Digital Processing. CUVPHI302A Capture Photographic Images Session 3.

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1 Digital Processing CUVPHI302A Capture Photographic Images Session 3

2 Housekeeping

3 Session 3 Plan 3. Review images 3.1. Download digital images or scan developed film images using appropriate digital imaging software where appropriate 3.2. Rotate, cull, sort and rename images to meet requirements 3.3. Apply metadata and key words to images as required 3.4. Back up and archive as required 3.5. Seek feedback from others on quality of original captures and note areas for future improvement

4 Session 2 REVIEW 1. Prepare to capture digital images 1.3. Plan shots for the project taking into account digital camera features, lighting, photographic design elements and photographic techniques

5 Session 2 REVIEW 1. Prepare to capture digital images Lighting Photographic Design Elements Photographic Techniques

6 Session 2 REVIEW 1. Prepare to capture digital images 1.3. Plan shots for the project taking into account digital camera features, lighting, photographic design elements and photographic techniques LIGHTING Quality: (1) Colour (2) Intensity (3) Size (4) Direction DESIGN ELEMENTS (1) Proportions (2) Balance (3) Brightness & Contrast PHOTO TECHNIQUE (1) Focus (2) Depth of Field (3) Motion (4) Lens & Perspective

7 QUIZ 1. Which camera setting corresponds with the colour of the light source?

8 QUIZ 1. Which camera setting corresponds with the colour of the light source? WHITE BALANCE

9 White Balance

10 QUIZ 2. The Rule of Thirds refers to what?

11 QUIZ 2. The Rule of Thirds refers to what? Dividing the standard (2:3) composition into three sections

12 Rule of Thirds Divide frame in 3 sections Points of emphasis Sebastião Salgado Refugees in the Korem camp Ethiopia, 1984

13 QUIZ 3. The distance of sharp focus in front of the camera is referred to as what?

14 QUIZ 3. The distance of sharp focus in front of the camera is referred to as what? DEPTH OF FIELD

15 Depth of Field Shallow DOF Large Aperture Long lens Close subject distance Wide DOF Small Aperture Wide angle lens Far subject distance

16 QUIZ 4. Name two techniques for achieving soft lighting for a portrait?

17 QUIZ 4. Name two techniques for achieving a steepened perspective? a. Wide angle lens e.g mm b. Close subject distance

18 Lens & Perspective Steepening Perspective Close to subject Wide angle lens Flattening Perspective Large subject distance Telephoto lens

19 Lens & Perspective Thomas Hoepker, Muhammad Ali, Chicago, 1966

20 QUIZ 5. Does direct sunlight produce soft shadows or hard shadows?

21 QUIZ 5. Does direct sunlight produce soft shadows or hard shadows? HARD SHADOWS

22 Hard Light Hard shadows High contrast Emphasize edges Dramatic Light Size Direct sun Direct light bulb/flash

23 QUIZ 6. Suggest a strategy for achieving soft lighting for a portrait photograph

24 QUIZ 6. Suggest a strategy for achieving soft lighting for a portrait photograph Use a large light source such as a shaded area or large window

25 Windows & Shade

26 QUIZ 7. Where should the main light be positioned for a portrait photograph?

27 QUIZ 7. Where should the main light be positioned for a portrait photograph? 45 degrees to a front side of the face

28 Lighting Direction "Rembrandt lighting" position main light 45 from subject

29 QUIZ 8. What camera setting is required to freeze fast action sports such as football? Fast shutter speed (e.g. 1/1000 sec) or Sport Mode

30 John Mabanglo, Diver Chelsea Davis at Fina World Championships, 2006

31 ACTIVITY: PORTRAIT CAMERA CHECKLIST: Manual mode Light Meter ISO (e.g. 400) Aperture (e.g. f5.6) Shutter Speed (e.g.1/125th)

32 Session 3 Plan 3. Review images 3.1. Download digital images or scan developed film images using appropriate digital imaging software where appropriate 3.2. Rotate, cull, sort and rename images to meet requirements 3.3. Apply metadata and key words to images as required 3.4. Back up and archive as required 3.5. Seek feedback from others on quality of original captures and note areas for future improvement

33 Download digital images or scan developed film images using appropriate digital imaging software where appropriate. Instructions: 1. Insert SD card into rear of computer or through card reader or camera 2. Select all your image files and copy them onto a clearly labelled folder in your hard drive e.g Open Adobe Bridge 4. Click once on a photo and Command i or File menu File Info

34 Rotate, cull, sort and rename images to meet requirements Instructions: 1. Use icons to rotate selected image 2. Delete unwanted images* 3. Label with colours or star rating 4. Click on title and rename or select multiple files and Shift Command R menu Tools Batch Rename *TIP: only delete absolute mistakes

35 What is METADATA? IPTC International Press Telecommunications Council

36 Apply metadata and key words to images as required Instructions: 1. Click once on a photo and Command i or File menu File Info 2. Fill in details in IPTC 3. Export and save.xmp file 4. OK 5. Select all or another individual file and and Command i or File menu File Info 6. Import.xmp file

37 Captions Captions are amongst the most read text in a newspaper A caption needs to be attached or the image won t be viewed Caption writers are usually given 5 minutes to complete the task

38 Credit Line By-line credit to the photographer Sometimes not given because of: editorial manipulation, office politics, report (as opposed to journalist) Make sure that any image that has been modified is identified as a photoillustration

39 Source Line Identifies source of the image to add strength to its factual worth Often the photographer is unknown I.e. Photograph courtesy of Brisbane Historical Society, AFP, Reuters, etc.

40 Caption Details Always WHO, WHAT, WHERE, WHEN, and WHY

41 Do s & Don ts Study the photograph carefully and make sure you understand it Obtain all information Check spelling of names of people and places Make sure that image cropping will not alter the relevance of the caption Name all people important to the story Name from left to right Don t state the obvious i.e. Prime Minister John Howard Don t use Pictured above or Shown here

42 Do s & Don ts Explain everything that is not easily understood Explain any special techniques used i.e. timeexposure, multiple exposure Tell readers when you use a stock image Always use present tense for immediacy i.e. Speaks with and not Spoke with Avoid using clichés Check that the text story, photograph and caption work together Don t put words into peoples mouths

43 Back up and archive as required SOURCE:

44 Back up and archive as required Copy files onto at least two hard drives. Maintain at least one (GOOD) hard drive for storage of RAW files. Duplicate important work in progress files. Share large files through online storage such as Dropbox.

45 Seek feedback from others on quality of original captures and note areas for future improvement Instructions: 1. Turn to your neighbour 2. Say Check this out 3. Say Wad-ya-reken? 4. Try to identify ways to make the composition stronger

46 Session 4 NEXT WEEK Basic Lighting 2. Preview and experiment with image capture 2.1. Operate digital camera according to manufacturer specifications 2.2. Set digital camera preferences and use photographic techniques to achieve desired results 2.3. Adjust planned shots as required and experiment with different ways of achieving desired results

47 Session 4 NEXT WEEK Character Portrait Assessment Task