Sontag s essay is a conversation with Woolf Interrogates some of Woolf s positions about war, barbarity and the use of photography

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Sontag s essay is a conversation with Woolf Interrogates some of Woolf s positions about war, barbarity and the use of photography"

Transcription

1 Sontag s essay is a conversation with Woolf Interrogates some of Woolf s positions about war, barbarity and the use of photography Sontag: photographs of atrocities do not prevent the occurrence of more atrocities Eg. Photos, such as those by Ernst Friedrich (War Against War), published in 1930s, did not stave off W.W.II 1

2 Images of atrocity are more ubiquitous in our time than in Woolf s For those who have not experienced war, understanding of war comes through photographs and television images Yet photographs are not objective For example, photographer may alter or enhance the environment or circumstances of the photograph The photograph may be staged 2

3 Robert Doisneau Le Baiser de l'hotel de Ville, Paris, 1950 Man and woman hired for the day for the photograph Felice Beato enhanced the scene of the Sikandarbagh Palace where the British troops encountered Sepoy defenders He scattered additional human bones in the courtyard 3

4 Matthew Brady and his team moved a dead solider to a more photogenic site at Gettybsburg Included a prop rifle Sontag argues, [w]hat is odd is not that so many of the iconic news photos of the past, including some of the best-remembered pictures from the Second World War, appear to have been staged. It is that we are surprised to learn that they were staged, and always disappointed (55). Icon: A person or thing regarded as a representative symbol, esp. of a culture or movement; a person, institution, etc., considered worthy of admiration or respect (O.E.D.) Iconic photograph is one which is representative of a particular historic or cultural event 4

5 Irony is that the photographs that speak to us of a particular incident, that may be an emblem of a moment in time, are constructed and not authentic Sontag argues that Only starting with the Vietnam war is it virtually certain that none of the best-known photographs were set-ups. And this is essential to the moral authority of these images (57). 5

6 Huynh Cong Ut Vietnam 1972 Children fleeing South Vietnamese napalm attack Yet, we know that this photograph was staged by executioner, Brigadier General Nguyen Ngoc Loan Prisoner likely wouldn t have been shot without the witnesses 6

7 Sontag speculates that the advent of T.V. meant that the photographer now had competition but the practice of inventing dramatic news pictures, staging them for the camera, seems on its way to becoming a lost art (58). Optimistic? Another way in which photographs can be manipulated is in the way in which the photographer frames a chosen slice of reality Or, he or she is constrained in his choice of photographic material 7

8 British populace was unsupportive of the Crimean War (1854-6) British government hired Roger Fenton to take photos of soldiers for display on home front However, Fenton was forbidden to show the dead, the maimed, or the ill (49) Fenton took numerous staged photographs of soldiers Captain Halford, 5 th Dragoon Guards 8

9 Valley of the Shadow of Death Site where 600 British soldiers were ambushed Immortalized in Alfred, Lord Tennyson s poem, The Charge of the Light Brigade Fenton added the cannonballs on the road Not unlike the situation in the Falklands when Margaret Thatcher s government only allowed 2 photojournalists to accompany the British troops American-Iraq war limited to images originating from American military; NBC footage of Iraqi soldiers being carpet bombed with explosives, napalm, radioactive DU (depleted uranium) rounds, and cluster bombs as they headed north. (66), was not shown. American involvement bombed at the end of the war, on February 27, were in Afghanistan in 2001 off-limits to news photographers 9

10 Captions are crucial in the process of interpreting photographs Often interpreted as woman watching for planes in Spanish Civil war In fact, photo taken at a meeting before the war started 10

11 Between W.W.I and W.W.II, war photography was largely part of left-wing dissidence W.W.II shifted perspective; evidence of the Holocaust justified the war photojournalism now part of new consensus Photographers interested in wars of unusual interest (33). As a result, only a few wars are photographed and far crueler wars are ignored or are under represented in the media (notably civil war in Sudan, Iraqi war against the Kurds, Russian invasion of Chechnya) Yet, during the Vietnam era, Sontag argues, photos, such as those taken by Larry Burrows turned the American public against the war During the Vietnam era, war photography became, normatively, a criticism of war (65). Vietnam seems to be an exception to her generalization At the time of Sontag s writing, attitudes to American military were high pictures taken by Larry Burrows in Vietnam of wretched hollow-eyed GIs that once seemed subversive of militarism and imperialism may seem inspirational. Their revised subject ordinary American young men doing their unpleasant, ennobling duty (38). 11

12 Additionally, Sontag argues, that for well known photographers, we expect pictures of suffering Serious photographers don t do sunsets Yet, why do we look at pictures of the suffering or dying? On the one hand, to capture that ultimate moment is something only cameras can do (59) Participate in a moment that is common to all of us, but is as yet denied us On the other, there exists an unstated ethics involved in looking: Rights of the grieving family good taste May undermine patriotic urge Attitudes toward mourning in Western culture 12

13 However, the more remote the geographical location, the more likely the dead will be not be accorded these consideration Dead bodies of our soldiers are not shown, only theirs Presence of dead and dying in remote places confirms our own economic, moral superiority; provides reassurance that we are safe: [Pictures of villagers dying of AIDS] carry a double message. They show a suffering that is outrageous, unjust, and should be repaired. They confirm that this is the sort of thing which happens in that place. The ubiquity of those photographs, and those horrors, cannot help but nourish belief in the inevitability of tragedy in the benighted or backward that is, poor parts of the world (71). Western perspective tends to see those with darker complexions in remote places as exotic and other The spectacle of the suffering of the other is permitted in a way our own is not The other regarded only as someone to be seen, not someone, (like us) who also sees. But surely the wounded Taliban soldier begging for his life whose fate was pictured prominently in The New York Times also had a wife, children, parents, sisters and brothers, some of whom may one day come across the three color photographs of their husband, father, son, brother being slaughtered if they have not already seen them (73). 13

