INSTITUTE OF AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING (Autonomous) Dundigal, Hyderabad


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1 I INSTITUTE OF AERONAUTICAL ENGINEERING (Autonomous) Dundigal, Hyderabad000 DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING TUTORIAL QUESTION BANK Course Name : POWER ELECTRONICS Course Code : AEE0 Class : III B. Tech I Semester (V Semester) Branch : ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS ENGINEERING Year : 0 0 Course Coordinator : Dr. T. Devaraju Professor,, EEE Course Faculty : Mr. S. Srikanth, Assistant Professor COURSE OBJECTIVES: The course should enable the students to: I II III IV Integrate the revolutionary development in power transmission, distribution and utilization with the advent of semiconductor devices. Demonstrate rectifiers, choppers and various schemes of pulse width modulated inverters. Explain AC voltage converters and cycloconverters Outline complete range of power supplies, including switched mode and uninterruptible power supplies. COURSE LEARNING OUTCOMES: Students, who complete the course, will have demonstrated the ability to do the following: CAEE0.0 CAEE0.0 CAEE0.0 CAEE0.0 CAEE0.0 CAEE0.06 CAEE0.0 CAEE0.0 CAEE0.0 CAEE0. CAEE0. Understand the characteristics of basic elements of power electronics Understand the turn on and turn off methods of Silicon controlled rectifier Describe the protection, series parallel and ratings of thyristors Understand the operation of single phase rectifiers with different loads Understand the operation of three phase rectifiers with different loads Describe the operation of single phase and three phase dual converter Understand the principle of operation of AC voltage controller and modes of operation Compute input power factor, total harmonic distortion of various input and output waveforms of AC voltage controllers Describe the principle of operation and classification of cycloconverters. Understand the principle of operation and control strategies of chopper Describe the classification of choppers
2 CAEE0. CAEE0. CAEE0. CAEE0. CAEE0.6 CAEE0. Describe the importance of AC chopper and switched mode regulators Understand the concept of single phase voltage source inverters and waveforms Understand the principle of operation of three phase voltage source inverters and waveforms Understand the principle of operation of current source inverters and waveforms Apply the concept of power electronics and converters to solve real time world applications Explore the knowledge and skills of employability to succeed in national and international level competitive examinations S No UNIT I POWER SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES AND COMMUTATION CIRCUITS Part  A(Short Answer Questions) QUESTION Blooms taxonomy level Course Learning Outcomes List out differences between power diode and signal diode. Remember Define latching current & holding current of a Silicon Controlled Rectifier. Remember Describe the function of Snubber circuit. Remember List the turn on method of Silicon Controlled Rectifier. Remember Draw the static VI characteristics of Silicon Controlled Rectifier and mark Remember Latching current and holding current. 6 Define string efficiency of Silicon Controlled Rectifier s connected in series. Remember List the advantages of pulse triggering over RC triggering. Remember Classify the firing circuits for line commutated converter. Understand Define commutation. Remember Define natural commutation. Remember Define forced commutation. Remember List the various forced commutation techniques used to turn off Silicon Remember Controlled Rectifier. Draw the static VI characteristics of MOSFET. Remember List out the losses occur in a thyristor during working conditions. Remember Part  B (Long Answer Questions) a) Discuss the different modes of operation of thyristor with the help of its static VI characteristics. b) Draw the basic structure of an IGBT and explain its operation. a) Explain the structure and operation of turn on and turn off characteristics of SCR. b) Describe the any two methods of turnon mechanism of SCR. a) Explain the switching performance of BJT with relevant waveforms indicating clearly the turn on, turn off times and their components. b) Compare the performance characteristics of MOSFET with BJT. Define commutation. Classify the different types of commutation techniques. Discuss and differentiate the natural commutation and forced commutation. Draw the two transistor model of SCR and derive an expression for anode current. Understand Understand Understand Understand Remember
