Metal-Oxide-Silicon (MOS) devices PMOS. n-type

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Metal-Oxide-Silicon (MOS) devices PMOS. n-type"

Transcription

1 Metal-Oxide-Silicon (MOS devices Principle of MOS Field Effect Transistor transistor operation Metal (poly gate on oxide between source and drain Source and drain implants of opposite type to substrate. Gate is biased to invert channel below oxide apply voltage bias to gate, which... gives field across oxide modulates current in conducting channel PMOS transistor can be used as switch (digital or amplifier (analogue L p W p n-type 12

2 MOS Field Effect Transistor Operation - input signal is voltage on gate very high input impedance > Ω I-V behaviour nmos V G > V T to switch on, vary V DS linear region source G oxide D I DS body pmos S gate D G body nmos S n-fet drain I DS ~ (V G - V T V DS saturation region n type channel pinch off near drain I DS ~ (V G - V T 2 p type inverted channel depleted region substrate I DS / V GS = i ds /v gs = g m = (2µC ox I DS W/L 1/2 transconductance defined by geometry & current only - important for IC design 13

3 Designing with MOSFETs Mostly operate in saturation - choice of gate-source voltage determines current but often bias with current source, so gate voltage "selected by" current 2SK3019 small signal switching linear region saturation region slope g m in saturation region 14

4 Simple MOSFET applications Voltage controlled switch very high resistance in OFF state R ON ~ 5-100Ω fast response ~nsec bi-directional Voltage controlled resistor operate in linear region R DS ~ 1/(V G - V T convenient for IC design i in +V 0V input on off Multiplexer A[0:3] output V control CSample and Hold in 0 in 1 in 2 in 3 output Address decoder v out 15

5 ElectroStatic Discharge MOS circuits are prone to damage from ESD gate oxides are thin layers - few nm in advanced technologies oxide breakdown field < 1000MV/m = 1V/nm Human body can easily charge to 30-40kV walking across carpet on a dry day precautions: circuits designed with protection diodes stand on conductive pad and earth body with wrist strap 4000V ESD test 16

6 CMOS = Complementary MOS Both pmos and nmos transistors on same wafer by putting p-type "wells" into n-type wafer (or vice-versa build nmos transistors in locally p-type region Why? NMOS inverter CMOS inverter V DD V DD V DD R 0 V DD 0 NMOS consumes power in low state basis of almost all modern logic CMOS version consumes power only when switching In IC technologies, accurate resistors are harder to make than C and transistors 17

7 Junction FET Almost identical to MOSFET - difference is Gate is implanted p-n junction voltage on gate depletes bulk silicon current conducting channel reduced or enlarged V GS -> I DS G D S Characteristics - similar to MOSFET gate is reverse biased diode high input impedance ( 10 9 Ω small current from diode leakage usually operated in saturation channel 'pinched off' by depletion. drain p type gate source typical values g m ~ 10mA/V = 1/100Ω = 10mS n type I DS n + depleted region 18

8 FET circuits Building blocks resemble bipolar circuits Source follower (cf emitter follower i ds = g m (v g - v s = g m (v in - v s v out = v s = i ds = g m (v in - v s v out /v in = g m /(1 + g m 1 R in ~ Ω R out = R DS = /(1 + g m not low v in i d = v gs g m v out Common Source amplifier - v out /v in = -g m R D /(1 + g m R in high R out R D R DS = R D /(1 + g m R D v out v in R D = v in g m v in i out but more common configuration uses current source with suitable load i out = g m v in 19

9 FET limitations On Resistance although small, it contributes to RC time in fast switches Capacitance inevitable capacitances between nodes, important for high speed circuits C gate ~ C ox WL for MOSFETs Relevance to op-amps FET amplifiers have much higher input impedance and draw much lower currents Cautions Latch-up under certain conditions, parasitic bipolar transistors formed MOS circuits can go into high current states - destructive ESD care needed in handling protection networks can degrade performance 20

10 Another building block - the current mirror (if time Q 1 & Q 2 are identical transistors V BE1 = V BE2 and V BE (kt/qlog e I E so I out = I ref R load widely used in ICs where closely matched transistors are easy to construct - useful to program currents add a resistor I out =(kt/qrlog e (I ref /I out eg R = 1kΩ, I ref = 1mA => I out = 67µA add another resistor V BE1 V BE2 I 1 /I 2 = R 2 /R 1 R also works for discrete circuits R 1 R

11 Band-gap circuit To be more precise, V BE ~ log(current density so in non-matched transistors with same current, and ratio of emitter areas r V BE1 -V BE2 = (kt/qln(r easy to achieve in IC technology Principle of AD590 T sensor Proportional To Absolute Temperature (PTAT I 1 = I 2 V BE = (kt/qln(r = I 1 R I = I 1 + I 2 = (2kT/qRln(r r = 8 R 1kΩ I 300K R should vary little with T AD590 precision actual AD590 only slightly more complicated R + I 1 I r 1 I

