Extra Practice... EP2. Reference. Photo Credits... R1. EnglishSpanish Glossary... R3. Index... R32


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1 Extra Practice EP2 Reference Photo Credits R1 EnglishSpanish Glossary R3 Index R32
2 The Student Handbook is the additional skill and reference material found at the end of this textbook. The Student Handbook can help answer these questions. What If I Need More Practice? You, or your teacher, may decide that working through some additional exercises would be helpful. The Extra Practice section provides these exercises for each lesson so you have ample opportunity to practice new skills. What If I Forget a Vocabulary Word? The EnglishSpanish Glossary provides a list of important, or difficult, words used throughout the textbook. It provides a definition in English and Spanish. What If I Need to Find Something Quickly? The Index alphabetically lists the subjects covered throughout the entire textbook and the pages on which each subject can be found. What If I Forget a Formula? Inside the back cover of your math book is a Reference Sheet with formulas that are used in the book. Student Handbook EP1
3 Extra Practice MultiPart Lesson 11 Whole Numbers PART A PAGES Name the place value of the underlined digit. Then write the number it represents , , ,885, ,080,050, ,800,560, ,707,010 Write each number in standard form million, 760 thousand, six billion, four hundred five million, three hundred Write in expanded form. Then read and write in word form , ,335, ,850,002,050 PART B PAGES Replace each with <, >, or = to make a true sentence ,500 2,500 3,500 4,500 5, ,000 2,000 3,000 4,000 5,000 6, , ,433 1, ,551 5, ,205 Replace each with <, >, or = to make a true sentence , , ,500 7, ,706 90, , ,900 9,700 PART C PAGES Use the fourstep plan to solve each problem. 1. A sprinter set three Olympic records. Her times were 2:02 minutes, 53.7 seconds, and 26.5 seconds. She competed in the 400meter dash, the 800meter run, and the 200meter dash. What were her times for each event? Explain how you know. 2. Fernando gets out of school at 4:00 P.M. He goes to bed at 9:00 P.M. How much time does he have left if he spends 2 hours at football practice, 1 hour and 30 minutes on his homework, and 50 minutes eating? 3. Your mother agrees to triple whatever you put into a savings account at the bank. If you have deposited $25 each year for the last 3 years, how much money has been deposited? EP2 Extra Practice
4 MultiPart Lesson 12 Decimals PARTS A B PAGES Use a model to write each fraction as a decimal. 1. _ 1 2. _ _ _ , _ 8. 17_ 100 1, _ 11. _ 663 1,000 1, _ _ 1, _ 1, _ 1, The average snowfall in Amarillo, Texas is 16.4 inches. Write this decimal as a fraction. 14. In a survey, _ 56 of the students preferred hamburgers to hot 100 dogs. Write this fraction as a decimal. Extra Practice PART C PAGES Name the place value of each underlined digit. Then write the number it represents Write each number in standard form and 7 tenths 6. thirtythree and two hundredths Write each number in expanded form. Then read and write in word form PART D PAGES Replace each with <, >, or = to make a true sentence Roy can run the 100 meter dash in seconds. Malik can run the same distance in seconds. Who is faster, Roy or Malik? Extra Practice EP3
5 Extra Practice MultiPart Lesson 13 Order Whole Numbers and Decimals PART A PAGES Order each set of numbers from least to greatest , 42, 43, , 167, 87, ,984, 2,893, 4,367, 2,335, 4, , 5.9, 2.7, 1.9, ,033, 52,456, 59,999, 51, , 61.99, 68.47, , 4.44, 0.444, 444, , 7.79, 0.772, 77.5, , 5.7, 7.55, , 8.9, 8.96, 9.01, Clara s cat weighs 9.72 pounds. Lucia s cat weighs 9.8 pounds. Write a sentence comparing the cats weights. PART B PAGES Use any strategy to solve each problem. 1. Olinda, Danica, and Kimi each like different flavors of ice cream. The flavors they like are vanilla, chocolate, and strawberry. Danica does not like vanilla. Kimi does not like chocolate or vanilla. What type of ice cream does each girl like? 2. A store is selling a television at a clearance price. The clearance price of the television is listed with its original price. If the store sold 7 televisions, what was the total difference between selling them at clearance price and selling them at regular price? 3. Yasu is painting eggs for the local egg hunt. He can paint 3 eggs in 20 minutes. How many eggs can he paint in 1 hour and 40 minutes? MultiPart Lesson 21 The Distributive Property PART A PAGES Find each product mentally , , , Celeste is making bracelets for her friends. Each bracelet uses 50 beads. If she wants to make 20 bracelets, how many beads does she need? EP4 Extra Practice
6 MultiPart Lesson 21 (continued) PARTS B C PAGES Rewrite each expression using the Distributive Property. Then evaluate (8 + 2) 2. 3 (20 + 7) 3. 8 (40 + 2) Extra Practice 4. 4 (7 + 7) 5. 6 (5 + 9) 6. 2 ( ) Find each product mentally using the Distributive Property. Show the steps that you used Arnaldo is packing 8 red model cars and 5 blue model cars into each box. If he needs to pack 25 boxes, how many model cars will he need? Use the Distributive Property. Show your steps. 12. Maurice is a sports cards dealer. On Tuesday, he sold 13 cards that cost $15 each. He also sold 10 cards that cost $8 each. How much money did Maurice make on Tuesday? MultiPart Lesson 22 Multiply by OneDigit Numbers PART A PAGES Estimate by rounding. Show your work Estimate by using compatible numbers. Show your work Thi s class is ordering books for the reading club. Each book costs $8. If there are 12 people in the reading club, about how much will the books cost? Show how you estimated. PART B PAGES Multiply Willy has $40 to buy sandwiches for 6 people. The sandwiches cost $6 each. Will he have enough money? How much will be left over? Extra Practice EP5