3 6 Describe triggering of SCR. classify the different types of triggering circuits. Briefly discuss the RC triggering and UJT triggering of SCR. Understand Explain the static and dynamic characteristics of SCR. Understand a) Explain the necessity of series and parallel connection of SCRs. b) What is String efficiency in series and parallel connections? Understand Draw the circuit diagram of Class A commutation. State the function of each commutating components. Understand Draw the circuit diagram of Class B commutation. State the function of each commutating components. Understand Draw and explain the circuit diagram of Class C commutation. Understand Draw class D commutation method. Name commutating components. State function of each commutating components. Understand Draw and explain the R and RC triggering of SCR. Understand Draw and explain UJT triggering of SCR. Understand 6 Part  C (Problem Solving and Critical Thinking Questions) For an SCR the gatecathode characteristic has a straight line slope of 0. For trigger source voltage of V and allowable gate power dissipation of Understand 0. watts, compute the gate source resistance. The trigger circuit of a thyristor has a source voltage of V and the load line has a slope of V per ampere. The minimum gate current to turn on the SCR is ma. Compute i. Source resistance required in the gate circuit Understand ii. The trigger voltage and trigger current for an average gate power dissipation of 0. watts An SCR has half cycle surge current rating of 000A for 0Hz supply. Calculate its one cycle surge current rating and I Understand t rating SCRs with a rating of 00V and 00A are available to be used in a string to handle 6kV and ka. Calculate the number of series and parallel units Understand required in case derating factor is 0. and 0. It is required to operate 0A SCR in parallel with 0A SCR with their respective on state voltage drops of.6v and.v. Calculate the value of Understand resistance to be inserted in series with each SCR so that the share the total load of 600A in proportion to their current ratings. SCRs with rating of 0V and A are available to be used in a string to handle 6.6kV and ka. Calculate the number of series and parallel units Understand required in case derating factor is (i) 0. and (ii) 0.. Class B commutation has C= 0µF and L=µH. initial voltage across capacitor is Vs=0V for a constant load current of 00A, calculate i. Conduction time for the auxiliary thyristor Understand ii. Voltage across the main thyristor when it gets commutated and iii. The circuit turn off time for the main thyristor Class C commutation has Vs=00V, R=Ω and R=0Ω, determine i. Peak value of current through thyristors T and T Understand ii. Value of capacitor C if each thyristor has turn off time of 0µs. take a factor of safety. In the complementary commutation circuit the load resistances R = R = Ω and capacitor C = µf. The supply voltage is 0V. Determine the Understand circuit turnoff time. SCRs with a rating of 000V and 0A are available to be used in a string to handle kv and ka. Calculate the number of series and parallel units required in case derating factor is 0. and 0. Understand
4 UNIT  II SINGLE PHASE AND THREE PHASE CONTROLLED RECTIFIERS Part A (Short Answer Questions) Describe Phase controlled technique. Remember List the applications of phase controlled rectifier. Remember Describe the function of freewheeling diode in phase controlled rectifier Remember List the advantages of freewheeling diode in a controlled rectifier? Remember Define delay angle. Remember 6 List the advantages of single phase bridge converter over single phase midpoint converter. Remember Define commutation angle or overlap angle. Remember Give an expression for average and RMS output voltage of single phase semi converters. Describe the effect of the source inductance in full converter. Remember Define input power factor in controlled rectifier. Remember Give an expression for average and RMS output voltage of single phase Full Converter with R load. Describe inversion mode in fully controlled rectifier. Remember Sketch the four quadrants in which the dual converter operates. Understand 6 Give the range of firing angles of a dual converter for all quadrants. Understand 6 List the differences between noncirculating current mode & circulating current node of a dual converter. Remember 6 6 Give the relation between the firing angles of two converters in a dual converter. Understand 6 Part  B (Long Answer Questions) Explain the operation of a single phase full wave midpoint converter with Rload with the help of circuit and output waveforms. Explain the operation of a single phase half wave converter for Rload with neat circuit diagram and necessary waveforms Explain the operation of three phase fully controlled bridge converter with RL loads. Understand Describe the operation of a single phase two pulse midpoint converter with R load and relevant waveforms. Derive the expressions for the following performance factors of single phase fully controlled bridge converter (a) input power factor. (b) voltage ripple factor. (c) active power input. (d) Reactive power input. 6 Describe the operation of a single phase two pulse midpoint converter with RL loads and also derive an expression for average output voltage. Remember List the advantages of Halfcontrolled converters over full controlled converters? Remember Explain the operation of single phase dual converter with neat sketch. Understand 6 Explain the working of a single phase half wave controlled rectifier with RL load. Derive the output voltage single phase full wave midpoint converter with Rload for α= 0. Derive an expression for average output voltage of a single phase two pulse midpoint converter.
