Shutter Speed. Introduction. Lesson Four. A quick refresher:

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Shutter Speed. Introduction. Lesson Four. A quick refresher:"

Transcription

1 Introduction Last week we introduced the concept of the Exposure Triangle and the goal to achieve correct exposure in our images, in other words...the image has enough light to best show off our subject or scene, or create the effect that we desire. We covered two of the three elements of the exposure triangle Aperture and ISO. This week we re going to focus on the third element - shutter speed - and how we can use it in our images, both for obtaining exposure and for effect. The best place to start is by reviewing the exposure triangle from last week, and just quietly - I think we re going to have lots of fun with this lesson! :D A quick refresher: ISO is the measure of our camera s sensitivity to light. The higher the ISO value, the more light we get, The trade off is increased ISO brings grain into our image. Aperture value indicates how wide or narrow the lens opening is. It directly affects exposure and the trade off is the effect it has on depth of field (how much of your scene is acceptably sharp in front of and behind your focus point. o Low f stop value = large opening - more light - shallow depth of field o High f stop value = small opening - less light - deep depth of field Shutter speed is the length of time the shutter remains open after you press the shutter release, and this in turn determines how much light can enter the camera to create our exposure. The trade offs are a slow shutter speed will record motion, including camera shake, and a fast shutter speed will freeze motion.

2 All three of theses elements work together to create an exposure, and changing one means the others must also be adjusted in order to maintain the same exposure. Fortunately, shutter speed, aperture and ISO are standardised so that an adjustment of one increment of any one of them in either direction will let in or reduce exactly the same amount of light. This is very handy because when you take a shot, then adjust, you know how much your adjustments should affect the image. For example, say you take a shot at 1/100s, f/4 and ISO 100, and your exposure is perfect. Then imagine you decide you want a much shallower depth of field. You know then that if you adjust your aperture by three increments down to f/2.8, you need to compensate this adjustment by three increments using either shutter speed, ISO or both, and in doing so you will gain the exact same exposure. So if you gained perfect exposure with 1/100s + f/4 + ISO400, you will obtain the same exposure with 1/200s + f/2.8 + ISO400, or 1/160s + f/2.8 + ISO320, or one of a few other combinations.

3 Note: Each increment of aperture, shutter speed and ISO that are available to us on our cameras are known as 1/3rd of a stop, and each 1/3rd of a stop increases or reduces light by 1/3rd of the previous setting. This lesson will cover: Introduction to Shutter Speed Lenses & Shutter Speed Freezing Movement Capturing Motion Panning Shutter Speed and Low Light

4 An Introduction to Shutter Speed When the shutter opens and closes quickly, the sensor captures simply what it saw in that fraction of a second, and has the effect of freezing motion. However, when the shutter speed remains open for a longer period of time, the sensor captures any motion that takes place during this time period motion from both your subject and your camera - even slight camera shift if you re not a super steady hand (like me). Different effects work well for different images, and in this lesson we ll explore how to use shutter speed purposefully to create interesting movement and affect, and to avoid common mistakes caused by the incorrect use of shutter speed. How does Shutter Speed Work? As we mentioned before, shutter speed is the amount of time the shutter speed stays open, and we adjust our shutter speed either to control our exposure, or to achieve a certain affect. Shutter speed is measured in seconds, and then fractions of a second. 1/1000th of a second is very fast, compared with 1/10th of a second. Some cameras also allow very slow shutter speeds, such as 1-2 seconds and up to 30 seconds to shoot in very low light situations and at night. This is recorded on your cameras as 30s. Some cameras have bulb mode (B) and this lets you leave the shutter open for as long as you hold the shutter button down.

5 Below is an example of different shutter speeds and the effect of freezing or capturing motion.

6 Lenses and Shutter Speed When you re taking photos and you re holding the camera yourself, in order to avoid camera shake (the movement recorded by the camera during the act of pressing the shutter release) the general rule of thumb is to match your shutter speed to your lens length at a minimum. Example for a 50mm lens, aim for no slower than 1/50s. When using a mm lens, aim for 1/200. If you must use a slower shutter speed, avoid camera shake by using a tripod or secure your camera somewhere steady, such as the ground, a pile of books, or a fence post. Of course this is a guide only, as we all hold the camera differently and have differing levels of steadiness. I personally don t like to go below 1/125s on my 50mm lens. Additionally, all of the above assumes your subject is completely still and the only motion you are attempting to freeze is camera shake and the very minor (if any) motion of your subject. When you re photographing people, especially children, then you certainly want to increase your shutter speed to compensate for their natural movement to ensure your subject is nicely in focus. When photographing children I try and keep my shutter speed at 1/250s at a minimum. For action shots (faster movement such as walking fast or running), you ll need even higher shutter speeds again, to beautifully freeze movement.

7 Freezing Motion High shutter speeds are perfect for capturing motion and are especially fun for sports or any kind of action. However remember the trade off high shutter speeds capture less light, therefore in order to ensure correct exposure you ll need to capture that lost light in another way. In that instance, remember the exposure triangle - you will need to adjust either your aperture value or ISO to compensate for the light you lost when you increased your shutter speed. When shooting outdoors this shouldn t present too much of a challenge, due to the abundance of available natural light.