7 Extra Practice MultiPart Lesson 22 (continued) PART C PAGES Solve. Use the draw a picture strategy. 1. Denitra is making bracelets from a piece of string that is 50 inches long. After she cuts eight equal size pieces, she has 2 inches left. How long was each piece? 2. Mr. Morris is hanging a light from a ceiling. The height from the ceiling to the floor is 12 feet. If the fixture is 2 feet 4 inches from the ceiling, how far is the fixture to the floor? 3. A bike trail has markers at every other mile beginning with mile one. There is also one at the end of the trail. The trail is 16.3 miles long. How many markers are there? MultiPart Lesson 23 Multiply by TwoDigit Numbers PART A PAGES Multiply Kate swims 18 laps every day in the school s pool. The length of the pool is 50 meters. How many meters will she swim in 28 days? PART B PAGES Identify the multiplication property used to rewrite each problem = = = (8 10) = (5 8) 10 Use properties of multiplication to find each product mentally. Show your steps and identify the properties that you used (4 5) (5 18) (4 17) 11. Colby delivers papers every weekday. It takes him 80 minutes each day. If he works 5 days a week for 4 weeks, how many total minutes will it take him to deliver the papers? EP6 Extra Practice
8 MultiPart Lesson 23 (continued) PART C PAGES Use any strategy to solve each problem. 1. Henry bought two greeting cards. One card was $0.50 more than the other. The total cost was $7.00. How much did Henry spend for each card? Extra Practice 2. Waban, Josie, and Jacylyn all like different types of books. Josie does not like mysteries or biographies. Jacylyn does not like mysteries or fairytales. Which type of book does each like to read? 3. Wanda wants to drive 300 miles to visit her brother. If she can drive 25 miles on one gallon of gasoline, how many gallons of gasoline will she need to make the trip? MultiPart Lesson 31 Divide by a OneDigit Divisor PART A PAGES Write a fact family for each set , 7, , 9, , 12, 36 Copy and complete each fact family = ; 8 4 = ; 4 = 8; 32 8 = = ; 7 9 = ; 63 9 = ; 63 7 = = ; 11 5 = ; 55 5 = ; = Divide. Use a related multiplication fact PARTS B C PAGES Divide. Use multiplication to check your answer Manuela ordered a pizza for herself and two of her friends. The pizza was cut into 25 small pieces. How many pieces did each girl eat? How many pieces were left over? Extra Practice EP7
9 Extra Practice MultiPart Lesson 31 (continued) PART D PAGES Divide mentally , , ,000 8, , , , , Griffen made $350 doing yard work. If he makes $10 per hour, how many hours did he work? PART E PAGES Solve. Use the guess, check, and revise strategy. 1. Hunter saw 16 wheels on a total of 5 cars and motorcycles at the store. How many cars and motorcycles are there at the store? 2. The sum of two numbers is 17. Their product is 72. What are the two numbers? 3. Shirley bought two hot dogs from a street vendor and received $2.50 back in change. The vendor gave her the change in quarters and nickels. If she received 14 coins, how many of each coin did she get? 4. A total of 23 students and teachers from Western Middle School went to the zoo. Student admission price was $3 for each student. Each teacher had to pay $4 for admission. The total cost was $71. How many students went to the zoo? MultiPart Lesson 32 Divide Three and FourDigit Dividends PART A PAGES Estimate. Show your work , , , , Mr. Jerome can drive 321 miles on one tank of gas. If his gas tank holds 8 gallons of gasoline, about how many miles can he drive on one gallon? Show how you estimated. EP8 Extra Practice
10 MultiPart Lesson 32 (continued) PARTS B C D PAGES Divide Extra Practice Trey used a total of 13,391 Calories for the week. How many Calories a day did he use if he used the same amount each day? PART E PAGES Divide. Check your answer using multiplication PART F PAGES Divide , , , , , , , , A manufacturer has 1,632 new computer games to distribute to stores. If each store is to receive only 8 games, how many stores will receive this special shipment? Extra Practice EP9