14 Expectations of Photographs Ideology that war photos should appall Too much beauty is seen as suspicious; an aesthetic photo is seen as detracting from the subject matter Asethetic photo is seen as disrespectful of the subject matter compromis[es] the picture s status as a document (77) cinematic photos, that look like movie stills, are also seen as inauthentic look arranged Sebastião Salgado Migrations unnamed subjects in pictures from 39 countries Suffering feels too epic, compassion becomes abstract feel overwhelmed by the suffering rather than motivated to change it Sebastião Salgado Migrations In the camp at Kibumba, thousands of Rwandan refugees die daily of cholera, dysentery, and starvation. French Army tractors pile the bodies up against mounds of volcanic lava and then cover them with earth. Death has become a management problem. Zaire, astiaosalgado/e1/ 14

15 Because we are constantly subjected to images, we need to be aware of the ways in which sentiment can be used to manipulate us At the same time, the shock value of photos can wear off Or can it? 15

16 Photographs as Memory Photographs now seen as representative of our culture, who we are icon stands for collective memory of an event Yet, collective memory is not really memory, it is a choice of what we deem to be important about us Restricted access to photos of torture of Iraqi prisoners by American soldiers in Abu Ghraib prison; American government wanted to control image of American military and by association, Americans. Memory museum repository of photos from cultural groups that have experienced genocide Testament to suffering, but also invoke the miracle of survival (87). Act as reminder for vigilance Efforts to build memory museums to the Holocaust and to the Armenian genocide have had support in the U.S. 16

17 Yet, efforts to construct a Museum of the History of Slavery in Washington, D.C. have not been successful Sontag argues that such a museum would implicate the U.S. as a nation that inflicted genocide conflicts with the idea of America as a country that sees itself as the solution or cure (88), rather than as a perpetrator. Sontag queries, how are we to respond to photographs of suffering that are remote in time, for example, those of the black victims of lynching in the early 20 th century? Impossible to stop the lynching or punish the perpetrators Is the purpose to awaken indignation? To make us feel bad ; that is, to appall and sadden? To help us mourn? (92). 17

18 How to respond to photographs of suffering from remote locales? We may back away from such photos, not, as has been suggested, from a steady diet of violence, but from feelings of impotence, anger and frustration Sympathy can be impertinent since it suggests that we are not accomplices to what caused the suffering (102); we remove any complicity. Struggle is to find a way to move from passivity and hopelessness into action 18

Sample Student Draft

Sample Student Draft UWP Instructor Application 2011-2012 Sample Student Draft Directions: Imagine that you are teaching a class in academic writing for first-year college students. In your class, drafts are not graded. Instead,

More information

An Understanding of War Photography. By Antonisia Schroder

An Understanding of War Photography. By Antonisia Schroder An Understanding of War Photography By Antonisia Schroder Introducing war photography The Valley of the Shadow of Death, Roger Fenton, Picture source: Iconic Photos Origins in mid 19 th century (Crimea

More information

ENGLISH TEXT SUMMARY NOTES Dear America- Letters Home from Vietnam

ENGLISH TEXT SUMMARY NOTES Dear America- Letters Home from Vietnam ENGLISH TEXT SUMMARY NOTES Dear America- Letters Home from Vietnam Text guide by: Hannah Young Dear America Letters Home from Vietnam 2 Copyright TSSM 2010 TSSM ACN 099 422 670 ABN 54 099 422 670 A: Level

More information

Photojournalism: What does it even mean?

Photojournalism: What does it even mean? A picture is worth ten thousand words Fred R. Barnard, of Printers Ink, 10 March 1927. The drawing shows me at a glance what would be spread over ten pages in a book. Ivan Turgenev, Fathers and Sons (1862)

More information

War s Hell! the Battle of Mametz Wood in Art. Information for teachers

War s Hell! the Battle of Mametz Wood in Art.  Information for teachers War s Hell! the Battle of Mametz Wood in Art Introduction The exhibition War s Hell! the Battle of Mametz Wood in Art, taking place at National Museum Cardiff from 30 th April - 4 th September 2016, explores

More information

- Wilson Hicks (former picture editor of 'Life' magazine.)

- Wilson Hicks (former picture editor of 'Life' magazine.) Photojournalism Photojournalism "In traditional journalism words are produced first and the picture is used to illustrate them...in photojournalism there is an exact reversal of that order." - Wilson Hicks

More information

Paper 2 (HL) M2013 Exam Response Question 5

Paper 2 (HL) M2013 Exam Response Question 5 Paper 2 (HL) M2013 Exam Response Question 5 Context historical, cultural, or social can have an influence on the way literary works are written or received. Discuss with reference to at least two works

More information

Provide options to enhance survival when confronted with an Active Shooter. Describe actions needed to safely interact with responding officers

Provide options to enhance survival when confronted with an Active Shooter. Describe actions needed to safely interact with responding officers Offer strategies to prevent and prepare for a potential Active Shooter incident Provide options to enhance survival when confronted with an Active Shooter Describe actions needed to safely interact with

More information

PAGES SAMPLE

PAGES SAMPLE Pablo PICASSO Spanish 1881 1973, worked in France 1904 73 Weeping woman 1937 oil on canvas 55.2 x 46.2 cm National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne Purchased by donors of The Art Foundation of Victoria,

More information

Lynching Photographs (Defining Moments In American Photography) By Dora Apel, Shawn Michelle Smith READ ONLINE

Lynching Photographs (Defining Moments In American Photography) By Dora Apel, Shawn Michelle Smith READ ONLINE Lynching Photographs (Defining Moments In American Photography) By Dora Apel, Shawn Michelle Smith READ ONLINE Defining moments in American photography ; v. 2. Published: The evidence of lynching photographs

More information

The Killer Angels. Teaching Unit. Individual Learning Packet. by Michael Shaara. written by Dan Welch. ISBN Reorder No.