8

9 Capturing Motion Slow shutter speeds, when used purposefully, are probably one of the most fun and high impact effects you can use. It allows you to capture the moving lights on a freeway, the running streams of water, shooting star trails through the sky, and in landscape photography its what allows you to capture those perfectly still, serene looking images, where the water is completely smooth. Slow shutter speeds will start capturing motion anywhere from 1/20s and below, depending on how fast the object is moving. To avoid the camera shake that we ve discussed, slow shutter speeds are best suited for use with a tripod or similar. Look at the examples below and the shutter speeds that have been used to capture them.

10 Light Painting

11 Panning Panning is the act of capturing the movement of your background, whilst simultaneously keeping the subject in focus. This effect is certainly a little tricky, and takes some practice, but it s a very cool effect that you ll probably recognise from motorbike and car advertising shots. Its best to attempt this effect using a tripod that allows you to pan the camera, so that the only motion you re capturing is the background, and you ll avoid camera shake which takes the subject out of focus.

12 Photo Challenge Photo Challenge One The first challenge this week is to capture movement in an object with a slow shutter speed. It could be a spinning coin, your child (or partner) on their bike, a moving toy, a flag in the wind. Set your camera up on your table, a tripod, or a pile of books to ensure the camera is still in order you can capture only the movement of the object remember if you try and hold your camera for this challenge it will record any movement in your hands resulting in a blurry image for the wrong reasons. Here are some pointers: Set your shutter speed to 1/20s. Before putting your object into motion take a test shot to ensure your exposure is correct - your image should be neither too bright nor too dark. The slow shutter speed will let in lots of light, so you may need a higher aperture and lower ISO to ensure correct exposure (dependent of course on the available light). After you ve taken your first shots adjust the shutter speed up and down slightly to see which shutter speed gives you the best effect. If shooting indoors, aim to set up on the floor or a table about 45 degrees from a big window or door, or use your garage porch light that we covered in Lesson Two.

13 Photo Challenge Two The second challenge this week is to capture fast motion. I m going to suggest you use a liquid and then drop something into it, such as an ice cube, a piece of fruit (grape, strawberry, cherry). Set it up somewhere outside, or in your garage close to the entrance so there s plenty of light. You can capture this holding your camera, but if you prefer to use a tripod or prop your camera up, then that can help too! Set the shutter speed to at least 1/500s but go higher if you have enough light. Focus your camera on the liquid, and then ask someone to drop the object into the container of liquid. OR - photograph water coming out of a tap if you prefer... it will still be a great effect! It s best to use the rapid shots function (see the tutorial for how to do this). Select your favourite from Challenge One or Two and submit for critique.

21 Go-to Shooting Settings

21 Go-to Shooting Settings 21 Go-to Shooting Settings JOSHUA DUNLOP Train Your Photography Instinct The purpose of this guide is to hand you the settings you need to start taking the control back from your camera. If you can memorise

More information

Mastering Y our Your Digital Camera

Mastering Y our Your Digital Camera Mastering Your Digital Camera The Exposure Triangle The ISO setting on your camera defines how sensitive it is to light. Normally ISO 100 is the least sensitive setting on your camera and as the ISO numbers

More information

A Beginner s Guide To Exposure

A Beginner s Guide To Exposure A Beginner s Guide To Exposure What is exposure? A Beginner s Guide to Exposure What is exposure? According to Wikipedia: In photography, exposure is the amount of light per unit area (the image plane

More information

Module Four Assignment: Shutter Speed

Module Four Assignment: Shutter Speed Module Four Assignment: Shutter Speed Learning Outcomes There are two main technical factors that enable you to shoot in manual, one being the aperture and the other is shutter speed. By balancing these

More information

Beyond the Basic Camera Settings

Beyond the Basic Camera Settings Beyond the Basic Camera Settings ISO: the measure of a digital camera s sensitivity to light APERTURE: the size of the opening in the lens when a picture is taken SHUTTER SPEED: the amount of time that

More information

Introduction to camera usage. The universal manual controls of most cameras

Introduction to camera usage. The universal manual controls of most cameras Introduction to camera usage A camera in its barest form is simply a light tight container that utilizes a lens with iris, a shutter that has variable speeds, and contains a sensitive piece of media, either

More information

PHOTOGRAPHY Mohamed Nuzrath [MBCS]

PHOTOGRAPHY Mohamed Nuzrath [MBCS] PHOTOGRAPHY Mohamed Nuzrath [MBCS] Coordinator HND IT / Senior Lecturer IT BCAS Kandy Campus Freelance Photographer Freelance Web/Software Developer PHOTOGRAPHY PHOTO - Light GRAPHY Drawing PHOTOGRAPHY

More information

Tips for Digital Photographers

Tips for Digital Photographers Choosing and Introduction to and (f-stop) Two basic controls change how much light hits the sensor in your camera: shutter speed and f-stop. Shutter speed affects how long light is allowed into the camera

More information

About Me. Randolph Community College Two year degree in Portrait and Studio Management Portraits, Wedding, Events Landscapes with boats - favorite