12 Transistor differential amplifier (for the ambitious DC R 1 is large, to act as current source V A = V EE + IR 1 V E1 = V A + I 1 R E V E2 = V A + I 2 R E (ignoring r e AC v 1 V CC R C R C v o v 2 I 1 R E A R E I 2 v 1 = v A + i 1 R E = ir 1 + i 1 R E v 2 = v A + i 1 R E = ir 1 + i 2 R E I R 1 i = i 1 + i 2 v 1 - v 2 = (i 1 - i 2 R E v 0 = - i 2 R C For differential inputs v 1 = - v 2 so i = 0 G diff = v 0 /(v 2 - v 1 = R C /2R E Common mode v 1 = v 2 = v cm /2 v 1 + v 2 = 2iR 1 + (i 1 + i 2 R E = i(2r 1 +R E V EE Variants - R C in Q1 loop omitted - replace R by current source - omit R E s - differential outputs G cm = v 0 /v cm = -R C /(2R 1 +R E CMRR 2R 1 /R E R 1 >> R E 23

13 What's inside an op-amp Look for the building blocks... MOS IC amplifiers look similar but currents determined by transistor aspect ratios 24

Design cycle for MEMS

Design cycle for MEMS Design cycle for MEMS Design cycle for ICs IC Process Selection nmos CMOS BiCMOS ECL for logic for I/O and driver circuit for critical high speed parts of the system The Real Estate of a Wafer MOS Transistor

More information

Transistor electronic technologies

Transistor electronic technologies Transistor electronic technologies Bipolar Junction Transistor discrete or integrated circuit discrete = individual component MOS (Metal-Oxide-Silicon) Field Effect Transistor mainly used in integrated

More information

Prof. Paolo Colantonio a.a

Prof. Paolo Colantonio a.a Prof. Paolo Colantonio a.a. 20 2 Field effect transistors (FETs) are probably the simplest form of transistor, widely used in both analogue and digital applications They are characterised by a very high

More information

Q1. Explain the construction and principle of operation of N-Channel and P-Channel Junction Field Effect Transistor (JFET).

Q1. Explain the construction and principle of operation of N-Channel and P-Channel Junction Field Effect Transistor (JFET). Q. Explain the construction and principle of operation of N-Channel and P-Channel Junction Field Effect Transistor (JFET). Answer: N-Channel Junction Field Effect Transistor (JFET) Construction: Drain(D)

More information

BJT Amplifier. Superposition principle (linear amplifier)

BJT Amplifier. Superposition principle (linear amplifier) BJT Amplifier Two types analysis DC analysis Applied DC voltage source AC analysis Time varying signal source Superposition principle (linear amplifier) The response of a linear amplifier circuit excited

More information

Field-Effect Transistor (FET) is one of the two major transistors; FET derives its name from its working mechanism;

Field-Effect Transistor (FET) is one of the two major transistors; FET derives its name from its working mechanism; Chapter 3 Field-Effect Transistors (FETs) 3.1 Introduction Field-Effect Transistor (FET) is one of the two major transistors; FET derives its name from its working mechanism; The concept has been known

More information

Physics 364, Fall 2012, reading due your answers to by 11pm on Thursday

Physics 364, Fall 2012, reading due your answers to by 11pm on Thursday Physics 364, Fall 2012, reading due 2012-10-25. Email your answers to ashmansk@hep.upenn.edu by 11pm on Thursday Course materials and schedule are at http://positron.hep.upenn.edu/p364 Assignment: (a)

More information

Depletion-mode operation ( 공핍형 ): Using an input gate voltage to effectively decrease the channel size of an FET

Depletion-mode operation ( 공핍형 ): Using an input gate voltage to effectively decrease the channel size of an FET Ch. 13 MOSFET Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor Field-Effect Transistor : I D D-mode E-mode V g The gate oxide is made of dielectric SiO 2 with e = 3.9 Depletion-mode operation ( 공핍형 ): Using an input gate voltage

More information

Difference between BJTs and FETs. Junction Field Effect Transistors (JFET)

Difference between BJTs and FETs. Junction Field Effect Transistors (JFET) Difference between BJTs and FETs Transistors can be categorized according to their structure, and two of the more commonly known transistor structures, are the BJT and FET. The comparison between BJTs

More information

L MOSFETS, IDENTIFICATION, CURVES. PAGE 1. I. Review of JFET (DRAW symbol for n-channel type, with grounded source)

L MOSFETS, IDENTIFICATION, CURVES. PAGE 1. I. Review of JFET (DRAW symbol for n-channel type, with grounded source) L.107.4 MOSFETS, IDENTIFICATION, CURVES. PAGE 1 I. Review of JFET (DRAW symbol for n-channel type, with grounded source) 1. "normally on" device A. current from source to drain when V G = 0 no need to

More information

Three Terminal Devices

Three Terminal Devices Three Terminal Devices - field effect transistor (FET) - bipolar junction transistor (BJT) - foundation on which modern electronics is built - active devices - devices described completely by considering

More information

MOSFET & IC Basics - GATE Problems (Part - I)

MOSFET & IC Basics - GATE Problems (Part - I) MOSFET & IC Basics - GATE Problems (Part - I) 1. Channel current is reduced on application of a more positive voltage to the GATE of the depletion mode n channel MOSFET. (True/False) [GATE 1994: 1 Mark]

More information

Georgia Institute of Technology School of Electrical and Computer Engineering. Midterm Exam

Georgia Institute of Technology School of Electrical and Computer Engineering. Midterm Exam Georgia Institute of Technology School of Electrical and Computer Engineering Midterm Exam ECE-3400 Fall 2013 Tue, September 24, 2013 Duration: 80min First name Solutions Last name Solutions ID number

More information

UNIT-1 Bipolar Junction Transistors. Text Book:, Microelectronic Circuits 6 ed., by Sedra and Smith, Oxford Press