5 Explain the working of a three phase half wave controlled rectifier with R L load. Understand Derive the output voltage three phase full wave midpoint converter with Rload for α= 0. Understand Explain the operation of three phase dual converter with neat sketch. Understand 6 Explain the working of a three phase full wave controlled rectifier with RL load. Understand Part  C (Problem Solving and Critical Thinking Questions) A single phase transformer, with secondary voltage of 0V, 0Hz, delivers power to load R=Ω through a halfwave controlled rectifier circuit. For a firing angle delay of 60 o, determine (i) the rectifier efficiency (ii) form factor (iii) voltage ripple factor (iv) transformer utilization factor and (v) PIV of thyristor. The full wave controlled bridge rectifier has an ac Input of V rms at 60Hz and a 0Ω load resistor. The delay angle is 0ᵒ. Determine ) Average load voltage ) Average load current and ) RMS load voltage. A resistive load of Ω is connected through a halfwave controlled rectifier circuit to 0V, 0 Hz, single phase source. Calculate the power delivered to the load for a firing angle of 60ᵒ. Find also the value of input power factor For the single phase fully controlled bridge converter having load of R, determine the average output voltage, rms output voltage and input power factor if the supply is 0V, 0 Hz, single phase AC and the firing angle is 60 degrees For the single phase fully controlled bridge is connected to RLE load. The source voltage is 0 V, 0 Hz. The average load current of A continuous over the working range. For R= 0. Ω and L = mh, Compute (a) firing angle for E = V (b) firing angle for E = V 6 A single phase two pulse converter feeds power to RLE load with R= 6Ω, L= 6mH, E= 60V, AC source voltage is 0V, 0Hz for continuous condition. Find the average value of load current for a firing angle of 0ᵒ. In case one of the SCRs gets open circuited. Find the new value of average load current assuming the output current as continuous. A threephase halfwave controlled rectifier has a supply of 00V/phase. Determine the average load voltage for firing angle of 0 o, 0 o and 60 o Understand assuming a thyristor volt drop of.v and continuous load current. A single phase semi converter delivers to RLE load with R=Ω, L = mh and E = 0V. The source voltage is 0V, 0Hz. For continuous conduction, Find the average value of output current for firing angle = 0 o. A single phase fully controlled bridge converter is supplied with 0 V, 0 Hz source. The load consists of = 0Ω and a large inductance so as to reach the load current constant. For a delay angle of 60 0, Determine i) average output voltage ii) average output current iii) average values of SCR current and iv) input power factor. A three phase half wave converter is supplying a load with a continuous constant current of 0A over a firing angle from 0 o to What will be the power dissipated by the load at these limiting values of firing angle. The Understand supply voltage is V (line). A single phase semi converter delivers to RLE load with R=Ω, L = mh and E = 0V. The source voltage is 0V, 0Hz. For continuous conduction, Find the average value of output current for firing angle = 60 o and draw a rough sketch of output voltage, current and source current.