About Me. Randolph Community College Two year degree in Portrait and Studio Management Portraits, Wedding, Events Landscapes with boats - favorite About Me Randolph Community College Two year degree in Portrait and Studio Management Portraits, Wedding, Events Landscapes with boats - favorite Things Forgotten Check camera settings before each session

More information

Travel & Landscapes. Introduction

Travel & Landscapes. Introduction Introduction Landscape photography captures the natural environment, but can also include man made features within that environment. A striking and breathtaking landscape image will appeal to all our senses

More information

PTC School of Photography. Beginning Course Class 2 - Exposure

PTC School of Photography. Beginning Course Class 2 - Exposure PTC School of Photography Beginning Course Class 2 - Exposure Today s Topics: What is Exposure Shutter Speed for Exposure Shutter Speed for Motion Aperture for Exposure Aperture for Depth of Field Exposure

More information

An Introduction to. Photographic Exposure: Aperture, ISO and Shutter Speed

An Introduction to. Photographic Exposure: Aperture, ISO and Shutter Speed An Introduction to Photographic Exposure: Aperture, ISO and Shutter Speed EXPOSURE Exposure relates to light and how it enters and interacts with the camera. Too much light Too little light EXPOSURE The

More information

Comparison of the diameter of different f/stops.

Comparison of the diameter of different f/stops. LESSON 2 HANDOUT INTRODUCTION TO PHOTOGRAPHY Summer Session 2009 SHUTTER SPEED, ISO, APERTURE What is exposure? Exposure is a combination of 3 factors which determine the amount of light which enters your

More information

Camera Triage. Portrait Mode

Camera Triage. Portrait Mode Camera Triage So, you have a fancy new DSLR camera? You re really excited! It probably cost a small fortune. It s gotta be good, right? It better be good, right? Maybe you re having a ton of fun with your

More information

Chapter 6-Existing Light Photography

Chapter 6-Existing Light Photography Chapter 6-Existing Light Photography All of these images were taken with available light. Painting with light-using available light Photography that includes artificial light which naturally exists in

More information

Moving Beyond Automatic Mode

Moving Beyond Automatic Mode Moving Beyond Automatic Mode When most people start digital photography, they almost always leave the camera on Automatic Mode This makes all the decisions for them and they believe this will give the

More information

As can be seen in the example pictures below showing over exposure (too much light) to under exposure (too little light):

As can be seen in the example pictures below showing over exposure (too much light) to under exposure (too little light): Hopefully after we are done with this you will resist any temptations you may have to use the automatic settings provided by your camera. Once you understand exposure, especially f-stops and shutter speeds,

More information

aperture, shutter speed

aperture, shutter speed CUDGEGONG C A M E R A C L U B aperture, shutter speed and ISO exposure When you think of the craft or art of photography, you must immediately think of exposure. Exposure is a critical element that determines

More information

Topic 1 - A Closer Look At Exposure Shutter Speeds

Topic 1 - A Closer Look At Exposure Shutter Speeds Getting more from your Camera Topic 1 - A Closer Look At Exposure Shutter Speeds Learning Outcomes In this lesson, we will look at exposure in more detail: ISO, Shutter speed and aperture. We will be reviewing

More information

Photography Help Sheets

Photography Help Sheets Photography Help Sheets Phone: 01233 771915 Web: www.bigcatsanctuary.org Using your Digital SLR What is Exposure? Exposure is basically the process of recording light onto your digital sensor (or film).

More information

The Basic SLR

The Basic SLR The Basic SLR ISO Aperture Shutter Speed Aperture The lens lets in light. The aperture is located in the lens and is a set of leaf like piece of metal that can change the size of the hole that lets in

More information

To start there are three key properties that you need to understand: ISO (sensitivity)

To start there are three key properties that you need to understand: ISO (sensitivity) Some Photo Fundamentals Photography is at once relatively simple and technically confusing at the same time. The camera is basically a black box with a hole in its side camera comes from camera obscura,

More information

Each of the three aspects of the triangle relate to light and how it enters and interacts with the camera.

Each of the three aspects of the triangle relate to light and how it enters and interacts with the camera. Learning about Exposure - The Exposure Triangle Bryan Peterson has written a book titled Understanding Exposure which is worth a read if you re wanting to venture out of the Auto mode on your digital camera

More information

How This Works: Aperture size is counted in f- stops. i.e. those little numbers engraved on the lens barrel like:

How This Works: Aperture size is counted in f- stops. i.e. those little numbers engraved on the lens barrel like: Aperture Aperture is the lens opening inside a lens. The size of the diaphragm opening in a camera lens REGULATES amount of light passes through onto the sensor inside the camera. Aperture size is counted

More information

Aperture, Shutter Speed and ISO

Aperture, Shutter Speed and ISO Aperture, Shutter Speed and ISO Before you start your journey to becoming a Rockstar Concert Photographer, you need to master the basics of photography. In this lecture I ll explain the 3 parameters aperture,

More information

To do this, the lens itself had to be set to viewing mode so light passed through just as it does when making the

To do this, the lens itself had to be set to viewing mode so light passed through just as it does when making the CHAPTER 4 - EXPOSURE In the last chapter, we mentioned fast shutter speeds and moderate apertures. Shutter speed and aperture are 2 of only 3 settings that are required to make a photographic exposure.