UNIT-1 Bipolar Junction Transistors. Text Book:, Microelectronic Circuits 6 ed., by Sedra and Smith, Oxford Press UNIT-1 Bipolar Junction Transistors Text Book:, Microelectronic Circuits 6 ed., by Sedra and Smith, Oxford Press Figure 6.1 A simplified structure of the npn transistor. Microelectronic Circuits, Sixth

More information

Lecture 3: Transistors

Lecture 3: Transistors Lecture 3: Transistors Now that we know about diodes, let s put two of them together, as follows: collector base emitter n p n moderately doped lightly doped, and very thin heavily doped At first glance,

More information

Device Technologies. Yau - 1

Device Technologies. Yau - 1 Device Technologies Yau - 1 Objectives After studying the material in this chapter, you will be able to: 1. Identify differences between analog and digital devices and passive and active components. Explain

More information

55:041 Electronic Circuits

55:041 Electronic Circuits 55:041 Electronic Circuits Mosfet Review Sections of Chapter 3 &4 A. Kruger Mosfet Review, Page-1 Basic Structure of MOS Capacitor Sect. 3.1 Width 1 10-6 m or less Thickness 50 10-9 m or less ` MOS Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor

More information

Unit III FET and its Applications. 2 Marks Questions and Answers

Unit III FET and its Applications. 2 Marks Questions and Answers Unit III FET and its Applications 2 Marks Questions and Answers 1. Why do you call FET as field effect transistor? The name field effect is derived from the fact that the current is controlled by an electric

More information

Week 7: Common-Collector Amplifier, MOS Field Effect Transistor

Week 7: Common-Collector Amplifier, MOS Field Effect Transistor EE 2110A Electronic Circuits Week 7: Common-Collector Amplifier, MOS Field Effect Transistor ecture 07-1 Topics to coer Common-Collector Amplifier MOS Field Effect Transistor Physical Operation and I-V

More information

An introduction to Depletion-mode MOSFETs By Linden Harrison

An introduction to Depletion-mode MOSFETs By Linden Harrison An introduction to Depletion-mode MOSFETs By Linden Harrison Since the mid-nineteen seventies the enhancement-mode MOSFET has been the subject of almost continuous global research, development, and refinement

More information

Preliminary Exam, Fall 2013 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of California, Irvine EECS 170B

Preliminary Exam, Fall 2013 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of California, Irvine EECS 170B Preliminary Exam, Fall 2013 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering University of California, Irvine EECS 170B Problem 1. Consider the following circuit, where a saw-tooth voltage is applied

More information

INTRODUCTION TO MOS TECHNOLOGY

INTRODUCTION TO MOS TECHNOLOGY INTRODUCTION TO MOS TECHNOLOGY 1. The MOS transistor The most basic element in the design of a large scale integrated circuit is the transistor. For the processes we will discuss, the type of transistor

More information

Electronic Circuits II - Revision

Electronic Circuits II - Revision Electronic Circuits II - Revision -1 / 16 - T & F # 1 A bypass capacitor in a CE amplifier decreases the voltage gain. 2 If RC in a CE amplifier is increased, the voltage gain is reduced. 3 4 5 The load

More information

Integrated diodes. The forward voltage drop only slightly depends on the forward current. ELEKTRONIKOS ĮTAISAI

Integrated diodes. The forward voltage drop only slightly depends on the forward current. ELEKTRONIKOS ĮTAISAI 1 Integrated diodes pn junctions of transistor structures can be used as integrated diodes. The choice of the junction is limited by the considerations of switching speed and breakdown voltage. The forward

More information

Conduction Characteristics of MOS Transistors (for fixed Vds)! Topic 2. Basic MOS theory & SPICE simulation. MOS Transistor

Conduction Characteristics of MOS Transistors (for fixed Vds)! Topic 2. Basic MOS theory & SPICE simulation. MOS Transistor Conduction Characteristics of MOS Transistors (for fixed Vds)! Topic 2 Basic MOS theory & SPICE simulation Peter Cheung Department of Electrical & Electronic Engineering Imperial College London (Weste&Harris,

More information

Topic 2. Basic MOS theory & SPICE simulation

Topic 2. Basic MOS theory & SPICE simulation Topic 2 Basic MOS theory & SPICE simulation Peter Cheung Department of Electrical & Electronic Engineering Imperial College London (Weste&Harris, Ch 2 & 5.1-5.3 Rabaey, Ch 3) URL: www.ee.ic.ac.uk/pcheung/

More information

Conduction Characteristics of MOS Transistors (for fixed Vds) Topic 2. Basic MOS theory & SPICE simulation. MOS Transistor

Conduction Characteristics of MOS Transistors (for fixed Vds) Topic 2. Basic MOS theory & SPICE simulation. MOS Transistor Conduction Characteristics of MOS Transistors (for fixed Vds) Topic 2 Basic MOS theory & SPICE simulation Peter Cheung Department of Electrical & Electronic Engineering Imperial College London (Weste&Harris,

More information

Digital Electronics Part II - Circuits

Digital Electronics Part II - Circuits Digital Electronics Part II - Circuits Dr. I. J. Wassell Gates from Transistors 1 Introduction Logic circuits are non-linear, consequently we will introduce a graphical technique for analysing such circuits

More information

Integrated Circuit Amplifiers. Comparison of MOSFETs and BJTs

Integrated Circuit Amplifiers. Comparison of MOSFETs and BJTs Integrated Circuit Amplifiers Comparison of MOSFETs and BJTs 17 Typical CMOS Device Parameters 0.8 µm 0.25 µm 0.13 µm Parameter NMOS PMOS NMOS PMOS NMOS PMOS t ox (nm) 15 15 6 6 2.7 2.7 C ox (ff/µm 2 )