The Killer Angels. Teaching Unit. Individual Learning Packet. by Michael Shaara. written by Dan Welch. ISBN Reorder No. Individual Learning Packet Teaching Unit by Michael Shaara written by Dan Welch Copyright 2005 by Prestwick House Inc., P.O. Box 658, Clayton, DE 19938. 1-800-932-4593. www.prestwickhouse.com Permission

More information

navy training Spirit of Marine Corps Marine Corp training culture of foreign country joy of trip ability about foreign language

navy training Spirit of Marine Corps Marine Corp training culture of foreign country joy of trip ability about foreign language I went to the skeleton domed building in Hiroshima which stands to commemorate the dropping of the atomic bomb. A lot of pictures at that time were being displayed in the dome. I was able to know the tragic

More information

I , & WARNING

I , & WARNING Gruesome war photos Browse gruesome vietnam war photos pictures, photos, images, GIFs, and videos on Photobucket. Ad Blocker Detected.. About WWI Is That It Was Shockingly Gruesome. scars of the war you

More information

The Cost of War: An Urban Legend. marriage fiercely debated since the first images of fallen soldiers were taken.

The Cost of War: An Urban Legend. marriage fiercely debated since the first images of fallen soldiers were taken. Student 1 Student English 120 Professor Rosselli 08 December 2009 The Cost of War: An Urban Legend Since it s invention, photography has had an intimate relationship with war (Marwil). A marriage fiercely

More information

For people in France the fighting was right on their doorstep (western front); cities close to the trenches became the base for armies

For people in France the fighting was right on their doorstep (western front); cities close to the trenches became the base for armies Major Theme: Different Types and Nature of 20 th Century Warfare Civil War Guerilla War Limited War Total War For people in France the fighting was right on their doorstep (western front); cities close

More information

Introduction To Photography

Introduction To Photography Introduction To Photography THETIPS STORYTELLING POWER OF PHOTOGRAPHY FOR TAKING BETTER PHOTOS WITH YOUR PHONE What is photography? Photography is a tool that allow us to share inspiring and important

More information

Photojournalism Presentation Script

Photojournalism Presentation Script Photojournalism Presentation Script Slide: Presentation: Roadmap of our talk We will talk to you about what photojournalism is. First, we will present some of the ethical standards that are involved with

More information

World History Unit 13 Lesson 1 The Start of WWI The Belle Epoque The late 1800s & early 1900s had been a time of great scientific discoveries &

World History Unit 13 Lesson 1 The Start of WWI The Belle Epoque The late 1800s & early 1900s had been a time of great scientific discoveries & Unit 13 Lesson 1 The Start of WWI The Belle Epoque The late 1800s & early 1900s had been a time of great scientific discoveries & technological inventions. Europe was civilizing the world & living standards

More information

Element of Art. Shape

Element of Art. Shape Element of Art Shape WHAT IS SHAPE? An area that is contained using a line and identified because of change in color or value. In other words: They have 2-dimentions (length and width) and can be geometric

More information

Woman War Photographers

Woman War Photographers WAR PHOTO LIMITED Antuninska 6 (old town) 20000 Dubrovnik Croatia Tel +385 20 322 166 Fax +385 20 322 167 wpl@warphotoltd.com www.warphotoltd.com This photographic exhibition has been curated and exhibited

More information

Salonika Remembers VISITING THE COMMONWEALTH WAR GRAVES COMMISSION CEMETERIES AND WAR MEMORIALS OF GREECE

Salonika Remembers VISITING THE COMMONWEALTH WAR GRAVES COMMISSION CEMETERIES AND WAR MEMORIALS OF GREECE Salonika Remembers VISITING THE COMMONWEALTH WAR GRAVES COMMISSION CEMETERIES AND WAR MEMORIALS OF GREECE www.cwgc.org SECTION ONE THE CWGC AND GREECE THE COMMONWEALTH WAR GRAVES COMMISSION AND GREECE

More information

Art of the American Soldier: Post-visit Activity

Art of the American Soldier: Post-visit Activity Art of the American Soldier: Post-visit Activity Author: Staff About this Lesson This activity is ideal for classes that have experienced the Art of the American Soldier exhibition at the. This lesson

More information

Capturing History: The Photography of Chim Review: The Past Made Personal

Capturing History: The Photography of Chim Review: The Past Made Personal Capturing History: The Photography of Chim Review: The Past Made Personal One of the co-founders of Magnum Photo, Chim populated his photos with memorable faces. Capturing History: The Photography of Chim

More information

American Civil War Part Three: Important People Character Studies and Mini-books Abraham Lincoln Harriet Tubman Robert E. Lee Ulysses S.

