interoperability TMO 0.35 or 0.2 TETRA network TMO DMO TETRA 0.35 TETRA TETRA 0.2 equipment can pass 100 % of the TETRA Interoperability Profile (TIP) tests as defined by the TETRA Association, interoperating with standard equipment from all vendors. Find TIPs at

13 Waiver granted by the FCC (1) Upon TCCA (TETRA Association) s request, last April 26, 2011 the FCC issued a notice of proposed rule making and order which includes a waiver to allow TETRA to operate in certain bands without the emission restrictions as defined by Part 90 rules. The waiver is applicable to MHz and / MHz sub-bands with some restrictions. The FCC based its decision in the declared TCCA s intention not to address PSS markets with TETRA.

14 Waiver granted by the FCC (2) The FCC notice releases those vendors that had obtained type acceptance earlier from the obligation to go through lab testing again with the full RF power implementation of TETRA. This is the most remarkable effect of the FCC order as it confirms that PowerTrunk s implementation is compliant with the TETRA standard. The existing certificates in , and Mhz remain valid and are furthermore endorsed by the FCC. Other bands shall follow in the near future.

15 Regulatory Update Industry Canada changed its RSS-119 rules in 2011 to accept TETRA without modifications (α = 0.35) in all frequency bands. A rulemaking is underway at the FCC to confirm, expand or cancel the waiver granted on April 26, An Order On Clarification in regard to the April 2011 waiver was issued by the FCC last September 28, 2011 which basically imposed additional restrictions on the bands previously waived from Part 90 compliance. Neither the waiver nor its associated restrictions affect PowerTrunk s existing type acceptance certificates as PowerTrunk equipment is Part-90-compliant.

16 PowerTrunk type acceptance certificates BSR75 HTT500 MDT400 EQUIPMENT EMISSION DESIGNATORS FCC GRANT INDUSTRY CANADA BSR MHz D7W, D7E, D7D WT7PTRNKTBSR A-PTRKT410 BSR MHz D7W, D7E, D7D WT7PTRNKTBSR A-PTRKT450 BSR MHz D7W, D7E, D7D WT7PTRNKTBSR A-PTRKT800 HTT MHz D1W, D1E, D1D, Q1W, Q1E, Q1D WT7PTRKTHTT A-PTHTT410 HTT MHz D7W, D7E, D7D, Q7W, Q7E, Q7D WT7PTRKTHTT A-PTHTT800 MDT MHz D7W, D7E, D7D, Q7W, Q7E, Q7D WT7PTRKTMDT A-PTMDT410 MDT MHz D7W, D7E, D7D, Q7W, Q7E, Q7D WT7PTRKTMDT A-PTMDT450 MDT MHz D7W, D7E, D7D, Q7W, Q7E, Q7D WT7PTRKTMDT A-PTMDT800

17 TETRA for Transit (1) Optimized polling to update the position of thousands of vehicles in seconds. Dual TETRA-analog on-board equipment allows a smooth migration from analog to digital. Ethernet is native allowing easy integration into IP corporate or dedicated networks. Remote command and control of vehicles.

18 TETRA for Transit (2) CeCoTrans - PowerTrunk CAD platform for transit applications

19 Some Major PowerTrunk/Teltronic TETRA Projects Spain Barcelona Buses (TMB) Barcelona Metro (TMB) Madrid Metro & Light Rail Basque Country Gov. Canary Islands Gov. Balearic Islands Gov. United States New Jersey Transit (Pilot) New York City Transit (Pilot) Brazil Supervia, Río de Janeiro Railway Rio de Janeiro Military Police Peru First TETRA pilot ever in the United States Lima Light Rail First TETRA contract ever in North America Canada BC Hydro Lower Mainland Network France & Switzerland Buses for 15 Cities Mexico Mexico City Metro Mexico City Buenavista Light Rail Chile Santiago Metro Colombia Bogota Buses (Transmilenio) North Atlantic Railway (FENOCO) Russia Moscow - St. Petersburg Railway South Korea Seoul Metro Incheon Police Department (Seoul) Argentina Ministry of Security of Neuquen Ministry of Security of Entre Rios Germany: Nuremberg Metro Transit PSS/Utilities

20 Mexico City Metro and Light Rail

21 Mexico City Metro and Light Rail Felipe Calderón, President of Mexico, driving a train in Mexico City. TETRA console on the left

22 Moscow St. Petersburg Railway, Russia 51 radio sites to cover 800 km of line. 2 geographically diverse redundant switching nodes. Gateway to Russian signalling data. Gateway to the Russian Railway PABX. Recording of all communications. Monitoring systems according to SORM specifications (Ministry of Internal Affairs).