More information

Advanced Operational Amplifiers

Advanced Operational Amplifiers IsLab Analog Integrated Circuit Design OPA2-47 Advanced Operational Amplifiers כ Kyungpook National University IsLab Analog Integrated Circuit Design OPA2-1 Advanced Current Mirrors and Opamps Two-stage

More information

55:041 Electronic Circuits

55:041 Electronic Circuits 55:041 Electronic Circuits MOSFETs Sections of Chapter 3 &4 A. Kruger MOSFETs, Page-1 Basic Structure of MOS Capacitor Sect. 3.1 Width = 1 10-6 m or less Thickness = 50 10-9 m or less ` MOS Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor

More information

Common-Source Amplifiers

Common-Source Amplifiers Lab 2: Common-Source Amplifiers Introduction The common-source stage is the most basic amplifier stage encountered in CMOS analog circuits. Because of its very high input impedance, moderate-to-high gain,

More information

ITT Technical Institute. ET215 Devices 1. Unit 8 Chapter 4, Sections

ITT Technical Institute. ET215 Devices 1. Unit 8 Chapter 4, Sections ITT Technical Institute ET215 Devices 1 Unit 8 Chapter 4, Sections 4.4 4.5 Chapter 4 Section 4.4 MOSFET Characteristics A Metal-Oxide semiconductor field-effect transistor is the other major category of

More information

Laboratory #5 BJT Basics and MOSFET Basics

Laboratory #5 BJT Basics and MOSFET Basics Laboratory #5 BJT Basics and MOSFET Basics I. Objectives 1. Understand the physical structure of BJTs and MOSFETs. 2. Learn to measure I-V characteristics of BJTs and MOSFETs. II. Components and Instruments

More information

EE105 Fall 2015 Microelectronic Devices and Circuits

EE105 Fall 2015 Microelectronic Devices and Circuits EE105 Fall 2015 Microelectronic Devices and Circuits Prof. Ming C. Wu wu@eecs.berkeley.edu 511 Sutardja Dai Hall (SDH) 11-1 Transistor Operating Mode in Amplifiers Transistors are biased in flat part of

More information

SRM INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (DEEMED UNIVERSITY)

SRM INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (DEEMED UNIVERSITY) SRM INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (DEEMED UNIVERSITY) QUESTION BANK I YEAR B.Tech (II Semester) ELECTRONIC DEVICES (COMMON FOR EC102, EE104, IC108, BM106) UNIT-I PART-A 1. What are intrinsic and

More information

ECE 442 Solid State Devices & Circuits. 15. Differential Amplifiers

ECE 442 Solid State Devices & Circuits. 15. Differential Amplifiers ECE 442 Solid State Devices & Circuits 15. Differential Amplifiers Jose E. Schutt-Aine Electrical & Computer Engineering University of Illinois jschutt@emlab.uiuc.edu ECE 442 Jose Schutt Aine 1 Background

More information

4.2.2 Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor (MOSFET)

4.2.2 Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor (MOSFET) 4.2.2 Metal Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor (MOSFET) The Metal Oxide Semitonductor Field Effect Transistor (MOSFET) has two modes of operation, the depletion mode, and the enhancement mode.

More information

Electrostatic Discharge and Latch-Up

Electrostatic Discharge and Latch-Up Connexions module: m1031 1 Electrostatic Discharge and Latch-Up Version 2.10: Jul 3, 2003 12:00 am GMT-5 Bill Wilson This work is produced by The Connexions Project and licensed under the Creative Commons

More information

EE301 Electronics I , Fall

EE301 Electronics I , Fall EE301 Electronics I 2018-2019, Fall 1. Introduction to Microelectronics (1 Week/3 Hrs.) Introduction, Historical Background, Basic Consepts 2. Rewiev of Semiconductors (1 Week/3 Hrs.) Semiconductor materials

More information

Field Effect Transistors

Field Effect Transistors Field Effect Transistors LECTURE NO. - 41 Field Effect Transistors www.mycsvtunotes.in JFET MOSFET CMOS Field Effect transistors - FETs First, why are we using still another transistor? BJTs had a small

More information

Gechstudentszone.wordpress.com

Gechstudentszone.wordpress.com UNIT 4: Small Signal Analysis of Amplifiers 4.1 Basic FET Amplifiers In the last chapter, we described the operation of the FET, in particular the MOSFET, and analyzed and designed the dc response of circuits

More information

Chapter 5. Operational Amplifiers and Source Followers. 5.1 Operational Amplifier

Chapter 5. Operational Amplifiers and Source Followers. 5.1 Operational Amplifier Chapter 5 Operational Amplifiers and Source Followers 5.1 Operational Amplifier In single ended operation the output is measured with respect to a fixed potential, usually ground, whereas in double-ended

More information

Field Effect Transistors (npn)

Field Effect Transistors (npn) Field Effect Transistors (npn) gate drain source FET 3 terminal device channel e - current from source to drain controlled by the electric field generated by the gate base collector emitter BJT 3 terminal

More information

Electronic Circuits for Mechatronics ELCT 609 Lecture 6: MOS-FET Transistor

Electronic Circuits for Mechatronics ELCT 609 Lecture 6: MOS-FET Transistor Electronic Circuits for Mechatronics ELCT 609 Lecture 6: MOS-FET Transistor Assistant Professor Office: C3.315 E-mail: eman.azab@guc.edu.eg 1 Introduction Why we call it Transistor? The name came as an