More information

Your first steps into manual mode. Your first steps into manual mode

Your first steps into manual mode. Your first steps into manual mode Your first steps into manual mode Your first steps into manual mode So what is manual mode? Manual mode gives the photographer complete access to manipulate ISO, Aperture, and Shutter Speed to create an

More information

Chapter 11-Shooting Action

Chapter 11-Shooting Action Chapter 11-Shooting Action Interpreting Action There are three basic ways of interpreting action in a still photograph: Stopping action (42) Blurring movement Combining both in the same image Any

More information

PHOTOGRAPHING THE ELEMENTS

PHOTOGRAPHING THE ELEMENTS PHOTOGRAPHING THE ELEMENTS PHIL MORGAN FOR SOUTH WEST STORM CHASERS CONTENTS: The basics of exposure: Page 3 ISO: Page 3 Aperture (with examples): Pages 4-7 Shutter speed: Pages 8-9 Exposure overview:

More information

Get the Shot! Photography + Instagram Workshop September 21, 2013 BlogPodium. Saturday, 21 September, 13

Get the Shot! Photography + Instagram Workshop September 21, 2013 BlogPodium. Saturday, 21 September, 13 Get the Shot! Photography + Instagram Workshop September 21, 2013 BlogPodium Part One: Taking your camera off manual Technical details Common problems and how to fix them Practice Ways to make your photos

More information

Study guide for Photography / Understanding the SLR Camera

Study guide for Photography / Understanding the SLR Camera Study guide for Photography / Understanding the SLR Camera The most important technical step to a good print is a good negative. The key to a good negative is correct film exposure. Three variables control

More information

capture outside Capture Your Holidays with Katrina Kennedy It s cold outside! I m sitting At the end of this lesson you will be able to:

capture outside Capture Your Holidays with Katrina Kennedy It s cold outside! I m sitting At the end of this lesson you will be able to: Capture Your Holidays with Katrina Kennedy LESSON 6 capture outside LESSON 6 OBJECTIVES: At the end of this lesson you will be able to: Photograph outdoor light displays. Expose correctly in a snowy scene.

More information

CAMERA BASICS. Stops of light

CAMERA BASICS. Stops of light CAMERA BASICS Stops of light A stop of light isn t a quantifiable measurement it s a relative measurement. A stop of light is defined as a doubling or halving of any quantity of light. The word stop is

More information

Film exposure speaks to the amount of light that strikes the film when you press the shutter button to make a picture. Correct exposure depends on

Film exposure speaks to the amount of light that strikes the film when you press the shutter button to make a picture. Correct exposure depends on Film Exposure Film exposure speaks to the amount of light that strikes the film when you press the shutter button to make a picture. Correct exposure depends on letting just enough light to enter the camera

More information

Camera controls. Aperture Priority, Shutter Priority & Manual

Camera controls. Aperture Priority, Shutter Priority & Manual Camera controls Aperture Priority, Shutter Priority & Manual Aperture Priority In aperture priority mode, the camera automatically selects the shutter speed while you select the f-stop, f remember the

More information

Shutter Speed. Changing it for creative effects. Monday, 11 July, 11

Shutter Speed. Changing it for creative effects. Monday, 11 July, 11 Shutter Speed Changing it for creative effects 1 What is it? The amount of time your shutter is open The amount of tim you are exposing the light sensitive medium Measured in seconds, 1/4000 is fast, 30

More information

Fun, friendship. President s Report

Fun, friendship. President s Report October Fun, friendship and Learning President s Report The Shutterbug Report Buy, Swap, Sell Hi Everyone As you are all probably aware the Hilltops Council has put forward plans to build a much needed

More information

1 / 9

1 / 9 WWW.RICHIEHUG.COM 1 / 9 A Beginner's Guide to Digital Photography Version 1.2 By Richie Hug November 24, 2016. Most people owning a digital camera have never used other settings than just the AUTO mode.

More information

The goal of this weekly challenge is to get comfortable with adjusting the shutter speed and ISO.

The goal of this weekly challenge is to get comfortable with adjusting the shutter speed and ISO. The goal of this weekly challenge is to get comfortable with adjusting the shutter speed and ISO. ISO is really just a setting to determine how quickly an image will be captured, the higher the ISO the

More information

So far, I have discussed setting up the camera for

So far, I have discussed setting up the camera for Chapter 3: The Shooting Modes So far, I have discussed setting up the camera for quick shots, relying on features such as Auto mode for taking pictures with settings controlled mostly by the camera s automation.

More information

EXPOSURE Light and the Camera

EXPOSURE Light and the Camera EXPOSURE Light and the Camera EXPOSURE OVER EXPOSURE = TOO MUCH LIGHT is hitting the sensor UNDER EXPOSURE = NOT ENOUGH LIGHT is hitting the sensor Exposure (the amount of light hitting the sensor)

More information

capture the tree Capture Your Holidays with Katrina Kennedy

capture the tree Capture Your Holidays with Katrina Kennedy Capture Your Holidays with Katrina Kennedy LESSON 2 capture the tree LESSON 2 OBJECTIVES: At the end of this lesson you will be able to: Create a photo of your Christmas tree using a slow shutter speed.

