Õppeainete loend, maht ja ajakava GENERAL OPERATOR S CERTIFICATE FOR GMDSS

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1 Page Page 2 of 16 Õppeainete loend, maht ja ajakava GENERAL OPERATOR S CERTIFICATE FOR GMDSS Course content in accordance to the Model course 1.25 and STCW 2010 Code A-IV/2 Õppeaine Auditoorne õpe 1 2,5 Praktiline õpe Kokku 1. Sissejuhatus 3,5 1.1 Sissejuhatus õppekursusesse 2. Mereraadioside põhiprintsiibid 2.1 Mere-mobiilside printsiibid ja põhilised kasutusvõimalused 2.2 Mere-mobiil-satelliitside printsiibid ja 4 põhilised kasutusvõimalused 2.3 GMDSS süsteem 8 3. GMDSS sidesüsteemid 3.1 Digitaalselektiivkutsungi süsteemide 5 17,5 54,5 eesmärk ja kasutamine 3.2 NBDP üldprintsiibid INMARSAT süsteemide tundmine ja 3 4 nende kasutamine 3.4 Laeva raadiojaama varustuse tundmine 4 14 ja praktiline kasutamine 3.5 Rikete kindlaksmääramine ja 3 kõrvaldamine 3.6 Toite ja laadimisseadmete kasutamine, käsitlemine ja hooldus. 4. Muu GMDSS varustus 4.1 EPIRB 1,5 0, SART 0,5 0,5 4.3 MSI Avariiteadete edastamine 5.1 SAR operatsioon Kaldapoolsed GMDSS avarii-, kiir- ja 3 8 ohutus sideprotseduurid 5.3 Satelliitsüsteemide GMDSS avarii-, kiir- 1 3 ja ohutus sideprotseduurid 5.4 Avariiside raadiosageduste kaitse Üldised sideprotseduurid ja nende rakendamine 6.1 Oskus kasutada inglise keelt, nii suuliselt kui kirjalikult, inimelu ohutust merel puudutavas ja raadio vahendusel teostatavas informatsioonivahetuses 6.2 Kohustuslikud protseduurid ja praktika 6.3 Üldsideprotseduuride teoreetiline ja praktiline rakendamine

2 Page Page 3 of 16 Arutelu ja praktiline ning teoreetiline eksam Kokku tunde 132

3 Page Page 4 of Introduction The Course Principles of Maritime Radio communications The general principles and basic features of the Maritime Mobile Service 2.2. The general principles and basic features of the Maritime Mobile-Satellite Service Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS) GMDSS Communication Systems Purpose and use of Digital Selective Calling (DSC) facilities Knowledge of the general principles of Narrow-Band Direct Printing (NBDP) and radio telex systems. Ability to use the maritime NBDP and Radio Telex equipment in practice (emergency) Knowledge and use of Inmarsat systems. Ability to use lnmarsat equipment or simulator in practice Knowledge of and ability to use in practice the basic equipment of a terrestrial ship station Fault location and rectification on GMDSS marine electronic equipment 4. Other GMDSS equipment Emergency Positioning-Indicating Radio Beacon (EPIRBs) Search and Rescue Radar Transponder (SART) Reception of Maritime Safety Information (MSI) Distress alerting Search and Rescue (SAR) operation Distress, Urgency and Safety communication procedures in the GMDSS 5.3. GMDSS satellite Distress, Urgency and Safety communication procedures 5.4. Protection of Distress frequencies and avoidance of false Distress alerts 6. MISCELLANEOUS SKILLS AND OPERATIONAL PROCEDURES FOR GENERAL COMMUNICATIONS Ability to use the English language, written and spoken, for the satisfactory exchange of communications relevant to the Safety of Life at Sea Obligatory procedures and practices Practical and theoretical knowledge of general communication procedures 6.4. Details of a radio telegram: Methods of traffic charges: World geography, especially the principal shipping routes and related communication routes Assessment and discussion to be arranged by the course instructor...