More information

Index. Small-Signal Models, 14 saturation current, 3, 5 Transistor Cutoff Frequency, 18 transconductance, 16, 22 transit time, 10

Index. Small-Signal Models, 14 saturation current, 3, 5 Transistor Cutoff Frequency, 18 transconductance, 16, 22 transit time, 10 Index A absolute value, 308 additional pole, 271 analog multiplier, 190 B BiCMOS,107 Bode plot, 266 base-emitter voltage, 16, 50 base-emitter voltages, 296 bias current, 111, 124, 133, 137, 166, 185 bipolar

More information

Chapter 5: Field Effect Transistors

Chapter 5: Field Effect Transistors Chapter 5: Field Effect Transistors Slide 1 FET FET s (Field Effect Transistors) are much like BJT s (Bipolar Junction Transistors). Similarities: Amplifiers Switching devices Impedance matching circuits

More information

EE70 - Intro. Electronics

EE70 - Intro. Electronics EE70 - Intro. Electronics Course website: ~/classes/ee70/fall05 Today s class agenda (November 28, 2005) review Serial/parallel resonant circuits Diode Field Effect Transistor (FET) f 0 = Qs = Qs = 1 2π

More information

ECE520 VLSI Design. Lecture 2: Basic MOS Physics. Payman Zarkesh-Ha

ECE520 VLSI Design. Lecture 2: Basic MOS Physics. Payman Zarkesh-Ha ECE520 VLSI Design Lecture 2: Basic MOS Physics Payman Zarkesh-Ha Office: ECE Bldg. 230B Office hours: Wednesday 2:00-3:00PM or by appointment E-mail: pzarkesh@unm.edu Slide: 1 Review of Last Lecture Semiconductor

More information

Microelectronics Exercises of Topic 5 ICT Systems Engineering EPSEM - UPC

Microelectronics Exercises of Topic 5 ICT Systems Engineering EPSEM - UPC Microelectronics Exercises of Topic 5 ICT Systems Engineering EPSEM - UPC F. Xavier Moncunill Autumn 2018 5 Analog integrated circuits Exercise 5.1 This problem aims to follow the steps in the design of

More information

EIE209 Basic Electronics. Transistor Devices. Contents BJT and FET Characteristics Operations. Prof. C.K. Tse: T ransistor devices

EIE209 Basic Electronics. Transistor Devices. Contents BJT and FET Characteristics Operations. Prof. C.K. Tse: T ransistor devices EIE209 Basic Electronics Transistor Devices Contents BJT and FET Characteristics Operations 1 What is a transistor? Three-terminal device whose voltage-current relationship is controlled by a third voltage

More information

MOS Field Effect Transistors

MOS Field Effect Transistors MOS Field Effect Transistors A gate contact gate interconnect n polysilicon gate source contacts W active area (thin oxide area) polysilicon gate contact metal interconnect drain contacts A bulk contact

More information

Chapter 4. CMOS Cascode Amplifiers. 4.1 Introduction. 4.2 CMOS Cascode Amplifiers

Chapter 4. CMOS Cascode Amplifiers. 4.1 Introduction. 4.2 CMOS Cascode Amplifiers Chapter 4 CMOS Cascode Amplifiers 4.1 Introduction A single stage CMOS amplifier cannot give desired dc voltage gain, output resistance and transconductance. The voltage gain can be made to attain higher

More information

Module-3: Metal Oxide Semiconductor (MOS) & Emitter coupled logic (ECL) families

Module-3: Metal Oxide Semiconductor (MOS) & Emitter coupled logic (ECL) families 1 Module-3: Metal Oxide Semiconductor (MOS) & Emitter coupled logic (ECL) families 1. Introduction 2. Metal Oxide Semiconductor (MOS) logic 2.1. Enhancement and depletion mode 2.2. NMOS and PMOS inverter

More information

NAME: Last First Signature

NAME: Last First Signature UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY College of Engineering Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences EE 130: IC Devices Spring 2003 FINAL EXAMINATION NAME: Last First Signature STUDENT

More information

problem grade total

problem grade total Fall 2005 6.012 Microelectronic Devices and Circuits Prof. J. A. del Alamo Name: Recitation: November 16, 2005 Quiz #2 problem grade 1 2 3 4 total General guidelines (please read carefully before starting):

More information

Field Effect Transistors

Field Effect Transistors Chapter 5: Field Effect Transistors Slide 1 FET FET s (Field Effect Transistors) are much like BJT s (Bipolar Junction Transistors). Similarities: Amplifiers Switching devices Impedance matching circuits

More information

Chapter 1. Introduction

Chapter 1. Introduction EECS3611 Analog Integrated Circuit esign Chapter 1 Introduction EECS3611 Analog Integrated Circuit esign Instructor: Prof. Ebrahim Ghafar-Zadeh, Prof. Peter Lian email: egz@cse.yorku.ca peterlian@cse.yorku.ca

More information

ECE 340 Lecture 40 : MOSFET I

ECE 340 Lecture 40 : MOSFET I ECE 340 Lecture 40 : MOSFET I Class Outline: MOS Capacitance-Voltage Analysis MOSFET - Output Characteristics MOSFET - Transfer Characteristics Things you should know when you leave Key Questions How do

More information

EE 330 Laboratory 7 MOSFET Device Experimental Characterization and Basic Applications Spring 2017

EE 330 Laboratory 7 MOSFET Device Experimental Characterization and Basic Applications Spring 2017 EE 330 Laboratory 7 MOSFET Device Experimental Characterization and Basic Applications Spring 2017 Objective: The objective of this laboratory experiment is to become more familiar with the operation of

More information

Analog Electronics. Electronic Devices, 9th edition Thomas L. Floyd Pearson Education. Upper Saddle River, NJ, All rights reserved.