More information

Digital camera modes explained: choose the best shooting mode for your subject

Digital camera modes explained: choose the best shooting mode for your subject Digital camera modes explained: choose the best shooting mode for your subject On most DSLRs, the Mode dial is split into three sections: Scene modes (for doing point-and-shoot photography in specific

More information

TAKING BETTER PHOTOS ON ANY DEVICE

TAKING BETTER PHOTOS ON ANY DEVICE TAKING BETTER PHOTOS ON ANY DEVICE Sarah Dudik Public Information & Marketing HOW TO TAKE BETTER PHOTOGRAPHS The device you use isn t as important as how you are looking through it Any device can be used

More information

Shooting Manual. Set your shooting mode to M

Shooting Manual. Set your shooting mode to M Shooting Manual WHY Shooting Manual Set your shooting mode to M Shooting Manual 3 variables that determine your exposure: 1. ISO 2. Aperture 3. Shutter Speed Shooting Manual 1. ISO The camera s general

More information

Understanding Your Camera 2: UUU200

Understanding Your Camera 2: UUU200 Understanding Your Camera 2: UUU200 Your 2 Understanding Camera Your Understanding Camera 2 Exposure & Metering Metering & Exposure Objective Objective After completing this class, the student will have

More information

Tips for Digital Photographers

Tips for Digital Photographers Introduction to In my Tips for Digital Photographers outlining shutter speed and f-stop settings we discuss how these two settings are a basis for good creative photography. Shutter speed combined with

More information

Working with your Camera

Working with your Camera Topic 5 Introduction to Shutter, Aperture and ISO Learning Outcomes In this topic, you will learn about the three main functions on a DSLR: Shutter, Aperture and ISO. We must also consider white balance

More information

Until now, I have discussed the basics of setting

Until now, I have discussed the basics of setting Chapter 3: Shooting Modes for Still Images Until now, I have discussed the basics of setting up the camera for quick shots, using Intelligent Auto mode to take pictures with settings controlled mostly

More information

Aperture Explained. helping you to better understand your digital SLR camera SLR PHOTOGRAPHY GUIDE

Aperture Explained. helping you to better understand your digital SLR camera SLR PHOTOGRAPHY GUIDE Aperture Explained helping you to better understand your digital SLR camera SLR PHOTOGRAPHY GUIDE WELCOME 1 helping you to better understand your digital SLR camera. This 4 part series will cover Aperture,

More information

Digital Photography Level 3 Camera Exposure Settings

Digital Photography Level 3 Camera Exposure Settings The basics of Photography Digital Photography Level 3 Camera Exposure Settings We are now going into photographic shoot modes that are common to most cameras. Some cameras may have more modes and some

More information

ISO 200 1/500 sec. f/11 82mm lens

ISO 200 1/500 sec. f/11 82mm lens 4 ISO 200 1/500 sec. f/11 82mm lens The Creative Zone Taking Your Photography to the Next Level The Creative zone is the name given by Canon to the shooting modes that offer you the greatest amount of

More information

SHAW ACADEMY. Lesson 8 Course Notes. Diploma in Photography

SHAW ACADEMY. Lesson 8 Course Notes. Diploma in Photography SHAW ACADEMY Lesson 8 Course Notes Diploma in Photography Manual Mode Stops of light: A stop in photography refers to a measure of light A stop is a doubling or halving of the amount of light in your scene

More information

DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY CAMERA MANUAL

DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY CAMERA MANUAL DIGITAL PHOTOGRAPHY CAMERA MANUAL TABLE OF CONTENTS KNOW YOUR CAMERA...1 SETTINGS SHUTTER SPEED...2 WHITE BALANCE...3 ISO SPEED...4 APERTURE...5 DEPTH OF FIELD...6 WORKING WITH LIGHT CAMERA SETUP...7 LIGHTING

More information

PHIL MORGAN PHOTOGRAPHY

PHIL MORGAN PHOTOGRAPHY Including: Creative shooting Manual mode Editing PHIL MORGAN PHOTOGRAPHY A free e-book to help you get the most from your camera. Many photographers begin with the naïve idea of instantly making money

More information

Love Your Camera (Introduction to D-SLR)

Love Your Camera (Introduction to D-SLR) Love Your Camera (Introduction to D-SLR) Photography Workshops and Tours in New York City Phone: (646) 736-3231 Email: info@rememberforever.co Web: www.rememberforever.co Copyright 2009-2013 - Remember

More information

Illustrated Lecture Series;

Illustrated Lecture Series; Presents Illustrated Lecture Series; Understanding Photography Photo Basics: Exposure Modes, DOF and using Shutter Speed Exposure; the basics We have seen that film and digital CCD sensors both react to

More information

Buxton & District U3A Digital Photography Beginners Group

Buxton & District U3A Digital Photography Beginners Group U3A Group Lesson 7: Controlling exposure / focal length / perspective / composition for a better picture & Taking Pictures of people 3 December 2013 Programme Buxton & District 19 September Exploring your

More information

FOCUS, EXPOSURE (& METERING) BVCC May 2018

FOCUS, EXPOSURE (& METERING) BVCC May 2018 FOCUS, EXPOSURE (& METERING) BVCC May 2018 SUMMARY Metering in digital cameras. Metering modes. Exposure, quick recap. Exposure settings and modes. Focus system(s) and camera controls. Challenges & Experiments.