4 Page Page 5 of Introduction 1.1. The Course Background and purpose of the GMDSS definition of sea areas areas Al, A2, A3 and A dates of implementation Requirements for radio installations in the GMDSS: details of carriage requirements details of the communications equipment used in each area methods of Distress, Urgency and Safety alerting Certification requirements in the GMDSS Basic features of the maritime mobile service and the maritime mobile satellite service 2. Principles of Maritime Radio communications 2.1. The general principles and basic features of the Maritime Mobile Service Types of communications in the maritime mobiles service Distress, Urgency and Safety communications public correspondence port operations service ship movements service intership communications on-board communications Types of station in the maritime mobile service: ship stations coast stations pilot stations, port stations, etc aircraft stations Rescue Co-ordination Centres (RCC) Elementary knowledge of frequencies and frequency bands: the concept of frequency the equivalence between frequency wavelength the units of measurements, Hz, khz, MHz and GHz the subdivision of the most significant part of the radio frequency spectrum Medium Frequency (ME) High Frequency (HF) Very High Frequency (VHF) Ultra High Frequency (UHF) Super High Frequency (SHE) Characteristics of frequencies/radio propagation different basic propagation mechanism action of ground waves, sky waves ionospheric propagation and free space waves relevant propagation mechanism at: low frequency (LF) propagation of medium frequency, ME

5 Page Page 6 of propagation of high frequency, HF propagation of very high frequency, VHF and ultra high frequency, UHF maximum usable frequency (MUF) optimum traffic frequency (OTF) and calculation select the correct frequency bands for short-, medium and long-range communications by day and night purposes and action of automatic gain control frequencies used for satellite communications Elementary knowledge of different types of modulation and classes of mission: classes of emission carrier and assigned frequency bandwidth of different emissions official designations of emission (e.g. Fl B, J3E, E3E, A3E, A1A etc.) unofficial designations of emissions (e.g. TLX, SSB, AM, CW etc.) the uses of and restrictions for different emissions according to frequency and purpose in the maritime bands Knowledge of the role of the various modes of communication DSC Radiotelephony NBDP (Narrow Band Direct Printing) Data The Morse Code (telegraphy) (may be omitted) Frequencies allocations to the Maritime Mobile Service: the usage of bands MF, HF, VHF, UHF and SHE frequencies in the maritime mobile service the concept of radio channel. Simplex, duplex, semi-duplex, paired and unpaired frequencies and ITU channels frequency plans and channelling system HF telephony (relevant appendix of the Radio Regulations) VHF telephony (appendix 18 of the Radio Regulation) HF NBDP (relevant appendix of the Radio Regulation) ME telephony (relevant appendix of the Radio Regulation) GMDSS Distress and Safety frequencies Distress and Safety frequencies of the pre GMDSS System calling frequencies the correct usage of frequency, frequency bands and modes of emission for maritime communications as required by the Radio Regulations frequencies for Distress, Urgency and Safety communications for GMDS purposes as required by the Radio Regulations the frequencies for routine call and reply 2.2. The general principles and basic features of the Maritime Mobile- Satellite Service Basic knowledge of satellite communications, and operation of satellite communications: the lnmarsat system lnmarsat space segment modes of communication telex services (may be omitted apart from Distress)

6 Page Page 7 of telephone services data and facsimile communication store and forward operation available lnmarsat- (A)/B services lnmarsat-c communications services lnmarsat-m communications services function of Enhanced Group Call (EGC) system Distress, Urgency and Safety communications via satellite Types of station in the mobile-satellite service: Coast Earth Station (CES5) and their functions Network CO-ordination Stations (NCSs) and their functions Ship Earth Stations (SESs) and their operation 2.3. Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS) Functional requirements of ship stations: equipment specifications Al, A2, A3 & A definitions of coverage and sea areas for Digital Selective Calling (DSC) carriage requirements Maritime Safety Information (MSI) services Watchkeeping procedures as defined in the Radio Regulations and the STCW Code Sources of power: reserve power supplies, capacity and duration as defined in SOLAS Convention reserve/emergency source of energy prohibitions on the connection of non-gmdss equipment reserve source of energy Means of ensuring availability of ship station equipment: equipment duplication maintenance strategies and requirements for the GMDSS as defined in the SOLAS Convention and the Radio Regulations Primary and secondary means of alerting: Ship licences and radio certificates: details shown on the ships radio licence requirements for radio safety certificates Record keeping and log-book requirements for ship stations: log-book daily entries all periodic entries to include results of equipment tests etc. as required by the Radio Regulations. DETAILED PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE AND ABILITY TO USE THE BASIC EQUIPMENT OF A SHIP STATION 3. GMDSS Communication Systems 3.1. Purpose and use of Digital Selective Calling (DSC) facilities Digital Selective Calling (DSC) Basic functions of DSC DSC message types