11 Extra Practice MultiPart Lesson 33 Interpret the Remainder PARTS A B PAGES Solve. Explain how you interpreted the remainder. 1. Deborah decided to purchase Tshirts at an amusement park to give as souvenirs. How many Tshirts can she buy with $35? 2. It takes 5 bags of beads to make 1 necklace. How many necklaces can be made with 36 bags of beads? 3. Mrs. Heaton cuts her pie into 7 pieces. She needs to have 83 pieceses for a charity event. How many pies must she bake to have enough pieces? How many pieces will be left over? $11 PART C PAGES Solve each problem. If there is extra information, identify it. If there is not enough information, tell what information is needed. 1. Hayden purchases a new bicycle for $149. The color of the bicycle is blue with red stripes. He needs to make 12 monthly payments of $9 to pay off the balance on the bike. How much was the down payment? 2. Shawnel and Cynthiana are participating in a magazine sale. Each magazine subscription costs $2 per week. How many more magazine subscriptions did Cynthiana sell than Shawnel? Person 3. An arts and crafts store sells three sizes of candles. The prices for the candles are $1.50 for the small size, $2.50 for the medium size, and $5.00 for the large size. The store averages $335 in candle sales each week. How many large candles do they sell on average per week? Subscriptions Shawnel 38 Cynthiana 77 MultiPart Lesson 41 Divide by a TwoDigit Divisor PART A PAGES Estimate. Show your work , , Tony has 431 nickels in his piggy bank. He will put them into wrappers that each hold 40 nickels. About how many wrappers will he need? EP10 Extra Practice
12 MultiPart Lesson 41 (continued) PARTS B C PAGES Divide Extra Practice Paz s class is making birdhouses for a project. They have 524 inches of wood. If each birdhouse takes 24 inches to complete, how many birdhouses can they build? What does your remainder represent? PART D PAGES Solve. Use the solve a simpler problem strategy. 1. For a play, five students can paint 5 props in 5 hours. At this rate, how many props can 7 students paint in 10 hours? 2. What is the sum of the whole numbers from 10 through 19? 20 through 29? 30 through 39? Can you predict the sum of the numbers 50 through 59? 3. Monty is cutting wood for shelves. He has 40 feet of lumber. Each shelf needs to be 5 feet long. If each cut takes 90 seconds, how long will it take Monty to make the cuts? 4. A newspaper delivery person can fit 35 newspapers into their carry bag on Monday through Saturday. On Sunday, they can fit 21 papers. They deliver the newspaper to 88 customers every day. How many times do they have to load their carry bag on Wednesdays? MultiPart Lesson 42 Divide Greater Numbers PART A PAGES Divide. Check each answer , , , On a trip to his grandparent s farm, Quenten s family drove 986 miles at an average rate of 58 miles per hour. How many hours did it take them to make this trip? Extra Practice EP11
13 Extra Practice MultiPart Lesson 42 (continued) PART B PAGES Estimate. Then divide , , , , , , , , Membership at the local health club is $245 per year. Income from the sale of memberships last year was $211,435. How many people joined the club last year? PART C PAGES Use any strategy to solve each problem. 1. The top three finishers in the local swimming competition were Melanie, Yasmin, and Francisca. In how many different ways can first, second, and third place be awarded? 2. Elio s mother asked him to roll the family s extra change. The table shows the coins he rolled, how many rolls he made, and the value of money in the rolls. How many total coins did Elio roll? Coin Number of rolls Value of coins (in dollars) Quarter Dime Nickel MultiPart Lesson 51 Estimate Sums and Differences PART A PAGES Round each decimal number to the underlined place Round each decimal to the place indicated ; ones ; tenths ; hundredths ; ones ; tenths ; hundredths ; ones ; tenths 17. The thickness of a United States penny is 1.27 millimeters. Round this number to the nearest tenth. EP12 Extra Practice
14 MultiPart Lesson 51 (continued) PART B PAGES Estimate each sum or difference , , Extra Practice Shanti has 472 baseball cards. Her brother has 835 baseball cards. About how many baseball cards do they have altogether? Show your work. PART C PAGES For each problem, determine whether you need an estimate or an exact answer. Then solve. 1. A giant submarine sandwich can feed 13 students. Mr. Smith s science class is having a party for perfect attendance, and they want to order enough food to feed 37 students. How many subs will they need to order? 2. Four friends are sharing 3 pizzas. Each pizza costs $12. How much will each person need to pay? 3. A school spends $132 on art supplies for each student. There are 186 students in the school, and the school s art budget is $27,000. Does the school have enough money in the budget to cover the students supplies? MultiPart Lesson 52 Add Decimals PARTS A B C PAGES Add Brody, Elvio, Jamil and Tito were on the relay team for track and field. The table lists their times. What was the team s total time? Name Time (in seconds) Brody 58.6 Elvio Jamil 59.2 Tito 56.8 Extra Practice EP13
15 Extra Practice MultiPart Lesson 52 (continued) PART D PAGES Identify the addition property used to rewrite each problem = ( ) + 25 = 22 + ( ) = = Use properties of addition to find each sum mentally. Show your steps and identify the properties that you used Find the value that makes each sentence true (45 + 7) = 7 + (21 + ) ( ) = ( ) = = MultiPart Lesson 53 Subtract Decimals PARTS A B C PAGES Subtract PART D PAGES Solve. Use the work backward strategy. 1. The local girl scout troop is selling cookies for a fundraiser. They sold all 30 of the boxes that cost $3, and the rest of the boxes they sold were $2 each. If they made $170, how many boxes of cookies did they sell? 2. Calvin s mother gave him $3.35 in change that was left over after she bought groceries. The grocery receipt was for $ How much money did Calvin s mother have before she went grocery shopping? 3. Lola went to Chicago with friends. She wanted to be home no later than 9:00 P.M. on Sunday. It will take Lola 7 hours to ride the train home or 6 hours if she takes the bus. What time will she need to leave Chicago if she rides the bus home? EP14 Extra Practice