American Civil War Part Three: Important People Character Studies and Mini-books Abraham Lincoln Harriet Tubman Robert E. Lee Ulysses S. American Civil War Part Three: Important People Character Studies and Mini-books Abraham Lincoln Harriet Tubman Robert E. Lee Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis Meet Harriet Tubman One famous slave was named

More information

Horror: From the Dark and Weird to the Grim and Unknown

Horror: From the Dark and Weird to the Grim and Unknown Horror: From the Dark and Weird to the Grim and Unknown By Benjamin T. Cecchetto Overview Overview Overview Overview Overview Overview Overview... Etymology / Ideology / History In Literature In Film In

More information

Photography Policy & Procedure

Photography Policy & Procedure Photography Policy & Procedure The role of visual images Visual images corroborate and elaborate the written documentation of our investigations and the testimony of witnesses and victims. The combination

More information

9694 THINKING SKILLS

9694 THINKING SKILLS UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS GCE Advanced Subsidiary Level and GCE Advanced Level MARK SCHEME for the October/November 2010 question paper for the guidance of teachers 9694 THINKING

More information

Bombs Away!! The Role of Strategic Bombing in Changing Warfare in World War II

Bombs Away!! The Role of Strategic Bombing in Changing Warfare in World War II Bombs Away!! The Role of Strategic Bombing in Changing Warfare in World War II EMU TPS Workshop August 8 10, 2011 Lesson Overview: Warfare developed new tools between World War I and World War II. The

More information

THE ORIGINS OF A NATION. The Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Periods

THE ORIGINS OF A NATION. The Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Periods THE ORIGINS OF A NATION The Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Periods Objectives For students to understand the scope of this quarter s literature pieces. To understand the historical context under which most medieval

More information

Areas of the museum to visit for this lesson plan: The George H.W. Bush Gallery

Areas of the museum to visit for this lesson plan: The George H.W. Bush Gallery FREDERICKSBURG, TEXAS Activity Title: What Makes One Battle More Famous Than Another? Areas of the museum to visit for this lesson plan: The George H.W. Bush Gallery Teacher Note: If you are bringing a

More information

Education programs in conjunction with the exhibition Jacob A. Riis: Revealing New York s Other Half are supported by:

Education programs in conjunction with the exhibition Jacob A. Riis: Revealing New York s Other Half are supported by: Education programs in conjunction with the exhibition Jacob A. Riis: Revealing New York s Other Half are supported by: The exhibition is made possible by: By examining a selection of photographs and textual

More information

When it comes to generic 25mm Science Fiction skirmish games, there are really only two choices.

When it comes to generic 25mm Science Fiction skirmish games, there are really only two choices. 1 of 6 When it comes to generic 25mm Science Fiction skirmish games, there are really only two choices. Stargrunt II, which is a gritty, realistic simulation of near-future combat. And ShockForce, which

More information

A SAFE CONTAINER FOR PASSING DOWN A PRAYER TO FUTURE GENERATIONS 1. My Experience with the Hiroshima Peace Museum

A SAFE CONTAINER FOR PASSING DOWN A PRAYER TO FUTURE GENERATIONS 1. My Experience with the Hiroshima Peace Museum A SAFE CONTAINER FOR PASSING DOWN A PRAYER TO FUTURE GENERATIONS 1 A SAFE CONTAINER FOR PASSING DOWN A PRAYER TO FUTURE GENERATIONS: My Experience with the Hiroshima Peace Museum Akiko Doi I. INTRODUCTION:

More information

Ambassador s Activities

Ambassador s Activities Ambassador s Activities 2013 Distributor: French Embassy in the UK - Press and Communications Services - 58 Knightsbridge, SW1X 7JT London E-Mail: press@ambafrance-uk.org Web: Speech by HE Bernard Emié,

More information

Brave Men, Gentle Heroes: American Fathers And Sons In World War II And Vietnam By Michael Takiff READ ONLINE

Brave Men, Gentle Heroes: American Fathers And Sons In World War II And Vietnam By Michael Takiff READ ONLINE Brave Men, Gentle Heroes: American Fathers And Sons In World War II And Vietnam By Michael Takiff READ ONLINE Referring to the beheading of Nicholas Berg, one U.S. senator said, "I think it We forget what

More information

Anwar s oral history is about her childhood in Iraq and life in Iraq during war. Learn more by listening to Anwar s complete oral history.

Anwar s oral history is about her childhood in Iraq and life in Iraq during war. Learn more by listening to Anwar s complete oral history. Anwar s oral history is about her childhood in Iraq and life in Iraq during war. Learn more by listening to Anwar s complete oral history. Listen and read along to Anwar s oral history either on the wiki

More information

Chapter 14 Section 3. The War in the Pacific

Chapter 14 Section 3. The War in the Pacific Chapter 14 Section 3 The War in the Pacific Philippines American forces fighting under General Douglas MacArthur in the Philippines were attacked by the Japanese FDR realized situation was hopeless so

More information

Volume 21 Number 011. Kalashnikov Semi-Automatic Rifle I. Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts

Volume 21 Number 011. Kalashnikov Semi-Automatic Rifle I. Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts Volume 21 Number 011 Kalashnikov Semi-Automatic Rifle I Lead: The world s greatest killing machine, with some 250,000 victims a year, is a Russian invention, the Ak-47, Mr. Kalashnikov s semi-automatic

More information

ONCE HUMANS LEARNED TO SPEAK AND WRITE, THE FIRST NEWS REPORTS BEGAN TO EMERGE. TWO SOCIETIES ARE KNOWN FOR THEIR ADVANCES IN NEWS REPORTING:

ONCE HUMANS LEARNED TO SPEAK AND WRITE, THE FIRST NEWS REPORTS BEGAN TO EMERGE. TWO SOCIETIES ARE KNOWN FOR THEIR ADVANCES IN NEWS REPORTING: IN THE BEGINNING ONCE HUMANS LEARNED TO SPEAK AND WRITE, THE FIRST NEWS REPORTS BEGAN TO EMERGE. TWO SOCIETIES ARE KNOWN FOR THEIR ADVANCES IN NEWS REPORTING: ROME CREATED A DAILY HANDWRITTEN NEWS SHEETS

More information

From Templemore to a place in World War 1 history.