Analog Electronics. Electronic Devices, 9th edition Thomas L. Floyd Pearson Education. Upper Saddle River, NJ, All rights reserved. Analog Electronics BJT Structure The BJT has three regions called the emitter, base, and collector. Between the regions are junctions as indicated. The base is a thin lightly doped region compared to the

More information

Chapter 15 Goals. ac-coupled Amplifiers Example of a Three-Stage Amplifier

Chapter 15 Goals. ac-coupled Amplifiers Example of a Three-Stage Amplifier Chapter 15 Goals ac-coupled multistage amplifiers including voltage gain, input and output resistances, and small-signal limitations. dc-coupled multistage amplifiers. Darlington configuration and cascode

More information

SAMPLE FINAL EXAMINATION FALL TERM

SAMPLE FINAL EXAMINATION FALL TERM ENGINEERING SCIENCES 154 ELECTRONIC DEVICES AND CIRCUITS SAMPLE FINAL EXAMINATION FALL TERM 2001-2002 NAME Some Possible Solutions a. Please answer all of the questions in the spaces provided. If you need

More information

EE 5611 Introduction to Microelectronic Technologies Fall Thursday, September 04, 2014 Lecture 02

EE 5611 Introduction to Microelectronic Technologies Fall Thursday, September 04, 2014 Lecture 02 EE 5611 Introduction to Microelectronic Technologies Fall 2014 Thursday, September 04, 2014 Lecture 02 1 Lecture Outline Review on semiconductor materials Review on microelectronic devices Example of microelectronic

More information

Chapter 2 : Semiconductor Materials & Devices (II) Feb

Chapter 2 : Semiconductor Materials & Devices (II) Feb Chapter 2 : Semiconductor Materials & Devices (II) 1 Reference 1. SemiconductorManufacturing Technology: Michael Quirk and Julian Serda (2001) 3. Microelectronic Circuits (5/e): Sedra & Smith (2004) 4.

More information

Basic Fabrication Steps

Basic Fabrication Steps Basic Fabrication Steps and Layout Somayyeh Koohi Department of Computer Engineering Adapted with modifications from lecture notes prepared by author Outline Fabrication steps Transistor structures Transistor

More information

Exam Below are two schematics of current sources implemented with MOSFETs. Which current source has the best compliance voltage?

Exam Below are two schematics of current sources implemented with MOSFETs. Which current source has the best compliance voltage? Exam 2 Name: Score /90 Question 1 Short Takes 1 point each unless noted otherwise. 1. Below are two schematics of current sources implemented with MOSFETs. Which current source has the best compliance

More information

DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF SUB 1-V BANDGAP REFERENCE (BGR) VOLTAGE GENERATORS FOR PICOWATT LSI s.

DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF SUB 1-V BANDGAP REFERENCE (BGR) VOLTAGE GENERATORS FOR PICOWATT LSI s. http:// DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF SUB 1-V BANDGAP REFERENCE (BGR) VOLTAGE GENERATORS FOR PICOWATT LSI s. Shivam Mishra 1, K. Suganthi 2 1 Research Scholar in Mech. Deptt, SRM University,Tamilnadu 2 Asst.

More information

8. Characteristics of Field Effect Transistor (MOSFET)

8. Characteristics of Field Effect Transistor (MOSFET) 1 8. Characteristics of Field Effect Transistor (MOSFET) 8.1. Objectives The purpose of this experiment is to measure input and output characteristics of n-channel and p- channel field effect transistors

More information

Chapter 13: Introduction to Switched- Capacitor Circuits

Chapter 13: Introduction to Switched- Capacitor Circuits Chapter 13: Introduction to Switched- Capacitor Circuits 13.1 General Considerations 13.2 Sampling Switches 13.3 Switched-Capacitor Amplifiers 13.4 Switched-Capacitor Integrator 13.5 Switched-Capacitor

More information

Solid State Devices- Part- II. Module- IV

Solid State Devices- Part- II. Module- IV Solid State Devices- Part- II Module- IV MOS Capacitor Two terminal MOS device MOS = Metal- Oxide- Semiconductor MOS capacitor - the heart of the MOSFET The MOS capacitor is used to induce charge at the

More information

Unit 5 - Operational Amplifiers

Unit 5 - Operational Amplifiers X reviewer2@nptel.iitm.ac.in Courses» Integrated Circuits, MOSFETs, OP-Amps and their Unit 5 - Amplifiers Announcements Course Ask a Question Progress Mentor Course outline Introduction to IC Technology

More information

6.012 Microelectronic Devices and Circuits

6.012 Microelectronic Devices and Circuits Page 1 of 13 YOUR NAME Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Massachusetts Institute of Technology 6.012 Microelectronic Devices and Circuits Final Eam Closed Book: Formula sheet provided;

More information

EE105 Fall 2015 Microelectronic Devices and Circuits: MOSFET Prof. Ming C. Wu 511 Sutardja Dai Hall (SDH)