16 MultiPart Lesson 61 Multiply Decimals by Whole Numbers PART A PAGES Estimate by rounding. 1. $ $ $ $ $ $ Extra Practice 7. $ $ $ Lauren bought 3.2 pounds of lunch meat. It costs $4 per pound. About how much did Lauren pay for the lunch meat? 11. Rodrigo is buying DVDs. He buys two DVDs that cost $19.98 each and three that cost $22.50 each. Estimate the total cost of the DVDs. PARTS B C PAGES Multiply Hilary is using 0.45 meter of pipe to make decorations. How many meters of pipe does she need for 3 decorations? MultiPart Lesson 62 Multiply Decimals PARTS A B PAGES Multiply Extra Practice EP15
17 Extra Practice MultiPart Lesson 62 (continued) PART C PAGES Find each product , PART D PAGES Solve. Use the look for a pattern strategy. 1. Describe the pattern below. Then find the next number in the pattern , 0.7, 70,, 2. Samuel adds money to his piggy bank each month. The first month the bank holds $ The second month it holds $ The third month it holds $ How much money is in the bank the fourth month? 3. Copy and complete the table. What is the pattern? Input (x) Output (y) MultiPart Lesson 63 Divide Decimals by Whole Numbers PART A PAGES Estimate each quotient $ $ $ $ $ $ Papina, Malik, and Silvia made a total of $63.21 at a yard sale. If they divide the money evenly, about how much does each person get? 8. Daniel and four friends went out to dinner and the bill came to $ If they divide the bill evenly, about how much does each person owe? EP16 Extra Practice
18 MultiPart Lesson 63 (continued) PARTS B C PAGES Divide. Round to the nearest tenth if necessary Extra Practice PART D PAGES Find each quotient , , ,296 1, , MultiPart Lesson 64 Divide Decimals PARTS A B PAGES Divide Extra Practice EP17
19 Extra Practice MultiPart Lesson 64 (continued) PART C PAGES Use any strategy to solve each problem. 1. Mrs. Smith told her class she was thinking of a number. She told them that when 12 is subtracted from the number and the result is doubled, the final number is 26. What was the original number that Mrs. Smith was thinking of? 2. Jenny counted the number of coins in her wallet. She had 4 pennies, 3 nickels, 6 dimes, and 2 quarters. What fraction represents the probability of picking a nickel? MultiPart Lesson 71 Prime Factorization and Exponents PARTS A B PAGES Tell whether each number is prime or composite PART C PAGES Find the prime factorization of each number EP18 Extra Practice
20 MultiPart Lesson 71 (continued) PARTS D E PAGES Write each product using an exponent Extra Practice Write each power as a product of the same factor. Then find the value nine cubed 19. eight to the fourth power 20. six to the fourth power 21. eleven squared Write the prime factorization of each number using exponents MultiPart Lesson 72 Fractions in Simplest Form PARTS A B PAGES Identify the common factors of each set of numbers , , , , , , 34, 54 Find the GCF of each set of numbers and and and and and and and and , 28, , 45, , 18, , 40, 72 Extra Practice EP19
21 Extra Practice MultiPart Lesson 72 (continued) PART C PAGES Write each fraction in simplest form. If the fraction is already in simplest form, write simplified _ 6 7. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Victoria has 16 white socks, 10 pink socks, 4 green socks, and 6 blue socks in her drawer. Express in simplest form the fraction of socks in her drawer that are white; pink; blue. 14. Marta and Nicki were sharing a pizza. Marta wanted _ 1 of the pizza 4 and Nicki wanted _ 3 of the pizza. Should they get the pizza cut into 8 4 or 8 pieces? How many pieces would each girl get? MultiPart Lesson 73 Write Multiples and Compare Fractions PARTS A B PAGES List multiples to find the first two common multiples of each pair of numbers and and and and 14 Find the LCM of each set of numbers and and , 6, and and The ages of Mrs. Thorne s children are 6, 8, and 12. What is the least common multiple of their ages? PART C PAGES Solve. Use the look for a pattern strategy. 1. Look at the pattern 17, 58, 99, 140. Describe the rule for determining the last 3 numbers. 2. Mrs. Hintz s fifthgrade class is raising money for the American Red Cross. They raised $66 the first week. The next two weeks are shown in the table. If this pattern continues, how much should the class expect to raise in the fourth week? Week Amount raised ($) Jalen s test scores are continually improving. Here is a record of four of his first five tests. Based on the pattern, what was his third test score? Test 1 Test 2 Test 3 Test 4 Test EP20 Extra Practice
22 MultiPart Lesson 73 (continued) PART D PAGES Compare each pair of fractions using models or the LCD. 1. _ 1 2 and _ 5 2. _ and _ 1 3. _ and _ _ 1 3 and _ 4 7 Extra Practice Replace each with <, >, or = to make a true statement. 5. _ 3 4 _ 2 6. _ 5 _ _ _ Mr. Torres assigned thirty math problems for homework. Aisha worked for _ 1 3 of an hour, Taro worked for _ 2 of an hour, and 5 Lucas worked for _ 1 of an hour. Who worked the longest on the 2 math homework? 10. Marcela made punch for the class party. She used _ 2 quart of orange 3 juice and _ 3 quart of grape juice. Did she use more orange juice or 4 more grape juice? Explain. 8. _ 5 9 _ 7 12 MultiPart Lesson 74 Fractions and Decimals PARTS A B PAGES Write each fraction as a decimal. 1. _ 1 2. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 20 Write each decimal as a fraction in simplest form PART C PAGES Write each fraction as a decimal. 1. _ 7 2. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 8 9. Ines uses 27 of the 40 beads in a bag to make a necklace. What is 27 _ 40 as a decimal? Extra Practice EP21
