Famous Renaissance Artists. Biographies and Works

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1 Famous Renaissance Artists Biographies and Works

2 Fresco Italian meaning fresh Form of painting on freshly laid lime plaster Water is used as a vehicle for the pigment Once the plaster sets, the painting becomes a part of the wall

3 Conceptualized the helicopter, tank, concentrated solar power, calculator, double hull boat and outlined rudimentary theory of plate tectonics Leonardo da Vinci Born in city-state of Florence Worked in Milan, Rome, Venice and France The Renaissance Man: Scientist, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, painter, sculptor, architect, botanist, musician and writer

4 Mona Lisa oil on canvas Musee du Louvre Paris, France

5

6 The Last Supper feet tall and 29 feet wide Convent of Santa Maria della Grazie, Milan, Italy This fresco has suffered, ironically, from Leonardo's genius. The painting was not done in true fresco technique, in which a water based paint is applied to the wet plaster to become part of the wall, but rather with an oil based paint of Leonardo's own invention, done directly on the dry plaster. Because of this, the paint has been flaking off for centuries. Despite its ruinous condition, the stability and monumentality of the composition, and the handling of the figures, assured its timeless appeal from its inception, it is surely one of the most beloved works in all of Western art.

7

8

9 Michelangelo Italian sculptor, painter, architect, poet and engineer Born in Tuscany region of Italy Died in Rome, Italy Supposedly did not like Leonardo da Vinci

10 David Marble (over 14 feet tall) Galleria dell'accademia, Florence Originally commissioned by Cathedral of Florence Then placed in front of main government building in Florence

11 Sistine Chapel Ceiling feet long and 43 feet wide Vatican City, Rome, Italy Originally commissioned by Pope to paint 12 apostles Originally turned down offer as he considered himself a sculptor Pope then allows Michelangelo to paint any biblical scene and creates over 300 includes Creation, Adam and Eve, Garden of Eden and the Great Flood Used very bright colors so that the details may be seen from the floor Created a flat wooden platform on brackets built out from holes in the wall, high up near the top of the windows. He lay on this scaffolding while he painted. "Without having seen the Sistine Chapel one can form no appreciable idea of what one man is capable of achieving." Johann Wolfgang Goethe, 23 August 1787

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13 The Last Judgment 1535 and 1541 The Last Judgment is a depiction of the second coming of Christ and the Apocalypse. The souls of humanity rise and descend to their fates as judged by Christ and his saintly entourage. The wall on which The Last Judgment is painted looms out slightly over the viewer as it rises, and is meant to be somewhat fearful and to instill piety and respect for God's power. In contrast to the other frescoes in the Chapel, the figures are heavily muscled and appear somewhat tortured even the Virgin Mary at the center seems to be cowering before God

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15

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17 St. Peter s Basilica

18 Raphael Popular with Popes of the time

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20 School of Athens Fresco Stanza della Segnatura, Palazzi Pontifici, Vatican, Italy The School of Athens represents all the greatest mathematicians, philosophers and scientists from classical antiquity gathered together sharing their ideas and learning from each other. Aristotle, Plato, Pythagoras, Ptolemy, Zaroaster, and Raphael (self-portrait)

21 Donatello One of earliest artists working with idea of perspective

22 St. Mark marble statue Orsanmichele church Florence, Italy

23 Lo Zuccone pumpkin or bald-head 1423/1425 Magdalene Penitent wooden sculpture 1453/1455 Museum of the Works of the Duomo Cathedral Florence, Italy

24 Brunelleschi

25 Dome to the Duomo

26

27 Chateau de Chambord

28

29

30 Boticelli Ghiberti

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