1 University of Kansas The University of Kansas Libraries
2 Finding Common Ground The University of Kansas Libraries Approaches to building Digital Libraries from Strategic to Tech Cool Deborah Ludwig, Assistant Dean for Collections & Scholar Services Sheryl Williams, Head of Spencer Research Library
3 University of Kansas The University of Kansas Libraries State-funded institution Carnegie Research I (Doctoral Extensive) 85 academic departments 90 research centers, laboratories, and units 29,272 students 2,200 faculty KU s Digital Library Program began in 2001.
4 Today s Presentation Goals The University of Kansas Libraries 1. What are digital libraries and digital collections? 2. What are some approaches to building digital collections as part of a digital library program? 3. What are some of the innovative and interactive features models and methods in which digital collections are built and what questions do these tech-cool developments raise? 4. What should one consider regarding digital library and digital collection sustainability?
5 What is a digital library? A context or framework within which digital information is acquired, organized, and made available. Just as a physical library sustains and makes accessible traditional collections and accompanying services, a digital library makes available materials that are either created or have been transformed into digital formats along with services for searching and perhaps for creating and contributing information to the library.
6 What is a digital library? Institutional repository of the scholarly papers and publications? Digitized special collections and archival material? Digital projects created by researchers? Materials used for teaching? Works by students? Commercially-licensed content? Content from blogs and wikis? Archived Web sites? Electronic records? Datasets? Yes?
7 What services does a digital library provide? Searching and using digital materials? Creating and disseminating digital scholarship? Resources & tools for individual researchers (wiki s, blogs. Etc.) Resources & tools for students? Creation services? (digitization, metadata, consultation on digital creation and rights?) Policy development? Grants and financial support? IT resources such as server space, funding? Standards for content creation? Yes?
8 What is a digital library? As you create your institution s digital library, to consider: The relationship of a digital library program to teaching and research mission(s) of the institution. Who will be partners? The relationship with traditional library collections and collection development, and preservation. What are library priorities? The financial, technical, and institutional support you will need to create and sustain the kind of digital library and level of innovation you envision. What can you reasonably achieve?
9 KU Digital Library Program Origins of KU s Digital Library: The University of Kansas Libraries What we hope to do is provide tools to faculty and students to distribute their research throughout the world through the most used information tool ever the Internet Inception focus on Context for Digital information. Strong ties to the research and teaching community. Campus grants to spur the creation of content for the digital library. Emphasis on federated searching of commercial content along with locally-created content. Initial emphasis on a vendor platform, Endeavor ENCompass (Federated search and collections) 1 Goodyear, Marilu. March 30,
10 KU Digital Library Program Benefits accrued from this approach: Community investment in the digital library from other research and cultural heritage members. Unique and varied content. Potential to tailor services and support for a campus audience.
11 KU Digital Library Program Challenges to this approach: Casting a broad net may create a group of interesting projects, but not necessarily a broad user-base for the projects. Unique and varied content may mean unique and varied approaches a challenge for resources and perhaps for long term sustainability. Digital Library staff will need to have strong consulting skills and outstanding technical support. The library is one more partner and as such competes with other campus entities in considering their digitization priorities.
12 From Digital Library to Digital Collections What are basic models for building digital collections? Digitizing institution s own archival/special collections (Model A) Building digital collections around one subject, or across subjects from multiple resources within a library, or, in cooperation with other institutions (Model B) Building born digital collections (Model C)
13 Requirements for All Models The University of Kansas Libraries Involvement of and respect for staff in different areas, i.e. subject specialists, archives, IT, reference and instruction A common understanding of what you want to accomplish by digitizing materials An understanding of who your audience is The support of the library/parent organization
14 Requirements for All Models The University of Kansas Libraries An adequate planning process Sufficient resources, and IT infrastructure A timeline for completion Flexibility Acceptance that the project may evolve into something different than what you first envisioned A willingness to try new things A need to address the long term preservation of digitized or born digital materials.
15 Model A - Digitizing your own collections You work with collections/subject matter familiar to you. You readily know your collection s strengths. This type of project may be easier to complete (or not) You are limited to the resources available within your own institution.