23 Extra Practice MultiPart Lesson 74 (continued) PART D PAGES Use any strategy to solve each problem. 1. Brad, Landon, and Amanda each play either baseball, tennis, or basketball. Amanda does not play baseball or tennis. Landon does not play basketball or baseball. What sport does each person play? 2. A DNA strip follows this pattern: TCTTCGTCTTCGT _ What three letters finish the pattern? 3. A total of 42 students were on the quiz bowl team. There were twice as many boys as girls. How many girls were on the team? MultiPart Lesson 81 Add and Subtract Like Fractions PARTS A B PAGES Add. Write each sum in the simplest form. 1. _ _ 5 2. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Mr. Chang and his daughter Ping were building shelves for her room. One day they worked _ 2 of an hour, and the second day they 3 worked twice as long. How much total time did they work on the shelves? 10. Delmar was mixing paint to use on a school project. He mixed 3_ 4 gallon of white paint, _ 3 4 gallon of red paint, and _ 2 gallon of 4 yellow paint. How much total paint did Delmar have? 4. _ _ _ _ PARTS C D PAGES Subtract. Write each difference in simplest form. Use models to check. 1. _ _ 2 2. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 7 9 EP22 Extra Practice 5. _ _ _ _ Ken runs _ 3 8 of a mile. Isabel runs _ 5 of a mile in the same time. 8 How much farther does Isabel run? 6. _ _ _ _ 3 16
24 MultiPart Lesson 82 Add and Subtract Unlike Fractions PARTS A B PAGES Add. Write in simplest form. 1. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Ahmed ate _ 2 5 of the cookies, and Sarah ate _ 1 of the cookies. What 3 fraction of the cookies were eaten altogether? Extra Practice PARTS C D PAGES Subtract. Write in simplest form. 1. _ _ 3 2. _ _ _ 41 _ 2 7. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 31 _ 6 9. _ _ Terrell finished _ 4 9 of his report on Wednesday and _ 1 of his report on 3 Thursday. What fraction of the report does Terrell have left to finish? MultiPart Lesson 83 Estimate Sums and Differences PART A PAGES _ State whether each fraction is closest to 0,, or _ 7 2. _ _ Round each fraction to 0,, or _ _ _ _ _ _ Lewis has finished running _ 5 of a mile. Has he run half a mile or 8 almost all of a mile? 6. 8 _ _ 16 Extra Practice EP23
25 Extra Practice MultiPart Lesson 83 (continued) PART B PAGES Solve. Determine which answer is reasonable. 1. Teak wants to buy a new skateboard with special wheels. The skateboard costs $38.45, the wheels cost $8.95, and the tools needed to install them are $ Which is a more reasonable estimate for the money Teak needs to save: $55, $60, or $65? 2. A shoe store had a total of 3,868 pairs of shoes in stock. A week later, 997 pairs of shoes were sold. Which is a more reasonable estimate for the number of pairs of shoes remaining in the store: 3,000 or 2,500? 3. After school, Trina spends _ 2 4 of an hour cleaning her room, _ 3 of an 4 hour practicing the flute, and _ 3 of an hour doing her homework. 4 Which is a more reasonable estimate for the amount of time she has spent working: 1 hour, 2 hours, or 3 hours? PART C PAGES Estimate _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Clarissa s first long jump attempt was 4 _ 5 feet. Her second attempt 6 was 5 _ 1 feet. About how much longer was Clarissa s second attempt? 2 MultiPart Lesson 84 Add and Subtract Mixed Numbers PARTS A B PAGES Add. Write each sum in simplest form _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Mr. Woods needs 1 _ 3 pounds of ground beef to make hamburgers 4 and 2 _ 1 pounds to make meatloaf. How much ground beef does 2 Mr. Woods need altogether? 3. 3 _ _ _ _ _ _ 2 3 EP24 Extra Practice
26 MultiPart Lesson 84 (continued) PART C PAGES Subtract. Write each difference in simplest form _ _ _ _ _ _ 12 Extra Practice _ _ _ _ _ _ The average rainfall in Abilene for the month of August is 2 _ 4 5 inches. The average rainfall in Zapata is 1 _ 7 inches. What is the difference 10 in the average amount of rainfall between the two cities? PART D PAGES Subtract. Write each difference in simplest form _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Hala s dog Max weighs 45 _ 3 pounds. Berto s dog Teddy weighs 8 23 _ 5 pounds. How much more does Max weigh than Teddy? 8 PART E PAGES Use any strategy to solve each problem. 1. A one topping pizza with eight slices costs $6. If the cost per slice remains the same, how much would a one topping pizza of the same size slices with fourteen slices cost? 2. What is the next figure in the pattern? 3. At the Hendersons garage sale, they are selling Tshirts for $0.80 each and bicycles for $15.50 each. If someone bought 3 Tshirts and 1 bicycle, how much did they spend at the garage sale? Extra Practice EP25
