Module 1 Lighting. Lesson 1 Light, Your First Decision. What s the first thing you should think about when choosing a location?

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2 Module 1 Lighting Lesson 1 Light, Your First Decision What s the first thing you should think about when choosing a location? We want to be: -Centered Photographers Three priorities for choosing light are: 1. Soft, even light from to 2. Soft, even light in the 3. BONUS: background/ Lesson 2 Avoid This Like the Plague! Avoid light at all cost Harsh, direct light: Casts Exposes The second type of light to avoid is: light Identify spotty light by: Splotches of sun on the Distracts the The third type of light to avoid is: light

3 Lesson 3 How to Find the Right Light Always look for and light. Always look for even light from: to Lesson 4 Educating and Empowering Clients Empower your clients through It is important to your clients choices Lesson 5 The Trick to Finding Open Shade One of the best ways to achieve indirect, soft light is to find: The difference between open shade and regular shade is: 1. Subject and shaded 2. Subject can look directly up and see the Two ways to find shade: 1. Find shade created by an 2. Find a place where the meets the Lesson 6 Selecting Intentional Backgrounds The Our style is is going to affect the way the final image looks and Look for backgrounds that are: in color and

4 Have a plan for point of shots Lesson 7 Timing Sessions for the Right Light Plan all sessions for hour Golden hour is the hour or 45 minutes before Schedule sessions hours before sunset Lesson 8 Timing Each Part of a Session Always have a Shoot outfit one in Schedule for the session shade minutes for outfit changes Beginning of golden hour = strong End of golden hour = Sunset: turn client backlighting the sun Lesson 9 Mastering Backlighting Like a Boss Backlighting creates separation between the and the Find backlighting by keeping your peeled Look out at the spot on the ground where the meets the The main key: Keep the lens in the

5 Tricks to keeping the lens in the shade without keeping the client in the shade: 1. Shuffle your 2. Use a 3. Use your 4. Look for objects 5. Use a to create shade on the lens Lesson 10 Reflectors: Our Favorite Preset Reflector = The more Look for filling a face, the softer and more flattering colored surfaces reflectors are anything we didn t bring with us Avoid walls We use a inch -in-one reflector kit Use a on a sunny day to block the direct light from hitting our clients, while allowing the indirect light to pass through On a cloudy day, use a subject combo reflector and hold it titled toward the Lesson 11 Keys to Window Light Find the Find the window background Clear the Turn off the

6 Face the client the windows Remember the principles of Lesson 12 Making it Work in Bad Light first Notes:

7 Module 2 Composition Lesson 1 Rule of Thirds Divide the shot into Place your parts on one of the third lines Think about both vertical and thirds Lesson 2 Framing Train your eye to look beyond the Look for Move of your subjects and anything in the background, not your subject Lesson 3 Layering Examples of elements to layer with: Place the layering object close to the Clients shouldn t be camera The exposure on the and on the should match the exposure on the Lesson 4 Leading Lines structure are anything in the environment that already has some kind of linear

8 Placing subjects on a leading line create an illusion where the element is pointing towards the subject The closer the subject is to your camera, the blurrier the background will be Lesson 5 Flattering the Body Avoid chopping clients at the Cut at the Shoot Use when possible space Lesson 6 Combining Elements for Maximum Effect Review: Five areas to remember in composition: Notes:

9 Module 3 Exposure and Manual Mode Lesson 1 Exposure Exposure = how much light hits the camera s Demos 4:2: Correct exposure is shown by how the client s looks Over-exposed = too much -exposed = not enough light The three components of exposure are: Aperture, ISO and Shutter Speed affect: 1. The amount of that hits the sensor 2. One other unique element of the Lesson 2 Aperture has the biggest impact on the way the image looks in the final image Aperture = the The size of the of the hole determines how much light hits the Aperture = The f stop is the system that describes how big or small the hole is aperture means the hole is wider and more light gets in The size of the hole determines how much is in

10 Lesson 3 ISO ISO = the camera s sensitivity to The the ISO, the least sensitive the camera is to the light ISO = Less Grain ISO = More Grain The trick: find the ISO to give you the amount of light you need Lesson 4 Shutter Speed Shutter Speed = how long the camera s is open The the curtain is open, the more hits the sensor The the curtain, the light hits the sensor Notes:

11 Module 4 Depth of Field Lesson 1 How Distance Affects Depth Depth of field = blur compare to More = more blur affects depth Depth of field is affected by: 1. The distance to the 2. The distance to the Get more blur by: 1. Getting to your 2. Getting your subject from the Get more in focus by: 1. Getting from your 2. Getting your subject to the Lesson 2 Choosing Lenses Strategically Create extra depth with only your lenses have one fixed focal length Examples of Prime Lenses: -50 mm - mm -100 mm lenses have multiple focal lengths Examples of Zoom Lenses: -24- mm

12 -70- mm For portraits, use a lens Whenever possible, we avoid angle lenses for portraits Wide angle = under mm Lesson 3 Camera Sensors & Focal Length Full frame sensor 100 mm = mm Crop sensor = focal length x 100 mm = mm Lesson 4 Compression The background appears The background appears The the lens, the softer and bigger the background will appear Notes:

13 Module 5 Focus Lesson 1 Focus Settings Use focus Picture style: Image review: zoom Lesson 2 One Over Focal Length Rule length must always be at least stop faster than your focal Shutter speed should be your focal length Review: Order of priorities starts with When focal length is 100 mm, shutter speed should be at least 1/ Back button focus is when we separate the focus from the Lesson 3 The Grid The focal point is the strongest Two ways to focus: Toggle: Recompose: 1. Frame your 2. Select your Focus using the focal point, then recompose the shot Beware of

14 Lesson 4 Individual and Couple Focus How to focus on individuals: Choose the closest to the camera How to focus on a couple: Choose the that is closer to the camera If only one person is looking at the, focus on that person If both people are looking at the camera, keep their faces on the same Lesson 5 Group Focus When there s only one row of people, line up their When there s two rows of people, shoot an aperture of the center person in the row and focus on Anytime there are three or four rows, use a aperture Lesson 6 Final Focus Tricks Tricks to focusing with movement AI Servo = Review: Focus Tricks Shot = still Automatic is on is fast enough Image stabilization Clients on same Correct for groups

15 Focusing with the in mind Correct mode If all else fails: -replace -recalibrate Notes:

16 Module 6 ExpoDisc & White Balance Lesson 1 Mastering Custom White Balance White balance = correcting the color temperature of an image so whites look Kelvin Scale numbers represent a warmer tone numbers represent a cooler tone The problem with auto white balance is The problem with Kelvin is the LCD screen is Lesson 2 ExpoDisc Intro Use the ExpoDisc to get correct: Before the session: Set metering mode to Set WB Style to Put Custom White Balance in metering White Balance Menu Lesson 3 Expo Disc Exposure Before you shoot: Stand client in good Stand next to your Point camera in the direction from where you will be from

17 Cover with ExpoDisc (facing side out) If you do NOT shoot back button focus, temporarily change your lens to focus While the ExpoDisc is covering your lens, look at your in-camera Set your exposure: 1. Choose your 2. Set your 3. Set your shutter speed by watching your If you don t see the meter right away: 1. Try pressing your finger down 2. Or your settings are stops too high or low Set your shutter speed so you re metered to Remember, your shutter speed needs to be your focal length Once you re metered to, your exposure is set Lesson 4 ExpoDisc White Balance With the ExpoDisc still covering the lens, and your camera metered to zero, click the On the back of the screen, you ll see a on the screen does NOT matter. screen of any color. The color Steps for Canon camera: Click Only compatible img s displayed: Click Use WB data from this image for Custom WB: Click Walk back to your shooting spot and ignore meter

18 Lessons 6 and 7 ExpoDisc Troubleshooting and FAQs Re-set your exposure and white balance any time the changes Question: The picture on the back of my screen doesn t look good. Why? Answer: Your LCD screen is an monitor Question: Why does the picture on the back of my screen looks better than my RAW file? Answer: Processed v RAW file Question: It takes too long to set my ExpoDisc Answer: We d rather spend to save Notes:

19 Module 7 Camera Settings Lesson 1 Intro to Camera Settings A RAW photograph has way more in post processing A JPEG is for you A RAW file is meant to be Lesson 2 Basic Settings Select for Image Quality Turn JPEG Set Image Review to Set Beep to Set White Balance to While Balance Set Picture Style to Set ISO Speed NR to Lesson 3 Auto Focus Features Set Selectable AF point to only show Set Orientation linked AF point to Select type AF points AF points Lesson 4 Magnification Set Magnification to Size (from selected pt.)