7 Page Page 8 of DSC call format frequency selection in call format call acknowledgement call relay process Call format specifier and types of call: Distress call all ships call call to individual station geographic area call group call automatic/semi-automatic service call to individual station using automatic service coast station numbers The Maritime mobile Service Identity (MMSI) and selection of the MMSI for calling: Call address selection with the MMSI number the MMSI system and allocation of the MMSI the nationality identification, the Maritime Identification Digits (MID) ship station allocation numbers group calling numbers coast station numbers Call categorisation: Distress call Urgency call Safety call ship business call routine call Call telecommand and traffic information: Distress alert undesignated Distress messages designated Distress messages Distress co-ordinates time and validity of Distress co-ordinates other calls and messages working frequencies and channel selection Test calls DSC facilities and usage: channel 70 instant alert selector the khz instant alert selector manual selection of modes for further communication methods of DSC data entry and retrieval updating vessel position entering preset message reviewing received messages DSC Watchkeeping functions and controls 3.2. Knowledge of the general principles of Narrow-Band Direct Printing (NBDP) and radio telex systems. Ability to use the maritime NBDP and Radio Telex equipment in practice (emergency) NBDP systems automatic systems

8 Page Page 9 of semi-automatic systems manual systems acknowledge/request (ARQ) mode forward error correction (FEC) mode information sending/receiving, ISS/IRS arrangement master and slave radio telex numbering system SELCALL numbers for ship and coast stations answerback procedures Radio Telex equipment controls and indicators keyboard operation 3.3. Knowledge and use of Inmarsat systems. Ability to use lnmarsat equipment or simulator in practice Inmarsat satellite systems and network: the basic features of the Inmarsat network, including: extent of global coverage ocean regions network co-ordination stations (NCS) overview of lnmarsat (A/B/C/E and M systems the use of different Inmarsat systems within the GMDSS Operation of Inmarsat A/-B and -C ship earth stations: methods of satellite acquisition use of telex services use of telephone services use of data and facsimile communications Description and demonstration of an lnmarsat-a ships earth station: components of an lnmarsat-a ship earth station method of acquiring satellite both manually and automatically usage of an lnmarsat-a ship earth station procedure for sending a Distress message or call using lnmarsat-a use of 2-digit code service via lnmarsat-a basic procedure for sending and receiving lnmarsat-a basic procedure for making a telephone call using lnmarsat-a Description of an lnmarsat-b earth station components of an lnmarsat-b ship earth station the basic difference between lnmarsat-a and lnmarsat-b ship earth station method of acquiring satellite both manually and automatically usage of an lnmarsat-b ship earth station procedure for sending a Distress alert7message or call using lnmarsat-b use of 2-digit code service via lnmarsat-b basic procedure for sending and receiving lnmarsat-b telex messages basic procedure for making a telephone call using lnmarsat-b Description and demonstration of an lnmarsat-c ship earth station components of an lnmarsat-c ship earth station entering and updating the ship s position both manually and automatically

9 Page Page 10 of usage of an lnmarsat-c ship earth station procedure for Distress alerting and sending a Distress message using lnmarsat-c sending and receiving lnmarsat-c text messages overview of SafetyNET and FleetNET services data reporting and messaging using lnmarsat-c Inmarsat (Enhanced Group Calling) EGC receiver: components of an EGC receiver (incorporated in an lnmarsat-c) entering and updating ship s position both manually and automatically usage of an Inmarsat EGC receiver Ship Earth St pre-programming an SES for EGC message reception selecting operating mode for EGC reception lnmarsat-m ship earth station: components of an lnmarsat-m ship earth station the basic difference between lnmarsat(-a)/-b and lnmarsat-m ship earth station the limitations regarding lnmarsat-m and the GMDSS method of acquiring satellite both manually and automatically usage of an lnmarsat-m ship earth station procedure for sending a Distress alert/call using lnmarsat-m ship earth station use of 2-digit code service via lnmarsat-m basic procedure for making a telephone call using lnmarsat-m 3.4. Knowledge of and ability to use in practice the basic equipment of a terrestrial ship station The purpose and usage of watchkeeping receivers: the controls and usage of a 2182 khz watch receiver the controls and usage of VHF DSC watch receiver the controls and usage of an ME/HF DSC watch receiver The usage and functions of the VHF radio station installation: controls selection of channels usage DSC facilities The usage and functions of the ME/HF radio installation: use and selection of frequencies typical controls and usage connection of the power selecting the R)( (receive) frequency selecting TX (transmit) frequency selecting ITU channel number tuning the transmitter selecting the class of emission using volume control and squelch using of clarifier or RX (receiver) fine tuning controlling RF gain using automatic gain control (AGC) using 2182 khz instant selector using the alarm generator