27 Extra Practice MultiPart Lesson 91 Order of Operations PART A PAGES Find the value of each expression (85) (117) 35 PART B PAGES Evaluate each expression if y = 2 and z = y (z + 18) y z 5. z y Evaluate each expression if f = 4 and g = g (f g) 9. f + g PART C PAGES Solve. Use the make a table strategy. 1. Francisco is 17 years old. His grandfather is 77. How old will Francisco s grandfather be when he is exactly 4 times as old as Francisco? 2. The first week of track practice Cesar ran the 400meter dash in 1 minute 8 seconds. The third week he ran the 400meter dash in 1 minute 5 seconds. He continued this pattern until the end of the season. How fast could Cesar run the 400meter dash in week 9? 3. Marsha s little brother tells her he will clean her room every day for the next two weeks if she pays him by doubling the amount of money paid from the day before. He offers to start for $0.10. How much will he make on the seventh day? 4. If Marsha agrees to his plan, did she make a good deal? Explain. EP26 Extra Practice
28 MultiPart Lesson 91 (continued) PART D PAGES Copy and complete each function table for each realworld situation. 1. Cora has 11 more trains than Luis. 2. Each package weighs 10 pounds. Input (x) x + 11 Output Input (x) 10x Output Extra Practice MultiPart Lesson 92 Identify and Plot Ordered Pairs PART A PAGES Locate and name the ordered pair for each point. 1. B 2. F 3. E 4. A 5. K 6. G 7. Suppose point C was moved one unit to the right and 2 units down. After the move, what point will be the same as point C? 8. Garcia located a point that was 6 units to the right of the origin and 3 units above the origin. What was the ordered pair? O y B E G C F A K x PARTS B C PAGES Graph and label each point on a coordinate plane. 1. W (3, 4) 2. R (1, 8) 3. H (7, 3) 4. T (5, 5) 5. B (5, 2) 6. J (3, 6) 7. P (6, 8) 8. C (2, 4) 9. Mr. Rollins wants to plant trees. Each tree costs $25, and he must pay a delivery charge of $10. Given the function rule 25t + 10, make a function table to find the total amount Mr. Rollins would pay if he purchased 3 trees, 4 trees, 5 trees, and 6 trees. 10. The Williams family is taking a trip. They travel for 20 miles before they begin timing the length of the trip. Given the function rule 55h + 20, make a function table to find the distance traveled if they drove for 3 hours, 4 hours, 5 hours, and 6 hours. Extra Practice EP27
29 Extra Practice MultiPart Lesson 93 Equations PARTS A B PAGES Solve each equation. Check your solution. 1. x + 8 = y = 2 3. e + 15 = q + 4 = w = h = t  19 = y = 1 9. x + 4 = h = (204) + y = = m + 5 Write an equation and then solve. Check your solution. 13. Lei is thinking of a number. Elsa incorrectly guessed the number to be 25. Lei said the difference between the two numbers is 36. What was her number? 14. The school s lacrosse team has won 5 straight games. Their record is now 13 wins and 4 losses. What was their record before the winning streak? PARTS C D PAGES Solve each equation. Check your solution. 1. 6c = = 3c 3. m_ = = 2p y = h_ = = 7k 8. 21s = 42 8 Write an equation and then solve. Check your solution. 9. Every player on a basketball team practiced for 30 hours during the two week summer camp. The team practiced for a total of 330 hours. How many players are on the basketball team? 10. A shoe store sold 84 pairs of shoes last weekend. Each clerk sold the same number of shoes. There are 7 clerks at the store. How many pairs of shoes did each sell? PART E PAGES Use any strategy to solve each problem. 1. Jonas parents give him $15 each week for school lunches. If Jonas buys one of each item every day, how much money does he have left after Friday? 2. Marlo is twice as old as his sister Naomi. Four years ago he was three times as old. What are their ages now? EP28 Extra Practice Item 3. A large commercial jet seats 416 passengers. On a recent flight, there was one empty seat for every three passengers. How many passengers were on the flight? Price (in dollars) pizza 1.50 drink 0.65 fruit 0.75
30 MultiPart Lesson 94 Inequalities PARTS A B PAGES Determine which number is a solution of the inequality x > 15; 11, 10, 9 2. x  6 < 22; 27, 28, x 8; 22, 23, x > 42; 6, 7, x 27; 3, 4, 5 6. _ x < 7; 24, 28, 32 4 Solve each inequality. 7. x + 4 > x + 18 < x x  7 > _ x _ x 5 < 9 MultiPart Lesson 101 Double Bar Graphs PART A PAGES Organize each set of data in a tally chart and a frequency table. 1. George recorded the types of pets 2. Tina conducted a survey to find out that his classmates have. His the favorite sports of the children recordings are shown below. in the park. Her recordings are shown below. Pets cat cat dog cat dog lizard dog fish bird bird dog fish Favorite Sports soccer baseball football soccer basketball football football football basketball basketball soccer tennis Extra Practice PARTS B C PAGES The table shows the number of each type of pie sold at a restaurant during lunch. 1. Make a bar graph of the data. Describe the scale and interval size that you used. 2. Which pie was purchased the most? 3. Which pie was purchased the least? For Exercises 4 and 5, use the bar graph below. 4. Based on the graph below, which state has about twice the area as Kansas? Which state is about _ 1 the size of Texas? 3 State California Oklahoma Texas Kansas Pie Sales Flavor Number cherry pie 3 pumpkin pie 8 pecan pie 7 raspberry pie 6 apple pie 10 Areas of Four States 5. About how large is Oklahoma? 0 100, , ,000 Area (square miles) Extra Practice EP29