20 Lesson 5 Formatting Cards If you get an error message: Option 1: Turn the camera off and on again or re-install the Option 2: Take the SD card out of the camera and plug it back into the to format Set Record func+card/folder sel. to Record func. one card if only shooting with If shooting with two cards, set Record func. to Rec. to Create a new to separate images using the same card Once your images are editing, saved and safe, the card Click Format card, select the card you want to format, and click okay. Make sure to double check that the photos are saved somewhere else! Set Auto power off to Set LCD brightness to Lesson 6 Custom Controls Set ISO speed setting increments to - stop increments To set-up back button focus: Disable button from focusing Set Shutter butt. half-press to start Set AF-ON button to Metering and start Set AE button to Metering and AF start Set multi-controller to AF point selection

21 Lesson 7 Favorites Menu Click My Menu Setings, select Register to My Menu, select Custom White Balance, Select okay Notes:

22 Module 8 Culling in PhotoMechanic Lesson 1 Post-Processing Goals Post processing goals: 1. Deliver quality images 2. turn around time 3. Without spending our lives behind our is our most valuable asset Increase your Lesson 2 Culling Culling = selecting which images will be and delivered to the client We use to cull Lesson 3 Opening the Contact Sheet Navigator bar > Find card reader > Control Click > Open folder and subfolders in new Lesson 4 Selecting Images Cull the images click on an image to make it larger Zoom in by hitting Use button on the keyboard keys on the keyboard to go from one photo to the next

23 Use letter on the keyboard to tag photos Things to look for when culling: Images are in Images are to the client Lesson 5 Copying Images onto the Hard Drive Filter view > Tagged > Select all > Right click > photos > Choose destination > > Create folder selected Lesson 6 Speeding Up and Backing Up Use an hard drive to back up all culled RAW files Copy everything for external hard drive 1 to a copy Keep your clear Close all other Lesson 7 File Organization Year > Category > of our clients Notes:

24 Module 9 Editing in Lightroom Lesson 1 Importing Images Open Lightroom > Create new > Import > Source > Select culled images > Add > Build preview > Standard > Don t import suspected > Build preview > Click Import > Wait until progress is complete Lesson 2 Filtering the Library Start by ejecting the external Hit the slash button on the keyboard to show filter Click attribute > Select rating Lesson 3 How Lightroom Works Changes in to a JPEG don t take place in the RAW file until the photo is exported Lesson 4 Correcting While Balance and Lens Corrections Use the module Lens corrections > Check Enable Basic > White Balance > Use of the Corrections and Tint sliders to perfect the color

25 Lesson 5 Using the Basic Panel Adjust shadows up in the panel Adjust the exposure and panel, then down in the up in the tone section If you make a mistake while editing, use command Lesson 6 Synchronizing Edits Go back to the module Un-click star ratings to see all photos Click the adjusted image and select the other images with the same and settings > Click Sync Synchronize Settings: Do not select: Local Adjustments, and Cropping Lesson 7 Batch Editing and Example Don t forget to check each image after Lesson 8 Local Spot Adjustments Spot adjustments on the side of the toolbar take more time Lesson 9 Cropping and Straightening Straighten horizon lines using the then crop button in the Transform section,

26 Lesson 10 Using the Spot Removal Tool for Blemishes Remove spots from photos using the Change the brush size using the brush and the heal brush keys on the keyboard The more, the softer the edges are going to be Lesson 11 Spot Removal of Unwanted Environmental Objects Use the tool to click, drag and remove the unwanted object Lesson 12 Red Eye Removal The red eye tool is under the and drag section of the Develop module - Click Lesson 13 Graduated Filter Use the graduated filter to give one part of the image more or warmth Lesson 14 Radial Filter Uncheck the what is circled Mask option to affect the rest of the image, not including Lesson 15 Adjustment Brush If there is something in the photo that is an odd shape, use the brush

27 Lesson 16 Erasing Spot Adjustments Use the filter to adjust one part of the image Click, scroll down to and brush off the feature you don t want on a certain part of the image Lesson 17 Noise Reduction Scroll to the Detail panel, adjust the smooth the pixels and remove the grain in the noise reduction section to Lesson 18 Adjusting One Color Adjust the hue, and luminance to adjust one color in the image Lesson 19 Final Note on Spot Adjustments Just because you CAN use spot adjustment tools, doesn t always mean you Lesson 20 Creating Collections Move to the module, create collections to organize photos quickly Change the photo order within a Lesson 21 Exporting Images Plug back into the Check that you re connected to the hard drive before you export file

28 Select all images and export Choose the location to save the photos Rename the photos using settings Notes:

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