16 Model A - Digitizing your own collections You may feel more in control. Offers a good starting place for a digital program. May help to reduce wear and tear on originals in collection. You are providing access to your collections in an alternative way, but not developing a separate collection that ignores the originals.
17 Model B - Building digital collections across the library or across institutions Strength in numbers you have partners. Capitalize on expanded expertise and access to institutional strengths. More issues to work out such as how to work together, who does what, differences in institutional cultures.
18 Model B - Building digital collections across the library or across institutions You may be creating something that is greater than its parts. Requires much energy and right people with necessary skill sets to bring everyone together. May be more attractive as a project to funding agencies
19 Model C - Building born digital collections Creating a totally new resource. May be creating new archival/special collection holdings that require same issues of stewardship that traditional paper based collections have (i.e. still have donors access issues rights issues, etc.). Staffing needs to insure that these traditional issues are addressed.
20 Model C - Building born digital collections May have donors that want their materials available digitally because it will reach the widest audience. May have donors that need to be persuaded that it makes sense to place materials such as research here.
21 What should be digitized/created? Relates to goals of institution, needs of researchers, and needs of institution. Need to provide for competing interests within institution or amongst partners. Do not digitize just because you can. Identify the purpose of a project in writing. Be aware of other projects of a similar nature and consider how your project will add to the body of materials already available
22 Some questions to ask before digitizing Are the materials in question owned by your institution? Do you own publication rights, or, have you obtained publication rights from the owner? Are there any donor-related issues that need to be resolved? Do you have the right equipment/infrastructure available to do the project? Do the materials need preservation work before being handled? What metadata exists for the material?
23 Tech Trends in Digital Collections Use of Web 2.0 to allow the user more interactivity with the collection to extend its reach or to add to its value: The ability of an individual to attach details known about an artifact for others to see. The ability to connect with others in a social network of individuals with shared interest in the collection. The ability to create and contribute materials to a collection. EXAMPLE: Library of Congress on FLIKR. We want people to tag, comment and make notes on the images, just like any other Flickr photo, which will benefit not only the community but also the collections themselves.
24 Tech Trends in Digital Collections
25 Tech Trends in Digital Collections
26 Tech Trends in Digital Collections
27 Tech Trends in Digital Collections The ability to personally collect or tag digital materials My stuff may get mixed in with your stuff. del.icio.us Twine (organizer with a kick browser plug in to Twine some content.)
28 Tech Trends in Digital Collections
29 Tech Trends in Digital Collections Personal Notifications not necessarily a new idea. Ties to teaching and learning technologies Ability to get feedback and commments or to see how your digital materials are being used.
30 Tech Trends in Digital Collections
31 Tech Trends in Digital Collections Personal Notifications not necessarily a new idea. Incorporation of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) information and features. Ties to teaching and learning technologies Ability to see how your digital materials, as a creator, are being used.
32 Tech Trends in Digital Collections Questions raised: Do the users interactions and contributions become a permanent part of the collection? Privacy and suitability? Digital rights management
33 Tech Trends in Digital Collections Other options for innovation the digital tease. Use technology to attract users to either digital or traditional technology. Sarah Goodwin Thiel s project working with students to interpret collections.
34 Sustainable Digital Content The University of Kansas Libraries As you build, you will need to consider whether the resources and collections that result are expected to be permanent. The standards you adopt for content creation may affect your ability to sustain access to content over time. Digitization is not a preservation strategy. How will you capture and preserve those materials that are either born or recreated digitally?
35 Sustainable Digital Content The University of Kansas Libraries Too large a topic for today, but will need to be part of the planning. Level of risk what are the consequences of losing a collection of digital objects? Potential failures non-standard content, obsolescence, degradation of bits over time, undocumented materials (no metadata), lack of IT security appropriate to value of the data, human error Partnerships are there other entities, institutional or regional, that share the same need to manage information and to keep it alive for long periods of time?
36 SUMMARY The University of Kansas Libraries The parent organization s mission should drive the mission of the digital library program. There are many models for developing digital collections as part of a digital library program and these may be tied to more general collection development goals. Tech cool comes in many flavors and may reshape the nature of the collection itself.
37 University of Kansas The University of Kansas Libraries
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