31 Extra Practice MultiPart Lesson 102 Line Graphs PARTS A B PAGES The table shows the amount of growth of two sunflower plants Juanita grew for her science fair project. Sunflower Height Week Height of Control Plant (in.) Height of Experimental Plant (in.) Make a double line graph of the data. 2. What is the scale of each axis? 3. Would your scale be different if you only had the control plant data to graph? Explain. PART C PAGES Use the line graph to answer the questions. 1. At what time were there the most skiers? 2. At which two times were there the same number of skiers? 3. How many more skiers were there at 2 P.M. than at 12 P.M.? 4. Predict whether there will be more or less skiers at 5 P.M. than at 3 P.M. Explain. Number of Skiers Number of Skiers on a Slope P.M. 1 P.M. 2 P.M. 3 P.M. 4 P.M. Time PART D PAGES Solve by using a graph. 1. The table shows the number of books read by students during the summer. What was the most common number of books to read? How can you determine the smallest amount of books read just by looking at the graph? What kind of graph did you make? Number of Books Read Ty wrote down the amount of time that he read on school nights. What day was the peak of his reading? What kind of graph did you make? How can you determine the peak of his reading just by looking at the graph? Day of the Week Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Time (hours) EP30 Extra Practice
32 MultiPart Lesson 103 Mean, Median, Mode, and Range PARTS A B PAGES Find the mean of each data set. 1. minutes of soccer practice: 45, 62, 64, 58, inches of snow: 2, 6, 3, 1, 8, 4, 4 Extra Practice 3. cost of activity fees: $15, $25, $15, $20, $45, $60 4. number of sack lunches: 35, 42, 18, 39, 33, 41, 27, Football Game Scores Number of Stories in a Building PART C PAGES Find the median and mode of each set of data. 1. points scored by a basketball team: 55, 67, 55, 98, weight of rocks in pounds: 5, 12, 44, 17, cups of flour: 9, 2.5, 4.25, 2.5, 1.75 PART D PAGES Draw a line plot for each set of data. Then find the median, mode, range, and any outliers of the data shown in the line plot. 1. Student Height in inches for Mrs. Foster s 5th grade class Daily Low Temperatures for January Distances of Paper Airplanes (ft) Number of Birds Counted Extra Practice EP31
33 Extra Practice MultiPart Lesson 104 Integers PARTS A B PAGES Write an integer to represent each situation. Then graph the integer on a number line. 1. spent $12 on a CD 2. 8 degrees warmer 3. The puppy gained 2 pounds 4. lost $10 Write an integer to represent each situation. 5. earned $56 mowing grass 6. scored a three point basket in basketball plants were dead 8. 2 inches of rain in a gauge PART C PAGES Choose the more reasonable temperature for each situation. 1. skiing: 56 F or 7 C 2. frozen fish: 40 F or 0 C 3. July 4th in Florida: 18 C or 92 F 4. playing tennis: 5 C or 75 F The table shows the highest recorded temperatures for several U.S. states. State Temperature ( F) State Temperature ( F) Alabama 112 Florida 109 Connecticut 100 Idaho 118 Arizona 128 California 134 Arkansas 120 Texas 120 Colorado 118 Maine How much greater is California s highest temperature than Maine s highest temperature? 6. How much greater is Arizona s highest temperature than Florida s highest temperature? EP32 Extra Practice
34 MultiPart Lesson 104 (continued) PART D PAGES Use any strategy to solve each problem. 1. Billiards players use the dots on the edge of the table to guide their shots. If there are 6 dots on each side of the table and 3 dots on each end, how many total dots are there around the perimeter of the billiards table? 2. What two positive integers have a sum of 13 and a product of 40? 3. A salesperson at a department store makes the following commissions. In one day, the sales person sold 8 shirts, 3 pairs of pants, and 4 pairs of shoes. How much did the salesperson make in commissions on that day? Article of Clothing Commission Shirt $2 Pants $4 Shoes $7 Extra Practice MultiPart Lesson 111 Perimeter PARTS A B PAGES Find the perimeter of each figure mm 3. 8 mm 6 yd 8 mm 12 yd 10 yd 8 mm 8 yd 2. 3 in. 3 in. 3 in. MultiPart Lesson 112 Area of Rectangles and Squares PART A PAGES in. 3 in. Estimate the area of each figure. Each square represents 1 square centimeter in. 3 in. 3 in. 25 cm 3 cm Extra Practice EP33
35 Extra Practice MultiPart Lesson 112 (continued) PARTS B C PAGES Find the area of each rectangle or square ft 5 cm 20 ft 5 cm 3. l = 6 cm 4. l = 15 yd 5. l = 7 ft w = 12 cm w = 10 yd w = 21 ft 6. Mrs. Ortega is painting three walls in a room. The walls are 8 feet high and 13 feet long. One gallon of paint will cover 350 ft 2. If she buys one gallon of paint, will she have enough? Explain. PART D PAGES Solve. Use logical reasoning. 1. If Tiara continues making the figures shown, how many triangular blocks will be in the fifth figure? 2. Quinn, Andy, and Chase are friends who have three different hobbies: motocross, art, and skating. Andy has no artistic skill. Chase can not draw or skate. Quinn is a tremendous painter. Who is the friend that only rides motocross? 3. There are three fish bowls with five fish in each bowl. Two of the bowls have two orange fish, two bowls have two yellow fish, two bowls have two gold fish, and all three have one silver fish. What are the colors of fish in each bowl? MultiPart Lesson 113 Area of Parallelograms PARTS A B PAGES Find the area of each parallelogram ft 7 ft cm 40 cm in mm 5 mm 9 mm 73 in. EP34 Extra Practice