6 The full wave controlled bridge rectifier has an ac Input of V rms at 0Hz and a 0Ω load resistor. The delay angle is 0ᵒ. Determine ) Average load voltage ) Average load current and ) RMS load voltage. A threephase halfwave controlled rectifier has a supply of 00V/phase. Determine the average load voltage for firing angle of 0 o, o and o assuming a thyristor volt drop of.v and continuous load current. A single phase fully controlled bridge converter is supplied with 0 V, 0 Hz source. The load consists of = 0Ω and a large inductance so as to reach the load current constant. For a delay angle of 0 0, Determine i) average output voltage ii) average output current iii) average values of SCR current and iv) input power factor. UNIT III AC VOLTAGE CONTROLLERS AND CYCLOCONVERTERS Part A (Short Answer Questions) Understand Define AC voltage controller. Remember List the disadvantages of continuous gating signal. Remember Describe high frequency carrier gating. Remember Describe sequence control in AC voltage regulators. Remember Describe bidirectional or halfwave ac voltage controller. Remember 6 List the gating signals used in AC voltage controller. Remember List the applications of AC voltage controllers. Remember List the advantages of AC voltage controllers. Remember List the control methods in AC voltage controllers. Remember Describe the difference between ONOFF control and phase control. Remember List the applications of TRIAC? Remember Describe the limitations of TRIAC as a AC voltage controller. Remember Define cycloconverter. Remember Classify the cycloconverters. Define step up cycloconverter. Remember 6 Define step down cycloconverter. Remember Give the expression for step up cyclo converter. Give the expression for step down cyclo converter. Describe the commutation used in step down cycloconverter. Remember 0 Describe the commutation used in Step up cycloconverter. Remember Mention the Applications of cycloconverter. Remember List the advantages and disadvantages of cycloconverter. Remember List the advantages of bridge type cycloconverter. Remember List the disadvantages of midpoint cycloconverter. Remember Part B (Long Answer Questions) Explain the operation of single phase AC voltage controller with RL load. Understand Describe the effects of load inductances on the performance of AC voltage controllers. Remember
7 For a voltage controller, feeding a resistive load, draw the waveforms of Source voltage, gating signals, output voltage and voltage across the SCR. Remember Describe the working with reference to waveforms drawn. Explicate the principle of ONOFF control used in AC voltage controller. Derive the expressions for the Power dissipated in the load, for a single phase AC voltage controller feeding Resistiveinductive load for continuous operation of current. 6 Explain the different modes of operation of a TRIAC. Understand Derive the expression for the input power factor in an AC voltage controller using ONOFF control. Understand Explain the operation of AC voltage controller with TRAIC and draw the input and output waveforms. Understand Describe the limitations of cycloconverter. Remember Explain the operation of single phase midpoint cycloconverter with R and RL loads with neat waveforms. Explain the working of single phase bridge type cycloconverter with RL load for a) Continuous conduction and for b) Discontinuous conduction with the help of neat circuit diagram and relevant output waveforms. List the salient features of cycloconverters, with the help of a neat circuit diagram explicate the performance of step up cycloconverter. Remember Describe the operation of single phase Cycloconverter with R load and also draw the neat waveforms. Remember List the merits and demerits of a cycloconverter. Remember Compare the operational features of single phase midpoint and bridge type cycloconverter for RL loads, with neat circuit diagrams and waveforms. Part  C (Problem Solving and Critical Thinking Questions) An ac voltage controller uses a TRIAC for phase angle control of a resistive load of 0Ω. Calculate the value of delay angle for having an rms load voltage of 0 volts. Also calculate the rms value of TRIAC current. Assume the rms supply voltage to be 0V. The ac voltage controller uses onoff control for heating a resistive load of R = ohms and the input voltage is Vs = 0V, 60Hz. If the desired output power is P O = KW, determine the (a) duty cycle δ (b) input power factor (c) sketch waveforms for the duty cycle obtained in (a) A single phase load of resistance Ω in series with an Inductance of mh is fed from a 0V (rms), 0Hz supply by a pair of inverse parallel thyristors. Find mean power in the load at firing angles of i) 0 o ii) 60 o and iii) o. Ignore source inductance and device voltage drops. A single phase fullwave AC voltage controller feeds a load of R=0Ω with an input voltage of 0V, 0Hz. Firing angle for both the thyristors is o. Calculate (i) rms value of output voltage (ii) Load power and input pf (iii) Average and rms current of thyristors. A single phase voltage controller is employed for controlling the power flow from 0V, 0Hz source into a load circuit consisting of R= Ω and ωl= Ω. Calculate (i) the range of firing angle (ii) the maximum value of rms load current (iii) the maximum power and power factor (iv) The maximum values of average and rms thyristor currents.