10 Page Page 11 of testing the alarm generator selection of transmitter power level Survival craft radio equipment: portable two-way VHF radiotelephone apparatus portable two-way on-scene communication transceiver on 121,5 and 123,1 MHz Emergency Positioning-Indicating Radio Beacon, EPIRBs SART Basic antenna(s) systems: isolators VHF whip antennas ME/HF whip antennas ME/HF wire antennas assembly and erection/inst. of an emergency antenna satellite antennas Batteries storage systems: different kinds of batteries UPS systems characteristics of different battery types charging batteries battery charging methods maintenance and monitoring of batteries 3.5. Fault location and rectification on GMDSS marine electronic equipment Proficiency in elementary fault location by means of: use of manufacturer s documentation to locate simple faults basic knowledge of location of major components use of built-in test measuring instruments use of software in accordance w/the equipment manuals use of test equipment, meters, etc elementary fault repair such as replacement of user-accessible fuses and indicator lamps and the like OPERATIONAL PROCEDURES AND DETAILED PRACTICAL OPERATION OF GMDSS SYSTEM AND SUBSYSTEMS Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS) Sea Areas and the GMDSS master plan Watchkeeping on Distress frequencies as defined in the Radio Regulations, the SOLAS Convention and the STCW Convention functional requirements of ship stations carriage requirements of ship stations sources of energy of ship stations including emergency reserve source of energy means of ensuring availability of ship station equipment Licences, radio safety certificates, radio operator certificates, inspections and surveys 4. Other GMDSS equipment 4.1. Emergency Positioning-Indicating Radio Beacon (EPIRBs) Describtion of the COSPAS-SARSAT satellite system and EPIRBs: the basic operation of the COSPAS-SARSAT satellite system and signal routing/path basic characteristics of operation on 406MHz EPIRB

11 Page Page 12 of the registration and coding of a 406 MHz EPIRB basic characteristics of operation on 1.6 GHz EPIRB basic characteristics of operation on 121,5 MHz EPIRB including homing function the information content of a Distress alert manual usage/operation the float-free function the correct use of the lanyard routine maintenance testing requirements and test operation checking battery expiry date cleaning/checking float-free mechanism expiry date The lnmarsat-e EPIRB: the basic operation of the 1.6 GHz (L-band) EPIRB the information content of a Distress alert the registration and coding of an L-band EPIRB manual operation the float-free function the correct use of the lanyard routine maintenance procedures testing requirement and test operation checking battery expiry date cleaning/checking float-free mechanism VHF-DSC-EPIRB basic characteristics of operation on Ch Precautions taken to avoid false Distress alerts safe handling procedures stopping an unintended false Distress transmission transportation precautions Additional EPIRB features: the 121,5 MHz SAR and homing function the strobe light function 4.2. Search and Rescue Radar Transponder (SART) Operation and use of SARTs the main technical characteristics demonstration of operation, height and range considerations demonstration of the effect of a radar reflector demonstration of the radar screen indication demonstration of SART testing procedures routine maintenance procedures operation checking battery expiry date 4.3. Reception of Maritime Safety Information (MSI) Purpose and use of MSI services: message types constituting MSI availability of MSI services the use of published data on MSI services Services available and methods of transmission: MSI by satellite MSI by MF and HF MSl by HF telex

12 Page Page 13 of Operation and use of the NAVTEX system: Purpose of NAVTEX operation of the NAVTEX receiver NAVTEX frequencies coverage areas of transmissions reception range of transmitters message format (transmitter ID, message type, message number) NAVTEX receiver selection of transmitters selection of message types messages types which cannot be rejected use of subsidiary controls and changing paper use of receiver controls Operation and use of the International Safety NET system/inmarsat EGC purpose of the EGC system all-ships message and Inmarsat system messages classes of lnmarsat-c SES and their EGC reception description of EGC facilities program EGC receiver/lnmarsat-c equipment for reception of EGC/SafetyNET messages Updates ship s position both manually and automatically selection of mode for EGC reception 5. Distress alerting 5.1. Search and Rescue (SAR) operation The role of RCCs (the Rescue Co-ordination Centre): Maritime Rescue Organisations knowledge of SAR systems worldwide knowledge of SAR systems interconnection The role of SAR: Merchant Ship Search and Rescue Manual, MERSAR and IAMSAR The role and method of use of ship reporting systems: AMVER, JASREP, AUSREP, etc Distress, Urgency and Safety communication procedures in the GMDSS Distress communications: DSC alerts the definition of a Distress alert transmission of a Distress alert transmission of a shore-to-ship Distress alert relay transmission of a ship-to-shore Distress alert relay transmission of a Distress alert by a station not itself in Distress receipt and acknowledgement of DSC Distress alert acknowledgement procedure by telephony acknowledgement procedure by NBDP receipt and acknowledgement by a coast station receipt and acknowledgement by a ship station handling of Distress alerts: preparations for handling Distress traffic Distress traffic terminology testing DSC Distress and Safety