More information

ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT SETTINGS ON YOUR CAMERA!

ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT SETTINGS ON YOUR CAMERA! Chapter 4-Exposure ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT SETTINGS ON YOUR CAMERA! Exposure Basics The amount of light reaching the film or digital sensor. Each digital image requires a specific amount of light to

More information

Table of Contents. 1.Choosing your Camera. 2. Understanding your Camera Which Camera DSLR vs Compact...8

Table of Contents. 1.Choosing your Camera. 2. Understanding your Camera Which Camera DSLR vs Compact...8 1.Choosing your Camera 1.3. Which Camera...7 1.4. DSLR vs Compact...8 1.5. Best entry level DSLR's...9 1.6. Best Compact Cameras...10 1.7.Best Hybrid Camera...11 2. Understanding your Camera 2.1 Introducing

More information

A BEGINNER S GUIDE TO PHOTOGRAPHY CHEATSHEET

A BEGINNER S GUIDE TO PHOTOGRAPHY CHEATSHEET A BEGINNER S GUIDE TO PHOTOGRAPHY Cameras are complicated. It took me a ton of trial and error before I started to capture some pretty spectacular images. This cheatsheet is the reference guide I wish

More information

Name Digital Imaging I Chapters 9 12 Review Material

Name Digital Imaging I Chapters 9 12 Review Material Name Digital Imaging I Chapters 9 12 Review Material Chapter 9 Filters A filter is a glass or plastic lens attachment that you put on the front of your lens to protect the lens or alter the image as you

More information

Basic Camera Concepts. How to properly utilize your camera

Basic Camera Concepts. How to properly utilize your camera Basic Camera Concepts How to properly utilize your camera Basic Concepts Shutter speed One stop Aperture, f/stop Depth of field and focal length / focus distance Shutter Speed When the shutter is closed

More information

5 THINGS YOU PROBABLY DIDN T KNOW ABOUT CAMERA SHUTTER SPEED

5 THINGS YOU PROBABLY DIDN T KNOW ABOUT CAMERA SHUTTER SPEED Photzy 5 THINGS YOU PROBABLY DIDN T KNOW ABOUT CAMERA SHUTTER SPEED Quick Guide Written by Kent DuFault 5 THINGS YOU PROBABLY DIDN T KNOW ABOUT CAMERA SHUTTER SPEED // PHOTZY.COM 1 There are a few things

More information

Aperture & Shutter Speed Review

Aperture & Shutter Speed Review Aperture & Shutter Speed Review Light Meters Your camera s light meter measures the available light in a scene. It does so by averaging all of the reflected light in the image to find 18% gray. By metering

More information

Aperture Priority Mode

Aperture Priority Mode Chapter 3: Shooting Modes for Still Images 23 The Program Shift function is available only in Program mode; it works as follows. Once you have aimed the camera at your subject, the camera displays its

More information

Seniors Photography Workshop

Seniors Photography Workshop Seniors Photography Workshop Some images stand out from the crowd & make viewers say WOW! Today we will look at how you can give your images that WOW Factor.. So let s think about what makes an

More information

UNDERSTANDING MACRO PHOTOGRAPHY

UNDERSTANDING MACRO PHOTOGRAPHY VITAL UNDERSTANDING MACRO PHOTOGRAPHY Beyond the Basics Mahmood Anwar Understanding macro photography There are so many things in our world you want to get close to and photograph. Find out how to set

More information

Aperture & Shutter Speed Review

Aperture & Shutter Speed Review Aperture & Shutter Speed Review Light Meters Your camera s light meter measures the available light in a scene. It does so by averaging all of the reflected light in the image to find 18% gray. By metering

More information

THE REAL REASON YOU SHOULD BE USING MANUAL MODE

THE REAL REASON YOU SHOULD BE USING MANUAL MODE Photzy THE REAL REASON YOU SHOULD BE USING MANUAL MODE Quick Guide Written by Kent DuFault THE REAL REASON YOU SHOULD BE USING MANUAL MODE // PHOTZY.COM 1 If you do a Google search on using a camera s

More information

01 High-Key SIMPLE SOULFUL SENSATIONAL CHILDRENS PHOTOGRAPHY. Black-and-White Children s Portraiture

01 High-Key SIMPLE SOULFUL SENSATIONAL CHILDRENS PHOTOGRAPHY. Black-and-White Children s Portraiture SIMPLE SOULFUL SENSATIONAL CHILDRENS PHOTOGRAPHY SHOOTING BEAUTIFUL IMAGERY WITH NATURAL LIGHT 01 High-Key Black-and-White Children s Portraiture dennisguichardphotography High-impact Architectural Photography

More information

Photographer... and you can too.