8 6 A single phase voltage controller has input voltage of 0V, 0 Hz and a load of R=Ω. For 6 cycles on and cycles off, determine (i) rms output voltage (ii) input pf (iii) average and rms thyristor currents A single phase full wave AC voltage converter has an input voltage of 0 V, 0Hz and its feeding a resistance load of ohms. If firing angle of thyristors is degree, find the output RMS voltage input power factor and average current of thyristor. The ac voltage controller uses onoff control for heating a resistive load of R = ohms and the input voltage is Vs = V, 60Hz. If the desired output power is P O = KW, determine the (a) duty cycle δ (b) input power factor a) sketch waveforms for the duty cycle obtained in (a) A single phase voltage controller is employed for controlling the power flow from 0V, 0Hz source into a load circuit consisting of R= Ω and ωl= Ω. Calculate (i) the range of firing angle (ii) the maximum value of rms load current (iii) the maximum power and power factor (iv) The maximum values of average and rms thyristor currents. A single phase full wave AC voltage converter has an input voltage of 0 V, 0Hz and its feeding a resistance load of ohms. If firing angle of thyristors is degree, find the output RMS voltage input power factor and average current of thyristor. In a standard A singlephase bridgetype cycloconverter has input voltage of 0V, 0Hz and load of R=Ω. Output frequency is onethird of input frequency. For a firing angle delay of 0 o, Calculate (i) rms value of output voltage (ii) rms current of each converter (iii) rms current of each thyristor (iv) input power factor. A phase to singlephase cycloconverter employs a 6pulse bridge circuit. This device is fed from 00 V, 0 Hz supply through a delta/star transformer whose perphase turns ratio is :. For an output frequency of Hz, the load reactance is ω o L= ohms Ii The load resistance is ohms. The commutation overlap and thyristor turnoff time limit the firing angle in the inversion mode to 6. Compute (a) peak value of rms output voltage (b) rms output current and (c) output power. A singlephase to singlephase midpoint cycloconverter is delivering power to a resistive load. The supply transformer has turns ratio of : :. The frequency ratio is fo/fs = /. The firing angle delay α for all the four SCRs are the same. Sketch the time variations of the following waveforms for α = 0 and α = 0 (a) Supply voltage (b) Output current and (c) Supply current. Indicate the conduction of various thyristors also. A phase to singlephase cycloconverter employs a 6pulse bridge circuit. This device is fed from 00 V, 0 Hz supply through a delta/star transformer whose perphase turns ratio is :. For an output frequency of Hz, the load reactance is ω o L= ohms Ii The load resistance is ohms. The commutation overlap and thyristor turnoff time limit the firing angle in the inversion mode to. Compute (a) peak value of rms output voltage (b) rms output current and (c) output power.
9 A singlephase to singlephase midpoint cycloconverter is delivering power to a resistive load. The supply transformer has turns ratio of : :. The frequency ratio is fo/fs = /. The firing angle delay α for all the four SCRs are the same. Sketch the time variations of the following waveforms for α = and α = 60 (a) Supply voltage (b) Output current and (c) Supply current. Indicate the conduction of various thyristors also. UNITIV DC DC CONVERTERS Part A (Short Answer Questions) Define duty ratio. Remember Define time ratio control and classify the time ratio control. Remember Classify the control strategies in choppers. Understand Describe stepup and stepdown chopper. Remember 6 Write the expression for average output voltage for step down chopper. Remember Write the expression for average output voltage for step up chopper. Remember Write the expression for average output voltage for step up/down chopper. Remember Discuss the control strategy with constant frequency control. Understand Discuss the control strategy with variable frequency control. Understand List the applications of dc chopper? Remember List the different types of chopper with respect to commutation process? Remember Draw the circuit diagram of type A chopper. Remember Write the expressions for minimum and maximum currents in type A chopper. Remember Classify the choppers based on quadrant operations. Understand 6 Draw the circuit diagram of four quadrant chopper. Remember Part B (Long Answer