23 Barcelona Underground Line 9, Spain (Pop 4.5M) 46 Km, 51 stations and 90 million passengers/year

24 Barcelona Underground Line 9, Spain Total coverage: 36 radio sites and 2 redundant switching nodes. Compact solution (RTP on-board equipment) connected to Train Management systems: Public address / intercom / passenger information systems (PIS). Voice communications control. Monitoring and remote control of rolling stock. Data capabilities: Train command management and alarms from/ to the Control Center (remote control, alarms, timetables information, station, incidents, etc...) to improve operation and maintenance under UTO (unattended train operation).

25 Supervia Rio de Janeiro Railways, Brazil (Pop 10M) 7 radio sites and 1 switching node. More than 350 on-board terminals. 1 Control Center (CeCoTRANS) with 6 operators

26 Zaragoza Tramway, Spain 5 radio sites and 1 switching node. On-board terminals. Dispatching terminals. Integration with external ITS application.

27 Lima Light Train, Peru (Pop 7M) 5 radio sites and 1 switching node. Local site controllers LSC for site standalone operation in fallback mode. Hand portables, mobile and desktop terminals.

28 Transmilenio Bogota buses, Colombia (Pop 8M) 1621 buses, 1.4 million passengers/day

29 NJ Transit and NYC Transit Pilots The first TETRA LMR pilot network in the US The largest transit agency in the United States

30 NJ Transit and NYC Transit Pilots Two-site network in 800MHz. Mobile and portable terminals with GPS. Integration with third party CAD system (NJ Transit). Integration with legacy VHF systems Integration with PABX/PSTN. Text messaging to and from cell phones. FCC type acceptance obtained for all TETRA equipment.

31 TETRA for Utilities RTU Supports telemetry and SCADA. Hybrid TETRA/WiMAX/LTE networks for SmartGrid applications. TETRA / WiMAX-LTE Integration with SCADA applications Computer Aided Dispatchers

32 BC Hydro pilot: Comprehensive scope of functionality TMO Coverage 2 DMO Repeater 1A DMO Gateway Site Base Station 2 DMO Coverage 1 System Central Node Site Base Station 1 TMO Coverage 1 NMS / Line Dispatche r Data PC Intra-site TMO operation Inter-site TMO operation Roaming and handover Data connections DMO mode operation DMO-to-TMO and TMO-to DMO operation (Gateway) PSTN/PABX interconnection Network management system /line dispatcher DMO repeater 1ª functionality

33 BC Hydro 1 st Fully Operational Network in North America October PowerTrunk, together with partner S.M. Group International (Smi) selected to implement first fully operational TETRA network in N. America Coverage of Vancouver Lower Mainland region of British Columbia province, Canada 25 TETRA MHz site base stations connected via BC Hydro IP backhaul network Up to 820 TETRA terminals: 450 mobiles, 350 handhelds, 20 fixed Support for 14 dispatchers 3 Powertrunk CeCoCo command & control centers interfacing to BC Hydro s VHF system Complete deployment expected by end-2012

34 BC Hydro coverage map

35 Summary TETRA is an efficient, narrowband-compliant LMR technology in use in at least 125 countries, including Canada and Mexico. Major end-users in the United States have carried out successful trials with TETRA equipment. PowerTrunk TETRA implementation has been fully type accepted by the FCC. No waiver is needed for its deployment (nor do its associated restrictions apply). Another TETRA vendor (the British firm Sepura) obtained also type acceptance for its range of subscriber units. TETRA addresses the mission critical requirements of transit agencies, utilities and other industries.

36 Visit us at IWCE Booth 2076

37 Thank You Peter Clemons TETRA in North America February 21, 2012 Copyright 2012 PowerTrunk Inc. All rights reserved

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