EE105 Fall 2015 Microelectronic Devices and Circuits: MOSFET Prof. Ming C. Wu 511 Sutardja Dai Hall (SDH) EE105 Fall 2015 Microelectronic Devices and Circuits: MOSFET Prof. Ming C. Wu wu@eecs.berkeley.edu 511 Sutardja Dai Hall (SDH) 7-1 Simplest Model of MOSFET (from EE16B) 7-2 CMOS Inverter 7-3 CMOS NAND

More information

Lecture 16: MOS Transistor models: Linear models, SPICE models. Context. In the last lecture, we discussed the MOS transistor, and

Lecture 16: MOS Transistor models: Linear models, SPICE models. Context. In the last lecture, we discussed the MOS transistor, and Lecture 16: MOS Transistor models: Linear models, SPICE models Context In the last lecture, we discussed the MOS transistor, and added a correction due to the changing depletion region, called the body

More information

UNIT 3: FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTORS

UNIT 3: FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTORS FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTOR: UNIT 3: FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTORS The field effect transistor is a semiconductor device, which depends for its operation on the control of current by an electric field. There are

More information

Homework Assignment 07

Homework Assignment 07 Homework Assignment 07 Question 1 (Short Takes). 2 points each unless otherwise noted. 1. A single-pole op-amp has an open-loop low-frequency gain of A = 10 5 and an open loop, 3-dB frequency of 4 Hz.

More information

MEASUREMENT AND INSTRUMENTATION STUDY NOTES UNIT-I

MEASUREMENT AND INSTRUMENTATION STUDY NOTES UNIT-I MEASUREMENT AND INSTRUMENTATION STUDY NOTES The MOSFET The MOSFET Metal Oxide FET UNIT-I As well as the Junction Field Effect Transistor (JFET), there is another type of Field Effect Transistor available

More information

Experiment 10 Current Sources and Voltage Sources

Experiment 10 Current Sources and Voltage Sources Experiment 10 Current Sources and Voltage Sources W.T. Yeung and R.T. Howe UC Berkeley EE 105 Fall 2003 1.0 Objective This experiment will introduce techniques for current source biasing. Several different

More information

Lecture 190 CMOS Technology, Compatible Devices (10/28/01) Page 190-1

Lecture 190 CMOS Technology, Compatible Devices (10/28/01) Page 190-1 Lecture 190 CMOS Technology, Compatible Devices (10/28/01) Page 190-1 LECTURE 190 CMOS TECHNOLOGY-COMPATIBLE DEVICES (READING: Text-Sec. 2.9) INTRODUCTION Objective The objective of this presentation is

More information

MOSFET Terminals. The voltage applied to the GATE terminal determines whether current can flow between the SOURCE & DRAIN terminals.

MOSFET Terminals. The voltage applied to the GATE terminal determines whether current can flow between the SOURCE & DRAIN terminals. MOSFET Terminals The voltage applied to the GATE terminal determines whether current can flow between the SOURCE & DRAIN terminals. For an n-channel MOSFET, the SOURCE is biased at a lower potential (often

More information

IENGINEERS-CONSULTANTS QUESTION BANK SERIES ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING 1 YEAR UPTU ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING EC 101 UNIT 3 (JFET AND MOSFET)

IENGINEERS-CONSULTANTS QUESTION BANK SERIES ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING 1 YEAR UPTU ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING EC 101 UNIT 3 (JFET AND MOSFET) ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING EC 101 UNIT 3 (JFET AND MOSFET) LONG QUESTIONS (10 MARKS) 1. Draw the construction diagram and explain the working of P-Channel JFET. Also draw the characteristics curve and transfer

More information

Transistor was first invented by William.B.Shockley, Walter Brattain and John Bardeen of Bell Labratories. In 1961, first IC was introduced.

Transistor was first invented by William.B.Shockley, Walter Brattain and John Bardeen of Bell Labratories. In 1961, first IC was introduced. Unit 1 Basic MOS Technology Transistor was first invented by William.B.Shockley, Walter Brattain and John Bardeen of Bell Labratories. In 1961, first IC was introduced. Levels of Integration:- i) SSI:-

More information

Current Mirrors. Prof. Tai-Haur Kuo, EE, NCKU, Tainan City, Taiwan 4-1

Current Mirrors. Prof. Tai-Haur Kuo, EE, NCKU, Tainan City, Taiwan 4-1 Current Mirrors Prof. Tai-Haur Kuo, EE, NCKU, Tainan City, Taiwan 4- 郭泰豪, Analog C Design, 08 { Prof. Tai-Haur Kuo, EE, NCKU, Tainan City, Taiwan 4- 郭泰豪, Analog C Design, 08 { Current Source and Sink Symbol

More information

UNIT-VI FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTOR. 1. Explain about the Field Effect Transistor and also mention types of FET s.

UNIT-VI FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTOR. 1. Explain about the Field Effect Transistor and also mention types of FET s. UNIT-I FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTOR 1. Explain about the Field Effect Transistor and also mention types of FET s. The Field Effect Transistor, or simply FET however, uses the voltage that is applied to their

More information

ECE 546 Lecture 12 Integrated Circuits

ECE 546 Lecture 12 Integrated Circuits ECE 546 Lecture 12 Integrated Circuits Spring 2018 Jose E. Schutt-Aine Electrical & Computer Engineering University of Illinois jesa@illinois.edu ECE 546 Jose Schutt Aine 1 Integrated Circuits IC Requirements

More information

Chapter 6: Field-Effect Transistors

Chapter 6: Field-Effect Transistors Chapter 6: Field-Effect Transistors FETs vs. BJTs Similarities: Amplifiers Switching devices Impedance matching circuits Differences: FETs are voltage controlled devices. BJTs are current controlled devices.