Photographer... and you can too. Izzy Learned to be a Photographer... and you can too. A story about photography basics by Bruce Philpott My granddaughter, Izzy, was visiting us when she was eleven years old and she looked at a photo

More information

CONTENTS 16 SERIES 04 PORTRAIT 08 MOTION 18 LANDSCAPE 10 MACRO 20 ARTIST 14 FINE ART PERSPECTIVE

CONTENTS 16 SERIES 04 PORTRAIT 08 MOTION 18 LANDSCAPE 10 MACRO 20 ARTIST 14 FINE ART PERSPECTIVE SEATTLE BENSON CONTENTS 02 DEPTH 14 FINE ART 04 PORTRAIT 08 MOTION 16 SERIES 18 LANDSCAPE PERSPECTIVE 10 MACRO 20 ARTIST DEPTH Creating a shallow and deep depth of field can be achieved by changing the

More information

Topic 2 - A Closer Look At Exposure: ISO

Topic 2 - A Closer Look At Exposure: ISO Getting more from your Camera Topic 2 - A Closer Look At Exposure: ISO Learning Outcomes In this lesson, we will revisit the concept of ISO and the role it plays in your photography and by the end of this

More information

Film Cameras Digital SLR Cameras Point and Shoot Bridge Compact Mirror less

Film Cameras Digital SLR Cameras Point and Shoot Bridge Compact Mirror less Film Cameras Digital SLR Cameras Point and Shoot Bridge Compact Mirror less Portraits Landscapes Macro Sports Wildlife Architecture Fashion Live Music Travel Street Weddings Kids Food CAMERA SENSOR

More information

Cover Story SOUMYA MAITRA. photographer, photoshop, or, even the model...it s all about The Light.

Cover Story SOUMYA MAITRA. photographer, photoshop, or, even the model...it s all about The Light. Cover Story SOUMYA MAITRA IIt s t nott th the camera, iit s t nott th the llens, it it s nott th the photographer, photoshop, or, even the model...it s all about The Light. I N today s digital world, most

More information

Using Your Camera's Settings: Program Mode, Shutter Speed, and More

Using Your Camera's Settings: Program Mode, Shutter Speed, and More Using Your Camera's Settings: Program Mode, Shutter Speed, and More Here's how to get the most from Program mode and use an online digital SLR simulator to learn how shutter speed, aperture, and other

More information

Abstract & Creative Landscapes Using Intentional Camera Movement. with Stephanie Johnson

Abstract & Creative Landscapes Using Intentional Camera Movement. with Stephanie Johnson Abstract & Creative Landscapes Using Intentional Camera Movement with Stephanie Johnson Seeing Things Differently Beyond Form Abstract photographic images, created through the applied use of ICM, show

More information

Elements of Exposure

Elements of Exposure Elements of Exposure Exposure refers to the amount of light and the duration of time that light is allowed to expose film or a digital-imaging sensor. Exposure is controlled by f-stop, shutter speed, and

More information

The four principles of Composition

The four principles of Composition The four principles of Composition 1. Simplify the picture 2. Use the rule of thirds 3. Use frames, lines, curves and diagonals 4. Vary your perspective Simplify the picture Try to make your photos have

More information

10 TOP TIPS TO INSTANTLY IMPROVE YOUR NATURE PHOTOS

10 TOP TIPS TO INSTANTLY IMPROVE YOUR NATURE PHOTOS 10 TOP TIPS TO INSTANTLY IMPROVE YOUR NATURE PHOTOS THINK OUTSIDE THE BOX 1 Don t be afraid to break some rules and experiment. Nature photography doesn t need to follow the traditional methods that you

More information

PHOTOGRAPHY & LIGHT (EXPOSURE)

PHOTOGRAPHY & LIGHT (EXPOSURE) VISUAL TECHNOLOGY PRODUCTION (MPT1483) PHOTOGRAPHY & LIGHT (EXPOSURE) Zaidatun Tasir Department of Educational Multimedia Faculty of Education Universiti Teknologi Malaysia 1 Exposure Exposure is the total

More information

Capturing God s Creation Through The Lens An Adult Discipleship Course at Grace January 2013

Capturing God s Creation Through The Lens An Adult Discipleship Course at Grace January 2013 Capturing God s Creation Through The Lens An Adult Discipleship Course at Grace January 2013 Donald Jin donjin@comcast.net Course Overview Jan 6 Setting The Foundation Introduction and overview Understanding

More information

Introductory Photography

Introductory Photography Introductory Photography Basic concepts + Tips & Tricks Ken Goldman Apple Pi General Meeting 26 June 2010 Kenneth R. Goldman 1 The Flow General Thoughts Cameras Composition Miscellaneous Tips & Tricks

More information

Motion Photography. 11 th April 2011 Langbank Camera Club Gary Ramanathan

Motion Photography. 11 th April 2011 Langbank Camera Club Gary Ramanathan Motion Photography 11 th April 2011 Langbank Camera Club Gary Ramanathan Motion Photography is the art of recording dynamic objects on a film or a digital sensor. In digital Photography it is also possible

More information

Intro to Digital Compositions: Week One Physical Design

Intro to Digital Compositions: Week One Physical Design Instructor: Roger Buchanan Intro to Digital Compositions: Week One Physical Design Your notes are available at: www.thenerdworks.com Please be sure to charge your camera battery, and bring spares if possible.