From Templemore to a place in World War 1 history. 1 From Templemore to a place in World War 1 history. Words Gerry Molumby. Pictures Cormac and Gerry Molumby ~ Iconic picture of World War 11 unites Tipperary and Dublin and forever keeps the name of Fr.

More information

Harrison Bergeron by Kurt Vonnegut Jr.

Harrison Bergeron by Kurt Vonnegut Jr. Harrison Bergeron by Kurt Vonnegut Jr. Background Utopian Society The story describes an attempt to create a Utopian, or perfect, society in the United States by abolishing all kinds of competition. For

More information

Post Photography. Post Photography. AK 2100 Oct. 26, 2005 AK Robert Jackson, 1964

Post Photography. Post Photography. AK 2100 Oct. 26, 2005 AK Robert Jackson, 1964 Post Photography AK 2100 Oct. 26, 2005 Robert Jackson, 1964 Post Photography AK 2100 George Mahlberg. Oswald/Ruby as a Rock Band, 1996 1 Robert Burgoyne Cinema as the language through which reality expresses

More information

Introduction. Richard Mason, Jarosław Suchoples

Introduction. Richard Mason, Jarosław Suchoples Richard Mason, Jarosław Suchoples Introduction History is replete with wars. War is an organized and often prolonged conflict carried out by states and/or non-state actors. It is characterized by extreme

More information

TNFL03 - fallstudier inom flygtrafik och logistik Homework Set 1*,

TNFL03 - fallstudier inom flygtrafik och logistik Homework Set 1*, Communications and Transport Systems Department of Science and Technology Linköping University Spring 2016 Dr. Christiane Schmidt TNFL03 - fallstudier inom flygtrafik och logistik Homework Set 1*, 26.01.2016

More information

Spiritual, Moral, Social and Cultural Development

Spiritual, Moral, Social and Cultural Development Spiritual, Moral, Social and Cultural Development Pupils spiritual development involves the growth of their sense of self, their unique potential, their understanding of their strengths and weaknesses,

More information

Own a Piece of History

Own a Piece of History Own a Piece of History The Memorial The Michigan WWII Legacy Memorial will honor Michigan residents who served in the armed forces and on the home front during World War II. The Memorial will feature three

More information

THE LAST TRAIN. By R. James Scott

THE LAST TRAIN. By R. James Scott THE LAST TRAIN By R. James Scott It is an infringement of the federal copyright law to copy or reproduce this script in any manner or to perform this play without royalty payment. All rights are controlled

More information

What tragedy occurs just as the young Frankenstein is to go to college? Global Incorrect Feedback The correct answer is: His mother dies.

What tragedy occurs just as the young Frankenstein is to go to college? Global Incorrect Feedback The correct answer is: His mother dies. Quiz: Comprehending the Reading Question 1a of 10 ( 1 Frankenstein, Part I 291726 ) World War I begins. His fiancée dies. Multiple What tragedy occurs just as the young Frankenstein is to go to college?

More information

PURPOSE: To excite your audience with an adrenaline-stirring, fast-paced, big-event story.

PURPOSE: To excite your audience with an adrenaline-stirring, fast-paced, big-event story. GENRE CONVENTIONS 1. Action 2. Sci-Fi 3. Drama 4. Thriller 5. Horror 1. CONVENTIONS OF ACTION PURPOSE: To excite your audience with an adrenaline-stirring, fast-paced, big-event story. DEMAND FOR ACTION:

More information

1984 Timed Write Notes = write this down!

1984 Timed Write Notes = write this down! 1984 Timed Write Notes = write this down! Range = 2-8 (out of 9 on AP Rubric) Prompt 1: The conflict created when the will of an individual opposes the will of the majority is the recurring theme of many

More information

EDEN S RUN 5K 2015 TEAM CAPTAIN PACKET

EDEN S RUN 5K 2015 TEAM CAPTAIN PACKET EDEN S RUN 5K 2015 TEAM CAPTAIN PACKET BACKGROUND Welcome to Eden s Run 5K 2015! This is the 6th year for this incredible event and we can't wait to see you there! As a team captain, you have committed

More information

Portrait Photography. with Claudia Ruiz-Gustafson

Portrait Photography. with Claudia Ruiz-Gustafson Portrait Photography with Claudia Ruiz-Gustafson A daguerreotype made by Louis Daguerre in 1838, is generally accepted as the earliest photograph to include people. It is a view of a busy street, but because

More information

University of Iowa Iowa Research Online

University of Iowa Iowa Research Online University of Iowa Iowa Research Online Theses and Dissertations Summer 2016 Transition Naoki Izumo University of Iowa Copyright 2016 Naoki Izumo This thesis is available at Iowa Research Online: https://ir.uiowa.edu/etd/2094

More information

Year 9: Industrial Revolution

Year 9: Industrial Revolution Year 9: Industrial Revolution 1750-1900 www.kerboodle.comhttp ://www.kerboodle.com/ Industry Invention and Empire Section 1 Great Britain changes: 1750-1900 Outcome To describe the changes inside Great

More information

Shooting War Directed by: Aeyliya Husain

Shooting War Directed by: Aeyliya Husain 1 Short Documentary: 23 minutes SYNOPSIS SHORT (56 words) TIME magazine photographer, Franco Pagetti, explores the impact the Iraq War has had on a region by telling the stories behind his photographs.