More information

COLLECTOR DRAIN BASE GATE EMITTER. Applying a voltage to the Gate connection allows current to flow between the Drain and Source connections.

COLLECTOR DRAIN BASE GATE EMITTER. Applying a voltage to the Gate connection allows current to flow between the Drain and Source connections. MOSFETS Although the base current in a transistor is usually small (< 0.1 ma), some input devices (e.g. a crystal microphone) may be limited in their output. In order to overcome this, a Field Effect Transistor

More information

MTLE-6120: Advanced Electronic Properties of Materials. Semiconductor transistors for logic and memory. Reading: Kasap

MTLE-6120: Advanced Electronic Properties of Materials. Semiconductor transistors for logic and memory. Reading: Kasap MTLE-6120: Advanced Electronic Properties of Materials 1 Semiconductor transistors for logic and memory Reading: Kasap 6.6-6.8 Vacuum tube diodes 2 Thermionic emission from cathode Electrons collected

More information

C H A P T E R 5. Amplifier Design

C H A P T E R 5. Amplifier Design C H A P T E 5 Amplifier Design The Common-Source Amplifier v 0 = r ( g mvgs )( D 0 ) A v0 = g m r ( D 0 ) Performing the analysis directly on the circuit diagram with the MOSFET model used implicitly.

More information

Electronic Circuits. Junction Field-effect Transistors. Dr. Manar Mohaisen Office: F208 Department of EECE

Electronic Circuits. Junction Field-effect Transistors. Dr. Manar Mohaisen Office: F208   Department of EECE Electronic Circuits Junction Field-effect Transistors Dr. Manar Mohaisen Office: F208 Email: manar.subhi@kut.ac.kr Department of EECE Review of the Precedent Lecture Explain the Operation Class A Power

More information

Device Technology( Part 2 ): CMOS IC Technologies

Device Technology( Part 2 ): CMOS IC Technologies 1 Device Technology( Part 2 ): CMOS IC Technologies Chapter 3 : Semiconductor Manufacturing Technology by M. Quirk & J. Serda Saroj Kumar Patra, Department of Electronics and Telecommunication, Norwegian

More information

Department of Electrical Engineering IIT Madras

Department of Electrical Engineering IIT Madras Department of Electrical Engineering IIT Madras Sample Questions on Semiconductor Devices EE3 applicants who are interested to pursue their research in microelectronics devices area (fabrication and/or

More information

ECE 340 Lecture 37 : Metal- Insulator-Semiconductor FET Class Outline:

ECE 340 Lecture 37 : Metal- Insulator-Semiconductor FET Class Outline: ECE 340 Lecture 37 : Metal- Insulator-Semiconductor FET Class Outline: Metal-Semiconductor Junctions MOSFET Basic Operation MOS Capacitor Things you should know when you leave Key Questions What is the

More information

Introduction to Electronic Devices

Introduction to Electronic Devices Introduction to Electronic Devices (Course Number 300331) Fall 2006 Dr. Dietmar Knipp Assistant Professor of Electrical Engineering Information: http://www.faculty.iubremen.de/dknipp/ Source: Apple Ref.:

More information

FET(Field Effect Transistor)

FET(Field Effect Transistor) Field Effect Transistor: Construction and Characteristic of JFETs. Transfer Characteristic. CS,CD,CG amplifier and analysis of CS amplifier MOSFET (Depletion and Enhancement) Type, Transfer Characteristic,

More information

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA AT BERKELEY College of Engineering Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences.

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA AT BERKELEY College of Engineering Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences. UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA AT BERKELEY College of Engineering Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences Discussion #9 EE 05 Spring 2008 Prof. u MOSFETs The standard MOSFET structure is shown

More information

EE 140 / EE 240A ANALOG INTEGRATED CIRCUITS FALL 2015 C. Nguyen PROBLEM SET #7

EE 140 / EE 240A ANALOG INTEGRATED CIRCUITS FALL 2015 C. Nguyen PROBLEM SET #7 Issued: Friday, Oct. 16, 2015 PROBLEM SET #7 Due (at 8 a.m.): Monday, Oct. 26, 2015, in the EE 140/240A HW box near 125 Cory. 1. A design error has resulted in a mismatch in the circuit of Fig. PS7-1.

More information

MOS IC Amplifiers. Token Ring LAN JSSC 12/89

MOS IC Amplifiers. Token Ring LAN JSSC 12/89 MO IC Amplifiers MOFETs are inferior to BJTs for analog design in terms of quality per silicon area But MO is the technology of choice for digital applications Therefore, most analog portions of mixed-signal

More information

Analog IC Design. Lecture 1,2: Introduction & MOS transistors. Henrik Sjöland. Dept. of Electrical and Information Technology

Analog IC Design. Lecture 1,2: Introduction & MOS transistors. Henrik Sjöland. Dept. of Electrical and Information Technology Analog IC Design Lecture 1,2: Introduction & MOS transistors Henrik.Sjoland@eit.lth.se Part 1: Introduction Analogue IC Design (7.5hp, lp2) CMOS Technology Analog building blocks in CMOS Single- and multiple

More information