More information

!"#$%&'!( The exposure is achieved by the proper combination of light intensity (aperture) and duration of light (shutter speed) entering the camera.!

!#$%&'!( The exposure is achieved by the proper combination of light intensity (aperture) and duration of light (shutter speed) entering the camera.! The term exposure refers to the amount of light required to properly expose an image to achieve the desired amount of detail in all areas of the image.! The exposure is achieved by the proper combination

More information

Reasons To Capture Motion

Reasons To Capture Motion 3 2 1.ACTION! Reasons To Capture Motion Beginning photographers have likely seen captivating photographs that capture motion which they d like to duplicate. There are several ways to accomplish this and

More information

DSLR VIDEO KEY AREAS TO CONSIDER. Moving into Motion. Film like a photographer. Settings

DSLR VIDEO KEY AREAS TO CONSIDER. Moving into Motion. Film like a photographer. Settings DSLR VIDEO KEY AREAS TO CONSIDER Moving into Motion Despite the widespread use of DSLR cameras on professional sets, most photographers still have yet to tap the motion-making potential housed within their

More information

Presented to you today by the Fort Collins Digital Camera Club

Presented to you today by the Fort Collins Digital Camera Club Presented to you today by the Fort Collins Digital Camera Club www.fcdcc.com Photography: February 19, 2011 Fort Collins Digital Camera Club 2 Film Photography: Photography using light sensitive chemicals

More information

PLANT + SHOOT GARDENER S PHOTOGRAPHY SERIES (GPS) GET GREAT GARDEN PHOTOS ON A CLOUDY DAY

PLANT + SHOOT GARDENER S PHOTOGRAPHY SERIES (GPS) GET GREAT GARDEN PHOTOS ON A CLOUDY DAY PLANT + SHOOT GARDENER S PHOTOGRAPHY SERIES (GPS) GET GREAT GARDEN PHOTOS ON A CLOUDY DAY GARDENER S PHOTOGRAPHY SERIES (GPS) GET GREAT GARDEN PHOTOS ON A CLOUDY DAY Copyright 2017 Tonya Peele. All rights

More information

Objective: to give you some understanding of why you might push more than just the big shiny silver button...

Objective: to give you some understanding of why you might push more than just the big shiny silver button... Objective: to give you some understanding of why you might push more than just the big shiny silver button... Why am I making this presentation? Simply put: to share understanding What will we cover? Aperture

More information

Understanding Auto ISO

Understanding Auto ISO FEBRUARY 16, 2018 BEGINNER Understanding Auto ISO Changing ISO on the fly Featuring DIANE BERKENFELD Diane Berkenfeld COOLPIX P510, 1/1000 sec., f/3.1, ISO 100, matrix metering, program. A photographic

More information

1. Any wide view of a physical space. a. Panorama c. Landscape e. Panning b. Grayscale d. Aperture

1. Any wide view of a physical space. a. Panorama c. Landscape e. Panning b. Grayscale d. Aperture Match the words below with the correct definition. 1. Any wide view of a physical space. a. Panorama c. Landscape e. Panning b. Grayscale d. Aperture 2. Light sensitivity of your camera s sensor. a. Flash

More information

or, How do I get this thing to do what I want? Copyright 2016 Paul Fisher

or, How do I get this thing to do what I want? Copyright 2016 Paul Fisher or, How do I get this thing to do what I want? Copyright 2016 Paul Fisher So just what are the basic camera operations we re going to discuss? Set up. How do you have your camera configured ISO setting

More information

1. Any wide view of a physical space. a. Panorama c. Landscape e. Panning b. Grayscale d. Aperture

1. Any wide view of a physical space. a. Panorama c. Landscape e. Panning b. Grayscale d. Aperture Match the words below with the correct definition. 1. Any wide view of a physical space. a. Panorama c. Landscape e. Panning b. Grayscale d. Aperture 2. Light sensitivity of your camera s sensor. a. Flash

More information

So how will this help us with camera exposures? Keep this law in mind as we move forward.

So how will this help us with camera exposures? Keep this law in mind as we move forward. Exposure Basics When a person starts to really get serious about photography, they inevitably want to understand the use of the camera controls more fully. Besides lenses, filters and flash, which will

More information

EXPOSURE TIPS. Camera shake causing blurry pictures

EXPOSURE TIPS. Camera shake causing blurry pictures EXPOSURE TIPS Camera shake causing blurry pictures Hold your camera steady Digital cameras are usually held away from the body to view the LCD screen to compose the picture. This is less steady than the

More information

Camera Mechanics & camera function. Daily independent reading:pgs. 1-5 Silently read for 10 min. Note taking led by Mr. Hiller

Camera Mechanics & camera function. Daily independent reading:pgs. 1-5 Silently read for 10 min. Note taking led by Mr. Hiller Camera Mechanics & camera function Daily independent reading:pgs. 1-5 Silently read for 10 min. Note taking led by Mr. Hiller Focused Learning Target: We will be able to identify the various parts of the

More information