More information

SSUSH21 The student will explain the impact of technological development and economic growth on the United States,

SSUSH21 The student will explain the impact of technological development and economic growth on the United States, SSUSH21 The student will explain the impact of technological development and economic growth on the United States, 1945-1975. A. DESCRIBE THE BABY BOOM AND ITS IMPACT AS SHOWN BY LEVITTOWN AND THE INTERSTATE

More information

Selective obscenity : US checkered record on chemical weapons RT News

Selective obscenity : US checkered record on chemical weapons RT News Selective obscenity : US checkered record on chemical weapons Published time: August 29, 2013 12:38 Edited time: August 30, 2013 08:58 Get short URL US Marine from Echo Company 2nd Battalion 2nd Marine

More information

Preventing harm from the use of explosive weapons in populated areas

Preventing harm from the use of explosive weapons in populated areas Preventing harm from the use of explosive weapons in populated areas Presentation by Richard Moyes, 1 International Network on Explosive Weapons, at the Oslo Conference on Reclaiming the Protection of

More information

P A G E 1 OLIVER STONE

P A G E 1 OLIVER STONE P A G E 1 OLIVER STONE I think you have to look within to your heart, soul, to your experience, and render that. Out of the specific come the universal. A poet is a man or a woman, who can write about

More information

Reading Group Guide A NOVEL BY. Anita Shreve

Reading Group Guide A NOVEL BY. Anita Shreve Reading Group Guide A NOVEL BY Anita Shreve A Conversation with Anita Shreve How did you get the idea for this novel? The dedication says For our fathers who flew in the war. Was your own father a flyer?

More information

Q&A with Joanne Leonard, author of Being in Pictures: An Intimate Photo Memoir

Q&A with Joanne Leonard, author of Being in Pictures: An Intimate Photo Memoir Q&A with Joanne Leonard, author of Being in Pictures: An Intimate Photo Memoir University of Michigan Press: How did the idea for putting this book together come about? When and why did you begin to create

More information

WORDS AND POEMS BY YOUNG PEOPLE FROM OUR REGION. Stories of Remembrance

WORDS AND POEMS BY YOUNG PEOPLE FROM OUR REGION. Stories of Remembrance WORDS AND POEMS BY YOUNG PEOPLE FROM OUR REGION Stories of Remembrance STORIES OF REMEMBRANCE Poems & words of remembrance The following collection of short poems are but a small selection from the hundreds

More information

Sunrise and Sunset Photography

Sunrise and Sunset Photography Sunrise and Sunset Photography Ben Weeks, November 2010 Sunrise. It happens every day, 365 days a year, yet the vast majority of these solar ascents will go by completely unnoticed by most of us. At the

More information

Catastrophic Displacements Numentectonic Photographs

Catastrophic Displacements Numentectonic Photographs Catastrophic Displacements Numentectonic Photographs Ben Jacks Miami University, Oxford, Ohio jacksbm@miamioh.edu, benjackscreative@gmail.com Summary statement Extending a larger project focused on how

More information

soft focus expresses great distance between Coretta (Carmen Ejogo Boycott (2001 TV Movie)

soft focus expresses great distance between Coretta (Carmen Ejogo Boycott (2001 TV Movie) Selma (Ava DuVernay 2014) Bradford Young, Cinematography White Lies, Black Sheep (2007), Pariah (2011), Restless City (2011), Middle of Nowhere (2012), Ain't Them Bodies Saints (2013), Mother of George

More information

Interview Question Year: F S J Sn Country: Language Ability: RATING: (1 being lowest / 10 being highest)

Interview Question Year: F S J Sn Country: Language Ability: RATING: (1 being lowest / 10 being highest) Interview Question 2012 Name of Applicant: Sex: M F Year: F S J Sn Country: Language Ability: 2 nd choice country? RATING: (1 being lowest / 10 being highest) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 1. Tell us a little bit

More information

Remembrance Day for the Victims of Chemical Warfare Statement by the Director-General 29 April 2015

Remembrance Day for the Victims of Chemical Warfare Statement by the Director-General 29 April 2015 1 Remembrance Day for the Victims of Chemical Warfare Statement by the Director-General 29 April 2015 Madam Chairperson, Honourable Mayor van Aartsen, Her Excellency Ms Nora Stehouwer-Van Iersel, Excellencies,

More information

Photoshop Master Class Tutorials for PC and Mac

Photoshop Master Class Tutorials for PC and Mac Photoshop Master Class Tutorials for PC and Mac We often see the word Master Class used in relation to Photoshop tutorials, but what does it really mean. The dictionary states that it is a class taught

More information

The Hunger Games. By Suzanne Collins. Introduction to the Novel

The Hunger Games. By Suzanne Collins. Introduction to the Novel The Hunger Games By Suzanne Collins Introduction to the Novel Would you be willing to sacrifice yourself for the good of a group? Do you think the government should expect citizens to selfsacrifice? If

More information

RGH THE. PULITrZER PRIZE- By Nicholas P. Ciotola, Curator

RGH THE. PULITrZER PRIZE- By Nicholas P. Ciotola, Curator RGH THE PULITrZER PRIZE- By Nicholas P. Ciotola, Curator 20 WESTERN PENNSYLVANIA HISTORY I SPRING 2007 .... r revolution accident terrorism natural disaster murder Throughout the course of the 20th and

More information

FUTURE WAR WAR OF THE ROBOTS?