Questions) Describe the principle of stepup chopper. Derive an expression for the average output voltage in terms of input dc voltage & duty cycle. Remember Describe the principle of stepdown chopper. Derive an expression for the average output voltage in terms of input dc voltage & duty cycle. Remember Describe the working of four quadrant chopper with neat sketch. Remember Describe the step up and step down chopper with neat diagram. Remember Explain the operation of classb Chopper for resistive load with neat circuit diagram and output voltage and current waveforms. Understand 6 Compare the control techniques used in choppers. Understand Explain the operation of an AC chopper with neat sketch and waveforms Understand With the help of circuit diagrams, discuss the operation of classc and class D chopper. Understand Explain with waveforms the constant & variable frequency system for chopper control. Understand Explain the effects of source and load inductance on the operation of a chopper. Understand Derive expressions for minimum and maximum output currents for class A chopper. Understand Explain the control techniques used in choppers. Understand
10 Explain the operation of cuk regulator. Understand Explain the operation of buck boost regulator. Understand 6 Part  C (Problem Solving and Critical Thinking Questions) A stepup chopper supplies a load of 0 V from 0 V dc supply. Assuming the non conduction period of the thyristor to be 0 Understand microsecond, find the on time of the thyristor In a type A chopper, the input supply voltage is 0 V the load resistance is Ω and there is a voltage drop of V across the chopper thyristor when it is on. For a duty ratio of 0., calculate the average and rms values Understand of the output voltage. Also find the chopper efficiency Design the filter components for a buck converter which has an input voltage of V and output voltage of V. the peak to peak output ripple voltage is 0 mv and peak to peak ripple current of inductor is limited to Understand 0. A. the switching frequency is KHz A step down DC chopper has input voltage of 0 V with Ω load resistor connected, voltage drop across chopper is V when it is ON. For a duty cycle of 0., calculate: ) Average and rms values of output voltage Understand ) Power delivered to the load A step up chopper has input voltage of 0 V and output voltage of 660 V. If the nonconducting time of thyristor chopper is 0 micro sec compute the pulse width of output voltage. In case the pulse width is halved for Understand constant frequency operation, find the new output voltage A dc chopper has an input voltage of 00 V and a load of 0 Ω resistances. When chopper is on, its voltage drop is. V and the chopping frequency is KHz. If the duty cycle is 0%, find. ) Average output voltage Understand ) RMS output voltage ) Chopper on time A chopper operating from 0V dc supply with for a duty cycle of 0. and chopping frequency of KHz drives an R L load with R = Ω, L=mH and E = V. Find whether the current is continuous and also find the Understand values of I max and I min. Input to stepup chopper is 0V. The output required is 00V. If the conducting time is 00µs. Calculate. a) chopping frequency Understand b) If the pulse width is halved for constant frequency of operation find the output voltage. A battery is charged from a constant dc source of 0V through a chopper. The dc battery is to be charged from its internal emf of 0V to V. The battery has internal resistance.for a constant charging current of A. Understand Compute the range of duty cycle. An ideal chopper operating at a chopping period of ms supplies a load of ohms having an induction of mh from 0V battery. Assuming the load is shunted by a perfect commutating diode, and battery to be loss less, Understand compute load current waveforms for T on / T off values of /, /. For the ideal type Achopper circuit, following conditions are given, Edc = 0V, chopping frequency=00 Hz, duty cycle δ=0. and R = ohm, L = mh and Eb= V. Compute the following quantities. a) Check whether the load current is continuous or not. Understand b) Average output current c) Maximum and minimum values of steady state output current An ideal chopper operating at a chopping period of ms supplies a load of ohms having an induction of mh from 0V battery. Assuming the load is shunted by a perfect commutating diode, and battery to be loss less, Understand compute load current waveforms for T on / T off values of /, /.