13 Page Page 14 of cancelling false Distress alert on-scene communications related SAR operations Urgency and Safety Communications: the meaning of Urgency and Safety communications procedures for DSC Urgency and Safety calls Urgency communications radio medical services medical transports Safety communications Describtion of radiotelephony procedures for Distress, Urgency and Safety communications with non-solas ships which only use radiotelephony: the radiotelephone 2182 khz alarm signal the Distress signal the Distress call the Distress message acknowledgement of Distress messages Urgency signal request for medical advice Safety signal Reception of Maritime Safety Information (MSl) reception by NAVTEX reception by Inmarsat EGC reception by HF NBDP the navigational warning signal of the old Distress and Safety System the navigational warning signal transmitted by radio telephony 5.3. GMDSS satellite Distress, Urgency and Safety communication procedures The Inmarsat (-A)/-B Ship Earth Station alerting functions use of the Distress facility Distress and Safety procedures methods of initiating alerts satellite acquisition (telex) and telephony distress calls (telex) and telephony Urgency and Safety calls procedures for preparation of calls details of Rescue Co-ordination Centres (RCCs) associated with Coast Earth Stations (CESs) Inmarsat C Ship Earth Station alerting functions: Distress and Safety procedures/services satellite acquisition methods of initiating alerts sending a Distress alert sending a Distress priority message lnmarsat-c Safety services digit special access codes and their purpose Bridge alarm panel for passenger ships connection to VHF-DSC, MF/HF-DSC and lnmarsat C

14 Page Page 15 of Protection of Distress frequencies and avoidance of false Distress alerts Methods of preventing false Distress alerts Procedures to minimize the effect of a false Distress alert Testing procedures for GMDSS equipment/on Distress frequencies Prohibitions of transmissions during Distress traffic Procedures to avoid harmful interference Regulations regarding prevention of unauthorized transmissions Guard-bands protecting Distress frequencies 6. MISCELLANEOUS SKILLS AND OPERATIONAL PROCEDURES FOR GENERAL COMMUNICATIONS 6.1. Ability to use the English language, written and spoken, for the satisfactory exchange of communications relevant to the Safety of Life at Sea Explanation of the use of obligatory documents and publications including the use of the International Code of Signals and the IMO Standard Marine Communication Phrases Recognition of standard abbreviations and commonly used service codes Description of the use of International Phonetic Alphabet 6.2. Obligatory procedures and practices The effective use of obligatory documents and publications detailed methods of updating information Procedures for radio record keeping: details log-book requirements and mandatory entries Detailed knowledge of the regulations and agreements governing the Maritime Mobile Service and the Maritime Mobile-Satellite Service 6.3. Practical and theoretical knowledge of general communication procedures How to select appropriate communication methods in different situations: use of obligatory documentation to determine frequencies, etc use of propagation tables The use of obligatory documentation to receive traffic lists and meteorological information Procedures for radiotelephone calls: method of calling coast station by a radio telephony requesting/ordering for a manually switched link call terminating/ending a call special facilities of calls available methods of calling a coast station by DSC selecting an automatic radio telephone call 6.4. Details of a radio telegram: the preamble service instructions accounting authority identification code (AAIC) the address the text the signature types of addressing available full address

15 Page Page 16 of registered address telephonic address telex address (may be omitted) counting words transmission of telegram by radiotelephony 6.5. Methods of traffic charges: the international charging and accounting system Inmarsat communication charging systems the AAIC code and use of documentation to determine/verify it the meaning of landline (LL), coast station (CC) and ship station (SC) charge currencies used in charging and conversion gold francs and special drawing rights, etc practical traffic routines 6.6. World geography, especially the principal shipping routes and related communication routes 7. Assessment and discussion to be arranged by the course instructor 7.1. In addition to about 132 hours above, about 2 hours should be added for the instructor to provide practical information at the start and finish of the course along with about 4 hours for trial examinations A further about 8 hours for the actual examination will give an overall course requirement of about 146 hours Description and demonstrations of all equipment functions will be accompanied by practical sessions for students with guidance from the instructor It is essential that students have adequate time allocated to practice the functions and operation of the equipment available.

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