FUTURE WAR WAR OF THE ROBOTS? Review of the Air Force Academy No.1 (33)/2017 FUTURE WAR WAR OF THE ROBOTS? Milan SOPÓCI, Marek WALANCIK Academy of Business in Dabrowa Górnicza DOI: 10.19062/1842-9238.2017.15.1.1 Abstract: The article

More information

Princeton University Jan. 23, 2015 Dr. Maryann Cusimano Love

Princeton University Jan. 23, 2015 Dr. Maryann Cusimano Love Globalization and Democratizing Drone War: Just Peace Ethics Princeton University Jan. 23, 2015 Dr. Maryann Cusimano Love Politics Dept., IPR--Institute for Policy Research and Catholic Studies Catholic

More information

Annabel Lee- Poe. that they kill the beautiful Annabel Lee and left behind the lover to grieve for her loss. The narrator

Annabel Lee- Poe. that they kill the beautiful Annabel Lee and left behind the lover to grieve for her loss. The narrator Trevor Sands March 12, 2011 English 101 Josh Johnson Sands 1 Annabel Lee- Poe In the year 1849, the poet and author Egdar Allen Poe died. That very same year, the last complete poem he composed was published.

More information

THE DADDY QUESTIONS. Adopted Daughter [I was adopted into my family]

THE DADDY QUESTIONS. Adopted Daughter [I was adopted into my family] THE DADDY QUESTIONS Adopted Daughter [I was adopted into my family] Note: Ask a question, then give your dad plenty of time to answer. Your silence is your greatest tool in asking these questions. It alerts

More information

CHARACTERS. OTHELLO, a noble Moor. BRABANTIO, Desdemona s father. CASSIO, Othello s lieutenant. IAGO, a villain. RODERIGO, a Venetian gentleman

CHARACTERS. OTHELLO, a noble Moor. BRABANTIO, Desdemona s father. CASSIO, Othello s lieutenant. IAGO, a villain. RODERIGO, a Venetian gentleman 45 CHARACTERS, a noble Moor BRABANTIO, Desdemona s father, Othello s lieutenant, a villain RODERIGO, a Venetian gentleman OF VENICE MONTANO, Governor of Cyprus LODOVICO, a Venetian nobleman GRATIANO, a

More information

Last of the Mohicans. By James Fenimore Cooper

Last of the Mohicans. By James Fenimore Cooper Last of the Mohicans By James Fenimore Cooper Introduction to Last of the Mohicans This is a novel written by James Fenimore Cooper. It was published in 1826. It was the third of five novels about Natty

More information

Airplane. Estimated Casualty Statistics for the Battle of Tannenberg Allied Powers: 267,000 Central Powers: 80,000

Airplane. Estimated Casualty Statistics for the Battle of Tannenberg Allied Powers: 267,000 Central Powers: 80,000 Airplane The Battle of Tannenberg in 1914 was an important victory for the Germans. They stopped the Russian army from advancing into German-controlled territory. Prior to the outbreak of fighting, both

More information

Background Information Worksheet for: Full-length portrait of an African American family

Background Information Worksheet for: Full-length portrait of an African American family Year: Circa 1861 Full-length portrait of an African American family Image Type: Tintype Additional Information: The first photograph, the daguerreotype, was unveiled by Louis-Jacque-Mandé Daguerre in 1839.

More information

Southfield Public Library

Southfield Public Library Southfield Public Library Hiroshima by John Hersey Discussion questions used at SPL -- November 2010 1. Was this a hard book for you to read due to the content? How did it affect you? 2. How would you

More information

ENDER S GAME VIDEO DISCUSSION QUESTIONS

ENDER S GAME VIDEO DISCUSSION QUESTIONS ENDER S GAME VIDEO DISCUSSION QUESTIONS Bugging Out Part 1: Insects Rule the World! 1. An entomologist can specialize in many scientific fields on their career path. If you could specialize in one scientific

More information

HARRY PORTER talking about his film "The Twelve Mile Snipers" Harry Porter

HARRY PORTER talking about his film The Twelve Mile Snipers Harry Porter HARRY PORTER talking about his film "The Twelve Mile Snipers" (I don't know which newspaper this article came from and I cannot verify the veracity of some of the statements made. But I have included it

More information

Escape: An Analysis of Poverty in Identity. ( Roland Barthes ). Photography has the ability to capture a moment. In one image it can not

Escape: An Analysis of Poverty in Identity. ( Roland Barthes ). Photography has the ability to capture a moment. In one image it can not Allix Coon Analysis Essay Spring 2015 Jaclyn Amoroso Escape: An Analysis of Poverty in Identity Roland Barthes once said, The photographic image is a message without a code, ( Roland Barthes ). Photography

More information

A Novel by John Knowles

A Novel by John Knowles Communications II / Lail Theatre Unit 1 COMMUNICATIONS II / LAIL A Separate Peace A Novel by John Knowles Introducing the Novel It is unusual for an author s first novel to earn awards and a wide audience,

More information

Appendix III - Analysis of Non-Paternal Events

Appendix III - Analysis of Non-Paternal Events Appendix III - Analysis of Non-Paternal Events Summary One of the challenges that genetic genealogy researchers face when carrying out Y-DNA testing on groups of men within a family surname study is to