36 MultiPart Lesson 114 Area of Triangles and Trapezoids PARTS A B PAGES Find the area of each triangle ft Extra Practice ft mm 4 ft 6. 6 cm 9 mm 12 ft 22 cm 7. base(b) = 14 in. 8. base(b) = 12 m height(h) = 12 in. height(h) = 5 m PART C PAGES Use any strategy to solve each problem. 1. Seven trains pass through a town every day. The times for the first four trains are 9:10 A.M., 9:45 A.M., 10:20 A.M., and 10:55 A.M. At what time will the last train of the day pass through the town? 2. There are 12 pieces of red candy in a jar for every 8 pieces of blue candy. If there are 60 pieces of red candy in the jar, how many total pieces of candy are in the jar? 3. Ramous batting average is points higher than Albert s. Albert s average is points lower than Rashid s. List the players in order of their batting average from least to greatest. PARTS D E PAGES Find the area of each trapezoid in in. 11 in. 12 m 14 m 4 m 12 cm 10 cm 18 cm in cm 6 ft 6 ft 10 ft 4 in. 6 in. 6 in. 16 cm 20 cm 12 cm Extra Practice EP35
37 Extra Practice MultiPart Lesson 121 Properties of ThreeDimensional Figures PARTS A B C PAGES Describe the faces, edges, and vertices of each threedimensional figure. Then identify it MultiPart Lesson 122 Surface Area of Prisms PARTS A B PAGES Find the surface area of each rectangular prism in. 15 in. 4 in m 2 m 2 m cm 6 cm 3 cm 4. Natalie finds the measurements of a rectangular prism. The length is 13 feet, the width is 7 feet, and the height is 9 feet. Find the surface area. MultiPart Lesson 123 Volume of Prisms PART A PAGES Solve. Use the make a model strategy. 1. Ms. Jacobson is passing out notebooks to her class of 27 students. She has four different colors of notebooks; red, green, blue, and yellow. If she passes out a red notebook to every fourth student, how many red notebooks does she pass out? 2. The students in Mr. Lincoln s gym class were asked to run around three cones placed in a line. The students must run down and back to complete one run. How many times will the students go between the cones in their attempt to complete six runs? 3. Pentominoes are tiles made by placing five squares in different designs. One way to place the squares is in a straight line. Another is to form an L. How many different designs are there? EP36 Extra Practice
38 MultiPart Lesson 123 (continued) PARTS B C Find the volume of each prism PAGES Extra Practice 6 cm 6 cm 6 cm 10 ft 4 ft 6 ft 3. Prism A has dimensions of 9 yards 6 yards 3 yards, and Prism B has dimensions of 3 yards 2 yards 1 yard. How much larger is the volume of Prism A than Prism B in cubic yards? PART D PAGES Determine whether you need to find the surface area, or volume. Then solve. 1. Freda is laying mulch in her garden. The garden is 8 feet by 12 feet and the mulch should be 3 inches deep. How much mulch does she need? 2. A gift is placed in a box that has a base of 4 inches, a height of 3 inches, and a width of 6 inches. How much wrapping paper is needed to cover the gift? PART E PAGES Use any strategy to solve each problem. 1. Tamika has 33 stuffed animals. She gave _ 1 3 to her sister and _ 1 2 of the rest to charity. She says she has more than 10 stuffed animals left. Is she correct? How many stuffed animals are left? 2. Mr. Ruiz is making cookies. Each batch of cookies requires 14 ounces of milk. How many quarts of milk will he need to make 8 batches, if there are 32 ounces in one quart? 3. The middle school soccer team had the following record for the past five years. What fraction of the games did they win? Year Won Lost Extra Practice EP37
39 Extra Practice MultiPart Lesson 131 Customary Measurement PARTS A B PAGES Complete ft = in yd = in ft = yd in. = ft yd 3 ft = ft 6. 8 ft 24 in. = ft 7. The beluga whale grows to be about 15 feet in length. What is the length of the whale in yards? In inches? PART C PAGES Solve. Use the draw a diagram strategy. 1. Jai is taking her dog for a walk. She leaves the house, turns left and walks three blocks. Then she turns right, walks three blocks, turns left, walks 2 more blocks, then turns left again and walks 5 blocks. How many blocks did Jai walk? 2. Mr. Costa is making cookies for a party. He has two cookie sheets. One is 14 inches wide by 16 inches long and the other is 12 inches by 18 inches. If each cookie is 2 inches across and he places them 1 inch apart, which cookie sheet holds more cookies? PARTS D E PAGES Complete oz = lb 2. 3 T = lb lb = oz 4. 3,000 lb = T lb lb 48 oz = lb oz = lb 7. Mrs. Wilson needs 240 ounces of potatoes for her school potluck dinner. How many pounds of potatoes does she need? PARTS F G PAGES Complete c = fl oz 2. 6 gal = fl oz c = pt 4. 8 qt = gal 5. 5 qt 3 c = c pt = qt 7. 9 c = pt c 8. 7 gal = qt fl oz = c fl oz 10. Alvar s mother brought home 24 bottles of water. Each bottle contained 20 ounces. How many quarts of water did she bring home? 11. Mr. Chen s car holds 12 _ 1 gallons of gasoline. How many quarts 2 is this? How many fluid ounces? EP38 Extra Practice
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