11 UNITV INVERTERS Part  A (Short Answer Questions) Describe inverter. Remember Discuss the classification of inverters. Describe why thyristors are not preferred for inverters. Remember List the applications of an inverter? Remember Compare Current Source Inverter and Voltage Source Inverter. Understand 6 Give two advantages of Current Source Inverter. Understand Give the main drawback of a single phase half bridge inverter? Describe the need to be connected in anti parallel with the thyristors in inverter circuits. Remember Define series inverter. Remember Describe the condition to be satisfied in the selection of L and C in a series inverter. Remember List the applications of a series inverter. Remember Describe parallel inverter. Remember Classify the inverters based on commutation circuit used. Discuss PWM control. List the advantages of PWM control? Remember Part  B (Long Answer Questions) Describe the operation of series inverter with aid of diagrams. Describe an expression for output frequency, current and voltages. What are the Remember disadvantages of basic series inverter? Draw and explain the circuit diagram of single phase half and full bridge inverter. Explain the operation of phase bridge inverter for 0 degree mode of operation with aid of relevant phase and line voltage waveforms. Understand Explain the operation of phase bridge inverter for degree mode of operation with aid of relevant phase and line voltage waveforms. Understand State different methods of voltage control inverters. Describe about PWM control in inverter. Remember 6 Describe the pulse width modulated and sinusoidal pulse width modulated inverter. Remember a) Describe the operation of basic series inverter. State its limitation. b) How the limitation is overcome in modified series inverter. Remember Describe the operation of basic parallel inverter with neat diagram. Remember Explain the different pulse width modulation techniques used for inverters? Discuss load commutation in an Inverter. Under what condition commutation can be achieved by load. Compare Single pulse width modulation over multiple pulse width modulation technique. Compare the advantages and disadvantages of half bridge and full bridge inverter. Compare series and parallel inverter on the basis of circuit components, current rating, type of communication and type of O/P waveforms. List the advantages and disadvantages of sinusoidal pulse width modulation technique? Remember
12 6 Part  C (Problem Solving and Critical Thinking Questions) A phase half bridge inverter has a resistive load of Ω. The dc supply voltage is V. Calculate a) rms output voltage at fundamental frequency b) output power c) Average and peak current. The single phase half bridge inverter has a resistive load of. Ω and the dc input voltage is V. Determine the rms output voltage at the fundamental frequency, output power and the total harmonic distortion A single phase full bridge inverter has a resistive load of R = Ω and the input voltage V dc of 0 V. Find the average output voltage and rms output voltage at fundamental frequency. A single PWM full bridge inverter feeds an RL load with R=Ω and L= mh. If the source voltage is V, find out the total harmonic distortion in the output voltage and in the load current. The width of each Understand pulse is and the output frequency is 0Hz. A single phase full bridge inverter has rms value of fundamental component of output voltage with single pulse width modulation equal to V. Compute the pulse width required and the rms value of output Understand voltage in case dc source voltage is 0V. A singlephase bridge Inverter feeds an RLC series load with R=, L=6mH & C=μF. The output frequency is Hz, supply voltage being 0V. Express the output voltage in terms of Fourier series & determine, i. RMS values of thyristor current load current. ii.current at the instant of commutation considering up to th harmonics only. Single phase half bridge inverter has a resistive load of R = ohms and dc input voltage E dc = 0V. Calculate a) rms output voltage at fundamental frequency E b) the output power c) average and peak current of each thyristor A single phase fullbridge inverter has RLC load of R = Ω, L = mh and C = μf. The dc input voltage of 0V and the output frequency is 0 Hz. Find the expression for load current upto fifth harmonic. Also Understand calculate rms value of all the (fundamental, harmonic) current components. In a singlephase series inverter, the operating frequency is 0kHz and the thyristor turnoff time tq=μs. Circuit parameters are: R=Ω, L=60μH, C=.μF and Vs=0V DC. Determine (i) the circuit turnoff time and (ii) maximum possible operating frequency, assuming a factor of safety =.. A single PWM full bridge inverter feeds an RL load with R=Ω and L= mh. If the source voltage is V, find out the total harmonic distortion in the output voltage and in the load current. The width of each pulse is and the output frequency is 60Hz. Single phase half bridge inverter has a resistive load of R = ohms and dc input voltage E dc = 60V. Calculate a) rms output voltage at fundamental frequency E b) the output power Understand c) average and peak current of each thyristor A single phase fullbridge inverter has RLC load of R = Ω, L = mh and C = 60μF. The dc input voltage of 0V and the output frequency is 0 Hz. Find the expression for load current up to fifth harmonic. Also Understand calculate rms value of all the (fundamental, harmonic) current components. Prepared By: Dr. T. Devaraju Professor, EEE HOD, EEE
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