More information

Warfighters, Ontology, and Stovepiped Data, Information, and Information Technology

Warfighters, Ontology, and Stovepiped Data, Information, and Information Technology Warfighters, Ontology, and Stovepiped Data, Information, and Information Copyright 2012 E-MAPS, Inc. 1308 Devils Reach Road Suite 303 Woodbridge, VA 22192 Website: www.e-mapsys.com Email: ontology@e-mapsys.com

More information

RESOLUTION NO THE BOARD OF SUPERVISORS OF THE COUNTY OF ALAMEDA STATE OF CALIFORNIA

RESOLUTION NO THE BOARD OF SUPERVISORS OF THE COUNTY OF ALAMEDA STATE OF CALIFORNIA RESOLUTION NO. 2017-49 --- THE BOARD OF SUPERVISORS OF THE COUNTY OF ALAMEDA STATE OF CALIFORNIA Resolution Supporting the Naming of a United States Navy Ship in Honor of Joseph "Joe" Rosenthal WHEREAS,

More information

Activity One. Katherine Paterson

Activity One. Katherine Paterson Activity One Katherine Paterson Katherine Paterson is the author of Bridge to Terabithia and she has written many other books as well. What other books have you read that were written by Katherine Paterson?

More information

Winslow Homer

Winslow Homer Winslow Homer 1836-1910 Homer was an American Artist. He started his career as an illustrator/correspondent for Harper s Weekly during the Civil War. A good portion of the discussion is focused around

More information

The Photographer Into War Torn Afghanistan With Doctors Without Borders

The Photographer Into War Torn Afghanistan With Doctors Without Borders The Photographer Into War Torn Afghanistan With Doctors Without Borders THE PHOTOGRAPHER INTO WAR TORN AFGHANISTAN WITH DOCTORS WITHOUT BORDERS PDF - Are you looking for the photographer into war torn

More information

7. Print off a copies of the Radical Mentoring Covenant (included at the end of this document)

7. Print off a copies of the Radical Mentoring Covenant (included at the end of this document) Preparation for Launch Night Before Your Session Before your session, you ll need to 1. Choose your book and make sure the books for the NEXT session are in your hand. You ll choose between Bo s Cafe and

More information

Famous Photographs Images and Narratives Sample Response AS Media Activity 1

Famous Photographs Images and Narratives Sample Response AS Media Activity 1 Famous Photographs Images and Narratives Sample Response AS Media Activity 1 People talk of how we are being deluged by images, which sounds threatening - how do we deal with all these images? How do we

More information

The Secret About Why We Need Superheroes Everybody Should Know ( )

The Secret About Why We Need Superheroes Everybody Should Know ( ) The Secret About Why We Need Superheroes Everybody Should Know ( ) : https://numberonebatfan.wordpress.com/2016/04/03/the-secret-about-why-we-need-superheroes-everybody-should-know/ 864 4? Superheroes

More information

10/5/16& Getting Gritty. Difficult subject matter in YA and MG

10/5/16& Getting Gritty. Difficult subject matter in YA and MG Getting Gritty Difficult subject matter in YA and MG 1& 2& ! Death What constitutes dark subject matter?! Serious illness and injury! Violence and physical abuse! Emotional abuse and bullying! Sexual abuse!

More information

The Giver: By Lois Lowry. An Introduction to the Novel

The Giver: By Lois Lowry. An Introduction to the Novel The Giver: By Lois Lowry An Introduction to the Novel Background Information History of the Author and Novel About the Author Lois Lowry was born in Honolulu, Hawaii, in 1937. Her father was a dentist

More information

Two Historical Narratives

Two Historical Narratives Two Historical Narratives Name Source: Excerpts from Three Narratives of our Humanity by John W. Dower, 1996. The following is from a book written by a historian about how people remember wars. John W.

More information

A Brief History of Photography. Notable developments since 1519

A Brief History of Photography. Notable developments since 1519 A Brief History of Photography Notable developments since 1519 Sir John Herschel First coined the term Photography in 1839, the year the photographic process became public Derived from Greek words: Photo

More information

APPLICATIONS

APPLICATIONS PHOTOGRAPHY C APPLICATIONS ADVERTISING Photography advertising is using a picture to successfully sell a product. For example this Kinder chocolate advert. This is made for kids as you can see the slogan

More information

2. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 2. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE 2.1 The Definition of Novel The word comes from the Italian, Novella, which means the new staff that small. The novel developed in England and America. The novel was originally

More information

White Noise Do You Hear What I Hear Christmas Series New Life Assembly December 4, 2011 AM Matthew 1 and Luke 1

White Noise Do You Hear What I Hear Christmas Series New Life Assembly December 4, 2011 AM Matthew 1 and Luke 1 White Noise Do You Hear What I Hear Christmas Series New Life Assembly December 4, 2011 AM Matthew 1 and Luke 1 Main Sermon Idea: Jesus came into this world supernaturally, but through a long history of

More information

American Photographs Office: UH 419 Fall 2011 Office Hours: TR 10:15-11:15,

American Photographs Office: UH 419 Fall 2011 Office Hours: TR 10:15-11:15, American Studies 439 John Ibson American Photographs Office: UH 419 Fall 2011 Office Hours: TR 10:15-11:15, Tuesday & Thursday 11:30-12:45 1:00-2:00, and by appointment UH 319 email: jibson@fullerton.edu

More information